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Publikācijas veids
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Jautājuma autors
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What Are the Issues Relating to Digitalisation in Company Law?

15-06-2016

The Note sets out areas where digitalisation could bring benefits in the company law area, looking at issues such as online formation of companies, electronic filing of documents, safeguards for information, information sharing by business registries, digital communication between a company and its shareholders including relating to general meetings, a company's email address and URL, electronic company records, and digital signature of contracts and execution of documents.

The Note sets out areas where digitalisation could bring benefits in the company law area, looking at issues such as online formation of companies, electronic filing of documents, safeguards for information, information sharing by business registries, digital communication between a company and its shareholders including relating to general meetings, a company's email address and URL, electronic company records, and digital signature of contracts and execution of documents.

Understanding innovation

03-02-2016

Innovation can be defined as the adoption of new products, processes, marketing or organisational approaches that create a valuable outcome in terms of financial benefit, wellbeing or efficiency, to name a few. Given its impact on smart, inclusive and sustainable growth, innovation is at the heart of European policies and one of the priorities of the Dutch Presidency of the Council of the European Union for the first six months of 2016. The innovation process occurs in an ecosystem in which companies ...

Innovation can be defined as the adoption of new products, processes, marketing or organisational approaches that create a valuable outcome in terms of financial benefit, wellbeing or efficiency, to name a few. Given its impact on smart, inclusive and sustainable growth, innovation is at the heart of European policies and one of the priorities of the Dutch Presidency of the Council of the European Union for the first six months of 2016. The innovation process occurs in an ecosystem in which companies, public research institutions, financial institutions and government bodies interact through the exchange of skills, knowledge and ideas. The model of open innovation is used to describe the flows between these actors. New insights on the innovation process and the organisation of the innovation ecosystem lead to the requirement to design a new policy mix that includes, above all, policies in support of research and development to foster innovation; policies for education and training to provide the workforce with the relevant skills; and policies to promote a sound business environment and to encourage engagement in innovation and entrepreneurship. In addition to supporting the more technical aspects of the innovation process and ecosystem, these policies also need to spur the development of a culture of innovation which involves creative thinking, collaboration, initiative, openness, a positive approach to failure, and high trust within organisations and society as a whole. Despite its positive aspects, innovation is capable of inducing potential long-term negative social, environmental or economic outcomes. Approaches involving responsible ways of undertaking research and innovation, as well applying the precautionary principle, aim to address these shortcomings.

Nominal vs. Effective Corporate Tax Rates Applied by Multinational Enterprises

13-10-2015

This paper forms part of a series of analytical pieces on various key tax issues, prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the TAXE Special Committee of the European Parliament. The international tax system is at a critical juncture. The G20 and the OECD are leading an important international project for its reform: the Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS). The project was launched following unprecedented public and political anger at the aggressive tax planning activities of multinational ...

This paper forms part of a series of analytical pieces on various key tax issues, prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the TAXE Special Committee of the European Parliament. The international tax system is at a critical juncture. The G20 and the OECD are leading an important international project for its reform: the Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS). The project was launched following unprecedented public and political anger at the aggressive tax planning activities of multinational enterprises (MNE). Reform at the EU level is also underway; both in parallel with the BEPS project but also beyond it. This paper provides some background to these developments. In particular, it explains a number of significant aggressive tax planning techniques and mechanisms used by MNEs and provides an overview of the empirical evidence on the scale of this behaviour. In other words, this paper looks at how and how much aggressive tax planning by MNEs takes place. The paper also provides a concise overview of the basic structure of the international tax system as well as the factors undermining it.

Public policy for corporate social responsibility

31-01-2013

First launched in 2001, the European Commission (EC) is now reviewing its strategy for corporate social responsibility (CSR) to maximise the creation of shared value for society and companies.

First launched in 2001, the European Commission (EC) is now reviewing its strategy for corporate social responsibility (CSR) to maximise the creation of shared value for society and companies.

Relations between Company Supervisory Bodies and the Management - National Systems and Proposed Instruments at the European Level with a View to Improving Legal Efficiency

15-05-2012

Proper functioning of the supervisory body and the quality of its relations with the management are among the essential conditions enabling a business to create value over the long term. The advances proposed in these two areas pertain, in particular, to the membership of the body, the training of its members and the functions of its committees, for which recommendations at the European level may be useful. They also involve the place of stakeholders (gender balance, employee involvement). These ...

Proper functioning of the supervisory body and the quality of its relations with the management are among the essential conditions enabling a business to create value over the long term. The advances proposed in these two areas pertain, in particular, to the membership of the body, the training of its members and the functions of its committees, for which recommendations at the European level may be useful. They also involve the place of stakeholders (gender balance, employee involvement). These two issues are currently handled with a lack of uniformity in the 27 countries in the Union, which would benefit from the adoption of European directives.

Ārējais autors

Valérie Tandeau de Marsac (Barreau de Paris, France) et Yann Paclot (Université de Paris XI, Paris, France) Maîtrise d'oeuvre : Jeantetassocies AARPI, cabinet d'avocats avec la collaboration de Catherine Cathiard (Barreau de Paris, France) , Francis Collin (Barreau de Paris, France) , Pascal Georges (Barreau de Paris, France) , Emmanuelle Huck (juriste) , Sylvie Le Damany (Barreau de Paris, France) , Didier Poracchia (Université d’Aix-Marseille, France) and Philippe Portier (Barreau de Paris, France et Barreau de New York, USA)

Gaidāmie notikumi

21-01-2020
Outlook for the MENA Region: What future for stabilisation and reconstruction?
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