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Road transport: Driving, breaks, rest times and tachographs

08-04-2019

The Driving Time and Tachograph Regulations were adopted to improve drivers' working conditions and road safety, as well as to enhance compliance with the rules, and competition between road operators. In the context of the European Commission's 2017 'Europe on the move' package, the current proposal aims to remedy the shortcomings of these regulations, on which a broad consensus has emerged: lack of clarity, non-uniform implementation, insufficient enforcement and a need for strengthened cooperation ...

The Driving Time and Tachograph Regulations were adopted to improve drivers' working conditions and road safety, as well as to enhance compliance with the rules, and competition between road operators. In the context of the European Commission's 2017 'Europe on the move' package, the current proposal aims to remedy the shortcomings of these regulations, on which a broad consensus has emerged: lack of clarity, non-uniform implementation, insufficient enforcement and a need for strengthened cooperation between Member States and authorities. In June 2018, Parliament's Committee on Transport and Tourism (TRAN) adopted a report and the mandate to start interinstitutional negotiations. However, during the June 2018 plenary session, Parliament did not endorse the mandate and in July it rejected the report, referring it back to the committee. The Council reached a general approach on this proposal in December 2018, under the Austrian Presidency. On 10 January 2019, the TRAN committee failed to reach a new agreement on the proposal for plenary. In March, the Conference of Presidents decided to include this file on the agenda of the March II plenary session. After procedural complications, Parliament adopted its first-reading position during the subsequent plenary session, on 4 April 2019.

Road transport: Enforcement and special provisions for posted workers

08-04-2019

The EU has established a range of social measures applicable to the road transport sector, which aim at improving drivers' working conditions, road safety and competition. To give real substance to these measures, compliance is key. The 2006 Enforcement Directive was therefore adopted to effectively implement the social provisions of the Driving Time Regulation. The current proposal, published in the context of the European Commission's 2017 'Europe on the move' initiative, seeks to remedy some shortcomings ...

The EU has established a range of social measures applicable to the road transport sector, which aim at improving drivers' working conditions, road safety and competition. To give real substance to these measures, compliance is key. The 2006 Enforcement Directive was therefore adopted to effectively implement the social provisions of the Driving Time Regulation. The current proposal, published in the context of the European Commission's 2017 'Europe on the move' initiative, seeks to remedy some shortcomings of the Enforcement Directive, such as non-uniform implementation. Additionally, it puts forward specific rules on the posting of workers in the road sector, to respond to concerns raised regarding the inadequacy of the Posting of Workers Directive, when applied to the road transport sector. The European Parliament's Committee on Transport and Tourism (TRAN) adopted its report and a mandate to start interinstitutional negotiations in June 2018. However, Parliament did not endorse the mandate and then, in July 2018, rejected the report, referring it back to the TRAN committee. The Council agreed a general approach on this proposal in December 2018, under the Austrian Presidency. In January 2019, the TRAN committee failed to reach an agreement on a compromise proposal. In March, the Conference of Presidents decided to include this file on the agenda of the March II plenary session. After procedural complications, Parliament adopted its first-reading position during the subsequent plenary session, on 4 April 2019.

Research for TRAN Committee - Road enforcement databases: economic feasibility and costs

10-04-2018

This in-depth analysis investigates the economic feasibility and cost of creating national road enforcement databases following the introduction of new smart tachographs (so-called “Generation 2” digital tachographs) into the EU road haulage market. Two scenarios are considered: the first includes building new databases capable of handling new smart tachograph data, and the second mainly relies on upgrading existing databases for this new usage (such as Tachonet, the European Register of Road Transport ...

This in-depth analysis investigates the economic feasibility and cost of creating national road enforcement databases following the introduction of new smart tachographs (so-called “Generation 2” digital tachographs) into the EU road haulage market. Two scenarios are considered: the first includes building new databases capable of handling new smart tachograph data, and the second mainly relies on upgrading existing databases for this new usage (such as Tachonet, the European Register of Road Transport Undertakings (ERRU), or the Vehicle Information Platform (VIP) based on EUCARIS). Two options are also analysed: the first includes retrofitting the whole fleet of Heavy Goods Vehicles (HGVs) and buses from year 1, and the second is based on a more gradual introduction of new smart tachographs, only for new vehicles.

Ārējais autors

Przemyslaw BORKOWSKI and Monika BAK

Retrofitting smart tachographs by 2020: Costs and benefits

02-02-2018

The scope of this study is to assess the costs and benefits of retrofitting smart tachographs in heavy-duty vehicles operating in international transport by January 2020. Specifically, it addresses economic consequences of a technological upgrade of these vehicles. Moreover, it considers the related economic impacts incurred on national enforcement authorities. It also assesses the costs, which Member States’ national enforcement bodies risk to incur, among others, due to retrieving and processing ...

The scope of this study is to assess the costs and benefits of retrofitting smart tachographs in heavy-duty vehicles operating in international transport by January 2020. Specifically, it addresses economic consequences of a technological upgrade of these vehicles. Moreover, it considers the related economic impacts incurred on national enforcement authorities. It also assesses the costs, which Member States’ national enforcement bodies risk to incur, among others, due to retrieving and processing data from smart tachometers. In assessing both the costs and benefits, the study focuses on the EU-level analysis with consideration of the European Added Value aspect in particular.

Ārējais autors

This study has been written by Dr Michał Suchanek of the University of Gdańsk, at the request of the European Added Value Unit of the Directorate for Impact Assessment and European Added Value, within the Directorate General for Parliamentary Research Services (DG EPRS) of the General Secretariat of the European Parliament. The preface has been written by Aleksandra Heflich, European Added Value Unit.

Road transport: Driving times, breaks, rest periods, tachographs and posting of drivers

21-11-2017

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's Impact Assessment (IA) accompanying the above proposals, submitted on 31 May 2017 and referred to Parliament's Committee on Transport and Tourism. The aim of the proposals is to improve the application of social legislation in road transport, also including sector-specific rules for posting of workers, to facilitate fair competition between operators and enhance drivers' social conditions. ...

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's Impact Assessment (IA) accompanying the above proposals, submitted on 31 May 2017 and referred to Parliament's Committee on Transport and Tourism. The aim of the proposals is to improve the application of social legislation in road transport, also including sector-specific rules for posting of workers, to facilitate fair competition between operators and enhance drivers' social conditions. The proposals form part of the 'Europe on the move' package, which is a broader review of the road transport legislation of the European Union. The transport package is one of the priorities of the European Commission. The proposals, which are part of the Commission's Regulatory Fitness and Performance (REFIT) programme, aim to contribute to the Commission's social agenda and the European Pillar of Social Rights. In its resolutions, the European Parliament has called for improved implementation of social legislation in the road transport sector, enhanced road safety, adapted posting provisions for transport workers, and called for measures to counter unfair competition and social dumping.

Research for TRAN Committee - Road Transport Hauliers in the EU: Social and Working Conditions (Update of the 2013 study)

09-10-2017

The study updates the 2013 analysis of the social legislation and working conditions of professional drivers engaged in the road freight transport sector. It concentrates on the fundamental social issues that arise in this transport segment, including driving times and rest periods as well as practical aspects that impact directly on the quality of life of drivers, e.g. employment schemes and income levels. After an overall analysis of the legal framework, which includes the EU legislation relevant ...

The study updates the 2013 analysis of the social legislation and working conditions of professional drivers engaged in the road freight transport sector. It concentrates on the fundamental social issues that arise in this transport segment, including driving times and rest periods as well as practical aspects that impact directly on the quality of life of drivers, e.g. employment schemes and income levels. After an overall analysis of the legal framework, which includes the EU legislation relevant for the social dimension of road freight transport, the findings of a renewed stakeholder and driver consultation are reported.

Ārējais autors

Enrico PASTORI, Marco BRAMBILLA

Enhancement of social legislation in road transport I (Driving time)

15-05-2017

Regulation 561/2006 lays down rules applicable to driving times, breaks and rest periods for drivers engaged in the carriage of goods and passengers by road. Various resources show that presently there are several challenges linked with the implementation of the regulation. These include diverging enforcement practice applied across the different EU Member States, clarity of the text of the regulation, broad discretion of the Member States and various exemptions allowed by the regulation. These challenges ...

Regulation 561/2006 lays down rules applicable to driving times, breaks and rest periods for drivers engaged in the carriage of goods and passengers by road. Various resources show that presently there are several challenges linked with the implementation of the regulation. These include diverging enforcement practice applied across the different EU Member States, clarity of the text of the regulation, broad discretion of the Member States and various exemptions allowed by the regulation. These challenges influence harmonisation of road transport, as well as legal certainty, and they limit the fulfilment of the regulation's goal. The European Parliament has called on the European Commission to update Regulation 561/2006 to respond to these challenges. Similarly, the European Economic and Social Committee has recommended that the existing legislation is updated. Furthermore, representatives of various stakeholder groups have voiced requests to update this piece of EU legislation. Finally, the European Commission itself has expressed willingness to revise the regulation as part of the enhancement of the social legislation in road transport. It is expected that the European Commission will submit this proposal in the second quarter of 2017.

The New Regulation on Driving and Rest Times : the Impact of the Abolition of the 12-day Derogation for Buses

15-04-2008

This study concerns the introduction of Regulation (EC) No 561/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council on driving and rest times for road transport. In particular, it provides an impact assessment with regard to the abolition of the 12-day derogation in the international transport of passengers by road, especially in relation to economic, social and safety effects. The study draws and summarises conclusions and provides recommendations where there is evidence of significant negative effects ...

This study concerns the introduction of Regulation (EC) No 561/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council on driving and rest times for road transport. In particular, it provides an impact assessment with regard to the abolition of the 12-day derogation in the international transport of passengers by road, especially in relation to economic, social and safety effects. The study draws and summarises conclusions and provides recommendations where there is evidence of significant negative effects.

Ārējais autors

Giorgia Aresu (project manager), Claudio Ricciolio, Francesca Cigarini and Paolo Guglielminetti (PwC Advisory Srl Italy)

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Where next for the global and European economies? The 2019 IMF Economic Outlook
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06-11-2019
EPRS Annual Lecture: Clash of Cultures: Transnational governance in post-war Europe
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EPRS

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