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Implementation of the European disability strategy

24-11-2017

Almost one in six people in the EU aged 15 and over live with some kind of disability. As the population ages, this number is expected to rise significantly. In February 2017, the European Commission published a progress report on the implementation of the European disability strategy 2010-2020. Parliament is due to discuss an own-initiative report on the strategy's implementation during its November II plenary session.

Almost one in six people in the EU aged 15 and over live with some kind of disability. As the population ages, this number is expected to rise significantly. In February 2017, the European Commission published a progress report on the implementation of the European disability strategy 2010-2020. Parliament is due to discuss an own-initiative report on the strategy's implementation during its November II plenary session.

The Protection Role of the Committee on Petitions in the Context of the Implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

15-11-2017

This briefing note provides an update on developments in the implementation of the UNCRPD in the EU since the study "The Protection Role of the Committee on Petitions in the Context of the Implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities", requested by PETI in 2015 and updated in 2016. It reviews the recommendations of that study and identifies the key challenges regarding the European Parliament’s responsibilities in relation to the UN CRPD and other EU institutions ...

This briefing note provides an update on developments in the implementation of the UNCRPD in the EU since the study "The Protection Role of the Committee on Petitions in the Context of the Implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities", requested by PETI in 2015 and updated in 2016. It reviews the recommendations of that study and identifies the key challenges regarding the European Parliament’s responsibilities in relation to the UN CRPD and other EU institutions. There have been developments in legislation, increased visibility for disability issues in the open methods of co-ordination, and progress on disability data and indicators for rights monitoring. However, some long-standing blockages remain and few of the PETI study recommendations have been actioned.

Ārējais autors

Mark Priestley, Professor of Disability Policy, University of Leeds

European disability policy: From defining disability to adopting a strategy

12-06-2017

More than 70 million people in the EU, close to one in six, have a disability. Many of them encounter difficulties performing simple daily tasks, pursuing studies and getting a job. That is why, alongside and in support of Member State policies, the EU has committed to combating all forms of discrimination to which disabled people are particularly vulnerable.

More than 70 million people in the EU, close to one in six, have a disability. Many of them encounter difficulties performing simple daily tasks, pursuing studies and getting a job. That is why, alongside and in support of Member State policies, the EU has committed to combating all forms of discrimination to which disabled people are particularly vulnerable.

Cohesion policy and disability

06-03-2017

People with disabilities are among the most vulnerable in society. While disability policy is primarily a Member State competence, the EU is committed to improving the living conditions of all people with disabilities and, in particular, to addressing the issue of institutionalised care. Cohesion policy can play a key role in this process. The cohesion policy framework sets out 11 thematic objectives closely aligned to the goals of the Europe 2020 strategy, including promoting social inclusion, combating ...

People with disabilities are among the most vulnerable in society. While disability policy is primarily a Member State competence, the EU is committed to improving the living conditions of all people with disabilities and, in particular, to addressing the issue of institutionalised care. Cohesion policy can play a key role in this process. The cohesion policy framework sets out 11 thematic objectives closely aligned to the goals of the Europe 2020 strategy, including promoting social inclusion, combating poverty and any discrimination; this objective allows Member States to focus structural funds (ESIF) specifically on delivering support for people with disabilities. A new emphasis on partnerships involving disability organisations in ESIF programming as well as measures to prevent discrimination and ensure accessibility for people with disabilities through the use of special pre-conditions, ex ante conditionalities, aim to ensure that the views of disabled people are taken into account and their fundamental rights respected. Yet while operational programmes contain a broad range of measures to support people with disabilities, with the European Commission also reporting that Member States have respected the partnership principle during ESIF programming and fulfilled many of the ex ante conditionalities in place, the view of stakeholders has been more mixed. Pointing to issues such as excessive reporting requirements or a low level of knowledge among beneficiaries, they also have reservations about the quality of the participation of disability organisations in ESIF decision-making, raising questions as to the likely impact of the planned measures. Looking to the future, stakeholders emphasise the need to ensure the participation of disability organisations in all ESIF decision-making, and stress the importance of funding, potentially difficult in the context of increasing pressures on the EU budget.

Vulnerable social groups: Before and after the crisis

11-07-2016

'Vulnerable social groups' are groups of people considered to be at risk of poverty or social exclusion because of physical disabilities, age factors, ethnic origins, lack of housing, or substance abuse. These people, who were already struggling with financial, social and employment difficulties before the 2008 economic crisis, have become further disadvantaged, and the gap between them and the rest of society has grown even wider. Three subgroups stand out as being most affected by the European ...

'Vulnerable social groups' are groups of people considered to be at risk of poverty or social exclusion because of physical disabilities, age factors, ethnic origins, lack of housing, or substance abuse. These people, who were already struggling with financial, social and employment difficulties before the 2008 economic crisis, have become further disadvantaged, and the gap between them and the rest of society has grown even wider. Three subgroups stand out as being most affected by the European economic and financial crisis. The number of people experiencing in-work poverty is rising, with economic constraints forcing them to work in increasingly precarious jobs or obliging them to accept self-employed status. Disabled people, already confronted by barriers hindering their full and effective participation in society on an equal basis with others, have, as a result of the crisis, lost a great deal of social, economic and mobility support and their chances of re-entering the labour market have diminished. Finally, changes in family structure mean that the number of single parents, especially single mothers, has increased in recent years. These parents struggle to achieve a work-life balance on account of their multiple obligations, and as a group they are also suffering from the effects of the crisis. The situation of vulnerable groups has been of concern to the European institutions for the last decade, from the point of view of poverty as well as of labour market participation and gender equality.

The obligations of the EU public administration under the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities: European Implementation Assessment

14-03-2016

As parties to the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD), both the European Union and its Member States are obliged to implement and safeguard the set of fundamental rights enshrined in the Convention. Full compliance with the Convention is required also by the state parties' public administrations, including the EU public administration, made up of its institutions, bodies and agencies. The UN CRPD Committee's 'Concluding Observations' of September 2015, which marked the ...

As parties to the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD), both the European Union and its Member States are obliged to implement and safeguard the set of fundamental rights enshrined in the Convention. Full compliance with the Convention is required also by the state parties' public administrations, including the EU public administration, made up of its institutions, bodies and agencies. The UN CRPD Committee's 'Concluding Observations' of September 2015, which marked the end of the first round of the review process, include a number of recommendations addressed to the EU public administration, touching upon employment, reasonable accommodation, accessibility, access to justice, the European Schools and the Community health insurance scheme. The CRPD Committee calls on the EU institutions to become a role model, both with regard to employment of persons with disabilities, and in its interaction with the public. This paper analyses the legal framework and policies the EU institutions have in place with regard to disability rights, and which have been to some extent prompted, or at least influenced, by the CRPD. It also assesses the progress made in the institutions' compliance with the CRPD, notably in the areas addressed in the UN 'Concluding Observations'.

Multiple Sclerosis and employment issues

20-05-2015

Multiple Sclerosis is a neurodegenerative disease. It affects over 600 000 people in Europe, but the treatment and support that Multiple Sclerosis sufferers receive varies widely depending on where they live. It is mostly diagnosed between 20 and 30 years of age, frequently at the beginning of a professional career. People suffering from Multiple Sclerosis may require flexibility and specific facilities from the employer given the unpredictable and variable nature of the condition.

Multiple Sclerosis is a neurodegenerative disease. It affects over 600 000 people in Europe, but the treatment and support that Multiple Sclerosis sufferers receive varies widely depending on where they live. It is mostly diagnosed between 20 and 30 years of age, frequently at the beginning of a professional career. People suffering from Multiple Sclerosis may require flexibility and specific facilities from the employer given the unpredictable and variable nature of the condition.

Equal Treatment: Accommodation and Sheltered Workshops for People with Disabilities

27-03-2015

This At a glance note prepared by Policy Department A for the Employment and Social Affairs Committee gives a summary of a comprehensive study completed in January 2015 with a view to the implementation of the Directive on equal treatment in employment and occupation (2000).

This At a glance note prepared by Policy Department A for the Employment and Social Affairs Committee gives a summary of a comprehensive study completed in January 2015 with a view to the implementation of the Directive on equal treatment in employment and occupation (2000).

Reasonable Accommodation and Sheltered Workshops for People with Disabilities: Costs and Returns of Investments

15-01-2015

This Policy Department A study aims to provide the Employment and Social Affairs Committee (EMPL) with an overview of developments on costs and returns of investments for reasonable accommodation, sheltered workshops and labour policies for people with disabilities together with an economic analysis of selected measures.

This Policy Department A study aims to provide the Employment and Social Affairs Committee (EMPL) with an overview of developments on costs and returns of investments for reasonable accommodation, sheltered workshops and labour policies for people with disabilities together with an economic analysis of selected measures.

Ārējais autors

Jacqueline MALLENDER, Quentin LIGER, Rory TIERNEY, Daniel BERESFORD and James EAGER (Optimity Matrix) ; Stefan SPECKESSER and Vahé NAFILYAN (IES)

Occupational Health and Safety Risks for the Most Vulnerable Workers

15-07-2011

Each of the groups of workers studied – women, ageing workers, workers with disabilities, young workers, migrant workers, temporary workers and low-qualified workers – faces specific occupational health and safety risks. While the EU has a strong body of legislation and a comprehensive strategy addressing worker health and safety, further action could be taken to protect vulnerable groups. Options are proposed, drawing on the analysis of needs as well as a review of specific measures implemented ...

Each of the groups of workers studied – women, ageing workers, workers with disabilities, young workers, migrant workers, temporary workers and low-qualified workers – faces specific occupational health and safety risks. While the EU has a strong body of legislation and a comprehensive strategy addressing worker health and safety, further action could be taken to protect vulnerable groups. Options are proposed, drawing on the analysis of needs as well as a review of specific measures implemented in the Member States.

Ārējais autors

Alice Belin, Tony Zamparutti, Kerina Tull and Guillermo Hernandez (Milieu Ltd, Brussels, Belgium)

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