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EU policies – Delivering for citizens: Fisheries

28-06-2019

The European Union has sole responsibility for the conservation of its marine fisheries resources, and manages them under the common fisheries policy (CFP). Launched in 1983 and reformed every ten years since then, the CFP has come a long way. The current framework, resulting from the 2013 CFP reform, is aimed at ensuring that EU fisheries are sustainable – environmentally, economically and socially. The CFP has a dedicated financial instrument – the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF) – ...

The European Union has sole responsibility for the conservation of its marine fisheries resources, and manages them under the common fisheries policy (CFP). Launched in 1983 and reformed every ten years since then, the CFP has come a long way. The current framework, resulting from the 2013 CFP reform, is aimed at ensuring that EU fisheries are sustainable – environmentally, economically and socially. The CFP has a dedicated financial instrument – the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF) – with a budget of €6.4 billion for the 2014-2020 period. The 2013 reform introduced the target to achieve exploitation of all stocks at sustainable levels by 2020, and provided several major tools to support progress towards this goal. In particular, adoption of multiannual plans has become a priority, to ensure long-term management of stocks. An obligation to land all catches was designed to end the practice of discarding fish back into the sea. The reform also introduced regionalisation of decision-making, with the possibility to adopt conservation measures based on joint recommendations by the Member States concerned. Implementation of the reformed CFP was the main feature of the 2014-2019 parliamentary term, with legislative work making headway on several important topics. A series of multiannual plans have been launched, and four of them, concerning fisheries in the Baltic Sea, the North Sea, the Western Waters and the western Mediterranean, are now in force. The landing obligation has been phased in, as scheduled, from 2015 to 2019. The EU adopted an updated framework for collection of fisheries data to support management decisions, as well as a new system of fishing authorisations improving the monitoring of EU vessels fishing outside EU waters. EU activities have also covered different aspects of the CFP's external dimension, such as conclusion of fisheries agreements with third countries, and participation in international fisheries governance. In the future, further progress is expected on issues such as adoption of multiannual plans and the revision of the fisheries control system. The EMFF will be renewed as part of the next EU multiannual budget for 2021-2027. Taking stock of progress made in implementing the latest reform and achieving its objectives, with a view to future CFP developments, will also be on the agenda. This is an update of an earlier briefing issued in advance of the 2019 European elections.

Overhauling fisheries technical measures

11-04-2019

Technical measures in fisheries govern the different fishing practices that can be used to catch fish, as well as the areas and seasons for fishing. Aimed at limiting unwanted catches and the impact of fishing on marine ecosystems, EU technical measures have developed over time into a notoriously complicated regulatory structure, which came to be seen as a plethora of ineffective rules under rigid governance. During the April II session, Parliament is due to vote on giving formal approval to a new ...

Technical measures in fisheries govern the different fishing practices that can be used to catch fish, as well as the areas and seasons for fishing. Aimed at limiting unwanted catches and the impact of fishing on marine ecosystems, EU technical measures have developed over time into a notoriously complicated regulatory structure, which came to be seen as a plethora of ineffective rules under rigid governance. During the April II session, Parliament is due to vote on giving formal approval to a new legislative framework that would change the governance structure of technical measures. The proposed framework is designed to simplify the current system, to increase its flexibility through a regionalised approach adapted to the specificities of each EU sea basin, and to optimise the contribution of the technical measures to the objectives of the common fisheries policy. The text also provides for a total ban on electric pulse trawl fishing from 1 July 2021, with the possibility for Member States to immediately prohibit or restrict this type of fishing in their coastal waters.

Multiannual plan for fisheries in the Western Waters

05-04-2019

The European Parliament and Council adopted a new multiannual plan for management of fisheries in the Western Waters, an area of the north-east Atlantic along the western coast of the EU. The plan covers fisheries exploiting stocks of fish and crustaceans living close to the sea bottom (i.e. 'demersal fisheries'), including several deep-sea stocks. It aims to ensure that these stocks are exploited sustainably and that their management is based on the most up-to-date scientific information. The fishing ...

The European Parliament and Council adopted a new multiannual plan for management of fisheries in the Western Waters, an area of the north-east Atlantic along the western coast of the EU. The plan covers fisheries exploiting stocks of fish and crustaceans living close to the sea bottom (i.e. 'demersal fisheries'), including several deep-sea stocks. It aims to ensure that these stocks are exploited sustainably and that their management is based on the most up-to-date scientific information. The fishing fleet concerned mainly includes vessels from Belgium, Germany, France, Ireland, Spain, Portugal and the United Kingdom. The new plan follows the pattern set by the 2018 North Sea multiannual plan. It allows a certain flexibility in setting fishing opportunities, by defining ranges of fishing mortality based on the best available scientific advice, and introduces safeguard measures to restore stocks when they fall below safe biological limits. The quantified values for fishing mortality or biomass levels are provided by the latest scientific advice available, and directly used by the Council when fixing fishing opportunities. Of particular importance in the eventuality of Brexit, the plan covers British waters off the western and southern UK coast, setting the stage for future fisheries cooperation in the area. Fourth edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Multiannual plan for demersal fisheries in the western Mediterranean

27-03-2019

During the April I session, Parliament is due to vote on giving formal approval to a multiannual plan for the western Mediterranean fisheries exploiting several stocks of fish and crustaceans living close to the sea bottom (i.e. 'demersal fisheries'). Most of these stocks have long been overfished and are now in an alarming state. The proposed plan aims to reverse this trend and ensure that fishing activities are environmentally sustainable, and capable of securing economic and social benefits. The ...

During the April I session, Parliament is due to vote on giving formal approval to a multiannual plan for the western Mediterranean fisheries exploiting several stocks of fish and crustaceans living close to the sea bottom (i.e. 'demersal fisheries'). Most of these stocks have long been overfished and are now in an alarming state. The proposed plan aims to reverse this trend and ensure that fishing activities are environmentally sustainable, and capable of securing economic and social benefits. The plan concerns fishing fleets from Italy, Spain and France, totalling almost 10 900 vessels. The new regulation will introduce a fishing-effort regime for all trawlers operating in the region, under which the Council will set each year, on the basis of scientific advice, the maximum number of fishing days for each fleet category by Member State. In addition, the plan will restrict trawlers from operating in waters shallower than 100 m located within 6 nautical miles of the coast, for three months per year, to reserve the coastal zone for more selective fishing gear. The plan will also establish regional cooperation among the Member States concerned, with a view to developing provisions on the obligation to land all catches and on the conservation of resources through technical measures.

Illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing

18-02-2019

The IUU Regulation (1005/2008) is the core of EU's legal framework for action against global IUU fishing. Its primary objective is to prevent, deter and eliminate the trade of IUU-caught products into the EU. One of its key components is a multiple-step procedure for dealing with non-EU countries considered uncooperative in the fight against IUU fishing. Third edition. This infographic further updates an earlier one of September 2018. For more information on the EU's IUU Regulation 1005/2008 and ...

The IUU Regulation (1005/2008) is the core of EU's legal framework for action against global IUU fishing. Its primary objective is to prevent, deter and eliminate the trade of IUU-caught products into the EU. One of its key components is a multiple-step procedure for dealing with non-EU countries considered uncooperative in the fight against IUU fishing. Third edition. This infographic further updates an earlier one of September 2018. For more information on the EU's IUU Regulation 1005/2008 and on IUU fishing, see the parallel EPRS Briefing: PE 614.598.

Awtur estern

CHAHRI, Samy

EU-Morocco fisheries agreement

06-02-2019

During the February part-session, the Parliament is due to vote on giving its consent to the conclusion of a new fisheries agreement and implementing protocol with Morocco, which also cover Western Saharan waters.

During the February part-session, the Parliament is due to vote on giving its consent to the conclusion of a new fisheries agreement and implementing protocol with Morocco, which also cover Western Saharan waters.

Multiannual plan for Western Waters fisheries

06-02-2019

During the February part-session, Parliament is to vote on giving formal approval to a multiannual plan for management of fisheries in the Western Waters – an area of the north-eastern Atlantic located along the western coast of the EU. The proposed plan covers fisheries exploiting stocks of fish and crustaceans living close to the sea bottom (known as demersal species), including deep-sea stocks.

During the February part-session, Parliament is to vote on giving formal approval to a multiannual plan for management of fisheries in the Western Waters – an area of the north-eastern Atlantic located along the western coast of the EU. The proposed plan covers fisheries exploiting stocks of fish and crustaceans living close to the sea bottom (known as demersal species), including deep-sea stocks.

Mediterranean swordfish recovery plan

20-11-2018

Mediterranean swordfish, overfished for decades, is subject to a multiannual recovery plan aimed at rebuilding the stock, adopted by the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT), which is responsible for its management. The European Parliament is currently considering the Commission's proposal on the transposition of this plan into EU law.

Mediterranean swordfish, overfished for decades, is subject to a multiannual recovery plan aimed at rebuilding the stock, adopted by the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT), which is responsible for its management. The European Parliament is currently considering the Commission's proposal on the transposition of this plan into EU law.

Multiannual plan for small pelagic fish stocks in the Adriatic Sea

09-11-2018

On 9 October 2018, Parliament’s Committee on Fisheries (PECH) adopted its report on a proposed multiannual plan to manage fisheries of small pelagic fish stocks (anchovy and sardine) in the Adriatic Sea. These stocks, which are in a poor state, are managed under a complex legal framework at EU, national and international level. They are exploited mainly by Italian and Croatian fishing vessels. Multiannual fisheries management plans are essential tools for the sustainable exploitation of marine resources ...

On 9 October 2018, Parliament’s Committee on Fisheries (PECH) adopted its report on a proposed multiannual plan to manage fisheries of small pelagic fish stocks (anchovy and sardine) in the Adriatic Sea. These stocks, which are in a poor state, are managed under a complex legal framework at EU, national and international level. They are exploited mainly by Italian and Croatian fishing vessels. Multiannual fisheries management plans are essential tools for the sustainable exploitation of marine resources, offering notably better predictability over time and a framework for improved cooperation between the Member States concerned at sea basin level. With the new plan for Adriatic small pelagic stocks, the Commission proposed to introduce a major shift in fisheries management in this area, currently based on fishing effort, by framing a system of setting total allowable catches (TACs). The PECH report, however, supports maintaining the current fishing effort regime and opposes the introduction of TACs. It also requires that catch limits for small pelagics are set in 2019 at the level of the 2014 catches, and reduced by 4 % annually between 2020 and 2022. Second edition of a briefing originally drafted by Jean Weissenberger. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Multiannual plan for Adriatic fisheries

07-11-2018

During the November I session, Parliament is due to vote on a legislative proposal for a multiannual plan to manage fisheries of small pelagics (anchovy and sardine) in the Adriatic Sea, the first such plan proposed in the Mediterranean basin.

During the November I session, Parliament is due to vote on a legislative proposal for a multiannual plan to manage fisheries of small pelagics (anchovy and sardine) in the Adriatic Sea, the first such plan proposed in the Mediterranean basin.

Avvenimenti fil-ġejjieni

01-10-2019
Health threats from climate change: Scientific evidence for policy-making
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EPRS

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