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Monetary policy with transitory vs. permanently low growth

29-11-2018

The recent economic slowdown in the euro area depends on supply-side and demand-side factors with different conse-quences on potential output. On the one hand, it may grow at a low pace for a long time; on the other hand, it may soon grow a bit faster. The ECB strategy has to adapt to these different possible outcomes. Anyway, we argue that the ECB has rooms for manoeuvre whatever the trend in output. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Economic and ...

The recent economic slowdown in the euro area depends on supply-side and demand-side factors with different conse-quences on potential output. On the one hand, it may grow at a low pace for a long time; on the other hand, it may soon grow a bit faster. The ECB strategy has to adapt to these different possible outcomes. Anyway, we argue that the ECB has rooms for manoeuvre whatever the trend in output. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs.

Awtur estern

Christophe BLOT, Jérôme CREEL and Paul HUBERT

Helicopter money: A cure for what ails the euro area?

21-04-2016

'Helicopter money', or 'helicopter drops' of money, generally refers to a non-standard monetary policy tool used in deflationary conditions. It can be understood as a permanent increase in the nominal stock of fiat base money at lowest nominal interest rates. Some experts call for its use in the euro area, arguing that the interest-free distribution of additional money to the private sector would increase consumption and investments, and help jump-start the EU economy. In practical terms, there are ...

'Helicopter money', or 'helicopter drops' of money, generally refers to a non-standard monetary policy tool used in deflationary conditions. It can be understood as a permanent increase in the nominal stock of fiat base money at lowest nominal interest rates. Some experts call for its use in the euro area, arguing that the interest-free distribution of additional money to the private sector would increase consumption and investments, and help jump-start the EU economy. In practical terms, there are different proposals for distributing helicopter money, which may entail fiscal policy measures, such as government bonds, or printed-money-financed tax relief for private households. Some empirical studies show that tax rebates have had positive macroeconomic effects in certain countries. Helicopter money is also criticised, however. Some experts argue that it would have a negative impact on public sector (or central bank) balance sheets. Others say it may prompt indebted euro-area countries to pull back from unpopular fiscal and structural reforms. Helicopter money, it is argued, could also undermine the stability of the euro, by triggering 'runaway' inflation or reducing the incentive to work. There are also questions about the legality of helicopter money. Some experts believe it is permissible under EU law, citing Article 20 (Other instruments of monetary control) of the Protocol on the European Central Bank's statute. The Bank has a rather reluctant stance, arguing that the very idea runs counter to Article 123(1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, which prohibits the direct financing of public expenditure.

Strategic guidelines for aquaculture in the EU

14-10-2013

Worldwide, the aquaculture industry is growing rapidly and playing an increasingly important role in ensuring global food supply, accounting for almost half of all fish and seafood consumption. In the EU, by contrast, the industry has not been part of this global upsurge, but has steadily lost ground despite the fact that the EU is heavily dependent on imports to meet strong consumer demand for fish and seafood.

Worldwide, the aquaculture industry is growing rapidly and playing an increasingly important role in ensuring global food supply, accounting for almost half of all fish and seafood consumption. In the EU, by contrast, the industry has not been part of this global upsurge, but has steadily lost ground despite the fact that the EU is heavily dependent on imports to meet strong consumer demand for fish and seafood.

Electronic cigarettes

27-03-2013

Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) work by vaporising nicotine liquid. They are aimed at people who do not want to smoke tobacco but cannot or do not want to overcome their nicotine addiction. They are mostly produced in China, and marketed in Europe by small and medium-sized firms. The market is growing rapidly.

Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) work by vaporising nicotine liquid. They are aimed at people who do not want to smoke tobacco but cannot or do not want to overcome their nicotine addiction. They are mostly produced in China, and marketed in Europe by small and medium-sized firms. The market is growing rapidly.

Implications of Global Trends in Eating Habits for Climate Change, Health and Natural Resources

15-04-2009

The study outlines the contribution of livestock production to climate change and health risks associated w i t h high meat consumption. The natural resources required to produce animalbased and plant-based protein are contrasted and diets with different levels of both types of protein compared. Using world population projections, three scenarios based on different theoretical alternative consumption patterns are created to show possible requirements and greenhouse gas emissions for animal and plant ...

The study outlines the contribution of livestock production to climate change and health risks associated w i t h high meat consumption. The natural resources required to produce animalbased and plant-based protein are contrasted and diets with different levels of both types of protein compared. Using world population projections, three scenarios based on different theoretical alternative consumption patterns are created to show possible requirements and greenhouse gas emissions for animal and plant protein production: “minimal” scenario (assumes consumption of animal protein only via milk and eggs); “optimal” scenario (assuming diets with a low meat intake) and “maximum” (baseline) scenario (current level of meat consumption extended to developing countries). Comments are made on alternative protein sources. Policy options are suggested.

Awtur estern

Conrad CASPARI, Maria CHRISTODOULOU, John NGANGA and Mariana RICCI (Agra CEAS Consulting)

Consumer Confidence in the Digital Environment

15-01-2007

Executive summary The purpose of this briefing paper is to assess the main barriers that prevent consumers from buying goods and services from other member states, assess whether trustmarks or new technologies have an impact on those barriers, as well as identifying measures that could be taken to encourage European consumers to take full advantage of the internal market by buying goods and service online from other countries. To achieve this objective, some original research was carried out in addition ...

Executive summary The purpose of this briefing paper is to assess the main barriers that prevent consumers from buying goods and services from other member states, assess whether trustmarks or new technologies have an impact on those barriers, as well as identifying measures that could be taken to encourage European consumers to take full advantage of the internal market by buying goods and service online from other countries. To achieve this objective, some original research was carried out in addition to the review of available recent evidence. [...]

Awtur estern

Frank Alleweldt, Anna Fielder and Merle Achten (Research Civic Consulting Alleweldt & Kara GbR, Berlin, Germany)

Avvenimenti fil-ġejjieni

10-12-2019
EU institutional dynamics: Ten years after the Lisbon Treaty
Avveniment ieħor -
EPRS
11-12-2019
Take-aways from 2019 and outlook for 2020: What Think Tanks are Thinking
Avveniment ieħor -
EPRS

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