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The Reform of the Dublin III Regulation

28-06-2016

This study was commissioned by the European Parliament's Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee. It examines the performance of Dublin and of relocation schemes, and assesses the Commission’s “Dublin IV” Proposal in this light. It argues that by retaining the Dublin philosophy and betting on more coercion, Dublin IV is unlikely to achieve its objectives while raising human rights concerns. It advocates re-centring EU responsibility allocation ...

This study was commissioned by the European Parliament's Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee. It examines the performance of Dublin and of relocation schemes, and assesses the Commission’s “Dublin IV” Proposal in this light. It argues that by retaining the Dublin philosophy and betting on more coercion, Dublin IV is unlikely to achieve its objectives while raising human rights concerns. It advocates re-centring EU responsibility allocation schemes on one key objective – quick access to asylum procedures. This requires taking protection seekers’ preferences seriously and de-bureaucratising the process. Such a reform would need to be accompanied by (a) stepping up the enforcement of refugee rights across the EU, (b) moving solidarity schemes from a logic of capacity-building to one of compensation, and (c) granting protected persons real mobility rights.

Awtur estern

Francesco Maiani (University of Lausanne, Switzerland)

Jordan: A protest movement eclipsed

13-06-2016

Low-level protests in Jordan throughout 2011 were met by offers of reform from the King, and subsided as neighbouring countries descended into chaos and civil war. The Syrian refugee crisis has diverted attention away from the causes of the unrest in 2011, but has given rise to new grievances that have the potential to undermine the stability of the country once more.

Low-level protests in Jordan throughout 2011 were met by offers of reform from the King, and subsided as neighbouring countries descended into chaos and civil war. The Syrian refugee crisis has diverted attention away from the causes of the unrest in 2011, but has given rise to new grievances that have the potential to undermine the stability of the country once more.

Towards an EU Humanitarian Visa Scheme?

13-06-2016

With large numbers of protection seekers continuing to risk hazardous sea crossings to reach the European Union, there has been considerable focus on the need for legal entry channels, notably resettlement. Humanitarian visas represent one such legal channel. This briefing provides a succinct overview of what humanitarian visas are, the rationale for their use, how they function, how they are regulated in EU law and the scope for future development of a fully-fledged EU humanitarian visa scheme.

With large numbers of protection seekers continuing to risk hazardous sea crossings to reach the European Union, there has been considerable focus on the need for legal entry channels, notably resettlement. Humanitarian visas represent one such legal channel. This briefing provides a succinct overview of what humanitarian visas are, the rationale for their use, how they function, how they are regulated in EU law and the scope for future development of a fully-fledged EU humanitarian visa scheme.

Follow-Up to the European Parliament's Resolution of 8 September 2015 on 'The Situation of Fundamental Rights in the European Union (2013-2014)'

07-06-2016

This study was commissioned by the European Parliament's Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee. With a view to support the preparation of the report on the situation of fundamental rights in the European Union (2015), it examines the follow-up given to the European Parliament resolution of 8 September 2015 on 'The situation of fundamental rights in the European Union (2013-2014)'. It considers the conditions that should be established ...

This study was commissioned by the European Parliament's Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee. With a view to support the preparation of the report on the situation of fundamental rights in the European Union (2015), it examines the follow-up given to the European Parliament resolution of 8 September 2015 on 'The situation of fundamental rights in the European Union (2013-2014)'. It considers the conditions that should be established for the establishment of an EU fundamental rights strategy, as well as the recent developments related to the issues of concern and proposals made in the resolution of 8 September 2015.

Migration and the EU: A long-term perspective

19-05-2016

Policy debate on migration understandably focuses on short-term challenges and costs, given the refugee wave that arrived in the EU in 2015. This briefing by contrast addresses challenges and opportunities for the EU of migration in the long term, and builds on foresight work within the European Strategy and Policy Analysis System (ESPAS). It identifies three areas which call for robust policy responses, at different levels, in the period to 2030 and beyond: demographic change and its implications ...

Policy debate on migration understandably focuses on short-term challenges and costs, given the refugee wave that arrived in the EU in 2015. This briefing by contrast addresses challenges and opportunities for the EU of migration in the long term, and builds on foresight work within the European Strategy and Policy Analysis System (ESPAS). It identifies three areas which call for robust policy responses, at different levels, in the period to 2030 and beyond: demographic change and its implications for the supply of labour; the integration of migrants; and the international dimension of migration, including the prevention and management of refugee crises. The underlying assumption is that anticipatory policy (management by foresight) is preferable to, and more effective than, responsive policy (crisis management). Because the challenges posed by migration cross many sectoral and institutional boundaries, a comprehensive and coordinated response is needed. This in turn underlines the case for shared and strategic policy analysis across the EU institutions. Continual dialogue, sharing many different perspectives and with a focus on the medium and long term, is a path towards a common understanding of both challenges and choices.     

Humanitarian policy of the Gulf States

17-05-2016

At a times of rising global terrorist threats and humanitarian crises affecting the region, the prosperous oil-producing monarchies of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) – Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) – have come under sustained criticism for their policy towards asylum-seekers, their support to Syrian rebels, including jihadists, and their alleged laxity towards private financing of terrorism. Although the huge increase in their humanitarian spending ...

At a times of rising global terrorist threats and humanitarian crises affecting the region, the prosperous oil-producing monarchies of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) – Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) – have come under sustained criticism for their policy towards asylum-seekers, their support to Syrian rebels, including jihadists, and their alleged laxity towards private financing of terrorism. Although the huge increase in their humanitarian spending has been interpreted by a number of commentators as a means to counter those criticisms, it seems also to be part of a longer-term foreign policy strategy.

The Implementation of the Common European Asylum System

16-05-2016

This study was commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee. It provides an overview of the current implementation of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS) from both a legal and practical perspective. Against the background of large inflows of seekers of international protection, the study covers the CEAS instruments as well as the EU policy responses brought forward in 2015 until May 2016.

This study was commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee. It provides an overview of the current implementation of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS) from both a legal and practical perspective. Against the background of large inflows of seekers of international protection, the study covers the CEAS instruments as well as the EU policy responses brought forward in 2015 until May 2016.

Awtur estern

Martin WAGNER, Paul BAUMGARTNER, Angeliki DIMITRIADI, Rebecca O’DONNELL, Albert KRALER, Jimy PERUMADAN, Jan Hagen SCHLOTZHAUER, Ivana SIMIC and Dersim YABASUN

Regulation 604/2013 (Dublin Regulation) and asylum procedures in Europe: Implementation Appraisal

14-04-2016

The review of the implementation of the Dublin legislation shows that the weaknesses identified since its inception remain, i.e. most of the transfers agreed by MS under the Dublin system do not take place. It is also unclear whether the system has had any effect on secondary movement which has remained at around 15%. As long as differences between MS asylum processes and socio-economic conditions remain, and as long as MS continue to centre their concerns on the national impact of migration, the ...

The review of the implementation of the Dublin legislation shows that the weaknesses identified since its inception remain, i.e. most of the transfers agreed by MS under the Dublin system do not take place. It is also unclear whether the system has had any effect on secondary movement which has remained at around 15%. As long as differences between MS asylum processes and socio-economic conditions remain, and as long as MS continue to centre their concerns on the national impact of migration, the Dublin system on its own is unlikely to work. In the absence of more detailed information on how the re-distribution mechanism suggested by the European Commission would work in practice, it is difficult to assess whether the proposals would effectively address the shortcomings of the Dublin system.

EU-Turkey: A crucial but challenging partnership

05-04-2016

The EU and Turkey face common and major problems, from the fight against ISIL/Da'esh to the management of displaced Syrian people. But in its latest report, the European Commission points out a number of shortcomings in the fields of freedom of expression and independence of the judiciary.

The EU and Turkey face common and major problems, from the fight against ISIL/Da'esh to the management of displaced Syrian people. But in its latest report, the European Commission points out a number of shortcomings in the fields of freedom of expression and independence of the judiciary.

Challenges to the Schengen area

04-03-2016

The 1985 Schengen Agreement and the 1990 Convention implementing the Schengen Agreement, were formally codified in EU law by the Schengen Protocol of the Treaty of Amsterdam. In addition to providing common rules on people entering the Schengen area, and internal frontier-control free travel, Schengen-related measures provide for enhanced police and judicial cooperation, and complement the single market, through giving tangible reality to the four freedoms that are the cornerstone of European integration ...

The 1985 Schengen Agreement and the 1990 Convention implementing the Schengen Agreement, were formally codified in EU law by the Schengen Protocol of the Treaty of Amsterdam. In addition to providing common rules on people entering the Schengen area, and internal frontier-control free travel, Schengen-related measures provide for enhanced police and judicial cooperation, and complement the single market, through giving tangible reality to the four freedoms that are the cornerstone of European integration. Under the Treaties, Schengen-related measures are subject to parliamentary and judicial scrutiny and are part of the acquis to be adopted by candidate countries.

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