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Gender Gap in Pensions: Looking ahead

15-05-2017

The study was commissioned overseen and published by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee. The issue of gender gap in pensions has aroused increasing attention over recent years. While the current gap in pension levels between men and women reflects past labour market tendencies and design of pension systems, pronounced changes have occurred with regard to both employment of women and pension systems. The ...

The study was commissioned overseen and published by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee. The issue of gender gap in pensions has aroused increasing attention over recent years. While the current gap in pension levels between men and women reflects past labour market tendencies and design of pension systems, pronounced changes have occurred with regard to both employment of women and pension systems. The ageing population has stimulated revision to pension systems, including raising retirement age and the introduction of a closer correspondence between lifetime earnings and pension levels. These changes will influence the pattern in the future gender pension gap. This report recommends an approach to assessment of the future gender pension gap using the Forward-looking Gender Pension Gap Index. The index proposed spans two domains: the employment gap and pension system compensation. Both these domains impact tomorrow’s distribution of pensions between men and women.

Awtur estern

Agnieszka Chłoń-Domińczak, Warsaw School of Economics

Maternity, paternity and parental leave in the EU

06-03-2017

The EU has been working on reforming family leave policies in Member States since the 1980s. Its efforts resulted in two currently valid directives: the 1992 Maternity Leave Directive and the 2010 Parental Leave Directive. Even though EU Member States’ transposition of the current directives has been mostly satisfactory technically, in 2015 the Commission announced a package on work-life balance which would replace the current legislation. The rationale for the new package is increasing female labour ...

The EU has been working on reforming family leave policies in Member States since the 1980s. Its efforts resulted in two currently valid directives: the 1992 Maternity Leave Directive and the 2010 Parental Leave Directive. Even though EU Member States’ transposition of the current directives has been mostly satisfactory technically, in 2015 the Commission announced a package on work-life balance which would replace the current legislation. The rationale for the new package is increasing female labour participation, bringing gender balance to care activities now predominantly performed by women, and improving negative demographic trends. The current legislative framework has been evaluated as inadequate to deal with these challenges. While the content of the Commission proposal is not yet fully known, an analysis of the current situation may shed light on the direction of change, as well as the obstacles that the new proposal may face. Even though Member States have transposed the current directives, they have also been given much freedom in deciding on elements which may be crucial in achieving the aims of the new Commission proposal. Why Member States decided to implement certain elements over others depends on their cultural, social and economic situations, which, according to experts, play a significant role in deciding policies of that type and may also influence the new proposal.

Extending quantitative easing: Are there additional risks for financial stability?

15-02-2017

The notes in this compilation provide an in-depth analysis of the pros and cons associated with the extension of ECB quantitative easing programme of asset purchases. The notes have been requested by the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs as an input for the February 2017 session of the Monetary Dialogue.

The notes in this compilation provide an in-depth analysis of the pros and cons associated with the extension of ECB quantitative easing programme of asset purchases. The notes have been requested by the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs as an input for the February 2017 session of the Monetary Dialogue.

Awtur estern

Andrew HUGHES HALLETT (Department of Economics, Copenhagen Business School), Salomon FIEDLER, Stefan KOOTHS, Ulrich STOLZENBURG (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), Christophe BLOT, Jérôme CREEL, Paul HUBERT, Fabien LABONDANCE, Xavier RAGOT (OFCE, Observatoire Français des Conjonctures Economiques)

Occupational pensions: Revision of the Institutions for Occupational Retirement Provision Directive (IORP II)

23-01-2017

In 2014, the European Commission proposed a revision (‘IORP II’) of the existing Institutions for Occupational Retirement Provision (IORP) Directive of 2003, which covers certain occupational pension savings. These are overwhelmingly in the United Kingdom (55.9% of IORP assets) and the Netherlands (30.7%). The proposed revision aims to improve the governance, risk management, transparency and information provision of IORPs and help increase cross-border IORP activity. Stakeholders generally welcomed ...

In 2014, the European Commission proposed a revision (‘IORP II’) of the existing Institutions for Occupational Retirement Provision (IORP) Directive of 2003, which covers certain occupational pension savings. These are overwhelmingly in the United Kingdom (55.9% of IORP assets) and the Netherlands (30.7%). The proposed revision aims to improve the governance, risk management, transparency and information provision of IORPs and help increase cross-border IORP activity. Stakeholders generally welcomed the focus of the proposal and the lack of new prudential rules, but felt the revision was overly detailed and prescriptive and did not respect national competences, nor reflect the variety of IORPs and their position as social (not just financial) entities. Following trilogue discussions, the compromise text was adopted at first reading in the European Parliament’s plenary on 24 November, an then adopted by the Council on 8 December. It came into effect on 12 January 2017 and Member States have two years from then to transpose it into national law. This briefing updates an earlier edition, from September 2016: PE 589.800.

Recast occupational pensions directive (IORP II)

15-11-2016

The Institutions for Occupational Retirement Provision (IORP) Directive, from 2003, covers certain occupational pension savings. IORPs hold assets worth €2.5 trillion on behalf of around 75 million Europeans and are found mainly in the United Kingdom (55.9 % of IORP assets) and the Netherlands (30.7 %). Around a further 10 % of IORP assets are in Germany (4.5 %), Italy (2.8 %) and Ireland (2.4 %). The proposed revision (known as IORP II), to be debated during the Parliament's November plenary session ...

The Institutions for Occupational Retirement Provision (IORP) Directive, from 2003, covers certain occupational pension savings. IORPs hold assets worth €2.5 trillion on behalf of around 75 million Europeans and are found mainly in the United Kingdom (55.9 % of IORP assets) and the Netherlands (30.7 %). Around a further 10 % of IORP assets are in Germany (4.5 %), Italy (2.8 %) and Ireland (2.4 %). The proposed revision (known as IORP II), to be debated during the Parliament's November plenary session, aims to improve the governance, risk management, transparency and information provision of IORPs and help increase cross-border IORP activity.

The Gender Pension Gap: Differences between Mothers and Women without Children

15-07-2016

This study was commissioned by the European Parliament's Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee. Demographic trends and the financial and economic crisis have obliged European countries to accelerate the revision of their pension systems with the aim of ensuring their sustainability. However, serious question on the effects these reforms on pension adequacy have been raised. This report summarises recent changes in pension reforms and ...

This study was commissioned by the European Parliament's Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee. Demographic trends and the financial and economic crisis have obliged European countries to accelerate the revision of their pension systems with the aim of ensuring their sustainability. However, serious question on the effects these reforms on pension adequacy have been raised. This report summarises recent changes in pension reforms and their effects on gender pension gaps, with a focus on women with children. The assessment of recent pension reforms in a gender perspective shows that changes in pension design may increase the gender gap in pensions and translate into higher poverty risks for older women compared to men, unless specific measures are implemented in Member States to support women’s position in the labour market and to address periods out of the labour market due to caring duties.

Awtur estern

Manuela Samek

Greece's Financial Assistance Programme - January 2016

01-02-2016

This briefing gives an overview if the economic situation in Greece and the main elements of the third financial assistance programme. The briefing is regularly updated. For an overview of the state-of-play on all programmes, including ex post surveillance, please see the separate document “Macro-financial assistance to EU Member States”.

This briefing gives an overview if the economic situation in Greece and the main elements of the third financial assistance programme. The briefing is regularly updated. For an overview of the state-of-play on all programmes, including ex post surveillance, please see the separate document “Macro-financial assistance to EU Member States”.

Changes to Accounting and Solvency Rules: The (Possible) Impact on Insurance and Pensions

15-01-2016

This document, prepared by Policy Department A for the Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) Committee, briefly describes the general accounting and solvency framework, provides an overview of the accounting rules applicable to entities providing insurance and pensions, and presents recent changes to accounting and solvency rules and their potential effects on pension management, financing and provision.

This document, prepared by Policy Department A for the Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) Committee, briefly describes the general accounting and solvency framework, provides an overview of the accounting rules applicable to entities providing insurance and pensions, and presents recent changes to accounting and solvency rules and their potential effects on pension management, financing and provision.

Awtur estern

Frank Chevalier, Maxime Renaudin and Erika Beng

Occupational pensions: Revision of the Institutions for Occupational Retirement Provision Directive (IORP II)

11-12-2015

In 2014, the European Commission proposed a revision (‘IORP II’) of the existing Institutions for Occupational Retirement Provision (IORP) Directive of 2003, which covers certain occupational pension savings. These are overwhelmingly in the United Kingdom (55.9% of IORP assets) and the Netherlands (30.7%). The proposed revision aims to improve the governance, risk management, transparency and information provision of IORPs and help increase cross-border IORP activity, strengthening the single market ...

In 2014, the European Commission proposed a revision (‘IORP II’) of the existing Institutions for Occupational Retirement Provision (IORP) Directive of 2003, which covers certain occupational pension savings. These are overwhelmingly in the United Kingdom (55.9% of IORP assets) and the Netherlands (30.7%). The proposed revision aims to improve the governance, risk management, transparency and information provision of IORPs and help increase cross-border IORP activity, strengthening the single market. The proposal did not include new prudential rules (i.e. capital requirements) for IORPs following a long and controversial debate. Stakeholders have in general welcomed the focus of the proposal and the lack of new prudential rules, but feel the revision is overly detailed and prescriptive and does not respect national competences, nor reflect the variety of IORPs and their position as social (not just financial) entities. The EESC and some national parliaments have made similar comments on the proposal. The Council has agreed on its negotiating mandate, while the ECON Committee is expected to vote on its draft report in early 2016. A more recent edition of this document is available. Find it by searching by the document title at this address: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/home.html

Greece's Financial Assistance Programme (November 2015)

20-11-2015

This briefing prepared by the Economic Governance Support Unit is an update of a note that was initially provided to ECON Members in advance of an ad-hoc Exchange of views with Eurogroup President Jeroen Dijsselbloem and Managing Director of the ESM Klaus Regling, which took place on 10 November 2015.

This briefing prepared by the Economic Governance Support Unit is an update of a note that was initially provided to ECON Members in advance of an ad-hoc Exchange of views with Eurogroup President Jeroen Dijsselbloem and Managing Director of the ESM Klaus Regling, which took place on 10 November 2015.

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25-06-2019
Meeting EU energy and climate goals: Energy storage for grids and low-carbon mobility
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