11

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Endocrine disruptors: An overview of latest developments at European level in the context of plant protection products

25-04-2019

Endocrine disruptors (EDs) are chemical substances present in many products of daily life, which interact with the hormonal system and can disrupt its proper functioning. There is a growing interest in understanding EDs and progress has been made on both the scientific and regulatory side, but the topic remains of high concern at decision-making and societal levels because of the challenges it still poses. This paper provides a desk-research based overview of the key moments of the (scientific and ...

Endocrine disruptors (EDs) are chemical substances present in many products of daily life, which interact with the hormonal system and can disrupt its proper functioning. There is a growing interest in understanding EDs and progress has been made on both the scientific and regulatory side, but the topic remains of high concern at decision-making and societal levels because of the challenges it still poses. This paper provides a desk-research based overview of the key moments of the (scientific and regulatory) debate on EDs, with a focus on the latest developments at European level, namely Commission Regulation (EU) 2018/605 and the 2018 Commission communication ‘Towards a comprehensive European Union framework on endocrine disruptors’, in the particular context of plant protection products (PPPs).

Regulation (EC) No 1/2005 on the protection of animals during transport and related operations

03-10-2018

Regulation (EC) 1/2005 lays down common rules for the transport of live vertebrate animals between EU countries in order to prevent injury or unnecessary suffering to the animals. The current EIA looks at the general implementation of the regulation, as well as at some particular elements (data recording, enforcement, fitness for transport). The assessment is based on existing data only et does not represent a complete evaluation of Regulation (EC) 1/2005.

Regulation (EC) 1/2005 lays down common rules for the transport of live vertebrate animals between EU countries in order to prevent injury or unnecessary suffering to the animals. The current EIA looks at the general implementation of the regulation, as well as at some particular elements (data recording, enforcement, fitness for transport). The assessment is based on existing data only et does not represent a complete evaluation of Regulation (EC) 1/2005.

Environmental Reporting Initiative: Implementation Appraisal

17-05-2018

Member States' success in implementing environmental legislation can be measured through the information they send to the European Commission (reporting), which is based on the control activities they carry out (monitoring). In its 2018 work programme, the European Commission announced its intention to streamline requirements in this area, as a follow-up to a Fitness Check on Environmental Monitoring and Reporting (finalised in June 2017).

Member States' success in implementing environmental legislation can be measured through the information they send to the European Commission (reporting), which is based on the control activities they carry out (monitoring). In its 2018 work programme, the European Commission announced its intention to streamline requirements in this area, as a follow-up to a Fitness Check on Environmental Monitoring and Reporting (finalised in June 2017).

Regulation (EC) 1107/2009 on the Placing of Plant Protection Products on the Market

24-04-2018

Regulation (EC) 1107/2009 lays down the main instruments for placing effective plant protection products (using pesticide substances) on the market that are safe for humans, animals and the environment, while at the same time ensuring effective functioning of the internal market and improved agricultural production. This European Implementation Assessment found that the above objectives, while largely relevant to real needs, are not being achieved in practice. In particular, implementation of the ...

Regulation (EC) 1107/2009 lays down the main instruments for placing effective plant protection products (using pesticide substances) on the market that are safe for humans, animals and the environment, while at the same time ensuring effective functioning of the internal market and improved agricultural production. This European Implementation Assessment found that the above objectives, while largely relevant to real needs, are not being achieved in practice. In particular, implementation of the main instruments of the regulation – substance approval, plant protection products authorisation and enforcement of the regulatory decisions taken in the frame of the approvals and authorisations, is problematic, which also affect other related EU policies. Nevertheless, despite the implementation challenges observed, stakeholders – including national competent authorities, health/environment NGOs, manufacturers of substances and plant protection products and their users (farmers) – agree that the EU is the appropriate level at which regulatory action in the field of pesticides (used in plant protection products) should continue to take place.

Externe auteur

Annex I written by Florent PELSY and Lise OULÈS from Milieu Ltd (Belgium) and Evelyn UNDERWOOD (Institute for European Environmental Policy, IEEP). Annex II written by Dr Emanuela BOZZINI (University of Trento, Italy). Annex III written by Dr Olivia HAMLYN (University of Leicester, United Kingdom). Annex IV written by Dr Dovilė RIMKUTĖ (University of Leiden, The Netherlands)

Road infrastructure and tunnel safety

25-01-2018

In 2010, the European Commission adopted the road safety programme, aimed at reducing road deaths in Europe by half in the following decade. Through its strategic objectives, the programme focuses on three main issues: vehicle safety, the infrastructure safety, and road users' behaviour. The initiatives undertaken within the road safety programme refer to both EU and national level. In its efforts to improve road safety, the European Union is considering new measures and activities, as well as reviewing ...

In 2010, the European Commission adopted the road safety programme, aimed at reducing road deaths in Europe by half in the following decade. Through its strategic objectives, the programme focuses on three main issues: vehicle safety, the infrastructure safety, and road users' behaviour. The initiatives undertaken within the road safety programme refer to both EU and national level. In its efforts to improve road safety, the European Union is considering new measures and activities, as well as reviewing existing legislation. In this context, the European Commission decided to assess two pieces of legislation dealing with road infrastructure and tunnel safety issues: Directive 2008/96/EC and Directive 2004/54/EC, with a view to analysing whether they are still fit for current realities and needs. Directive 2008/96/EC requests Member States to put in place and implement 'procedures relating to road safety impact assessments, road safety audits, the management of road network safety and safety inspections' (Article 1), while Directive 2004/54/EC aims at ensuring 'a minimum level of safety for road users in tunnels in the trans-European road network' (Article 1). This implementation appraisal focuses on the evaluation of the two directives, a process that precedes the European Commission's new proposal, expected early this year.

Excise duty on alcohol - Revision of Council Directive 92/83/EEC on the structures of excise duty applied to alcohol and alcoholic beverages

27-11-2017

Council Directive 92/83/EEC harmonises the structures of excise duties on alcohol and alcoholic beverages, as agreed in 1992 by the Member States. The directive establishes common definitions of alcoholic products that are subject to duty, as well as exemptions and common reduced rates, particularly for small producers of alcoholic beverages and home-brewers. The European Commission began evaluating whether the rules are still up to date and ensure a level playing-field among producers, as well as ...

Council Directive 92/83/EEC harmonises the structures of excise duties on alcohol and alcoholic beverages, as agreed in 1992 by the Member States. The directive establishes common definitions of alcoholic products that are subject to duty, as well as exemptions and common reduced rates, particularly for small producers of alcoholic beverages and home-brewers. The European Commission began evaluating whether the rules are still up to date and ensure a level playing-field among producers, as well as whether smaller producers might benefit from simpler rules and lower excise duties. Based on the results of the evaluation process, a new legislative proposal is expected to be presented by the end of 2017. This would be the second attempt to modify the current legislation, after the first failed to obtain the approval of the Member States in the Council, in 2006.

Cross-border payments in the European Union

06-10-2017

The European single market for payments is based on the idea of providing safer and more innovative payment services across the EU. To this end, the European institutions are working on establishing rules and tools to make payment services easier and to foster competition. The aim is to guarantee common standards in all Member States, efficient, faster and diversified types of payment, and consumer protection. The EU has already put several legislative tools in place, has established common criteria ...

The European single market for payments is based on the idea of providing safer and more innovative payment services across the EU. To this end, the European institutions are working on establishing rules and tools to make payment services easier and to foster competition. The aim is to guarantee common standards in all Member States, efficient, faster and diversified types of payment, and consumer protection. The EU has already put several legislative tools in place, has established common criteria and requirements, and provided alternatives (such as e-money) to 'traditional' payment channels. 'Payment services' mean those defined by the EU legislation in the field, and cover common tools and standards for cross-border payments (SEPA), and also e-money services. This Implementation Appraisal deals with cross-border payments and, more specifically, with Regulation (EC) No 924/2009 in the context of the planned European Commission review. Eight years after its entry into force, the Commission has announced its intention to extend its scope to non-euro currencies.

Mutual Recognition Regulation

13-06-2017

The internal market for goods is one of the EU’s greatest achievements at European level, as well as one of its most important and continuing priorities. Despite its undeniable success, the single market has yet to reach its full potential, and barriers to free exchange of goods continue to limit opportunities for businesses and citizens. Since 2009, Regulation EC 764/2008, also known as the Mutual Recognition Regulation, has strengthened the free trade of goods within the EU. This regulation requires ...

The internal market for goods is one of the EU’s greatest achievements at European level, as well as one of its most important and continuing priorities. Despite its undeniable success, the single market has yet to reach its full potential, and barriers to free exchange of goods continue to limit opportunities for businesses and citizens. Since 2009, Regulation EC 764/2008, also known as the Mutual Recognition Regulation, has strengthened the free trade of goods within the EU. This regulation requires that all Member States provide information on their national technical rules for products lawfully marketed in another Member State and sets out a standard procedure for enforcing these rules. The European Commission is now preparing new measures aimed at improving this regulation and making it easier for businesses to market their products in another EU country. This briefing highlights some key elements of the single market for goods and focuses on the revision of Regulation EC 764/2008.

Parental Leave Directive

12-05-2017

For several years, EU policies have been aimed at improving the working and living conditions of working parents and ensuring better reconciliation of their professional and private life. Different pieces of legislation promote the rights of working parents, such as Council Directive 92/85/EEC (Maternity Leave Directive), protecting pregnant workers and workers who have recently given birth or are breastfeeding, and Council Directive 2010/18/EU (Parental Leave Directive), establishing the leave conditions ...

For several years, EU policies have been aimed at improving the working and living conditions of working parents and ensuring better reconciliation of their professional and private life. Different pieces of legislation promote the rights of working parents, such as Council Directive 92/85/EEC (Maternity Leave Directive), protecting pregnant workers and workers who have recently given birth or are breastfeeding, and Council Directive 2010/18/EU (Parental Leave Directive), establishing the leave conditions for male and female workers. In 2008, the European Commission submitted a new legislative proposal, seeking to modify the provisions of the Maternity Leave Directive. Given that after more than four years the co-legislators had still not been able to reach an agreement, the European Commission decided to withdraw the proposal in 2015. A further initiative was submitted in early 2017 within the European Pillar of Social Rights, this time seeking to repeal the Parental Leave Directive and to encourage a better work-life balance. It is the Parental Leave Directive that is the subject of this appraisal.

The use of hired vehicles without drivers for the carriage of goods by road

11-04-2017

European legislation on the use of hired vehicles without drivers for the carriage of goods by road has been in operation for 25 years. Directive 2006/1/EC includes legal provisions from the 1980s that reflect the needs of the sector at that time. Today, this legislation should be reviewed to correspond to operators’ actual needs, as well as to align with the latest issues in the haulage market sector and with current EU policy priorities.

European legislation on the use of hired vehicles without drivers for the carriage of goods by road has been in operation for 25 years. Directive 2006/1/EC includes legal provisions from the 1980s that reflect the needs of the sector at that time. Today, this legislation should be reviewed to correspond to operators’ actual needs, as well as to align with the latest issues in the haulage market sector and with current EU policy priorities.

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