22

Resulta(a)t(en)

Woord(en)
Publicatietype
Beleidsterrein
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Datum

Aquaculture in the EU

03-10-2017

Aquaculture means the rearing of aquatic animals and the cultivation of aquatic plants and algae. While, at global level, this industry has undergone significant growth for several decades, in the EU, aquaculture production, focused on the farming of fish and shellfish for human consumption, is rather stagnating. Subject to diverse EU policies, such as environmental protection or animal and consumer health, the development of aquaculture largely depends on measures taken by national authorities. ...

Aquaculture means the rearing of aquatic animals and the cultivation of aquatic plants and algae. While, at global level, this industry has undergone significant growth for several decades, in the EU, aquaculture production, focused on the farming of fish and shellfish for human consumption, is rather stagnating. Subject to diverse EU policies, such as environmental protection or animal and consumer health, the development of aquaculture largely depends on measures taken by national authorities. The EU common fisheries policy requests Member States to put in place a strategic plan for sustainable aquaculture, which can be fostered with the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund.

The sheep and goat sector in the EU: Main features, challenges and prospects

31-08-2017

Sheep and goats grazing on meadows in the countryside are part of the landscape and cultural heritage of many European countries. They are a source of employment in disadvantaged agricultural areas and the high-quality traditional products they yield are broadly recognised as the result of a sustainable and multifunctional form of agriculture that contributes to preserving the environment and social cohesion in rural areas. Yet, the EU sheep and goat sector has been experiencing economic and structural ...

Sheep and goats grazing on meadows in the countryside are part of the landscape and cultural heritage of many European countries. They are a source of employment in disadvantaged agricultural areas and the high-quality traditional products they yield are broadly recognised as the result of a sustainable and multifunctional form of agriculture that contributes to preserving the environment and social cohesion in rural areas. Yet, the EU sheep and goat sector has been experiencing economic and structural difficulties in recent decades, mainly involving a consistent decrease in livestock numbers, following outbreaks of contagious diseases and policy changes in public funding schemes. With a population of about 98 million animals and a production that accounts for a small share of the total EU livestock output, the sheep and goat sector does not ensure self-sufficiency. That is why the EU is among the world's main importers of sheep and goats, mainly from New Zealand and Australia. Moreover, as sheep and goat farming is among the less remunerative agricultural activities, it does not encourage investments or new entrants from younger generations of farmers. Several EU-level policy instruments are available for providing support to this sector in its capacity to deliver both food and public goods, such as landscape and biodiversity conservation. However, considering its low profitability and the fact that production is mostly located in less favoured areas, EU stakeholders are recommending the inclusion of specific policy measures in the framework of current discussions on the Common Agricultural Policy post-2020, as well as the adoption of communication and promotion measures to strengthen the position of the sector in respect of EU consumers' choices.

Aquaculture: Overview for the EU

28-08-2017

EU aquaculture essentially consists of the farming of shellfish and fish, in salt and fresh water. Having to meet requirements on environmental protection, animal health and the quality of products for consumers, this sector struggles to hold its own in EU territories. The EU promotes the sustainable development of aquaculture activities, in particular through the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund, the financial instrument dedicated to supporting the Common Fisheries Policy guidelines. This financial ...

EU aquaculture essentially consists of the farming of shellfish and fish, in salt and fresh water. Having to meet requirements on environmental protection, animal health and the quality of products for consumers, this sector struggles to hold its own in EU territories. The EU promotes the sustainable development of aquaculture activities, in particular through the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund, the financial instrument dedicated to supporting the Common Fisheries Policy guidelines. This financial support must form part of the implementation of the multi-annual national strategic plans for aquaculture, which the Member States had to put in place and, for which the optimal outlook will result in 25% growth in total aquaculture production levels by 2020. The European Commission is responsible for facilitating the implementation of the open method of coordination between Member States, a voluntary process between governments to exchange information and best practice with respect to certain challenges facing the aquaculture sector, in particular in terms of administrative burdens and installation authorisations for companies.

Animal Welfare in the European Union

16-01-2017

This study, commissioned by the Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs upon request of the Committee on Petitions, finds out that EU animal welfare policy and legislation has had much positive influence in the world, on the image of the EU as well as helping animals. However, most kinds of animals kept in the EU are not covered by legislation, including some of the worst animal welfare problems, so a general animal welfare law and specific laws on several species are needed ...

This study, commissioned by the Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs upon request of the Committee on Petitions, finds out that EU animal welfare policy and legislation has had much positive influence in the world, on the image of the EU as well as helping animals. However, most kinds of animals kept in the EU are not covered by legislation, including some of the worst animal welfare problems, so a general animal welfare law and specific laws on several species are needed. Animal sentience and welfare should be mentioned, using accurate scientific terminology, in many trade-related laws as well as in animal-specific laws.

Externe auteur

Donald M. BROOM (University of Cambridge, the UK)

Review of medicated feed legislation

21-06-2016

In 2014 the Commission presented a proposal for a regulation on medicated feed with the aim to update and harmonise rules which date from 1990. These rules are currently laid out in a directive, which would be repealed and replaced by a regulation. According to the Commission, the need to harmonise the production, marketing and use of medicated feed at EU level results from differences in national implementation that cause difficulties for producers and animal holders and create obstacles in the ...

In 2014 the Commission presented a proposal for a regulation on medicated feed with the aim to update and harmonise rules which date from 1990. These rules are currently laid out in a directive, which would be repealed and replaced by a regulation. According to the Commission, the need to harmonise the production, marketing and use of medicated feed at EU level results from differences in national implementation that cause difficulties for producers and animal holders and create obstacles in the single market. The revised provisions should also contribute to tackling the problem of antimicrobial resistance. Another aim would be to expand the scope of the regulation to pet animals to facilitate the availability of medicated feed for them. The legislation on medicated feed is strongly interrelated with the legislation on veterinary medicines. This proposal was therefore presented together with the draft regulation on veterinary medicinal products and legislative work on both acts is being coordinated to assure consistency between their provisions. On 15 March 2016, the Committee for Agriculture and Rural Development adopted its report on the proposal and decided to open interinstitutional negotiations.

Zootechnical legislation

05-04-2016

The European Commission has proposed to consolidate the existing EU zootechnical legislation which covers breeding, trade in and import of breeding animals, into a single regulation. In April, the European Parliament is due to debate and vote on the compromise text agreed in trilogue.

The European Commission has proposed to consolidate the existing EU zootechnical legislation which covers breeding, trade in and import of breeding animals, into a single regulation. In April, the European Parliament is due to debate and vote on the compromise text agreed in trilogue.

Animal health law: Rules on transmissible animal diseases

14-03-2016

Transmissible animal diseases can have a significant impact on animal and public health and on the economy. Current EU legislation in the field developed over decades and consists of a large number of acts. In an evaluation initiated by the Commission, the legislation was assessed as generally well-functioning and effective, but also as complex and lacking an overarching strategy. The rules, often adopted in response to crises, focus on combating diseases rather than on prevention. The Commission ...

Transmissible animal diseases can have a significant impact on animal and public health and on the economy. Current EU legislation in the field developed over decades and consists of a large number of acts. In an evaluation initiated by the Commission, the legislation was assessed as generally well-functioning and effective, but also as complex and lacking an overarching strategy. The rules, often adopted in response to crises, focus on combating diseases rather than on prevention. The Commission has proposed to create a single regulatory framework for rules related to the control of transmissible animal diseases. Most current provisions would be adapted, aligned and made more coherent. The proposed regulation would introduce prioritisation and categorisation of diseases, clarify responsibilities and place stronger focus on disease prevention. Most of the existing acts would be repealed. After trilogues in view of an early second reading agreement, Parliament approved the agreed text during its plenary session on 8 March 2016. This briefing updates an earlier edition, of 23 February 2016 – PE 577.977.

Animal health law

01-03-2016

The proposal for a regulation on animal health, presented by the European Commission in May 2013 as part of a wider package of initiatives on the agri-food chain, aims at integrating and simplifying EU legislation related to the control of transmissible animal diseases. Following trilogue negotiations in view of an early second reading agreement, a compromise has been reached and a vote in plenary is scheduled for the March session.

The proposal for a regulation on animal health, presented by the European Commission in May 2013 as part of a wider package of initiatives on the agri-food chain, aims at integrating and simplifying EU legislation related to the control of transmissible animal diseases. Following trilogue negotiations in view of an early second reading agreement, a compromise has been reached and a vote in plenary is scheduled for the March session.

Animal health law: Rules on transmissible animal diseases

23-02-2016

Transmissible animal diseases can have a significant impact on animal and public health and on the economy. Current EU legislation in the field developed over decades and consists of a large number of acts. In an evaluation initiated by the Commission, the legislation was assessed as generally well-functioning and effective, but also as complex and lacking an overarching strategy. The rules, often adopted in response to crises, focus on combating diseases rather than on prevention. The Commission ...

Transmissible animal diseases can have a significant impact on animal and public health and on the economy. Current EU legislation in the field developed over decades and consists of a large number of acts. In an evaluation initiated by the Commission, the legislation was assessed as generally well-functioning and effective, but also as complex and lacking an overarching strategy. The rules, often adopted in response to crises, focus on combating diseases rather than on prevention. The Commission has proposed to create a single regulatory framework for rules related to the control of transmissible animal diseases. Most current provisions would be adapted, aligned and made more coherent. The proposed regulation would introduce prioritisation and categorisation of diseases, clarify responsibilities and place stronger focus on disease prevention. Most of the existing acts would be repealed. After trilogues in view of an early second reading agreement, Parliament is expected to vote in plenary to confirm the agreed text in March 2016. A more recent edition of this document is available. Find it by searching by the document title at this address: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/home.html

Cloning of animals kept and reproduced for farming purposes

02-09-2015

In 2013 the European Commission proposed a directive according to which Member States would temporarily ban the use of the technique of cloning in mammals used for farming purposes. The EP is now set to adopt its first reading position on the dossier, based on a report drawn up jointly by the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development (AGRI) and the Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI). Supporting such a ban, albeit through a regulation rather than a directive, the two ...

In 2013 the European Commission proposed a directive according to which Member States would temporarily ban the use of the technique of cloning in mammals used for farming purposes. The EP is now set to adopt its first reading position on the dossier, based on a report drawn up jointly by the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development (AGRI) and the Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI). Supporting such a ban, albeit through a regulation rather than a directive, the two Committees envisage extending it to all animal species used for farming purposes. The report also proposes to prohibit imports of any products, notably food, derived from cloned animals and their descendants. Possible restrictions on imports of cloned-animal-derived food in the EU are the subject of a parallel proposal by the Commission for a Council directive.

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