81

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European Council conclusions - A rolling check-list of commitments to date

12-12-2018

The role of the European Council – to 'provide the Union with the necessary impetus for its development' and to define its 'general political directions and priorities' – has evolved rapidly over the last decade. Since June 2014, the European Council Oversight Unit within the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS), the European Parliament's in-house research service and think-tank, has been monitoring and analysing the European Council's delivery on commitments made in the conclusions of ...

The role of the European Council – to 'provide the Union with the necessary impetus for its development' and to define its 'general political directions and priorities' – has evolved rapidly over the last decade. Since June 2014, the European Council Oversight Unit within the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS), the European Parliament's in-house research service and think-tank, has been monitoring and analysing the European Council's delivery on commitments made in the conclusions of its meetings. This overview of European Council conclusions is a new, updated and more comprehensive edition of the Rolling Check-List which has been published regularly by the European Council Oversight Unit since 2014. It is designed to review the degree of progress in achieving the goals that the European Council has set itself and to assist the Parliament in exercising its important oversight role in this field.

An overview of the EU-ACP countries' economic partnership agreements: Building a new trade relationship

03-07-2018

In line with the objective enshrined in the Cotonou Partnership Agreement (signed in 2000), the EU has sought to update its preferential trade relationship with the ACP countries by establishing free-trade areas with regional groupings. As well as allowing ACP countries to continue exporting their products to the EU without any restriction, this would also ensure compliance with WTO rules. The negotiation process has been longer and more complicated than initially expected. So far, it has ushered ...

In line with the objective enshrined in the Cotonou Partnership Agreement (signed in 2000), the EU has sought to update its preferential trade relationship with the ACP countries by establishing free-trade areas with regional groupings. As well as allowing ACP countries to continue exporting their products to the EU without any restriction, this would also ensure compliance with WTO rules. The negotiation process has been longer and more complicated than initially expected. So far, it has ushered in nine agreements covering more than half (51) of the ACP countries. Some of these agreements are interim, others are final; seven are already under provisional application. Economic partnership agreements are development-oriented asymmetric agreements providing important advantages and safeguards to ACP countries, in order to foster their sustainable economic development, regional integration and integration on world markets. They are the first attempt to liberalise trade between economies with such a disparate level of development, which also possibly explains the difficulties encountered during the negotiations. Despite the EU's initial ambitions to conclude modern comprehensive agreements that also cover trade in services and trade-related issues, this has been fully possible only in the EPA with the Cariforum region; in the other EPAs, these elements have been left for future negotiations.

Bevordering van de democratie en waarneming bij verkiezingen

01-05-2018

De wereldwijde ondersteuning van de democratie is een prioriteit voor de Europese Unie. Democratie blijft de enige bestuursvorm waarin mensen hun mensenrechten volledig kunnen uitoefenen en democratie is bepalend voor ontwikkeling en stabiliteit op lange termijn. Als enige rechtstreeks gekozen EU-instelling zet het Europees Parlement zich in het bijzonder in voor de bevordering van de democratie.

De wereldwijde ondersteuning van de democratie is een prioriteit voor de Europese Unie. Democratie blijft de enige bestuursvorm waarin mensen hun mensenrechten volledig kunnen uitoefenen en democratie is bepalend voor ontwikkeling en stabiliteit op lange termijn. Als enige rechtstreeks gekozen EU-instelling zet het Europees Parlement zich in het bijzonder in voor de bevordering van de democratie.

Oversight and Management of the EU Trust Funds - Democratic Accountability Challenges and Promising Practices

16-04-2018

This study provides a comparative assessment of the governance and oversight frameworks of selected EU trust funds (EUTFs) and the Facility for Refugees in Turkey (FRT). It explores how these EUTFs and the FRT add to and ‘mix’ the instruments set up under the EU Multiannual Financial Framework. It addresses the issue of their added value in light of the EU Better Regulation guidelines, their impact on the role of the European Parliament as a budgetary authority and the right to good administration ...

This study provides a comparative assessment of the governance and oversight frameworks of selected EU trust funds (EUTFs) and the Facility for Refugees in Turkey (FRT). It explores how these EUTFs and the FRT add to and ‘mix’ the instruments set up under the EU Multiannual Financial Framework. It addresses the issue of their added value in light of the EU Better Regulation guidelines, their impact on the role of the European Parliament as a budgetary authority and the right to good administration. The study recommends reducing the complexity of the EUTF and FRT governance frameworks, and strengthening their consistency with the EU’s cooperation efforts in third countries and EU Treaty values. Finally, it recommends reinforcing the venues for democratic accountability, fundamental rights and rule-of-law impact assessments, which are trust-enhancing.

Externe auteur

Prof. Sergio CARRERA, Senior Research Fellow, CEPS & Professor in the Migration Policy Centre (MPC) at the European University Institute (EUI) Dr. Leonhard DEN HERTOG, former Research Fellow, CEPS Dr. Jorge NÚÑEZ FERRER, Senior Research Fellow, CEPS Mr Roberto MUSMECI, Researcher, CEPS Ms Lina VOSYLIŪTĖ, Researcher, CEPS Ms Marta PILATI, Research Trainee, CEPS

Zuid-Azië

01-01-2018

Azië is het grootste en dichtst bevolkte continent ter wereld en is van groot geostrategisch belang voor de EU. De EU spant zich dan ook in om, als sterke economische speler en belangrijke donor van ontwikkelingssteun en hulp, de banden met de landen in Zuid-Azië te intensiveren door zich te richten op het stimuleren van institutionele opbouw, democratie, goed bestuur en mensenrechten. De veiligheid van de regio is eveneens van belang voor de EU, bijvoorbeeld in het kader van het conflict in Kasjmir ...

Azië is het grootste en dichtst bevolkte continent ter wereld en is van groot geostrategisch belang voor de EU. De EU spant zich dan ook in om, als sterke economische speler en belangrijke donor van ontwikkelingssteun en hulp, de banden met de landen in Zuid-Azië te intensiveren door zich te richten op het stimuleren van institutionele opbouw, democratie, goed bestuur en mensenrechten. De veiligheid van de regio is eveneens van belang voor de EU, bijvoorbeeld in het kader van het conflict in Kasjmir en in Afghanistan.

Zuidoost-Azië

01-01-2018

De EU spant zich in om de banden met de landen in Zuidoost-Azië te intensiveren en de regionale integratie in de Associatie van Zuidoost-Aziatische staten (ASEAN) te bevorderen. De EU is in Zuidoost-Azië een sterke economische speler en belangrijke donor van ontwikkelingshulp, en richt zich op het stimuleren van institutionele opbouw, democratie, goed bestuur en mensenrechten.

De EU spant zich in om de banden met de landen in Zuidoost-Azië te intensiveren en de regionale integratie in de Associatie van Zuidoost-Aziatische staten (ASEAN) te bevorderen. De EU is in Zuidoost-Azië een sterke economische speler en belangrijke donor van ontwikkelingshulp, en richt zich op het stimuleren van institutionele opbouw, democratie, goed bestuur en mensenrechten.

Stille Oceaan

01-01-2018

De betrekkingen tussen de EU en het gebied van de Stille Oceaan hebben politieke, economische en ontwikkelingsaspecten. De EU is de op een na grootste handelspartner van het gebied van de Stille Oceaan, en in juni 2018 werden er onderhandelingen opgestart over brede vrijhandelsakkoorden met Australië en Nieuw-Zeeland. De EU heeft zowel een partnerschap met de vijftien onafhankelijke eilandstaten in de Stille Oceaan – met ontwikkeling, visserij en de klimaatverandering als zwaartepunt – als met de ...

De betrekkingen tussen de EU en het gebied van de Stille Oceaan hebben politieke, economische en ontwikkelingsaspecten. De EU is de op een na grootste handelspartner van het gebied van de Stille Oceaan, en in juni 2018 werden er onderhandelingen opgestart over brede vrijhandelsakkoorden met Australië en Nieuw-Zeeland. De EU heeft zowel een partnerschap met de vijftien onafhankelijke eilandstaten in de Stille Oceaan – met ontwikkeling, visserij en de klimaatverandering als zwaartepunt – als met de vier landen en gebieden overzee en het Pacific Islands Forum.

European Council Conclusions: A Rolling Check-List of Commitments to Date

18-12-2017

The European Council's role – to 'provide the Union with the necessary impetus for its development' and to define its 'general political directions and priorities' - has developed rapidly over the past eight years. Since June 2014, the European Council Oversight Unit within the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS), the European Parliament's in-house research service and think-tank, has been monitoring and analysing the European Council's delivery of the various commitments made in the conclusions ...

The European Council's role – to 'provide the Union with the necessary impetus for its development' and to define its 'general political directions and priorities' - has developed rapidly over the past eight years. Since June 2014, the European Council Oversight Unit within the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS), the European Parliament's in-house research service and think-tank, has been monitoring and analysing the European Council's delivery of the various commitments made in the conclusions of its meetings. This overview, presented in the form of a regularly updated Rolling Check-List of Commitments to Date, is designed to review the degree of progress in realising the goals which the European Council has set itself since January 2010 and to assist the Parliament in exercising its important oversight role in this field.

Growing impact of EU migration policy on development cooperation

17-11-2017

The sudden substantial increase in the number of migrants in recent years has had a profound effect on the external relations dimension of European Union migration and asylum policy. The main components structuring EU external migration policy – the Global Approach to Migration and Mobility (GAMM), European Agenda on Migration, and proposed migration compacts – explicitly underline the link between development and migration. Grounded in the need to address the root causes of migration and to maximise ...

The sudden substantial increase in the number of migrants in recent years has had a profound effect on the external relations dimension of European Union migration and asylum policy. The main components structuring EU external migration policy – the Global Approach to Migration and Mobility (GAMM), European Agenda on Migration, and proposed migration compacts – explicitly underline the link between development and migration. Grounded in the need to address the root causes of migration and to maximise its development impact, the development-migration nexus has evolved from the traditional treaty-based development policy approach, with its requirement of ensuring that all EU policies contribute to development objectives, to a more complex configuration. That, accordingly, many fear, may lead to the ‘instrumentalisation’ of development aid for migration management purposes. The European Parliament has taken a clear stand on this issue, calling, in a number of its recent resolutions, for the retention of poverty alleviation as the main goal of EU development policy, even when its instruments are used at the same time to tackle the root causes of migration. Along with the non-governmental organisations (NGOs) active in this field, the European Parliament opposes aid conditionality dependent on partner countries cooperating on readmission and return, as laid out in the migration compacts. Addressing the current migration challenge without jeopardising development policy achievements and objectives is one of the key issues of the revised European consensus on development, from June 2017. This is an updated edition of a briefing published in October 2016: PE 589.815.

Economic integration under the African Union

16-11-2017

Although it tends to prioritise political objectives, the African Union (AU) pursues a no less ambitious project for economic integration with the ultimate goal of creating a common market and a monetary and economic union. Currently, the main responsibility for driving economic integration forward is carried by the regional economic communities, which are overseen and coordinated by the AU. However, the pace of progress is very uneven. In addition, the AU has developed its own programmes for promoting ...

Although it tends to prioritise political objectives, the African Union (AU) pursues a no less ambitious project for economic integration with the ultimate goal of creating a common market and a monetary and economic union. Currently, the main responsibility for driving economic integration forward is carried by the regional economic communities, which are overseen and coordinated by the AU. However, the pace of progress is very uneven. In addition, the AU has developed its own programmes for promoting the continent's economic development.

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