15

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Publicatietype
Beleidsterrein
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Datum

Common agricultural policy

12-01-2018

After World War II, Europe was in pieces, devastated and facing a shortage of food. The main objective of the European Coal and Steel Community, a new institution set up in 1952, was therefore to work to unite a fragmented Europe. Lack of food was one of earliest challenges; action at European level was necessary in order to make Europe self-sufficient in food and to secure an adequate food supply and the free flow of food and agricultural products within Europe. The common agricultural policy (CAP ...

After World War II, Europe was in pieces, devastated and facing a shortage of food. The main objective of the European Coal and Steel Community, a new institution set up in 1952, was therefore to work to unite a fragmented Europe. Lack of food was one of earliest challenges; action at European level was necessary in order to make Europe self-sufficient in food and to secure an adequate food supply and the free flow of food and agricultural products within Europe. The common agricultural policy (CAP) was formed in 1962 to ensure that people could have food at affordable prices and that farmers would earn a fair living for their work. CAP is one of the European Union's oldest common polices

Research for AGRI Committee - The EU Cattle Sector: Challenges and Opportunities - Milk and Meat

15-02-2017

The cattle sector is of great economic importance within the EU agricultural sector. Productivity of the sector is very heterogeneous. In the near future, a further increase in milk and bovine meat supply can be expected. To avoid a decline in farm gate prices, further product differentiation at the EU level, an increase in export opportunities as well as compensation for environmental services to support extensification will be needed.

The cattle sector is of great economic importance within the EU agricultural sector. Productivity of the sector is very heterogeneous. In the near future, a further increase in milk and bovine meat supply can be expected. To avoid a decline in farm gate prices, further product differentiation at the EU level, an increase in export opportunities as well as compensation for environmental services to support extensification will be needed.

Externe auteur

Rico Ihle, Liesbeth Dries, Roel Jongeneel, Thomas Venus and Justus Wesseler (Wageningen University, The Netherlands)

Research for AGRI Committee - Policy support for productivity vs. sustainability in EU agriculture: Towards viable farming and green growth

16-01-2017

This study presents the main trends in total factor and resource productivity in recent decades. The main pathways for sustainable intensification are explored through case studies and policy analysis. The paper presents a normative analysis of policy tools able to reconcile productivity and sustainability requirements and also provides policy recommendations to promote a resource-efficient, productive, climate-friendly and resilient EU agricultural sector.

This study presents the main trends in total factor and resource productivity in recent decades. The main pathways for sustainable intensification are explored through case studies and policy analysis. The paper presents a normative analysis of policy tools able to reconcile productivity and sustainability requirements and also provides policy recommendations to promote a resource-efficient, productive, climate-friendly and resilient EU agricultural sector.

Externe auteur

Annalisa Zezza, Roberto Henke, Mara Lai, Gaetana Petriccione, Roberto Solazzo, Alberto Sturla, Anna Vagnozzi, Silvia Vanino, Laura Viganò, Bert Smit, Ruud van der Meer and Krijn Poppe,Marcos Lana, Meike Weltin, Annette Piorr

Common Agricultural Policy – Pillar I

13-07-2016

The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) concerns the pooling of European Union resources spent on agriculture and aimed at protecting the viable production of food, the sustainable management of natural resources and to support rural vitality. It consists of two pillars, the first includes direct payments (i.e. annual payments to farmers to help stabilise farm revenues in the face of volatile market prices and weather conditions) and market measures (to tackle specific market situations and to support ...

The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) concerns the pooling of European Union resources spent on agriculture and aimed at protecting the viable production of food, the sustainable management of natural resources and to support rural vitality. It consists of two pillars, the first includes direct payments (i.e. annual payments to farmers to help stabilise farm revenues in the face of volatile market prices and weather conditions) and market measures (to tackle specific market situations and to support trade promotion). The second pillar concerns rural development policy. Nearly 38% of the EU budget is spent on the CAP; for the Multiannual Financial Framework 2014-2020 the CAP amounts to €408.31 billion, of which €308.72 billion is allocated to the first pillar.

Innovation in EU agriculture

02-06-2016

The Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development of the European Parliament has adopted an own-initiative report aimed at encouraging the Commission to support agricultural innovation, which is considered necessary in order to increase both the productivity and sustainability of the sector.

The Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development of the European Parliament has adopted an own-initiative report aimed at encouraging the Commission to support agricultural innovation, which is considered necessary in order to increase both the productivity and sustainability of the sector.

Technological solutions for sustainable agriculture

02-06-2016

An own-initiative report on technological solutions for sustainable agriculture is due to be debated and voted at the June I plenary session. In the context of climate change, rising food demand resulting from global population growth and threats to the environment, the report suggests that innovation in agricultural technology is key to meeting some of the biggest challenges faced by farming today.

An own-initiative report on technological solutions for sustainable agriculture is due to be debated and voted at the June I plenary session. In the context of climate change, rising food demand resulting from global population growth and threats to the environment, the report suggests that innovation in agricultural technology is key to meeting some of the biggest challenges faced by farming today.

The New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition in Africa

16-11-2015

The New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition in Africa (NAFSN) launched in May 2012 under the auspices of the G8 aims to create the conditions that will allow the African countries concerned to improve agricultural productivity and develop their agrifood sector by attracting more private investment in agriculture. The participating countries (Burkina Faso, Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Ghana, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Senegal and Tanzania) adopted 'country cooperation frameworks' (CCFs) ...

The New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition in Africa (NAFSN) launched in May 2012 under the auspices of the G8 aims to create the conditions that will allow the African countries concerned to improve agricultural productivity and develop their agrifood sector by attracting more private investment in agriculture. The participating countries (Burkina Faso, Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Ghana, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Senegal and Tanzania) adopted 'country cooperation frameworks' (CCFs) listing their policy commitments, and companies provided 'Letters of Intent' identifying intended investments. While the general objective of the NAFSN is sound, certain deficiencies remain: the CCFs are silent on the need to shift to sustainable modes of agricultural production and to support farmers' seed systems, on the dangers associated with the emergence of a market for land rights, or on the regulation of contract farming; and they are weak on nutrition as well as on the recognition of women's rights and gender empowerment.

Externe auteur

Olivier DE SCHUTTER (University of Louvain - UCL, Centre for Philosophy of Law - CPDR, Institute for Interdisciplinary Research in Legal Sciences - JUR-I, Belgium)

EU-Ukraine Relations in the Field of Agriculture and Food Industry

15-08-2014

This document analyses EU-Ukraine relations in the agri-food sector. After a presentation of Ukraine’s agri-food sector and trade flows of agri-food products, the analysis focuses on EU support to Ukrainian agriculture and on the latest developments in Ukraine’s agri-food law.

This document analyses EU-Ukraine relations in the agri-food sector. After a presentation of Ukraine’s agri-food sector and trade flows of agri-food products, the analysis focuses on EU support to Ukrainian agriculture and on the latest developments in Ukraine’s agri-food law.

Precision Agriculture: An Opportunity for EU-Farmers – Potential Support with the CAP 2014-2020

14-03-2014

Precision Agriculture (PA) is a whole-farm management approach using information technology, satellite positioning (GNSS) data, remote sensing and proximal data gathering. These technologies have the goal of optimising returns on inputs whilst potentially reducing environmental impacts. The state-of-the-art of PA on arable land, permanent crops and within dairy farming are reviewed, mainly in the European context, together with some economic aspects of the adoption of PA. Options to address PA adoption ...

Precision Agriculture (PA) is a whole-farm management approach using information technology, satellite positioning (GNSS) data, remote sensing and proximal data gathering. These technologies have the goal of optimising returns on inputs whilst potentially reducing environmental impacts. The state-of-the-art of PA on arable land, permanent crops and within dairy farming are reviewed, mainly in the European context, together with some economic aspects of the adoption of PA. Options to address PA adoption are discussed, including measures within the CAP 2014-2020 legislation and the important contribution of advisory services across Europe.

Externe auteur

Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission , Pablo J. Zarco-Tejada, Neil Hubbard and Philippe Loudjani (Monitoring Agriculture ResourceS (MARS) Unit H04)

Afghan opium production reaches record high

15-01-2014

Afghan opium production increased 49% in 2013, reaching a record high. According to the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), potential production was even higher, limited only by unfavourable weather conditions, while eradication efforts diminished. The drug trade helps sustain the military conflict and, with presidential elections in 2014 as well as the planned draw-down of foreign troops, it could contribute to an escalation in coming years.

Afghan opium production increased 49% in 2013, reaching a record high. According to the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), potential production was even higher, limited only by unfavourable weather conditions, while eradication efforts diminished. The drug trade helps sustain the military conflict and, with presidential elections in 2014 as well as the planned draw-down of foreign troops, it could contribute to an escalation in coming years.

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