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A UN peacekeeping mission in eastern Ukraine?

08-03-2018

As the armed conflict in eastern Ukraine enters its fifth year, the debate on the possibility of a United Nations (UN) peacekeeping mission has resurfaced, with a new report and a combination of developments on the international stage creating new momentum. Some see such a mission as a potential opportunity to contribute to unfreezing the Minsk II peace deal, paving the way for local elections. Meanwhile, the humanitarian situation in the conflict zone is deteriorating.

As the armed conflict in eastern Ukraine enters its fifth year, the debate on the possibility of a United Nations (UN) peacekeeping mission has resurfaced, with a new report and a combination of developments on the international stage creating new momentum. Some see such a mission as a potential opportunity to contribute to unfreezing the Minsk II peace deal, paving the way for local elections. Meanwhile, the humanitarian situation in the conflict zone is deteriorating.

Ukraine's economic challenges: From ailing to failing?

18-06-2015

Ukraine's downward economic spiral started long before Russia annexed the Crimean peninsula in March 2014. The economy has been struggling since the country gained independence after the collapse of the Soviet Union. Kindled by continuous mismanagement and fuelled by political instability, the current economic crisis finally flared up in response to mounting pressure from Moscow. Kyiv is dependent on foreign aid and must conduct wide-ranging reforms. However, Moscow has multiple economic levers over ...

Ukraine's downward economic spiral started long before Russia annexed the Crimean peninsula in March 2014. The economy has been struggling since the country gained independence after the collapse of the Soviet Union. Kindled by continuous mismanagement and fuelled by political instability, the current economic crisis finally flared up in response to mounting pressure from Moscow. Kyiv is dependent on foreign aid and must conduct wide-ranging reforms. However, Moscow has multiple economic levers over Ukraine and will likely continue to contribute to further destabilisation. Moreover, Ukraine's long-standing, home-grown problems will pose significant obstacles to Kyiv's efforts to break the vicious circle and move towards a functional market economy. Please click here for the full publication in PDF format

The M23 and Eastern D.R.Congo : An Intractable Problem or an Opportunity to Engage ?

20-11-2012

Renewed violence has caused the displacement of over 500 000 people since April. The creation of the M23 has re-engaged international actors in the conflict in the eastern DRC. The EU considered Joseph Kabila's 2011 re-election 'not credible'. In April, Kabila announced his intention to arrest Bosco Ntaganda. This precipitated events in the North Kivu region, causing a wave of defections and the creation of the M23. The M23 has been accused of war crimes. The deeper cause of the M23 rebellion is ...

Renewed violence has caused the displacement of over 500 000 people since April. The creation of the M23 has re-engaged international actors in the conflict in the eastern DRC. The EU considered Joseph Kabila's 2011 re-election 'not credible'. In April, Kabila announced his intention to arrest Bosco Ntaganda. This precipitated events in the North Kivu region, causing a wave of defections and the creation of the M23. The M23 has been accused of war crimes. The deeper cause of the M23 rebellion is the failure of the 2009 peace agreement. The international community also share s responsibility for this failure. The rapid spread of the M23 highlighted the weakness of the DRC state and prompted accusations of external involvement. In June, an addendum to the interim report of the UN Group of Experts accused Rwanda of backstopping the rebels. Donors reacted by halting the disbursement of military and development aid. The final report accuses Rwanda of commanding the M23 and Uganda of supporting the rebels. The DRC army is also complicit in the violence. International pressure should be applied on all actors and should be complemented by a broader engagement strategy. A political compromis is needed to effectively address conflict in the shorter and longer terms. An informal ceasefire was broken as the M23 advanced on Goma and claimed to have taken the town on 20 November. The ICGLR has hosted regional summits and called for a neutral military force. The international community should search for a new, unequivocal political commitment from all actors to end the conflict.

Yemen: current situation and background

01-07-2011

For over 20 years, President Ali Abdullah Saleh kept tribal and north-south divisions in check. His regime broke down in 2011 as a result of Yemen's Arab Spring, sparked by pervasive poverty, unemployment and corruption. Violence and chaos are on the rise, particularly in the south. Powerful tribal groups and Islamist militants may overwhelm those demonstrating for democracy through descent into civil war.

For over 20 years, President Ali Abdullah Saleh kept tribal and north-south divisions in check. His regime broke down in 2011 as a result of Yemen's Arab Spring, sparked by pervasive poverty, unemployment and corruption. Violence and chaos are on the rise, particularly in the south. Powerful tribal groups and Islamist militants may overwhelm those demonstrating for democracy through descent into civil war.

Conflict Prevention: Making the Eu's Talents Work

03-01-2005

Externe auteur

Reinhardt Rummel, SWP, Berlin

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