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IMPLEMENTING THE PARIS AGREEMENT - COP23

13-10-2017

At the COP21 UN climate change conference in Paris in December 2015, a global agreement was reached which contains goals and mechanisms for responding to climate change and binding obligations for all Parties. The Paris Agreement sets a long-term goal of limiting the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2 degrees C above pre-industrial levels, and of pursuing efforts to limit this temperature increase to 1.5 degrees C. It also includes the goal to increase the ability to adapt ...

At the COP21 UN climate change conference in Paris in December 2015, a global agreement was reached which contains goals and mechanisms for responding to climate change and binding obligations for all Parties. The Paris Agreement sets a long-term goal of limiting the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2 degrees C above pre-industrial levels, and of pursuing efforts to limit this temperature increase to 1.5 degrees C. It also includes the goal to increase the ability to adapt to the adverse impacts of climate change and to make finance flows consistent with a pathway towards low greenhouse gas emissions. In order to achieve these goals, the Paris Agreement requires all Parties to undertake efforts towards reaching global peaking of greenhouse gas emissions as soon as possible and towards achieving a balance between anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks (“carbon neutrality”) in the second half of the 21st century.

Externe auteur

Lorenz MOOSMANN, Henrik NEIER, Nicole MANDL, Klaus RADUNSKY, Tina OHLIGER

Main Issues at Stake for the 27th Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol

12-10-2015

Four proposals to regulate hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) under the Montreal Protocol, including one from the European Union, are expected to dominate discussions at the 27th Meeting of the Parties (MOP 27) for this international agreement. HFCs are replacements for ozone-depleting substances and have a strong impact on global warming; the issue raises questions about links between the Montreal and Kyoto Protocols. Ahead of MOP 27, Parties to the Montreal Protocol remain divided on the way forward and ...

Four proposals to regulate hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) under the Montreal Protocol, including one from the European Union, are expected to dominate discussions at the 27th Meeting of the Parties (MOP 27) for this international agreement. HFCs are replacements for ozone-depleting substances and have a strong impact on global warming; the issue raises questions about links between the Montreal and Kyoto Protocols. Ahead of MOP 27, Parties to the Montreal Protocol remain divided on the way forward and the outcome of discussions is unclear. This study was provided by Policy Department A for the Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI).

Externe auteur

Erik Klaassens, Paola Banfi, Mariya Gancheva, Sophie Vancauwenbergh and Tony Zamparutti

EU policy on climate change [What Think Tanks are thinking]

07-08-2015

Tackling climate change caused by greenhouse gas emission is high on the European Union's agenda as negotiations on a global climate deal enter their final phase ahead of the December international conference COP21 in Paris. The EU's policy on climate change is among the most ambitious in the world. It aims to limit global warming to 2º C above pre-industrial average temperature levels. To achieve this, the EU is committed to reducing greenhouse gas emissions by at least 20% below 1990 levels by ...

Tackling climate change caused by greenhouse gas emission is high on the European Union's agenda as negotiations on a global climate deal enter their final phase ahead of the December international conference COP21 in Paris. The EU's policy on climate change is among the most ambitious in the world. It aims to limit global warming to 2º C above pre-industrial average temperature levels. To achieve this, the EU is committed to reducing greenhouse gas emissions by at least 20% below 1990 levels by 2020, while improving energy efficiency by 20% and increasing the share of renewable energy sources to 20% of final consumption. This 'At a glance' note gathers recent studies by major international think tanks on EU climate policies and efforts to reach a climate agreement in Paris.

On the Way to COP 21 in Paris

07-07-2015

This document provides an overview of the state of play of international climate negotiations before the upcoming UN Climate Conference (COP21) in Paris end of 2015. It was prepared by Policy Department A for the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety.

This document provides an overview of the state of play of international climate negotiations before the upcoming UN Climate Conference (COP21) in Paris end of 2015. It was prepared by Policy Department A for the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety.

Fisheries Management and the Arctic in the Context of Climate Change

15-06-2015

Climate change is expected to significantly affect the Arctic Ocean, primarily through warming and reduction of ice cover. Models suggest that fisheries in the Arctic will benefit from increased primary productivity, expansion of distribution ranges of mainly low to medium resilience boreal commercial species and availability of new fishing grounds, especially in international waters not covered by Regional Fisheries Management Organizations. The EU Arctic policy should further develop international ...

Climate change is expected to significantly affect the Arctic Ocean, primarily through warming and reduction of ice cover. Models suggest that fisheries in the Arctic will benefit from increased primary productivity, expansion of distribution ranges of mainly low to medium resilience boreal commercial species and availability of new fishing grounds, especially in international waters not covered by Regional Fisheries Management Organizations. The EU Arctic policy should further develop international collaboration in research and monitoring, and address future fisheries governance issues.

Externe auteur

Roland BLOMEYER, Kim STOBBERUP, Karim ERZINI, Vicky LAM, Daniel PAULY and Jesper RAAKJAER

The Outcome of the Ninth Arctic Council Ministerial Meeting

05-05-2015

The ministerial meeting in Iqaluit, Nunavut (Canada), closed Canada's two-year Arctic Council (AC) chairmanship. Arctic cooperation seems relatively unaffected by the poor state of Russia's relations with the West. Canada invested much in its AC Chairmanship, but its deliverables have been less significant than those of previous chairs. Canada's two main achievements are the Arctic Economic Council and the framework for action on black carbon and methane. The framework is only a step in the right ...

The ministerial meeting in Iqaluit, Nunavut (Canada), closed Canada's two-year Arctic Council (AC) chairmanship. Arctic cooperation seems relatively unaffected by the poor state of Russia's relations with the West. Canada invested much in its AC Chairmanship, but its deliverables have been less significant than those of previous chairs. Canada's two main achievements are the Arctic Economic Council and the framework for action on black carbon and methane. The framework is only a step in the right direction, not a full agreement. The programme of the new AC chair, the USA, has the potential to enhance practical cooperation between the EU and the AC. As Canada and the EU had resolved their differences, it seemed possible that the EU would at last receive formal observer status to the Council at the Iqaluit meeting, but Russia's geostrategic interests led Moscow to block the process. Given the growing number of observers, the US chair may propose that only one third of observers join high-level AC meetings under any one chair.

Towards a new international climate agreement

22-01-2015

A new international agreement to combat climate change is due to be adopted in December 2015 at the 21st Conference of Parties (COP) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The 20th Conference of Parties, which was held in Lima last month, made some progress, but a number of open issues must still be resolved by the negotiators.

A new international agreement to combat climate change is due to be adopted in December 2015 at the 21st Conference of Parties (COP) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The 20th Conference of Parties, which was held in Lima last month, made some progress, but a number of open issues must still be resolved by the negotiators.

20th UN Climate Change Conference in Lima

20-11-2014

The upcoming UN climate conference in Lima (COP20, 1-12 December 2014) will be an important milestone in the negotiations towards a new global climate agreement. Its outcome should be a draft negotiating text for the new agreement, due to be finalised in December 2015 in Paris.

The upcoming UN climate conference in Lima (COP20, 1-12 December 2014) will be an important milestone in the negotiations towards a new global climate agreement. Its outcome should be a draft negotiating text for the new agreement, due to be finalised in December 2015 in Paris.

The Development of Climate Negotiations in View of Warsaw (COP 19)

15-10-2013

This report provides an overview of the development of the negotiations within the UNFCCC since COP 18 in Doha. It summarises the key developments in 2013 and provides short overviews for all negotiation areas. The overview also includes a state of play of the Doha Climate Gateway and explains the position of the main Parties and negotiation groups. It is supplemented by short overviews for individual countries and stakeholder groups.

This report provides an overview of the development of the negotiations within the UNFCCC since COP 18 in Doha. It summarises the key developments in 2013 and provides short overviews for all negotiation areas. The overview also includes a state of play of the Doha Climate Gateway and explains the position of the main Parties and negotiation groups. It is supplemented by short overviews for individual countries and stakeholder groups.

Externe auteur

Anke Herold, Martin Cames, Anne Siemons, Lukas Emele and Vanessa Cook (Öko-Institut e.V.)

Adapting to a changing climate in Europe: Strategies for reducing risk and building resilience

14-10-2013

The changing climate affects many sectors of business and society. Different kinds of adap­tation measures are needed for each situ­ation – there is no one-size fits all approach. In the EU, adaptation is primarily the responsibility of Member States and local actors. The European Commission (EC) supports coordination, research and knowledge-sharing. In April 2013, the ECadopted an EU adaptation strategy, which sets out EU actions and promotes actions by Member States.

The changing climate affects many sectors of business and society. Different kinds of adap­tation measures are needed for each situ­ation – there is no one-size fits all approach. In the EU, adaptation is primarily the responsibility of Member States and local actors. The European Commission (EC) supports coordination, research and knowledge-sharing. In April 2013, the ECadopted an EU adaptation strategy, which sets out EU actions and promotes actions by Member States.

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