492

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What if algorithms could abide by ethical principles?

20-11-2018

Algorithms, are step-by-step procedure for solving a problem, usually expressed in computer code as a set of instructions for a computer to follow in order to complete a task. Day-to-day decisions around the world are increasingly based on data science techniques powered by machine learning algorithms that are gradually making a meaningful impact on human lives. For example, the operation of intermediary platforms that propose accommodation (AirBnB) or transportation alternatives (Uber) are extensively ...

Algorithms, are step-by-step procedure for solving a problem, usually expressed in computer code as a set of instructions for a computer to follow in order to complete a task. Day-to-day decisions around the world are increasingly based on data science techniques powered by machine learning algorithms that are gradually making a meaningful impact on human lives. For example, the operation of intermediary platforms that propose accommodation (AirBnB) or transportation alternatives (Uber) are extensively using algorithms. Algorithms implicitly or explicitly are not neutral as they comprise essential value-judgments that can potentially have race or sex biases. This raises an important question: is it possible to develop and ensure that algorithms are ethical?

Domestic Sexual Abuse of Girls

19-11-2018

This study was commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee. The study provides a definition and conceptual model of domestic sexual abuse of girls, as well as analyses of prevalence and risk factors across the EU. It goes on to review policies and actions to address domestic sexual abuse of girls at the EU and Member State levels, and sets out case studies of four countries. It ends by providing recommendations ...

This study was commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee. The study provides a definition and conceptual model of domestic sexual abuse of girls, as well as analyses of prevalence and risk factors across the EU. It goes on to review policies and actions to address domestic sexual abuse of girls at the EU and Member State levels, and sets out case studies of four countries. It ends by providing recommendations for Member States and EU institutions.

Externe auteur

Katie MCCRACKEN, Dr Ana FITZSIMONS, Sergio MARQUEZ, Małgorzata DRUCIAREK (Opcit Research), Prof Michelle LEFEVRE (University of Sussex)

CAP horizontal regulation: Financing, management and monitoring of the common agricultural policy for 2021-2027

07-11-2018

As part of the preparation of the EU budget for 2021-2027, the European Commission put forward a new set of regulations to shape the future EU Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) on 1 June 2018. The proposal for a regulation on the financing, management and monitoring of the CAP provides the legislative framework for adapting the financing, management and monitoring rules to a new CAP delivery model. This seeks to achieve more subsidiarity and simplification, with greater responsibility given to Member ...

As part of the preparation of the EU budget for 2021-2027, the European Commission put forward a new set of regulations to shape the future EU Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) on 1 June 2018. The proposal for a regulation on the financing, management and monitoring of the CAP provides the legislative framework for adapting the financing, management and monitoring rules to a new CAP delivery model. This seeks to achieve more subsidiarity and simplification, with greater responsibility given to Member States, a shift from ensuring single transaction compliance to monitoring system performance in each Member State, and reduced 'red tape', among other things. First edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Directive 2009/128/EC on the sustainable use of pesticides

19-10-2018

The study presents the results of evaluation of the implementation of the Directive 2009/128/EC establishing a framework for Community action to achieve the sustainable use of pesticides. The study was outsourced and prepared by a consortium led by ÖIR GmbH, in collaboration with Arcadia International, t33 and external experts. The study covers the implementation of the directive as a whole. Furthermore, it concentrates on the implementation of the integrated pest management principles in the individual ...

The study presents the results of evaluation of the implementation of the Directive 2009/128/EC establishing a framework for Community action to achieve the sustainable use of pesticides. The study was outsourced and prepared by a consortium led by ÖIR GmbH, in collaboration with Arcadia International, t33 and external experts. The study covers the implementation of the directive as a whole. Furthermore, it concentrates on the implementation of the integrated pest management principles in the individual Member States. In addition, it also provides an analysis concerning of a the development of harmonised risk indicators, the imposition of limitation and bans of on the usage of pesticides in sensitive specific sensitive areas, and the impacts that of the use of pesticides has on drinking water. The analysis is accompanied by recommendations on how to improve the implementation processes.

Animal medicines package

17-10-2018

In September 2014, the European Commission put forward a package of three proposals to update the legislative framework for veterinary medicines. More stringent rules are intended to tackle antimicrobial resistance and to improve the availability of veterinary medicines in the EU. During its October II plenary session, the European Parliament is expected to vote on the texts agreed in trilogue negotiations.

In September 2014, the European Commission put forward a package of three proposals to update the legislative framework for veterinary medicines. More stringent rules are intended to tackle antimicrobial resistance and to improve the availability of veterinary medicines in the EU. During its October II plenary session, the European Parliament is expected to vote on the texts agreed in trilogue negotiations.

What if gene editing became routine practice?

16-10-2018

The CRISPR-Cas9 system currently stands out as the fastest, cheapest and most reliable system for ‘editing’ genes. It is seen as the biggest game changer in the field of gene editing due to its high degree of reliability, effectiveness and low cost. At the same time, the use of CRISPR has generated a series of socio-ethical concerns over whether and how gene editing should be used to make heritable changes to the human genome, to lead to designer babies, to generate potentially risky genome edits ...

The CRISPR-Cas9 system currently stands out as the fastest, cheapest and most reliable system for ‘editing’ genes. It is seen as the biggest game changer in the field of gene editing due to its high degree of reliability, effectiveness and low cost. At the same time, the use of CRISPR has generated a series of socio-ethical concerns over whether and how gene editing should be used to make heritable changes to the human genome, to lead to designer babies, to generate potentially risky genome edits or to disrupt entire ecosystems.

Research for AGRI Committee - The CAP Strategic Plans beyond 2020 - Assessing the architecture in order to achieve the EU-wide objectives

15-10-2018

The study is assessing the design of the new CAP Strategic Plans as foreseen in the proposal COM (2018) 392. The proposed strategic planning is a step forward in evidence-based policy-making, enabling greater flexibility for Member states and the efficiency of the policy. The remaining challenges are associated with the complexity of the process and limited capability, or willingness, of the policy system to implement it. Suggested improvements relate to analytical support, inclusive preparation ...

The study is assessing the design of the new CAP Strategic Plans as foreseen in the proposal COM (2018) 392. The proposed strategic planning is a step forward in evidence-based policy-making, enabling greater flexibility for Member states and the efficiency of the policy. The remaining challenges are associated with the complexity of the process and limited capability, or willingness, of the policy system to implement it. Suggested improvements relate to analytical support, inclusive preparation process, smooth implementation and rewarded ambition.

Externe auteur

Emil Erjavec, Marko Lovec, Luka Juvančič, Tanja Šumrada, Ilona Rac - Ljubljana University

Research for AGRI Committee - The CAP support beyond 2020 - Assessing the future structure of direct payments and the rural development interventions in the light of the EU agricultural and environmental challenges

15-10-2018

This study provides an assessment of the structure and type of interventions as proposed by the European Commission on the CAP beyond 2020 (Title III of the proposal COM(2018) 392). All Direct Payment and Rural development interventions have been examined in the context of the main agricultural and environmental challenges the EU faces. A set of recommendation is made for the improvement of specific instruments and to address policy priorities and level playing field concerns.

This study provides an assessment of the structure and type of interventions as proposed by the European Commission on the CAP beyond 2020 (Title III of the proposal COM(2018) 392). All Direct Payment and Rural development interventions have been examined in the context of the main agricultural and environmental challenges the EU faces. A set of recommendation is made for the improvement of specific instruments and to address policy priorities and level playing field concerns.

Externe auteur

R.A. Jongeneel; H. Silvis; K. Poppe - Wageningen UR

Research for AGRI Committee - The sectoral approach in the CAP beyond 2020 and possible options to improve the EU food value chain

15-10-2018

This study addresses the current rules both the current European rules applicable to the Common Agricultural Market Organisation and the recent proposal of the Commission in the CAP beyond 2020. It also suggests possible improvements of the proposal. It was presented to the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development on 15 October 2018.

This study addresses the current rules both the current European rules applicable to the Common Agricultural Market Organisation and the recent proposal of the Commission in the CAP beyond 2020. It also suggests possible improvements of the proposal. It was presented to the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development on 15 October 2018.

Externe auteur

Tomás García Azcárate, Institute of Economics, Geography and Demography, (Spanish Research Council - CSIC)

Research for AGRI Committee - The CAP beyond 2020: appraisal of the EC legislative proposals

08-10-2018

On the basis of the European Commission's proposals on the CAP after 2020 published on 1st June, the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development and Policy Department B of the European Parliament have organise a Workshop on the "The Common Agricultural Policy beyond 2020: appraisal of the EC legislative proposals" in October 2018. This Workshop was structured in three parts: 1. The CAP Strategic Plans beyond 2020 : assessing the architecture and governance issues in order to achieve the EU-wide ...

On the basis of the European Commission's proposals on the CAP after 2020 published on 1st June, the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development and Policy Department B of the European Parliament have organise a Workshop on the "The Common Agricultural Policy beyond 2020: appraisal of the EC legislative proposals" in October 2018. This Workshop was structured in three parts: 1. The CAP Strategic Plans beyond 2020 : assessing the architecture and governance issues in order to achieve the EU-wide objectives; 2. The CAP support beyond 2020: assessing the future structure of direct payments and the rural development interventions in the light of the EU agricultural and environmental challenges; and 3. The sectoral approach in the CAP beyond 2020 and possible options to improve the EU food value chain.

Externe auteur

E. Erjavec; M. Lovec; L. Juvancic; T. Sumrada; I. Rac; R.A. Jongeneel; H. Silvis; K. Poppe; T. Garcia Azcarate

Toekomstige activiteiten

21-11-2018
Public hearing on “Combatting Money-Laundering in the EU Banking system”
Hoorzitting -
TAX3
21-11-2018
Brain, New Approach to Brain Diseases
Workshop -
ENVI
21-11-2018
Children victims or witnesses of gender-based violence – Hearing – 21.11.2018
Hoorzitting -
FEMM

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