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Ostatnio opublikowane dokumenty

Opublikowano 02-12-2016

Perspectives on transatlantic cooperation: Energy and EU-US relations

02-12-2016

Energy as a subject of relations between the EU and the USA has been characterised by considerable synergy on security of supply issues, and efforts to enhance free trade in energy products and services, cooperate on geopolitical challenges and nuclear safety, reduce greenhouse gas emissions and promote renewable energy sources. The recent lifting of US export restrictions on crude oil and natural gas is likely to increase energy trade with the EU, and allow Member States to benefit from lower energy ...

Energy as a subject of relations between the EU and the USA has been characterised by considerable synergy on security of supply issues, and efforts to enhance free trade in energy products and services, cooperate on geopolitical challenges and nuclear safety, reduce greenhouse gas emissions and promote renewable energy sources. The recent lifting of US export restrictions on crude oil and natural gas is likely to increase energy trade with the EU, and allow Member States to benefit from lower energy prices and more diversified supply. Bilateral EU US cooperation on energy issues could be further enhanced, perhaps by building on the framework of the EU-US Energy Council. There is also potential for more systematic EU-US cooperation on energy research and new technologies. Greater coordination of EU and US positions in multilateral fora negotiating energy issues could help these organisations to achieve more ambitious goals, complementing a stronger EU-US bilateral relationship. This briefing continues a series which formed part of a broader research project on perspectives on transatlantic cooperation in the US election year, requested by the Chair of the European Parliament’s delegation for relations with the United States.

How European development aid makes a difference

02-12-2016

• In 2015, Europe provided €68 billion in development aid, which is over 50 % of all global aid efforts, with the main aim of eradicating poverty.   • EU imports from developing countries are worth €860 billion a year. • Better EU aid coordination could free €800 million in additional development funding.

• In 2015, Europe provided €68 billion in development aid, which is over 50 % of all global aid efforts, with the main aim of eradicating poverty.   • EU imports from developing countries are worth €860 billion a year. • Better EU aid coordination could free €800 million in additional development funding.

Opublikowano 01-12-2016

Why China's public procurement is an EU issue

01-12-2016

China's public procurement market is huge, but largely untapped by EU companies, since access to it is restricted by laws, regulations and policies favouring domestic over foreign goods and services. Although China's public procurement policy is inconsistent with the WTO's General Procurement Agreement (GPA), the EU cannot legally challenge it, as long as China is not party to the GPA.

China's public procurement market is huge, but largely untapped by EU companies, since access to it is restricted by laws, regulations and policies favouring domestic over foreign goods and services. Although China's public procurement policy is inconsistent with the WTO's General Procurement Agreement (GPA), the EU cannot legally challenge it, as long as China is not party to the GPA.

Synthetic biology and biodiversity

01-12-2016

Synthetic biology is a new dimension of modern biotechnology with the potential to design and manufacture living organisms, components and products. It will be on the agenda of the 13th meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP) of the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), to be held from 4 to 17 December 2016, in Cancún, Mexico. Synthetic biology could provide novel solutions for environmental and biodiversity-related issues, but could also have an adverse impact on the natural ...

Synthetic biology is a new dimension of modern biotechnology with the potential to design and manufacture living organisms, components and products. It will be on the agenda of the 13th meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP) of the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), to be held from 4 to 17 December 2016, in Cancún, Mexico. Synthetic biology could provide novel solutions for environmental and biodiversity-related issues, but could also have an adverse impact on the natural environment. The European Union is party to the CBD and the protocols relevant in the context of synthetic biology.

China's WTO accession: 15 years on - Taking, shaking or shaping WTO rules?

01-12-2016

11 December 2016 marks the 15th anniversary of China's accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO). In 2001, after arduous negotiations with key WTO members, China agreed not only to extensive market access commitments but also to substantial non-reciprocal rules obligations. This was unprecedented in WTO history. Most WTO disputes involving China, notably in the field of trade remedies, have been linked to these tailor-made rules for China. China has exhibited timely and qualitatively sound ...

11 December 2016 marks the 15th anniversary of China's accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO). In 2001, after arduous negotiations with key WTO members, China agreed not only to extensive market access commitments but also to substantial non-reciprocal rules obligations. This was unprecedented in WTO history. Most WTO disputes involving China, notably in the field of trade remedies, have been linked to these tailor-made rules for China. China has exhibited timely and qualitatively sound compliance with WTO rulings. But its narrow letter of the law compliance has at times been found not to reflect the spirit of the legal provisions at issue, with WTO-inconsistent regulations having remained in place or re-emerged. In the Doha Development Round of WTO multilateral negotiations China has so far taken a backseat rather than a leadership role. Domestic resistance to reform in sensitive areas on economic and ideological grounds has been a crucial factor in China's absence from the WTO Agreement on Government Procurement. Past US opposition has been key for its non-participation in the Trade in Services Agreement. Uncertainties about ratification by the US Congress of the US-led Trans-Pacific Partnership and future US trade policy under President Donald Trump may reverse the past trend of China's marginalisation from shaping global rules outside the WTO. At the same time this may lower China's ambition to shift gradually from rather shallow to EU-style 'deep and comprehensive' free trade agreements (FTAs) and may induce it to promote its own rules more assertively by leveraging its economic weight in predominantly bilateral relations under its One Belt, One Road (OBOR) initiative.

Hearing with Mrs Elke König, Chair of the Single Resolution Board

01-12-2016

This briefing prepared by the Economic Governance Support Unit presents the state of play regarding the work of the SRB as well as a short insight into the financial performances of the most vulnerable banks under the direct remit of the SRB. It is published in advance of the Hearing with Mrs Elke König, Chair of the SRB, in the ECON Committee on 5 December in accordance with Article 45.4 of Regulation (EU) 806/2014.

This briefing prepared by the Economic Governance Support Unit presents the state of play regarding the work of the SRB as well as a short insight into the financial performances of the most vulnerable banks under the direct remit of the SRB. It is published in advance of the Hearing with Mrs Elke König, Chair of the SRB, in the ECON Committee on 5 December in accordance with Article 45.4 of Regulation (EU) 806/2014.

Completing the Internal Market for Parcel Delivery and e-Commerce - State of Play and Possible Reforms

15-09-2016

Effective and affordable parcel delivery is a pre-condition for cross-border trade in physical goods. At present, consumers and shippers in different Member States face very different prices, service levels, and volumes of e-commerce parcels differ hugely by Member State. These shortcomings represent a major impediment to cross-border e-commerce, and thus the Digital Single Market. This in-depth analysis reviews the performance of EU markets for parcel delivery, and discusses concerns and policy ...

Effective and affordable parcel delivery is a pre-condition for cross-border trade in physical goods. At present, consumers and shippers in different Member States face very different prices, service levels, and volumes of e-commerce parcels differ hugely by Member State. These shortcomings represent a major impediment to cross-border e-commerce, and thus the Digital Single Market. This in-depth analysis reviews the performance of EU markets for parcel delivery, and discusses concerns and policy options in light of the Digital Single Market. The paper evaluates the Commission’s recent proposal for a Regulation on cross-border parcel delivery services, and presents recommendations for to improving and aligning the proposed regulation. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Internal Market and Consumer Protection.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

Alex Kalevi DIEKE

Opublikowano 30-11-2016

Rail passenger rights in the European Union

30-11-2016

The European Union has set out rights to give rail passengers a minimum harmonised level of protection, assistance and services. These rights also aim to facilitate mobility and encourage the use of public transport. An assessment of EU rail passenger rights is relevant today, in view of the planned plenary vote on the market pillar of the fourth railway package in December. When implemented, this package should accelerate competition and lead to increased efforts from rail companies and Member States ...

The European Union has set out rights to give rail passengers a minimum harmonised level of protection, assistance and services. These rights also aim to facilitate mobility and encourage the use of public transport. An assessment of EU rail passenger rights is relevant today, in view of the planned plenary vote on the market pillar of the fourth railway package in December. When implemented, this package should accelerate competition and lead to increased efforts from rail companies and Member States to meet passengers' expectations and rights.

EU Aid Volunteers initiative

30-11-2016

Following a pilot phase in 2011-2014, the EU Aid Volunteers initiative was officially established in 2014. Its aims are to increase the EU’s humanitarian aid capacity, encourage and facilitate volunteering amongst young Europeans, facilitate collaboration in this area and help train and prepare volunteers. While still modest in scale, the initiative is expected to contribute to the EU’s response to the increased need for well-trained aid volunteers.

Following a pilot phase in 2011-2014, the EU Aid Volunteers initiative was officially established in 2014. Its aims are to increase the EU’s humanitarian aid capacity, encourage and facilitate volunteering amongst young Europeans, facilitate collaboration in this area and help train and prepare volunteers. While still modest in scale, the initiative is expected to contribute to the EU’s response to the increased need for well-trained aid volunteers.

Common Agricultural Policy and revision of the 2014-2020 MFF

30-11-2016

The EU's 2014-2020 Multiannual Financial Framework provides medium-term expenditure predictability in support of investment in Europe's priorities. The Commission presented its mid-term review/revision of the multiannual EU budget (2014-2020) on 14 September 2016 in Strasbourg. Without increasing spending limits, the package as presented is intended to free up an additional €6.3 billion in financing by 2020. These resources will be used mainly to foster job creation, investment and economic growth ...

The EU's 2014-2020 Multiannual Financial Framework provides medium-term expenditure predictability in support of investment in Europe's priorities. The Commission presented its mid-term review/revision of the multiannual EU budget (2014-2020) on 14 September 2016 in Strasbourg. Without increasing spending limits, the package as presented is intended to free up an additional €6.3 billion in financing by 2020. These resources will be used mainly to foster job creation, investment and economic growth and to address the migration crisis. In this context, the Commission presented a legal proposal (omnibus regulation) that contains changes to the basic EU Financial Regulation and to the main EU funding regulations. The omnibus proposal touches, inter alia, on all four of the basic regulations governing the Common Agriculture Policy. These cover Direct Payments, Rural Development, Common Market Organisation and the ‘Horizontal’ Regulation, covering issues such as funding and controls. The changes that are proposed aim at fine-tuning some elements of the current CAP, as described in this briefing, and making life easier for both farmers and national authorities. Looking ahead, the proposed revision of the 2014-2020 Multiannual Financial Frame-work will prepare the ground for a subsequent MFF proposal in support of EU priorities for the post-2020 period. This could be presented by the end of 2017. With the omnibus regulation proposal, it appears unlikely that a major restructuring of the basic architecture of the CAP will take place in the current programming period. More substantial legal proposals for a post-2020 CAP could be presented in 2018, in line with the post-2020 MFF communication. Such a scenario would enable the European Parliament, as co-legislator, to negotiate the implications of the current CAP revision, and a more substantial post-2020 reform for the CAP in parallel.

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