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Mechanism to resolve legal and administrative obstacles in a cross-border context

25-01-2019

Often isolated, and with generally poorer access to public services, the EU's border regions face a unique set of challenges. This has been recognised under Article 174 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, which provides that particular attention should be paid to cross-border regions when developing action to strengthen the EU's economic, social and territorial cohesion. Yet while the EU has provided significant support over the years, particularly within the framework of European ...

Often isolated, and with generally poorer access to public services, the EU's border regions face a unique set of challenges. This has been recognised under Article 174 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, which provides that particular attention should be paid to cross-border regions when developing action to strengthen the EU's economic, social and territorial cohesion. Yet while the EU has provided significant support over the years, particularly within the framework of European territorial cooperation, helping to strengthen connectivity and create new growth and jobs, numerous obstacles continue to hamper cross-border cooperation. Organised to identify these remaining bottlenecks, the Commission's 2015 cross-border review revealed legal and administrative barriers to be the main obstacle to cross-border cooperation while, in parallel, the 2015 Luxembourg Presidency put forward plans for an EU cross-border mechanism, with an informal working group set up to develop the idea. Both processes have fed into discussions in recent years to create a mechanism for cross-border areas, leading to the current proposal, introduced as part of the multiannual financial framework's cohesion policy package. Second edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

European Regional Development Fund and Cohesion Fund 2021-2027

16-01-2019

In the context of the upcoming Multiannual Financial Framework for 2021-2027, the European Commission published a proposal for a regulation on the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and the Cohesion Fund (CF) on 29 May 2018. The new single regulation on the ERDF and CF (previously covered by two separate regulations) identifies the specific objectives and scope of support for both funds, including non-eligible activities. The majority of ERDF funding (65 % to 85 %) will focus on smart growth ...

In the context of the upcoming Multiannual Financial Framework for 2021-2027, the European Commission published a proposal for a regulation on the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and the Cohesion Fund (CF) on 29 May 2018. The new single regulation on the ERDF and CF (previously covered by two separate regulations) identifies the specific objectives and scope of support for both funds, including non-eligible activities. The majority of ERDF funding (65 % to 85 %) will focus on smart growth and the green economy, while the fund will also support other activities such as connectivity, social issues and local development. The CF will continue to focus predominantly on environmental and transport infrastructure. Special provisions have been proposed for territories such as urban areas and outermost regions. The indicator framework for monitoring progress will include new common results indicators. At the European Parliament, the file has been allocated to the Committee on Regional Development, where the rapporteur's draft report was presented in October 2018. It is planned to be voted in committee in February 2019. Second edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

European territorial cooperation (Interreg) 2021-2027

11-01-2019

On 29 May 2018, the European Commission adopted several proposals aimed at defining the architecture of EU cohesion policy for the post-2020 programming period. The package includes a proposal for the new generation of European territorial cooperation (ETC) programmes, commonly referred to as 'Interreg'. The proposed regulation would bring significant changes to the current architecture of ETC, with the reshaping of the three traditional cooperation strands (i.e. crossborder, transnational and interregional ...

On 29 May 2018, the European Commission adopted several proposals aimed at defining the architecture of EU cohesion policy for the post-2020 programming period. The package includes a proposal for the new generation of European territorial cooperation (ETC) programmes, commonly referred to as 'Interreg'. The proposed regulation would bring significant changes to the current architecture of ETC, with the reshaping of the three traditional cooperation strands (i.e. crossborder, transnational and interregional cooperation) and the creation of two new components, one dedicated to outermost regions, the other to interregional cooperation on innovation. Another major novelty is the incorporation of cooperation with countries other than EU Member States. The proposal is being examined simultaneously by the Council and the European Parliament. In Parliament, the Committee on Regional Development (REGI), responsible for the file, adopted its report on 3 December 2018. It is scheduled for a vote during the January I plenary session, with a view to fixing Parliament’s position for negotiations with the Council. Second edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Research for REGI Committee - Externalities of Cohesion Policy

15-10-2018

The study investigates the effects of Cohesion Policy (CP) which occur in a country other than the one in which CP resources were actually spent. The study estimates that macroeconomic spillovers significantly contribute to the impact of CP. Spillovers directed to EU countries represent around 9% of the total annual CP expenditure. Other spillovers to Non-EU countries are around 8% of the CP expenditure. Macro and micro spillovers together arrive at the 21% of the annual CP expenditure 67% of which ...

The study investigates the effects of Cohesion Policy (CP) which occur in a country other than the one in which CP resources were actually spent. The study estimates that macroeconomic spillovers significantly contribute to the impact of CP. Spillovers directed to EU countries represent around 9% of the total annual CP expenditure. Other spillovers to Non-EU countries are around 8% of the CP expenditure. Macro and micro spillovers together arrive at the 21% of the annual CP expenditure 67% of which is distributed among EU countries. Around 20% of the CP expenditure can trigger sectoral spillover effects in the environment, transport and higher education sectors. The analysis demonstrates that externalities reinforce EU growth and competitiveness without CP deserting its convergence objective.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

Andrea Naldini, Alessandro Daraio, Gessica Vella and Enrico Wolleb, Roman Römisch

European Regional Development Fund, Cohesion Fund, a cross-border mechanism and Interreg

14-09-2018

The European Commission recently issued the legislative proposals for the spending programmes of the MFF 2021-2027, including the legislative package on cohesion policy. Three of these proposals (on the ERDF and the Cohesion fund, on a new mechanism for cross-border cooperation and on Interreg) are covered by one IA. It provides a good description of policy challenges and ‘lessons learned’ from previous programmes. Potential effects of proposed measures are, however, discussed rather generally, neglecting ...

The European Commission recently issued the legislative proposals for the spending programmes of the MFF 2021-2027, including the legislative package on cohesion policy. Three of these proposals (on the ERDF and the Cohesion fund, on a new mechanism for cross-border cooperation and on Interreg) are covered by one IA. It provides a good description of policy challenges and ‘lessons learned’ from previous programmes. Potential effects of proposed measures are, however, discussed rather generally, neglecting in particular social, environmental and other specific or indirect impacts. Additional explanations regarding the assumptions (and uncertainties) underlying the analysis would have increased the completeness, precision and accountability of the IA.

European territorial cooperation

23-03-2018

Established in 1990, the first European territorial cooperation initiative, Interreg I, focused on cross-border cooperation. Action in this area has expanded over the years to cover broader initiatives such as trans-national cooperation, involving countries from wider geographical areas, and inter-regional cooperation, which brings together regions from across the whole EU. These three strands together make up European territorial cooperation, which is one of the two main goals of cohesion policy ...

Established in 1990, the first European territorial cooperation initiative, Interreg I, focused on cross-border cooperation. Action in this area has expanded over the years to cover broader initiatives such as trans-national cooperation, involving countries from wider geographical areas, and inter-regional cooperation, which brings together regions from across the whole EU. These three strands together make up European territorial cooperation, which is one of the two main goals of cohesion policy today. With the removal of Europe's frontier posts, travelling across borders has become second nature for millions of European citizens. European territorial cooperation has brought Europeans closer together, strengthened connectivity and improved the natural environment, supported by EU mechanisms such as the European groupings of territorial cooperation, and macro-regional strategies. Yet despite these achievements, numerous obstacles to closer cooperation still remain, such as divergent national rules in the areas of employment, healthcare and social security. Recent years have witnessed increased calls to address these hurdles, with the 2015 Luxembourg EU Presidency putting forward a proposal for a new instrument for cross-border projects, and the European Commission organising a cross-border review to identify remaining bottlenecks in the area, leading to a 2017 communication on boosting growth and cohesion in EU border regions. The European Parliament has also adopted a resolution on European territorial cooperation as part of this process. With discussions under way on the future of cohesion policy, there is general agreement on the importance of strengthening Interreg beyond 2020. Yet despite the many achievements of this policy over the years, continued EU support for European territorial cooperation is arguably critical, with the partial reintroduction of border controls in recent years revealing just how fragile territorial cooperation can be. This is an updated edition of a briefing from September 2016: PE 586.666.

EU-Russia cross-border cooperation

21-09-2017

Despite current EU-Russia tensions, cross-border cooperation programmes continue unaffected. As well as promoting people-to-people contacts, such programmes deliver economic and other benefits to participants, especially on the Russian side of the border.

Despite current EU-Russia tensions, cross-border cooperation programmes continue unaffected. As well as promoting people-to-people contacts, such programmes deliver economic and other benefits to participants, especially on the Russian side of the border.

Wspieranie rozwoju w regionach najbardziej oddalonych

27-06-2017

Położone daleko od kontynentu europejskiego, z regionalnym produktem krajowym brutto znacznie poniżej średniej UE, regiony najbardziej oddalone – Azory, Wyspy Kanaryjskie, Gujana Francuska, Gwadelupa, Madera, Martynika, Majotta, Reunion i Saint-Martin – stoją w obliczu wielu wyzwań związanych z rozwojem z powodu takich czynników jak klimat czy zależność gospodarcza od niewielkiej liczby produktów. Sprawozdanie w sprawie wspierania spójności i rozwoju w regionach najbardziej oddalonych ma być przedmiotem ...

Położone daleko od kontynentu europejskiego, z regionalnym produktem krajowym brutto znacznie poniżej średniej UE, regiony najbardziej oddalone – Azory, Wyspy Kanaryjskie, Gujana Francuska, Gwadelupa, Madera, Martynika, Majotta, Reunion i Saint-Martin – stoją w obliczu wielu wyzwań związanych z rozwojem z powodu takich czynników jak klimat czy zależność gospodarcza od niewielkiej liczby produktów. Sprawozdanie w sprawie wspierania spójności i rozwoju w regionach najbardziej oddalonych ma być przedmiotem debaty w Parlamencie podczas sesji lipcowej.

Turystyka

01-06-2017

Od grudnia 2009 r. turystyka posiada własną podstawę prawną. Nadal jednak nie ma ona odrębnego budżetu ani w ramach bieżących wieloletnich ram finansowych (WRF) na lata 2014-2020, ani w ramach ostatniego wniosku dotyczącego WRF na lata 2021-2027.

Od grudnia 2009 r. turystyka posiada własną podstawę prawną. Nadal jednak nie ma ona odrębnego budżetu ani w ramach bieżących wieloletnich ram finansowych (WRF) na lata 2014-2020, ani w ramach ostatniego wniosku dotyczącego WRF na lata 2021-2027.

Instrumenty finansowe i dotacje dla regionów UE

10-05-2017

Obok tradycyjnych dotacji w finansowaniu regionów UE w coraz większym stopniu wykorzystywane są instrumenty finansowe. Takie instrumenty można uznać za zasobooszczędny sposób wykorzystywania funduszy publicznych w dobie ograniczeń budżetowych. Zasadnicze znaczenie ma jednak osiągnięcie właściwej synergii i zbadanie, jaka kombinacja najlepiej spełnia cele polityki spójności. Właściwa kombinacja sposobów finansowania jest istotną kwestią do dyskusji w kontekście przyszłej polityki spójności UE po 2020 ...

Obok tradycyjnych dotacji w finansowaniu regionów UE w coraz większym stopniu wykorzystywane są instrumenty finansowe. Takie instrumenty można uznać za zasobooszczędny sposób wykorzystywania funduszy publicznych w dobie ograniczeń budżetowych. Zasadnicze znaczenie ma jednak osiągnięcie właściwej synergii i zbadanie, jaka kombinacja najlepiej spełnia cele polityki spójności. Właściwa kombinacja sposobów finansowania jest istotną kwestią do dyskusji w kontekście przyszłej polityki spójności UE po 2020 r.

Planowane wydarzenia

20-11-2019
Europe's Future: Where next for EU institutional Reform?
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