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China’s climate policies with an emphasis on carbon trading markets

10-10-2018

China has emerged as an important actor on the global stage with regards to the United Nations (UN) climate negotiations. China played a vital role in the successful entry-into-force of the Paris Agreement (PA) and has continued to show commitment to its implementation. The country has adopted a range of climate policies in order to fulfil its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) commitments by accelerating efforts to both improve levels of energy efficiency and to encourage a shift away from ...

China has emerged as an important actor on the global stage with regards to the United Nations (UN) climate negotiations. China played a vital role in the successful entry-into-force of the Paris Agreement (PA) and has continued to show commitment to its implementation. The country has adopted a range of climate policies in order to fulfil its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) commitments by accelerating efforts to both improve levels of energy efficiency and to encourage a shift away from coal energy to low-carbon alternatives. In the UN climate negotiations China continues to advocate that developed countries need to enhance their mitigation efforts and provision of financial support for developing countries. While the carbon and energy intensity targets for 2020, outlined in the 13th Five Year Plan (FYP), appear to be within reach, the recent increase in coal consumption in China has led to concerns regarding the achievement of the 2030 targets. Transforming such a vast economy and its energy system is in any case a long-term task that requires continuous political commitment and a wide range of well functioning policies across different levels and sectors. If the national Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) is implemented successfully (learning from the experiences of the regional ETS pilots), a strong CO2 price signal (along with market reforms to the power sector) should ensure that CO2 emissions in China peak by 2030.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

Lina Li and Sean Healy

Air Quality and urban traffic in the EU: best practices and possible solutions

05-10-2018

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the PETI Committee, aims at gaining deeper insights into air quality problems of cities and regions, which are often caused by traffic. Five cities and regions are analysed in more detail. General best practice examples and policy options are provided for transport, but also for domestic heating, construction work and integrated approaches.

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the PETI Committee, aims at gaining deeper insights into air quality problems of cities and regions, which are often caused by traffic. Five cities and regions are analysed in more detail. General best practice examples and policy options are provided for transport, but also for domestic heating, construction work and integrated approaches.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

Mr. Christian NAGL, Ms. Iris BUXBAUM, Mr. Siegmund BÖHMER, Mr. Nikolaus IBESICH, Mr. Hugo RIVERA MENDOZA, Umweltbundesamt (Austria)

The Global Action Climate Summit (GCAS), San Francisco, 12-14 September 2018

16-08-2018

The briefing is for the ENVI Committee delegation to the 2018 Global Climate Action Summit, which will take place in San Francisco from the 12th until the 14th of September. The Summit will enable a range of different stakeholders (i.e. state and local governments, business and citizens) to publicize the climate actions currently being implemented ‘on the ground’ to help inspire further efforts to support and build upon the commitments pledged in the Paris Agreement.

The briefing is for the ENVI Committee delegation to the 2018 Global Climate Action Summit, which will take place in San Francisco from the 12th until the 14th of September. The Summit will enable a range of different stakeholders (i.e. state and local governments, business and citizens) to publicize the climate actions currently being implemented ‘on the ground’ to help inspire further efforts to support and build upon the commitments pledged in the Paris Agreement.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

Sean Healy

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - April 2018

16-04-2018

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

National strategies for renewables: energy efficiency, building renovation and self-consumption

16-04-2018

This report summarises the presentations and discussions of the workshop on “National Strategies for Renewables: Energy Efficiency, Building Renovation and Self-Consumption”, which was held on 22nd February 2018. National strategies for the development of renewable energy were discussed in relation to energy efficiency targets and other policies, including building renovation and self-generation of electricity. The current situation and its likely evolution were presented and evaluated, with possible ...

This report summarises the presentations and discussions of the workshop on “National Strategies for Renewables: Energy Efficiency, Building Renovation and Self-Consumption”, which was held on 22nd February 2018. National strategies for the development of renewable energy were discussed in relation to energy efficiency targets and other policies, including building renovation and self-generation of electricity. The current situation and its likely evolution were presented and evaluated, with possible policy initiatives identified to effectively address the challenges. The workshop concluded that ambitious targets for renewable energy and energy efficiency are feasible and pointed to important synergies between both policies, in particular in the building and transport sectors.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

Luc VAN NUFFEL, Trinomics Mihael MIHOV, Trinomics

IMO’s challenges on the route to decarbonising international shipping Key Issues at Stake at the 72nd Session of the IMO Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC 72)

15-03-2018

Despite efficiency improvements, CO2 emissions from international shipping are projected to be two to five times higher in 2050 than in 1990. At the Paris climate conference, countries agreed to limit climate change to well below 2°C. Without considerable contributions of the shipping sector to global mitigation efforts this goal will be much harder to achieve. The main issue at stake at MEPC 72 is the comprehensive IMO Strategy on the reduction of GHG emissions from ships. MEPC 72 will be preceded ...

Despite efficiency improvements, CO2 emissions from international shipping are projected to be two to five times higher in 2050 than in 1990. At the Paris climate conference, countries agreed to limit climate change to well below 2°C. Without considerable contributions of the shipping sector to global mitigation efforts this goal will be much harder to achieve. The main issue at stake at MEPC 72 is the comprehensive IMO Strategy on the reduction of GHG emissions from ships. MEPC 72 will be preceded by a weeklong meeting of the GHG Working Group that will discuss issues relating to this Strategy with the view to adopt the Initial Strategy at MEPC 72.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

Jakob Graichen, Martin Cames, Vanessa Cook

Zanieczyszczenie powietrza i zanieczyszczenie hałasem

01-02-2018

Zanieczyszczenie powietrza i nadmierny hałas szkodzą zdrowiu ludzi i środowisku. Zanieczyszczenia powietrza pochodzą przede wszystkim z przemysłu, transportu, produkcji energii i rolnictwa. Unijna strategia dotycząca jakości powietrza ma zapewnić osiągnięcie do 2020 r. pełnej zgodności z obowiązującym prawodawstwem dotyczącym jakości powietrza, a także wyznacza długoterminowe cele, które mają zostać zrealizowane do 2030 r. Dyrektywa w sprawie poziomu hałasu w środowisku ułatwia określanie poziomów ...

Zanieczyszczenie powietrza i nadmierny hałas szkodzą zdrowiu ludzi i środowisku. Zanieczyszczenia powietrza pochodzą przede wszystkim z przemysłu, transportu, produkcji energii i rolnictwa. Unijna strategia dotycząca jakości powietrza ma zapewnić osiągnięcie do 2020 r. pełnej zgodności z obowiązującym prawodawstwem dotyczącym jakości powietrza, a także wyznacza długoterminowe cele, które mają zostać zrealizowane do 2030 r. Dyrektywa w sprawie poziomu hałasu w środowisku ułatwia określanie poziomów hałasu w UE i podejmowanie niezbędnych środków w celu obniżenia go do dopuszczalnych poziomów. W odrębnych przepisach reguluje się zanieczyszczenie powietrza i zanieczyszczenie hałasem z określonych źródeł.

Cleaner air for Europe: EU efforts to fight air pollution

23-06-2017

Air pollution knows no borders. Wind can carry pollutants over thousands of kilometres. Poor air quality impacts negatively on human health, ecosystems, crop yields and buildings. It is one of the main environmental causes of premature death, having claimed 5.5 million lives globally and over 430 000 in the EU in 2013. The European Commission estimates the cost of air pollution linked to the degradation of health in European society to amount to €330 billion to €940 billion per year. Developed since ...

Air pollution knows no borders. Wind can carry pollutants over thousands of kilometres. Poor air quality impacts negatively on human health, ecosystems, crop yields and buildings. It is one of the main environmental causes of premature death, having claimed 5.5 million lives globally and over 430 000 in the EU in 2013. The European Commission estimates the cost of air pollution linked to the degradation of health in European society to amount to €330 billion to €940 billion per year. Developed since 1970 in the wake of acid rain fall that had been destroying European forests and polluting freshwaters, EU air quality policy, in combination with technological change, has contributed to reducing air pollution substantially.

Reducing air pollution - National emission ceilings for air pollutants

20-01-2017

Despite significant progress in recent decades, air pollution levels in the European Union still have adverse impacts on the environment and on health. The European Commission estimates that health-related costs of air pollution in the EU range from 390 to 940 billion euros per year. The proposed directive, which would replace the current National Emission Ceilings Directive, sets binding national reduction objectives for six air pollutants (SO2, NOx, NMVOCs, NH3, PM2.5 and CH4) to be met by 2020 ...

Despite significant progress in recent decades, air pollution levels in the European Union still have adverse impacts on the environment and on health. The European Commission estimates that health-related costs of air pollution in the EU range from 390 to 940 billion euros per year. The proposed directive, which would replace the current National Emission Ceilings Directive, sets binding national reduction objectives for six air pollutants (SO2, NOx, NMVOCs, NH3, PM2.5 and CH4) to be met by 2020 and 2030. It will also implement the Gothenburg Protocol as amended in 2012. The European Commission estimates that implementation costs would range from 2.2 to 3.3 billion euros per year. After completion of the legislative procedure at first reading in the European Parliament and the Council, the presidents of the co-legislators signed the final act on 14 December 2016. Member States are required to transpose the new directive into national law by 1 July 2018. This briefing updates an earlier edition, of 6 October 2016: PE 589.821.

Krajowe pułapy emisji substancji zanieczyszczających powietrze

15-11-2016

Pomimo że w ciągu ostatnich kilkudziesięciu lat zanieczyszczenie powietrza w Europie zmniejszyło się, jest ono nadal problemem. Aby ten problem rozwiązać, Komisja Europejska zaproponowała w 2013 r. aktualizację i rozszerzenie dyrektywy w sprawie krajowych poziomów emisji. Negocjacje w pierwszym czytaniu zaowocowały porozumieniem z Radą Unii Europejskiej, które ma zostać teraz poddane pod głosowanie w Parlamencie Europejskim, zaplanowane na pierwszą listopadową sesję plenarną.

Pomimo że w ciągu ostatnich kilkudziesięciu lat zanieczyszczenie powietrza w Europie zmniejszyło się, jest ono nadal problemem. Aby ten problem rozwiązać, Komisja Europejska zaproponowała w 2013 r. aktualizację i rozszerzenie dyrektywy w sprawie krajowych poziomów emisji. Negocjacje w pierwszym czytaniu zaowocowały porozumieniem z Radą Unii Europejskiej, które ma zostać teraz poddane pod głosowanie w Parlamencie Europejskim, zaplanowane na pierwszą listopadową sesję plenarną.

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