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Plight of the Rohingya minority in Myanmar/Burma

15-09-2017

The brutal military crackdown since October 2016 in Myanmar/Burma's Rakhine State has highlighted the tragic situation of Muslim Rohingya, often described as one of the most persecuted minorities in the world. Deprived of citizenship and basic freedoms at home, those who risk their lives to escape can at best hope for a precarious existence abroad. This text updates an earlier 'at a glance note', published in February 2017 - PE 599.257.

The brutal military crackdown since October 2016 in Myanmar/Burma's Rakhine State has highlighted the tragic situation of Muslim Rohingya, often described as one of the most persecuted minorities in the world. Deprived of citizenship and basic freedoms at home, those who risk their lives to escape can at best hope for a precarious existence abroad. This text updates an earlier 'at a glance note', published in February 2017 - PE 599.257.

Plight of the Rohingya minority in Myanmar/Burma

06-02-2017

The brutal military crackdown since October 2016 in Myanmar/Burma's Rakhine State has highlighted the tragic situation of Muslim Rohingya, often described as one of the most persecuted minorities in the world. Deprived of citizenship and basic freedoms at home, those who risk their lives to escape can at best hope for a precarious existence abroad.

The brutal military crackdown since October 2016 in Myanmar/Burma's Rakhine State has highlighted the tragic situation of Muslim Rohingya, often described as one of the most persecuted minorities in the world. Deprived of citizenship and basic freedoms at home, those who risk their lives to escape can at best hope for a precarious existence abroad.

Thailand in 2016: Restoring Democracy or Reversing it?

18-04-2016

After staging a military coup against the Yingluck Shinawatra government, a junta has been ruling Thailand since 22 May 2014. It has drastically restricted political activities and freedom of speech. There have been numerous human rights abuses, including torture. Under a ‘roadmap to democracy’, a referendum on a new constitution is planned for August 2017 and could be followed by elections at a later stage. However, the military might retain power until the king’s successor accedes to the throne ...

After staging a military coup against the Yingluck Shinawatra government, a junta has been ruling Thailand since 22 May 2014. It has drastically restricted political activities and freedom of speech. There have been numerous human rights abuses, including torture. Under a ‘roadmap to democracy’, a referendum on a new constitution is planned for August 2017 and could be followed by elections at a later stage. However, the military might retain power until the king’s successor accedes to the throne, in order to guarantee stability. Despite close trade ties, the EU has suspended the signing of a partnership and cooperation agreement and negotiations on a free trade agreement until democracy is restored. In April 2015, Thailand received a ‘yellow card’ warning by the European Commission for problems relating to illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing.

Reforms in Myanmar/Burma: two years on

17-10-2013

Since President Thein Sein took office in March 2011 his quasi-civilian government has pursued an ambitious reform agenda. Critics argue, however that despite the top-down reforms towards democracy, the military retains the power to block further liberalisation under the 2008 Constitution, and would have a vested interest in doing so, should its extensive involvement in key economic activities, such as jade, timber, oil and gas exploitation, and dam construction, be at risk.

Since President Thein Sein took office in March 2011 his quasi-civilian government has pursued an ambitious reform agenda. Critics argue, however that despite the top-down reforms towards democracy, the military retains the power to block further liberalisation under the 2008 Constitution, and would have a vested interest in doing so, should its extensive involvement in key economic activities, such as jade, timber, oil and gas exploitation, and dam construction, be at risk.

Civil-Military Relations in Guinea-Bissau : An Unresolved Issue

31-08-2012

Following the death of Guinea-Bissau's President Malam Bacai Sanha in January 2012, Prime Minister Carlos Gomez Júnior was widely expected to win the country's presidential elections. Gomez Júnior won the first round of the elections by a significant margin, but the voting process was interrupted by a military coup on 12 April 2012. After the coup was condemned by many regional and international actors, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) deployed intense diplomatic efforts and ...

Following the death of Guinea-Bissau's President Malam Bacai Sanha in January 2012, Prime Minister Carlos Gomez Júnior was widely expected to win the country's presidential elections. Gomez Júnior won the first round of the elections by a significant margin, but the voting process was interrupted by a military coup on 12 April 2012. After the coup was condemned by many regional and international actors, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) deployed intense diplomatic efforts and brokered an agreement with the country's new 'Military Command'. On 23 May 2012, power was transferred to a transitional civilian government that has been given one year to organise new parliamentary and presidential polls. The negotiations leading to this deal were far from inclusive, however, and the arrangement has been strongly criticised, including by the former leading political party, civil society representatives, the UN and the EU. The transitional government has not been recognised internationally, and the EU has issued calls to restore constitutional order and resume the interrupted presidential elections. Yet as time advances, the status quo seems unlikely to be reversed, at least in the near future. The April coup underscores the power of the military in Guinea-Bissau, whose social and economic development has been constantly undermined by political instability since its independence in 1974.

Food aid to North Korea

05-05-2011

The chronic crisis which has affected one of the most isolated and authoritarian countries in the world for at least two decades poses a dilemma to the international community. The renewed famine facing the Korean population is largely "state-caused", even if recent climatic problems have worsened the situation.

The chronic crisis which has affected one of the most isolated and authoritarian countries in the world for at least two decades poses a dilemma to the international community. The renewed famine facing the Korean population is largely "state-caused", even if recent climatic problems have worsened the situation.

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