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Good Governance in EU External Relations: What Role for Development Policy in a Changing International Context?

04-07-2016

EU support for governance reforms has gained prominence in the EU’s external relations and particularly in the EU’s development policy. However, the EU’s engagement in this field has come under considerable pressure in recent years. It is by no means automatic that the EU will continue and further increase its engagement in supporting governance reforms. In this context, the objective of this study is to summarise evidence from academic research on why the EU and other donors should support governance ...

EU support for governance reforms has gained prominence in the EU’s external relations and particularly in the EU’s development policy. However, the EU’s engagement in this field has come under considerable pressure in recent years. It is by no means automatic that the EU will continue and further increase its engagement in supporting governance reforms. In this context, the objective of this study is to summarise evidence from academic research on why the EU and other donors should support governance reforms and under which conditions EU support positively contributes to governance reforms. Moreover, the study analyses how the EU has aimed at contributing to governance reforms during the past decade, focusing in particular on the Development Cooperation Instrument and the European Development Fund. The study puts emphasis on EU development policy, but places the analysis of governance support through development policy in the broader context of EU external relations. The study makes recommendations related to EU good governance support, to good governance support through the DCI and EDF, to ongoing strategy processes in EU external relations, and also in regard to the future of the EU’s relations with the African, Caribbean and Pacific countries.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

Christine HACKENESCH

United States humanitarian aid policy

17-05-2016

The USA is the biggest state provider of humanitarian assistance in the world. It has a complex governmental structure for the provision of this aid that delivers a vast array of measures, ranging from grants for international and non-governmental relief organisations, to direct food aid, healthcare, help for refugees, and assistance with building disaster resilience. At international level, the US supports reform of the humanitarian system in order to improve the response to crises.

The USA is the biggest state provider of humanitarian assistance in the world. It has a complex governmental structure for the provision of this aid that delivers a vast array of measures, ranging from grants for international and non-governmental relief organisations, to direct food aid, healthcare, help for refugees, and assistance with building disaster resilience. At international level, the US supports reform of the humanitarian system in order to improve the response to crises.

China's humanitarian aid policy and practice

17-05-2016

Since the mid-2000s, the People's Republic of China (PRC) has made major headway in integrating into the global humanitarian-assistance architecture and has gradually raised its profile as an emerging non-traditional humanitarian aid provider. China's humanitarian aid policy has shifted away from an approach predominantly determined by ideology and geopolitical considerations, towards one which is set to be more pragmatic and commensurate with the country's growing global economic and political clout ...

Since the mid-2000s, the People's Republic of China (PRC) has made major headway in integrating into the global humanitarian-assistance architecture and has gradually raised its profile as an emerging non-traditional humanitarian aid provider. China's humanitarian aid policy has shifted away from an approach predominantly determined by ideology and geopolitical considerations, towards one which is set to be more pragmatic and commensurate with the country's growing global economic and political clout. China's humanitarian aid was originally provided only through government agencies, but increasingly has also been delivered through United Nations agencies and non-governmental organisations (NGOs), thus improving the transparency of aid flows.

Russia's humanitarian aid policy

17-05-2016

Since the mid-2000s, Russia has emerged – or rather, re-emerged – as a donor of humanitarian aid. However, its contributions remain modest compared to those of more established donors, and some Russian aid appears to serve geopolitical rather than humanitarian objectives.

Since the mid-2000s, Russia has emerged – or rather, re-emerged – as a donor of humanitarian aid. However, its contributions remain modest compared to those of more established donors, and some Russian aid appears to serve geopolitical rather than humanitarian objectives.

Humanitarian policy of the Gulf States

17-05-2016

At a times of rising global terrorist threats and humanitarian crises affecting the region, the prosperous oil-producing monarchies of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) – Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) – have come under sustained criticism for their policy towards asylum-seekers, their support to Syrian rebels, including jihadists, and their alleged laxity towards private financing of terrorism. Although the huge increase in their humanitarian spending ...

At a times of rising global terrorist threats and humanitarian crises affecting the region, the prosperous oil-producing monarchies of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) – Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) – have come under sustained criticism for their policy towards asylum-seekers, their support to Syrian rebels, including jihadists, and their alleged laxity towards private financing of terrorism. Although the huge increase in their humanitarian spending has been interpreted by a number of commentators as a means to counter those criticisms, it seems also to be part of a longer-term foreign policy strategy.

US humanitarian response to the Syrian refugee crisis

01-12-2015

In recent months, the European Union has faced an unprecedented exodus of asylum-seekers and other migrants, arriving from Syria in particular. The current humanitarian emergency is the result of a conflict-embroiled country and ongoing horrific human rights violations, resulting in one of the worst humanitarian crisis of modern times. More than 7.6 million Syrians have been internally displaced since the beginning of the conflict in 2011; approximatively 12.2 million are in need of humanitarian ...

In recent months, the European Union has faced an unprecedented exodus of asylum-seekers and other migrants, arriving from Syria in particular. The current humanitarian emergency is the result of a conflict-embroiled country and ongoing horrific human rights violations, resulting in one of the worst humanitarian crisis of modern times. More than 7.6 million Syrians have been internally displaced since the beginning of the conflict in 2011; approximatively 12.2 million are in need of humanitarian assistance and more than 4 million are refugees in neighbouring countries and Europe. Given its geographic proximity, the EU is severely affected by the Syrian humanitarian crisis; however the EU is not alone in supporting the Syrian population in need of international protection. Syria’s neighbouring countries and the United States remain committed to assisting the Syrian population, inside and outside Syria. In the US, to address the most urgent humanitarian aspects, the Obama administration has proposed to admit an increasing number of Syrian refugees in 2016 and beyond. This announcement has generated political debate. Some argue that the quotas announced still fall short of the global demand for resettlement of people escaping systemic violence in Syria, and call for a higher intake of Syrian refugees; while others claim that the refugee flow from Syria should be treated as a serious national security risk. In fact, any plan to bring in additional Syrians should be accompanied by a concrete and fool-proof plan to ensure that terrorists will not be able to enter the US. Currently the political dilemma in the United States appears to be how to identify ways to help the affected population, while ensuring the security and safety of the US. And in the wake of the 13 November Paris attacks, that debate has become much sharper, with many arguing against admitting any Syrian refugees to the country.

How the EU budget is spent: Humanitarian Aid

23-11-2015

The European Union's expenditure for humanitarian aid provides needs-based, emergency response to natural disasters and man-made crises outside the Union's borders, in order to preserve life, prevent and alleviate human suffering, and maintain the human dignity of those affected. The EU remains a leading global donor of humanitarian aid, as well as an example for a high standard of humanitarian aid delivery. Despite that, it still faces challenges in responding to the growing demand for humanitarian ...

The European Union's expenditure for humanitarian aid provides needs-based, emergency response to natural disasters and man-made crises outside the Union's borders, in order to preserve life, prevent and alleviate human suffering, and maintain the human dignity of those affected. The EU remains a leading global donor of humanitarian aid, as well as an example for a high standard of humanitarian aid delivery. Despite that, it still faces challenges in responding to the growing demand for humanitarian assistance worldwide.

Implementation of the First Pillar of the CAP 2014–2020 in the EU Member States

15-07-2015

TThe 2014-2020 reform introduced many relevant changes in the tool box of the CAP. Within Pillar I, one of the most relevant issues has been that of direct payments, which became more targeted at specific goals than they have been in the past. Another key issue is the role of Member States in tailoring the new CAP according to the needs of their primary sector. Consequently, what we face today in the EU28 is a multifaceted form of agricultural support under a common EU framework.

TThe 2014-2020 reform introduced many relevant changes in the tool box of the CAP. Within Pillar I, one of the most relevant issues has been that of direct payments, which became more targeted at specific goals than they have been in the past. Another key issue is the role of Member States in tailoring the new CAP according to the needs of their primary sector. Consequently, what we face today in the EU28 is a multifaceted form of agricultural support under a common EU framework.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

Roberto Henke (project leader), Maria Rosaria Pupo D’Andrea (scientific editor), Theodoros Benos (consultant), Tatiana Castellotti, Fabio Pierangeli and Simona Romeo Lironcurti (Consiglio per la ricerca in agricoltura e l’analisi dell’economia agraria - CRA-INEA, Council for Agricultural Reseach and Economics, Roma, Italy) ; Fabrizio De Filippis, Mara Giua and Laura Rosatelli (Università di Roma Tre, Roma, Italy) ; Thomas Resl and Karin Heinschink (Bundesanstalt für Agrarwirtschaft - AWI, Federal Institute of Agricultural Economics, Vienna, Austria)

The European Year for Development: Europe in the World

29-01-2015

The world has changed in recent years, in ways that have undermined the traditional development model. The new 'Sustainable Development Goals' (SDGs) – to be agreed in September 2015 by the UN – will need to reflect these new realities and emerging challenges. A majority of the world's poorest people live in developing countries, where aid represents only a small percentage of all development financing. Aid remains important: its exclusive goal is promoting development, and it composes a large share ...

The world has changed in recent years, in ways that have undermined the traditional development model. The new 'Sustainable Development Goals' (SDGs) – to be agreed in September 2015 by the UN – will need to reflect these new realities and emerging challenges. A majority of the world's poorest people live in developing countries, where aid represents only a small percentage of all development financing. Aid remains important: its exclusive goal is promoting development, and it composes a large share of low income countries' development financing. The EU's new development policy aims to focus aid on the poorest countries. The European Parliament (EP) has welcomed this, while warning about the criteria used to judged countries' need. Together, the EU and its Member States remain the world's largest donor, although they contribute far less than the 0.7 % of gross national income (GNI) to which Member States committed. The EP has called on the EU to meet its commitments and adopt concrete measures to make internal policies coherent with development objectives.

The Cost of Non-Europe in Development Policy: Increasing Coordination between EU Donors

15-07-2013

The European Parliament's Committee on Development requested a Cost of Non-Europe (CoNE) Report in the field of development cooperation, to prepare a legislative initiative report on increasing coordination between the EU and the Member States on development aid programmes. This Report builds on expertise provided by the Südwind Institut, the Royal Elcano Institute and Professor Arne Bigsten. It explains that lack of effective coordination of development aid among EU donors -specifically between ...

The European Parliament's Committee on Development requested a Cost of Non-Europe (CoNE) Report in the field of development cooperation, to prepare a legislative initiative report on increasing coordination between the EU and the Member States on development aid programmes. This Report builds on expertise provided by the Südwind Institut, the Royal Elcano Institute and Professor Arne Bigsten. It explains that lack of effective coordination of development aid among EU donors -specifically between the Member States and the European Commission- has significant economic and political costs. Economically, some EUR 800 million could be saved annually on transaction costs if donors concentrated their aid efforts on fewer countries and activities. An extra EUR 8.4 billion of annual savings could potentially be achieved from better cross-country allocation patterns. Politically, better coordination would result in increased impact and greater visibility for the EU development policy on the world stage Annex I – The Cost of Non-Europe in Development Policy. Research paper by the Südwind Institut Annex II - Case study: Morocco. Research paper by Elcano Royal Institute Annex III- Quantifying the economic benefits of increased EU donor coordination. Research paper by Prof. Arne Bigsten (University of Gothenburg)

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