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International Agreements in Progress: Modernisation of the trade pillar of the EU-Chile Association Agreement

15-11-2018

In November 2017, the EU and Chile launched negotiations on a modernised trade pillar of the 2002 EU-Chile Association Agreement, based on a Council negotiating mandate which is the first-ever to have been published prior to the start of negotiations with a view to enhancing transparency and inclusiveness. After having operated smoothly for 15 years and led to a significant expansion of bilateral trade in goods and services and investment, the trade pillar needs to be broadened and deepened in order ...

In November 2017, the EU and Chile launched negotiations on a modernised trade pillar of the 2002 EU-Chile Association Agreement, based on a Council negotiating mandate which is the first-ever to have been published prior to the start of negotiations with a view to enhancing transparency and inclusiveness. After having operated smoothly for 15 years and led to a significant expansion of bilateral trade in goods and services and investment, the trade pillar needs to be broadened and deepened in order to unlock untapped potential, break new ground and keep pace with new trade and investment patterns in a global competitive environment that has fundamentally changed with the growing global footprint of countries like China. Against the backdrop of rising protectionist trends, the EU and Chile – two like-minded partners – seek to reassert their commitment to keeping their economies open to trade and investment. Both intend to shape, pioneer and promote state-of-the-art trade(-related) and investment rules of the 21st century, including on trade and sustainable development (TSD), trade and gender equality, and the fight against corruption. Given the large convergence of the EU's and Chile's interests and level of ambition, the negotiations are expected to make rapid progress.

The Trade Pillar in the EU-Central America Association Agreement: European Implementation Assessment

24-10-2018

The EU-Central America Association Agreement was signed in June 2012 and its trade pillar has been provisionally in force since December 2013. This evaluation assesses specifically the implementation of the trade and sustainable development (TSD) chapter of the trade pillar of this agreement during the five years of its operation. After briefly outlining the trade interests of this agreement, this study situates sustainable development by explaining its legal foundations in the Association Agreement ...

The EU-Central America Association Agreement was signed in June 2012 and its trade pillar has been provisionally in force since December 2013. This evaluation assesses specifically the implementation of the trade and sustainable development (TSD) chapter of the trade pillar of this agreement during the five years of its operation. After briefly outlining the trade interests of this agreement, this study situates sustainable development by explaining its legal foundations in the Association Agreement and reviewing the ex-ante impact assessment conclusions on the issue. It then focuses on the monitoring mechanisms of the Association Agreement, including the European Commission annual reports, Parliament's oversight work, the civil society dialogue, and the results of the meetings of the specialised committee and annual Association Committee and Association Council meetings. Through this review it identifies strengths and shortcomings in the implementation of the TSD chapter and ends by suggesting a number of ways to enhance efforts to support sustainable development in Central America.

Finding the right balance across EU FTAs: benefits and risks for EU economic sectors

17-10-2018

Globally, anti-trade sentiment is on the rise, meaning it is incumbent upon policymakers to explore and explain the benefits of free and open trade. This study examines the costs and benefits of various free trade agreements (FTAs) that the EU has completed, will complete, or is contemplating. With regard to completed FTAs, the EU has seen benefits in terms of consumer choice but has a much larger and positive impact on its partners (although not as much as ex-ante modelling would suggest). For forthcoming ...

Globally, anti-trade sentiment is on the rise, meaning it is incumbent upon policymakers to explore and explain the benefits of free and open trade. This study examines the costs and benefits of various free trade agreements (FTAs) that the EU has completed, will complete, or is contemplating. With regard to completed FTAs, the EU has seen benefits in terms of consumer choice but has a much larger and positive impact on its partners (although not as much as ex-ante modelling would suggest). For forthcoming or contemplated FTAs, the issue of non-tariff barriers must be considered for FTAs with developed economies to be a success, while comprehensive liberalisation with emerging markets improves trade and other outcomes for both the EU and its partner. Across all FTAs, trade and economic metrics are improved by an agreement while indirect effects (human rights, environment) are less likely to change. We conclude that the EU must continue its focus on comprehensive liberalisation, incorporating NTBs effectively into new agreements, while tempering expectations of influence on human rights.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

Christopher HARTWELL, Veronika MOVCHAN

The Development of an Institutional Framework for the Implementation of the Association Agreements in Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine: a comparative perspective

19-09-2018

In recent years the EU concluded Association Agreements, including the creation of a Comprehensive Free Trade Areas with Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine. These are amongst the most complex and comprehensive legal treaties concluded by the EU with third countries. The treaties place a profound obligation on the partner countries of legal approximation, that is, to undertake extensive, binding commitments to adopt vast swathes of the acquis in order to stimulate political and economic development and ...

In recent years the EU concluded Association Agreements, including the creation of a Comprehensive Free Trade Areas with Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine. These are amongst the most complex and comprehensive legal treaties concluded by the EU with third countries. The treaties place a profound obligation on the partner countries of legal approximation, that is, to undertake extensive, binding commitments to adopt vast swathes of the acquis in order to stimulate political and economic development and institutional modernisation. This study shows that creating the institutional framework for implementation is a challenging and drawn-out process. While all countries have made some progress with devising these mechanisms, they are short of the necessary political leadership, policy planning, administrative capacity and there is a dearth of budgetary planning to enable effective implementation. There is also a notable need to embed implementation into wider reform strategies. While these issues are being addressed on the part of the countries, the EU can assist them by providing the necessary systemic support in an integrated, sequenced and long-term way.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

Kataryna WOLCZUK, Professor of East European Politics, University of Birmingham and Associate Fellow, Russia and Eurasia Programme, Chatham House, United Kingdom

EU trade with Latin America and the Caribbean: Overview and figures

14-09-2018

This publication provides an overview of trade relations between the EU and Latin American and Caribbean countries and groupings. The EU has fully fledged agreements with two Latin American groupings (Cariforum and the Central America group), a multiparty trade agreement with three members of the Andean Community (Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru), and bilateral agreements with Chile and Mexico. Since November 2017, a new agreement governing trade relations with Cuba has also been provisionally applied ...

This publication provides an overview of trade relations between the EU and Latin American and Caribbean countries and groupings. The EU has fully fledged agreements with two Latin American groupings (Cariforum and the Central America group), a multiparty trade agreement with three members of the Andean Community (Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru), and bilateral agreements with Chile and Mexico. Since November 2017, a new agreement governing trade relations with Cuba has also been provisionally applied. In addition, the EU is currently modernising its agreements with Mexico (with which it has reached an 'agreement in principle') and Chile. The EU also has framework agreements with Mercosur and its individual members (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay). The agreement with the former will be replaced, once the ongoing negotiations on an EU-Mercosur association agreement have been completed. This publication provides recent data on trade relations between the EU and Latin American and Caribbean countries and groupings, compares the main agreements governing trade relations that are already in place, and analyses the rationale behind the ongoing negotiations on the EU-Mercosur, EU-Mexico and EU-Chile agreements. This is a revised and updated edition of a publication from October 2017 by Gisela Grieger and Roderick Harte, PE 608.793.

Euronest 2018: Way forward after the Eastern Partnership summit

17-07-2018

The European Parliament regularly hosts the Euronest parliamentary assembly of the Eastern Partnership (EaP). Launched in 2011, the EaP is composed of the EU and its Member States, together with six of their eastern European neighbours: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine. During their Riga summit in 2015, the partners in the EaP decided to focus on four areas: economic development and market opportunities; institutional capacity and good governance; connectivity, energy efficiency ...

The European Parliament regularly hosts the Euronest parliamentary assembly of the Eastern Partnership (EaP). Launched in 2011, the EaP is composed of the EU and its Member States, together with six of their eastern European neighbours: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine. During their Riga summit in 2015, the partners in the EaP decided to focus on four areas: economic development and market opportunities; institutional capacity and good governance; connectivity, energy efficiency, environment and climate change; mobility and people-to-people contacts. Before the EaP's 2017 Brussels summit, the European Commission and the European External Action Service published '20 deliverables for 2020', a series of specific objectives that are being piloted by various partners and have to be achieved by the EaP countries by 2020. To facilitate this task, the two institutions also proposed to streamline the structure of the EaP, which the Brussels summit endorsed. In June 2018, the Euronest meeting in Brussels adopted a number of resolutions on the EU’s mediation in frozen conflicts, on foreign direct investment and on undeclared labour. It also called for the release of Ukrainian political prisoners in Russia.

Association agreements between the EU and Moldova, Georgia and Ukraine

28-06-2018

The study presents the successes and shortcomings of the implementation of three association agreements singed by the EU with Moldova, Georgia and Ukraine. The study is composed of four papers: the first presents the opinions of the EU monitoring and supervising bodies on the implementation of the three agreements; the second evaluates in detail the implementation of the agreement in Moldova, the third - in Georgia and the fourth - in Ukraine. The recommendations on how to improve the implementation ...

The study presents the successes and shortcomings of the implementation of three association agreements singed by the EU with Moldova, Georgia and Ukraine. The study is composed of four papers: the first presents the opinions of the EU monitoring and supervising bodies on the implementation of the three agreements; the second evaluates in detail the implementation of the agreement in Moldova, the third - in Georgia and the fourth - in Ukraine. The recommendations on how to improve the implementation processes form part of the evaluation.

Partnerzy południowi

01-02-2018

Europejska polityka sąsiedztwa (EPS) dotyczy Algierii, Egiptu, Izraela, Jordanii, Libanu, Libii, Maroka, Palestyny, Syrii i Tunezji. Obejmuje ona dwustronne strategie polityczne między UE i każdym z 10 państw partnerskich oraz ogólne ramy współpracy regionalnej – Unię dla Śródziemnomorza. W reakcji na rewolty w jej południowym sąsiedztwie Unia Europejska w 2011 r. zwiększyła swoje wsparcie dla demokratycznych przemian udzielane w ramach EPS, a w 2015 r. dokonała kolejnego przeglądu EPS.

Europejska polityka sąsiedztwa (EPS) dotyczy Algierii, Egiptu, Izraela, Jordanii, Libanu, Libii, Maroka, Palestyny, Syrii i Tunezji. Obejmuje ona dwustronne strategie polityczne między UE i każdym z 10 państw partnerskich oraz ogólne ramy współpracy regionalnej – Unię dla Śródziemnomorza. W reakcji na rewolty w jej południowym sąsiedztwie Unia Europejska w 2011 r. zwiększyła swoje wsparcie dla demokratycznych przemian udzielane w ramach EPS, a w 2015 r. dokonała kolejnego przeglądu EPS.

Trzej sąsiedzi UE objęci Partnerstwem Wschodnim: Ukraina, Mołdawia i Białoruś

01-01-2018

Ustanowiona w 2009 r. polityka Partnerstwa Wschodniego UE obejmuje sześć państw, które wchodziły niegdyś w skład Związku Radzieckiego: Armenię, Azerbejdżan, Białoruś, Gruzję, Mołdawię i Ukrainę. Partnerstwo powstało, aby wspierać w tych państwach reformy polityczne, społeczne i gospodarcze zmierzające do większej demokratyzacji i dobrych rządów, bezpieczeństwa energetycznego, ochrony środowiska i rozwoju społeczno-gospodarczego. Wszyscy uczestnicy z wyjątkiem Białorusi są członkami Zgromadzenia Parlamentarnego ...

Ustanowiona w 2009 r. polityka Partnerstwa Wschodniego UE obejmuje sześć państw, które wchodziły niegdyś w skład Związku Radzieckiego: Armenię, Azerbejdżan, Białoruś, Gruzję, Mołdawię i Ukrainę. Partnerstwo powstało, aby wspierać w tych państwach reformy polityczne, społeczne i gospodarcze zmierzające do większej demokratyzacji i dobrych rządów, bezpieczeństwa energetycznego, ochrony środowiska i rozwoju społeczno-gospodarczego. Wszyscy uczestnicy z wyjątkiem Białorusi są członkami Zgromadzenia Parlamentarnego Euronest.

Ameryka Łacińska i Karaiby

01-01-2018

Stosunki UE z Ameryką Łacińską i Karaibami mają charakter wielopłaszczyznowy i utrzymywane są na różnych szczeblach. UE współpracuje z całym regionem podczas szczytów szefów państw i rządów, a porozumienia i dialog polityczny stanowią zobowiązanie dla UE oraz Karaibów, Ameryki Środkowej, Wspólnoty Andyjskiej, Mercosuru i poszczególnych państw.

Stosunki UE z Ameryką Łacińską i Karaibami mają charakter wielopłaszczyznowy i utrzymywane są na różnych szczeblach. UE współpracuje z całym regionem podczas szczytów szefów państw i rządów, a porozumienia i dialog polityczny stanowią zobowiązanie dla UE oraz Karaibów, Ameryki Środkowej, Wspólnoty Andyjskiej, Mercosuru i poszczególnych państw.

Partnerzy

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