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Stronger Bacteria. Weaker Antimicrobial, The fight against antimicrobial resistance in Europe through research, and the Andalusian PIRASOA program. Two examples of examples of success still to be completed

11-01-2018

The research is the key to the fight against Antimicrobial Resistance, but funding against the AMR in Europe is not acceptable because of the magnitude of the heath problem. In this context, in Andalusia (Spain), the PIRASOA Programme has been successfully implemented and developed, integrated into the daily clinical practice. The preliminary outcomes show a reduction of antimicrobial consumption and antimicrobial resistance and an improvement of antimicrobial prescription profile and. However, it ...

The research is the key to the fight against Antimicrobial Resistance, but funding against the AMR in Europe is not acceptable because of the magnitude of the heath problem. In this context, in Andalusia (Spain), the PIRASOA Programme has been successfully implemented and developed, integrated into the daily clinical practice. The preliminary outcomes show a reduction of antimicrobial consumption and antimicrobial resistance and an improvement of antimicrobial prescription profile and. However, it is necessary to maintain professional motivation and more technical and human resources.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

José Miguel Cisneros

Radicalisation and violent extremism – focus on women: How women become radicalised, and how to empower them to prevent radicalisation

21-12-2017

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the Committee on Women’s Rights and Gender Equality, focuses on Islamist radicalisation and violent extremism in the EU and has two aims: 1) to explore and assess the question of women’s radicalisation and their involvement in violent extremism in the EU as well as to look into the mechanisms in place to prevent women and girls from radicalisation and propose further ...

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the Committee on Women’s Rights and Gender Equality, focuses on Islamist radicalisation and violent extremism in the EU and has two aims: 1) to explore and assess the question of women’s radicalisation and their involvement in violent extremism in the EU as well as to look into the mechanisms in place to prevent women and girls from radicalisation and propose further actions; and 2) to identify the potential of women in preventing radicalisation, in particular by looking into women’s current role in counter-radicalisation strategies and to explore potential gendered approaches and best practices to counter-radicalisation.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

Seran DE LEEDE Renate HAUPFLEISCH Katja KOROLKOVA Monika NATTER With contributions by: Claudia CARVALHO (Case study Spain) Hadiya MASIEH (Case study United Kingdom)

Critical functions and public interest in banking services: Need for clarification?

30-11-2017

Under the EU framework for dealing with banking problems, resolution is seen as an exception to be granted only if liquidation under national insolvency proceedings is not warranted. We look at the recent liquidation of two Italian banks to show how resolution and liquidation differ substantially when it comes to the scope of legislation applicable to the use of public funds. We argue that more clarity would be needed as to the role that the concepts of critical functions and public interest play ...

Under the EU framework for dealing with banking problems, resolution is seen as an exception to be granted only if liquidation under national insolvency proceedings is not warranted. We look at the recent liquidation of two Italian banks to show how resolution and liquidation differ substantially when it comes to the scope of legislation applicable to the use of public funds. We argue that more clarity would be needed as to the role that the concepts of critical functions and public interest play in Member States’ decision to grant liquidation aid, and that the two-tier system – in which resolution is done at the EU level but insolvency remains a national prerogative – raises issues in the context of Banking Union.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

Silvia Merler, Bruegel

Workshop on “Stronger Bacteria. Weaker Antimicrobial. 1000000 deaths in EU by 2050. An Urgent Strong Antimicrobial Action Plan”

27-10-2017

This reports summarises four presentations by experts and discussion which took place at the workshop “Stronger Bacteria. Weaker Antimicrobial. 1000000 deaths in EU by 2050. "An Urgent Strong Antimicrobial Action Plan"”. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a complex issue of global concern. With the aim of discussing the main challenges related to this topic and the recently published “A European One Health Action Plan against Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR)”, the workshop was hosted by Ms Soledad CABEZÓN ...

This reports summarises four presentations by experts and discussion which took place at the workshop “Stronger Bacteria. Weaker Antimicrobial. 1000000 deaths in EU by 2050. "An Urgent Strong Antimicrobial Action Plan"”. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a complex issue of global concern. With the aim of discussing the main challenges related to this topic and the recently published “A European One Health Action Plan against Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR)”, the workshop was hosted by Ms Soledad CABEZÓN RUIZ (MEP) and Mr Alojz PETERLE (MEP) Co-chairs of the Health Working Group within the ENVI Committee.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

MEP Soledad Cabezon-Ruiz co-Chair ENVI Health Working Group

NATO and EU defence [What Think Tanks are thinking]

12-05-2017

The US President, Donald Trump, will meet with the other leaders of the NATO member states at a summit in Brussels on 25 May 2017. Among issues on the table are the new US Administration's commitment to Europe's security, and the levels of military spending in Europe, which Washington considers too low. President Trump’s early statements created doubts in Europe about the future of transatlantic relations, but he and his officials have since reassured both NATO and the European Union that such ties ...

The US President, Donald Trump, will meet with the other leaders of the NATO member states at a summit in Brussels on 25 May 2017. Among issues on the table are the new US Administration's commitment to Europe's security, and the levels of military spending in Europe, which Washington considers too low. President Trump’s early statements created doubts in Europe about the future of transatlantic relations, but he and his officials have since reassured both NATO and the European Union that such ties will remain very important. This note offers links to commentaries, studies and reports by major international think tanks, on NATO, its relations with the EU and the wider issue of European security. More papers on the topics can be found in a previous edition of 'What Think Tanks are thinking', published in December 2016, PE 589.766.

Research for TRAN Committee - Passenger night trains in Europe: the end of the line?

05-05-2017

The number of passenger night trains offering sleeping accommodation operated within Europe has declined rapidly since around 2010. This paper presents findings on what drives the financial, economic, social and environmental viability of services and hence decisions on whether to operate them or subsidise them. It presents conclusions and recommendations for the monitoring, management and regulation of the sector.

The number of passenger night trains offering sleeping accommodation operated within Europe has declined rapidly since around 2010. This paper presents findings on what drives the financial, economic, social and environmental viability of services and hence decisions on whether to operate them or subsidise them. It presents conclusions and recommendations for the monitoring, management and regulation of the sector.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

Steer Davies Gleave: Gordon Bird, Jim Collins, Niccolò Da Settimo, Dick Dunmore, Simon Ellis, Mohammad Khan, Michelle Kwok, Tom Leach, Alberto Preti, Davide Ranghetti, Christoph Vollath ; Politecnico di Milano for Steer Davies Gleave: Paolo Beria, Antonio Laurino, Dario Nistri

Competition Policy and an Internal Energy Market - Study concept and preliminary results

14-04-2017

The study will describe the challenges for competition policy in relation to the internal energy market. It explores the specific topics related to the internal energy market and analyses the competition policy issues arising from the topics. The study will mainly focus on competition policy and its instruments such as anti-trust laws, merger regulation, sector regulation and State aid. Other policy fields fall outside the scope. This presentation of the approach and preliminary results was prepared ...

The study will describe the challenges for competition policy in relation to the internal energy market. It explores the specific topics related to the internal energy market and analyses the competition policy issues arising from the topics. The study will mainly focus on competition policy and its instruments such as anti-trust laws, merger regulation, sector regulation and State aid. Other policy fields fall outside the scope. This presentation of the approach and preliminary results was prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs.

ENERGY POLICY

15-03-2017

This leaflet provides abstracts of selection of latest publications prepared by the European Parliament’s Policy Department on Economic and Scientific Policy at the request of the ITRE Committee in relation to the Energy policy.

This leaflet provides abstracts of selection of latest publications prepared by the European Parliament’s Policy Department on Economic and Scientific Policy at the request of the ITRE Committee in relation to the Energy policy.

Influence of EU Law on Taxation in the EU Member States' Overseas Territories and Crown Dependencies

31-05-2016

This legal study researches the influence on tax law and practice in the overseas areas of the Member States by state aid rules, secondary EU tax law and the Overseas Association Decision. The state aid rules and secondary EU tax law apply to the Outermost Regions, Gibraltar and the Åland Islands and not to the Overseas Countries and Territories and the Crown Dependencies, although the Savings Directive applies atypically. An amendment of the Overseas Association Decision might provide a solution ...

This legal study researches the influence on tax law and practice in the overseas areas of the Member States by state aid rules, secondary EU tax law and the Overseas Association Decision. The state aid rules and secondary EU tax law apply to the Outermost Regions, Gibraltar and the Åland Islands and not to the Overseas Countries and Territories and the Crown Dependencies, although the Savings Directive applies atypically. An amendment of the Overseas Association Decision might provide a solution. This document was prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the TAXE2 Committee.

The Results and Efficiency of Railway Infrastructure Financing within the EU

15-10-2015

Upon request by the Committee on Budgetary Control (CONT) this study analyses the results, efficiency and effectiveness of the EU investment in rail infrastructure with a special focus on cross border rail projects. Beginning with a discussion of the reasons for the moderate success of EU railway policy it investigates four case studies with a focus on effectiveness of funding schemes and success of removing bottlenecks, particularly at border crossings, to improve attractiveness of the railway mode ...

Upon request by the Committee on Budgetary Control (CONT) this study analyses the results, efficiency and effectiveness of the EU investment in rail infrastructure with a special focus on cross border rail projects. Beginning with a discussion of the reasons for the moderate success of EU railway policy it investigates four case studies with a focus on effectiveness of funding schemes and success of removing bottlenecks, particularly at border crossings, to improve attractiveness of the railway mode. Recommendations are given for a more efficient joint development of a European rail network by the Member States and the EU and a further development of funding schemes tailored to railways.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

Claus DOLL (Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research - ISI), Werner ROTHENGATTER (Karlsruhe Institute of Technology) and Wolfgang SCHADE (M-Five GmbH Mobility, Futures, Innovation, Economics)

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