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Precarious employment in Europe: Country cases

23-08-2016

This note by Policy Department A gives a summary of the study "Precarious employment in Europe: Country cases". The study contains the results of eight country reviews carried out in the framework of the European Parliament study on Precarious Employment in Europe: Patterns, trends and policy strategies. The featured countries are Denmark, France, Germany, Lithuania, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, and the United Kingdom.

This note by Policy Department A gives a summary of the study "Precarious employment in Europe: Country cases". The study contains the results of eight country reviews carried out in the framework of the European Parliament study on Precarious Employment in Europe: Patterns, trends and policy strategies. The featured countries are Denmark, France, Germany, Lithuania, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, and the United Kingdom.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

Andrea Broughton, Werner Eichhorst et al.

Thematic Overview: Member States whose 2016 Draft Budgetary Plans Were Assessed to be "At Risk of Non-Compliance" with the Stability and Growth Pact

03-06-2016

This briefing gives an overview of the recent European Commission (COM) assessments of five Member States (Spain. Portugal, Italy, Lithuania and Austria) whose 2016 Draft Budgetary Plans (DBPs) were considered to be “at risk of non-compliance” with the current obligations under the Stability and Growth Pact (SGP). This briefing will be updated as further assessments by the COM become available.

This briefing gives an overview of the recent European Commission (COM) assessments of five Member States (Spain. Portugal, Italy, Lithuania and Austria) whose 2016 Draft Budgetary Plans (DBPs) were considered to be “at risk of non-compliance” with the current obligations under the Stability and Growth Pact (SGP). This briefing will be updated as further assessments by the COM become available.

Bezpieczeństwo obiektów jądrowych na Białorusi

02-06-2016

Trzydzieści lat po katastrofie w Czarnobylu na sąsiedniej Ukrainie Białoruś buduje swoją pierwszą elektrownię jądrową. Pierwszy jej blok ma zostać uruchomiony w 2018 r. przy wsparciu ze strony Rosji. Jednak w miarę realizacji projektu narastają obawy dotyczące bezpieczeństwa.

Trzydzieści lat po katastrofie w Czarnobylu na sąsiedniej Ukrainie Białoruś buduje swoją pierwszą elektrownię jądrową. Pierwszy jej blok ma zostać uruchomiony w 2018 r. przy wsparciu ze strony Rosji. Jednak w miarę realizacji projektu narastają obawy dotyczące bezpieczeństwa.

Research for AGRI Committee -The Role of the EU’S Common Agricultural Policy in Creating Rural Jobs

22-04-2016

This study analysed the EU’s Common Agricultural Policy’s role in creating rural jobs. Starting at the EU level, a thorough systematic literature review and a statistical analysis prepare the ground for more detailed Member Stare reviews and Case studies. When discussing the findings the study concludes that the CAP supports the survival of small scale farms and contributes to sustain and develop rural economies. However, Pillar I payments have contradictory effects on employment and its ability ...

This study analysed the EU’s Common Agricultural Policy’s role in creating rural jobs. Starting at the EU level, a thorough systematic literature review and a statistical analysis prepare the ground for more detailed Member Stare reviews and Case studies. When discussing the findings the study concludes that the CAP supports the survival of small scale farms and contributes to sustain and develop rural economies. However, Pillar I payments have contradictory effects on employment and its ability in creating jobs appears to be limited. Pillar II is effective in supporting diversification, but concrete evidences of direct effects on employment are difficult to assess due to missing systematic reporting on job creation.

The Investment Chapters of the EU’s International Trade and Investment Agreements in a Comparative Perspective

29-09-2015

Investor-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) clauses in international investment agreements have traditionally been based on an approach which may be termed ‘light touch regulation’ of investment protection. The avenue taken by the recently negotiated EU draft agreements, the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) and the EU-Singapore Free Trade Agreement (EUSFTA), can be described as ‘more comprehensive regulation’. Likewise, EUSFTA and CETA provide a rather detailed body of law on substantive ...

Investor-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) clauses in international investment agreements have traditionally been based on an approach which may be termed ‘light touch regulation’ of investment protection. The avenue taken by the recently negotiated EU draft agreements, the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) and the EU-Singapore Free Trade Agreement (EUSFTA), can be described as ‘more comprehensive regulation’. Likewise, EUSFTA and CETA provide a rather detailed body of law on substantive standards for the protection of foreign investment. While this may add to the clarity and predictability of the current regime of international investment law, it may also lead to a reduced standard of protection. Compared with other agreements, EUSFTA and CETA have attempted to rebalance the protection of private property and the host state’s regulatory autonomy. In terms of the regulation of ISDS proceedings, EUSFTA and CETA preserve its principle characteristics but deliver moderate change in five areas: (1) consultation mechanisms, (2) the relationship between ISDS and domestic remedies, (3) the appointment and conduct of arbitrators, (4) cost allocation, and (5) transparency rules. This study proposes (1) further development regarding the coordination between effective domestic legal systems and ISDS and (2) the start of negotiations for the establishment of a permanent appeals mechanism in a regional or bilateral context.

EU rural development policy

24-09-2015

The rural development concept has evolved significantly over recent decades to become a fully-fledged policy at European Union level. It has adapted to an enlarged Europe which, from 2004, welcomed 13 new countries, adding much diversity to an already strongly contrasted rural Europe. Adaptation was also needed to cope with important socio-economic and demographic changes affecting rural areas, and to face new challenges such as climate change, the production of energy from renewable sources, and ...

The rural development concept has evolved significantly over recent decades to become a fully-fledged policy at European Union level. It has adapted to an enlarged Europe which, from 2004, welcomed 13 new countries, adding much diversity to an already strongly contrasted rural Europe. Adaptation was also needed to cope with important socio-economic and demographic changes affecting rural areas, and to face new challenges such as climate change, the production of energy from renewable sources, and the need for more competitive and sustainable agriculture. The new rural development policy for 2014-20, designed to improve quality of life in rural communities, seeks to address these issues and to harness the full potential of rural areas. It forms an integral part of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), reformed in 2013, and relies on an EU budget of more than €99.3 billion. The policy is fully aligned with the Europe 2020 strategy objectives for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. A particular feature of the policy is that national, regional and local authorities are responsible for designing and implementing their seven-year rural development programmes, based on EU priorities and a 'menu' of measures proposed in the European agricultural fund for rural development, which provides EU co financing. The increased flexibility of the new policy means that it offers support more closely tailored to the particular needs of each region or country. The European Parliament, as co-legislator for the reformed CAP, plays an active role in shaping rural development policy and pushed for measures for farmers and rural stakeholders more favourable than those originally tabled by the European Commission.

A Quest for Accountability? EU and Member State Inquiries into the CIA Rendition and Secret Detention Programme

15-09-2015

At the request of the LIBE Committee, this study assesses the extent to which EU Member States have delivered accountability for their complicity in the US CIA-led extraordinary rendition and secret detention programme and its serious human rights violations. It offers a scoreboard of political inquiries and judicial investigations in supranational and national arenas in relation to Italy, Lithuania, Poland, Romania and the United Kingdom. The study takes as a starting point two recent and far-reaching ...

At the request of the LIBE Committee, this study assesses the extent to which EU Member States have delivered accountability for their complicity in the US CIA-led extraordinary rendition and secret detention programme and its serious human rights violations. It offers a scoreboard of political inquiries and judicial investigations in supranational and national arenas in relation to Italy, Lithuania, Poland, Romania and the United Kingdom. The study takes as a starting point two recent and far-reaching developments in delivering accountability and establishing the truth: the publication of the executive summary of the US Senate Intelligence Committee (Feinstein) Report and new European Court of Human Rights judgments regarding EU Member States’ complicity with the CIA. The study identifies significant obstacles to further accountability in the five EU Member States under investigation: notably the lack of independent and effective official investigations and the use of the ‘state secrets doctrine’ to prevent disclosure of the facts, evade responsibility and hinder redress to the victims. The study puts forward a set of policy recommendations for the European Parliament to address these obstacles to effective accountability.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

Didier Bigo (King’s College, London, the UK ; Science Po, Paris, France ; Centre for Study of Conflicts, Liberty and Security), Sergio Carrera (Centre for European Policy Studies - CEPS ; University of Maastricht, the Netherlands), Elspeth Guild (Centre for European Policy Studies - CEPS ; Radboud University Nijmegen and Queen Mary, University of London, the UK) and Raluca Radescu (Centre for European Policy Studies - CEPS)

Analysis of Political Parties' and Independent Candidates' Policies for Gender Balance in the European Parliament after the Elections of 2014

03-09-2015

Upon request by the FEMM Committee, this study explores the results of the 2014 European Parliament elections in terms of gender balance of MEPs. The study uses case studies and statistical analyses of the election results to establish the main barriers to women being elected. The factors explored include the type of electoral system used, political parties’ candidate list selection processes and strategies used by women political candidates. The study presents recommendations for improving gender ...

Upon request by the FEMM Committee, this study explores the results of the 2014 European Parliament elections in terms of gender balance of MEPs. The study uses case studies and statistical analyses of the election results to establish the main barriers to women being elected. The factors explored include the type of electoral system used, political parties’ candidate list selection processes and strategies used by women political candidates. The study presents recommendations for improving gender balance in the European Parliament.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

Katie McCracken (Opcit Research, London, the UK), Joni Lovenduski (Birkbeck College, University of London, the UK), Sergio Marquez (Opcit Research, London, the UK), Will Parry (Opcit Research, London, the UK), Aleksandra Niżyńska (Gender Equality Observatory, Poland), Réka Várnagy (Corvinus University, Budapest, Hungary), Dalila Ghailani (European Social Observatory, Brussels, Belgium) and Virginija Šidlauskienė (Siauliai University, Lithuania)

Changes to the ECB's voting rules

21-01-2015

With Lithuania joining the euro area on 1 January 2015, the total number of states using the single currency reaches 19, consequently bringing about significant changes in the decision-making structures of the European Central Bank (ECB). In particular, there is a new rotation system for the votes of the national central bank governors sitting in the Bank's Governing Council. The introduction of the new system comes at a time when financial markets are widely expecting the Governing Council meeting ...

With Lithuania joining the euro area on 1 January 2015, the total number of states using the single currency reaches 19, consequently bringing about significant changes in the decision-making structures of the European Central Bank (ECB). In particular, there is a new rotation system for the votes of the national central bank governors sitting in the Bank's Governing Council. The introduction of the new system comes at a time when financial markets are widely expecting the Governing Council meeting due to take place on 22 January – the first meeting concerning monetary policy decisions under the new rules – to make significant decisions with a view to further stimulus for economic growth.

Country Report on Lithuania for the Study on Member States' Policies for Children with Disabilities

15-12-2014

Upon request of the LIBE committee, this study looks at the situation of children with disabilities in Lithuania to identify the gaps in the legal framework and its implementation, the obstacles faced by children with disabilities and best practices. This country study is part of a larger study which analyses all the 28 Member States. In the first phase of the study, a comparative analysis has been drawn based on 18 of the country studies. In the second phase of this study, the situation in the remaining ...

Upon request of the LIBE committee, this study looks at the situation of children with disabilities in Lithuania to identify the gaps in the legal framework and its implementation, the obstacles faced by children with disabilities and best practices. This country study is part of a larger study which analyses all the 28 Member States. In the first phase of the study, a comparative analysis has been drawn based on 18 of the country studies. In the second phase of this study, the situation in the remaining ten countries and Scotland has been analysed. The overall report “Member State Policies on Children with Disabilities” provides some recommendations for EU action to enhance the situation of children with disabilities.

Planowane wydarzenia

01-10-2019
Health threats from climate change: Scientific evidence for policy-making
Inne wydarzenie -
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