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Road charges for private vehicles in the EU

25-05-2016

Road charges are fees for the use of a particular road network or section of road. Since the 1990s, the focus of European transport policy has shifted from the application of road pricing purely as a means to generate revenue towards the use of charges as an instrument against pollution and congestion. Charging for road infrastructure is an option to implement basic principles of EU policy such as the 'user-pays principle' or the 'polluter-pays principle'. It can serve different functions such as ...

Road charges are fees for the use of a particular road network or section of road. Since the 1990s, the focus of European transport policy has shifted from the application of road pricing purely as a means to generate revenue towards the use of charges as an instrument against pollution and congestion. Charging for road infrastructure is an option to implement basic principles of EU policy such as the 'user-pays principle' or the 'polluter-pays principle'. It can serve different functions such as financing, managing traffic flow or making all costs perceptible so as to influence the behaviour of road users. As the transport of goods is linked with the functioning of the Single Market, the charging of heavy goods vehicles is regulated at European level. In contrast, there is no regulation at European level on the road charging of private vehicles, though Member States establishing such schemes are obliged to apply the basic principles of the Treaties, in particular the principles of proportionality and of non-discrimination on grounds of nationality. As a consequence of the regulation at national level, many different charging schemes are applied in the EU. These vary, principally according to the way they are levied: distance-based schemes levied by means of tolls, or time-based schemes, levied using vignettes. All schemes are associated with considerable levying costs. Technological developments such as electronic charging can offer opportunities to reduce these costs. However, lack of interoperability between the various systems generates additional costs and hindrances for European mobility.

Automated vehicles in the EU

07-01-2016

Automated vehicle technologies allow the transfer of driving functions from a human driver to a computer. Automation, and in particular digitalisation, of driving will change road transport in a way which is viewed as a revolution in the field of mobility. As human error is the main reason for road traffic accidents, driving which is automatically controlled by a computer is expected to make future road transport safer and more secure. It has also the potential to be more environmentally friendly ...

Automated vehicle technologies allow the transfer of driving functions from a human driver to a computer. Automation, and in particular digitalisation, of driving will change road transport in a way which is viewed as a revolution in the field of mobility. As human error is the main reason for road traffic accidents, driving which is automatically controlled by a computer is expected to make future road transport safer and more secure. It has also the potential to be more environmentally friendly, efficient and accessible. Worldwide, automobile manufacturers and technology firms are working on driving system innovation. Agreement by all stakeholders on the desired deployment of the new technologies will provide developers with the certainty they need for investments. For an effective communication between the technological and political spheres, categorisation and terminology are being developed which define different levels of vehicle automation. Motor vehicles are highly complex systems which need advanced technical and legal standards in terms of road safety requirements. The technical requirements as well as international traffic rules are agreed at United Nations level and are currently in the process of being assessed with a view to the increasing automation of vehicles. The European Union and its Member States participate in international working groups which are revising the regulations as prerequisites for the deployment of automated vehicles. Furthermore the European Union is funding research on automated road transport as a priority in the Horizon 2020 Transport Research programme. Some key elements of the discussions on political and technical aspects are the questions of how data protection and cyber security can be secured and liability issues can be solved.

Mid-term review of the White Paper on Transport

02-09-2015

In its White Paper on Transport, adopted in 2011, the European Commission set out a roadmap towards a competitive and resource-efficient transport system in the EU. This strategy outlines initiatives and measures to be taken in transport policy in the decade 2011-20. At the September I plenary session, Parliament is due to debate an own-initiative report which takes stock of the implementation of the strategy at its mid-term, and assesses the focus of European transport policy for the coming years ...

In its White Paper on Transport, adopted in 2011, the European Commission set out a roadmap towards a competitive and resource-efficient transport system in the EU. This strategy outlines initiatives and measures to be taken in transport policy in the decade 2011-20. At the September I plenary session, Parliament is due to debate an own-initiative report which takes stock of the implementation of the strategy at its mid-term, and assesses the focus of European transport policy for the coming years.

Multimodal integrated ticketing

29-06-2015

European transport policy aims at creating a single European transport area. This vision includes the possibility of seamless door-to-door travel by different modes of transport with multimodal travel information as well as integrated ticketing. The Committee on Transport and Tourism (TRAN) has tabled, for the July plenary, an own-initiative report to promote development towards this goal.

European transport policy aims at creating a single European transport area. This vision includes the possibility of seamless door-to-door travel by different modes of transport with multimodal travel information as well as integrated ticketing. The Committee on Transport and Tourism (TRAN) has tabled, for the July plenary, an own-initiative report to promote development towards this goal.

Employment conditions in road transport

20-03-2015

Road transport is an important economic sector in Europe, employing about 5 million people across the EU. Given its international character and the varying employment conditions – including minimum wages – in the Member States, the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs of the European Parliament has tabled an oral question asking the Commission how EU and national law on employment conditions is applicable to workers in this sector when they are providing services through or in another Member ...

Road transport is an important economic sector in Europe, employing about 5 million people across the EU. Given its international character and the varying employment conditions – including minimum wages – in the Member States, the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs of the European Parliament has tabled an oral question asking the Commission how EU and national law on employment conditions is applicable to workers in this sector when they are providing services through or in another Member State. The Commission is also asked what measures it intends to take to protect the social rights of such workers.

Weights and dimensions of trucks and buses

02-03-2015

Heavy-goods vehicles and buses circulating within the European Union must comply with certain rules regarding their weight, height, width and length, in accordance with the Weights and Dimensions Directive. The revision of the current Directive aims at improving road safety, energy efficiency and the environmental performance of road transport through greener and safer trucks.

Heavy-goods vehicles and buses circulating within the European Union must comply with certain rules regarding their weight, height, width and length, in accordance with the Weights and Dimensions Directive. The revision of the current Directive aims at improving road safety, energy efficiency and the environmental performance of road transport through greener and safer trucks.

EU-wide information exchange on traffic offences

30-01-2015

In 2011 the European Parliament and Council adopted a Directive to facilitate cross-border exchange of information on traffic offences related to road safety. The aim was to improve road safety by establishing a basis for the enforcement of sanctions for traffic offences committed by non-resident drivers. The Court of Justice of the European Union annulled this Directive in May 2014, finding that it had been adopted on an invalid legal basis, but allowed its effects to be maintained for a further ...

In 2011 the European Parliament and Council adopted a Directive to facilitate cross-border exchange of information on traffic offences related to road safety. The aim was to improve road safety by establishing a basis for the enforcement of sanctions for traffic offences committed by non-resident drivers. The Court of Justice of the European Union annulled this Directive in May 2014, finding that it had been adopted on an invalid legal basis, but allowed its effects to be maintained for a further year. In July 2014 the European Commission proposed a new Directive aimed at ensuring continuity in the provisions of the old one.

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