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Data

Rules for EU institutions' processing of personal data

12-09-2018

In the context of the comprehensive reform of the EU's legal framework for data protection, the Commission tabled a proposal in January 2017 for a 'regulation on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data by the Union institutions, bodies, offices and agencies and the free movement of such data' and repealing the existing one (Regulation No 45/2001). The aim is to align it to the 2016 General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that has been fully applicable since ...

In the context of the comprehensive reform of the EU's legal framework for data protection, the Commission tabled a proposal in January 2017 for a 'regulation on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data by the Union institutions, bodies, offices and agencies and the free movement of such data' and repealing the existing one (Regulation No 45/2001). The aim is to align it to the 2016 General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that has been fully applicable since 25 May 2018. Interinstitutional trilogue meetings, in which debate focused on also applying the regulation to operational data of EU bodies carrying out law enforcement activities, brought an agreement between the co-legislators in May. The compromise text is due to be voted by the Parliament in the September plenary session. Third edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Data protection rules applicable to the European Parliament and to MEPs: Current regime and recent developments

20-06-2018

Data protection is a fundamental right enshrined in both primary and secondary EU law. More specifically, the main reference for data protection in Europe is the 2016 General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), which is fully applicable since 25 May 2018. Moreover, specific data protection rules (currently Regulation 45/2001) apply to the EU institutions. The latter are under review, to adapt their principles and provisions to the GDPR. The processing of data relating to parliamentary activities is ...

Data protection is a fundamental right enshrined in both primary and secondary EU law. More specifically, the main reference for data protection in Europe is the 2016 General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), which is fully applicable since 25 May 2018. Moreover, specific data protection rules (currently Regulation 45/2001) apply to the EU institutions. The latter are under review, to adapt their principles and provisions to the GDPR. The processing of data relating to parliamentary activities is therefore covered by these specific rules, as is personal data relating to, or processed by, Members of the European Parliament (MEPs). This Briefing provides an overview of the main provisions applicable to parliamentary activities and in particular to MEPs, taking account of the fact that the process of reforming the current rules has not been formally concluded (even if a political agreement has been reached between the co legislators). An update of this Briefing will be published in due course.

The Ethical Implications of Research Involving Human Embryos

01-07-2000

Human embryo research is a well established feature of the modern scientific landscape. The technique has recently come to the fore in public policy debates because of new technological advances. Human embryo research now promises to play a pivotal role in the treatment of many chronic illnesses through developments in stem cell technology as well as continuing to offer hope for those who suffer from subfertility. Developments in the field of human stem cell research are, to a large degree, dependent ...

Human embryo research is a well established feature of the modern scientific landscape. The technique has recently come to the fore in public policy debates because of new technological advances. Human embryo research now promises to play a pivotal role in the treatment of many chronic illnesses through developments in stem cell technology as well as continuing to offer hope for those who suffer from subfertility. Developments in the field of human stem cell research are, to a large degree, dependent upon human embryo research. There are conflicting pressures and arguments around this subject. On the one hand, there are those who argue that the need for therapies for diseases like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s is such in our ageing population that all avenues for research ought to be explored. These views are supported by those in the healthcare and pharmaceutical industries who have identified the tremendous potential for new treatments – and products. On the other hand there are those who argue that research upon human embryos violates fundamental moral norms and is an affront to the concept of human dignity. These divergent viewpoints are reflected in the existing and pending legislation among the member states of the European Union. Some states, such as the United Kingdom, have adopted a pragmatic and permissive approach to embryo research. Others, notably Austria and Germany, have established strong legal norms which reflect the moral argument that the human embryo has a status equivalent to any human being. Despite this apparently polarised situation there is much common ground to be found in the position of member states. This study examines the possible policy options for human embryo research in Europe. It analyses the existing legal positions among member states and provides a comparative assessment of policies adopted elsewhere, notably in North America. The study explores the ethical arguments relating to the fundamental questions of the moral status of

Autor externo

Tony McGleenan (Queen's University, Belfast, UK)

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