114

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Single Supervisroy Mechanism (SSM) – Accountability arrangements and legal base for hearings in the European Parliament - State of Play - April 2019

01-04-2019

This note prepared by the Economic Governance Support Unit provides an overview of the EP’s accountability hearings in the context of the Single Supervisory Mechanism.

This note prepared by the Economic Governance Support Unit provides an overview of the EP’s accountability hearings in the context of the Single Supervisory Mechanism.

EU Agencies, Common Approach and Parliamentary Scrutiny

21-11-2018

Decentralised agencies were set up on a case-by-case basis over the years, to respond to emerging individual policy needs. Currently there are 36 of them and they have been operating under very diverse conditions. This study provides an overview of the different decentralised EU agencies according to a number of criteria; including their functions, legal bases, sources of financing, respective roles of Parliament, Council, Commission and Member States, stakeholder involvement and transparency. It ...

Decentralised agencies were set up on a case-by-case basis over the years, to respond to emerging individual policy needs. Currently there are 36 of them and they have been operating under very diverse conditions. This study provides an overview of the different decentralised EU agencies according to a number of criteria; including their functions, legal bases, sources of financing, respective roles of Parliament, Council, Commission and Member States, stakeholder involvement and transparency. It particularly examines how the parliamentary scrutiny over decentralised agencies is ensured and suggests possible improvements to those mechanisms in order to reach a more coherent, efficient and transparent institutional set up for the parliamentary scrutiny over agencies’ activities.

Autor externo

EPRS, DG

Historiography of the European Parliament: Changing perceptions of the institution from the 1950s to today

13-11-2018

This study charts the course and contours of academic interest in, and writing about, the European Parliament (EP) since its origins in the early 1950s. What began as a trickle of scholarly works on the EP turned into a flood in the early 1990s, after the EP acquired greater legislative power and became more like a ‘real’ (if not a ‘normal’) parliament. The study does not claim to mention every significant work on the EP, and may well mention some works that other scholars might not consider to be ...

This study charts the course and contours of academic interest in, and writing about, the European Parliament (EP) since its origins in the early 1950s. What began as a trickle of scholarly works on the EP turned into a flood in the early 1990s, after the EP acquired greater legislative power and became more like a ‘real’ (if not a ‘normal’) parliament. The study does not claim to mention every significant work on the EP, and may well mention some works that other scholars might not consider to be particularly significant. It aims to present a ‘historiography’ of the EP, without limiting itself to the study of historical writing. Accordingly, it ranges over a wide swath of scholarship, including history but also, primarily, political science.

Autor externo

This study has been written by Desmond Dinan, Ad Personam Jean Monnet Chair and Professor of Public Policy at George Mason University, Virginia, United States, for the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS).

Shaping European Union: The European Parliament and Institutional Reform, 1979-1989

13-11-2018

Based on a large range of newly accessible archival sources, this study explores the European Parliament’s policies on the institutional reform of the European Communities between 1979 and 1989. It demonstrates how the Parliament fulfilled key functions in the process of constitutionalisation of the present-day European Union. These functions included defining a set of criteria for effective and democratic governance, developing legal concepts such as subsidiarity, and pressurising the Member States ...

Based on a large range of newly accessible archival sources, this study explores the European Parliament’s policies on the institutional reform of the European Communities between 1979 and 1989. It demonstrates how the Parliament fulfilled key functions in the process of constitutionalisation of the present-day European Union. These functions included defining a set of criteria for effective and democratic governance, developing legal concepts such as subsidiarity, and pressurising the Member States into accepting greater institutional deepening and more powers for the Parliament in the Single European Act and the Maastricht Treaty.

Autor externo

This study has been written by Professor Dr Wolfram Kaiser of the University of Portsmouth, United Kingdom, at the request of the Historical Archives Unit of the DIrectorate for the Library within the Directorate-General for Parliamentary Research Services (EPRS) of the Secretariat of the European Parliament.

Parliamentary scrutiny of the European Commission: implementation of the Treaty provisions

02-10-2018

The European Parliament's application of scrutiny prerogatives of political oversight of the European Commission increases the democratic legitimacy of the European Union, and the transparency and accountability of the European executive. The study examines the status quo of the European Parliament's powers of scrutiny of the European Commission. The cases examined pertain mainly to electoral and institutional issues, motions of censure, parliamentary questions, inquiry committees and special parliamentary ...

The European Parliament's application of scrutiny prerogatives of political oversight of the European Commission increases the democratic legitimacy of the European Union, and the transparency and accountability of the European executive. The study examines the status quo of the European Parliament's powers of scrutiny of the European Commission. The cases examined pertain mainly to electoral and institutional issues, motions of censure, parliamentary questions, inquiry committees and special parliamentary committees and reporting, consultation and provision of information. It also touches upon scrutiny in budgetary issues, scrutiny of delegated acts, scrutiny in the legislative procedure, legal proceedings and the EU's external relations.

General revision of the European Parliament's Rules of Procedure: Achieving greater transparency and efficiency as of January 2017

16-07-2018

The last general and extensive overhaul of the European Parliament’s Rules of Procedure, which entered into force as of 16 January 2017, was intended to bring more transparency and efficiency to parliamentary work. Among the numerous modifications, may be noted the increased attention to the conduct of Members, the streamlining of the types of thresholds for procedural requests, the increased transparency surrounding the decision to begin negotiations during the various stages of the legislative ...

The last general and extensive overhaul of the European Parliament’s Rules of Procedure, which entered into force as of 16 January 2017, was intended to bring more transparency and efficiency to parliamentary work. Among the numerous modifications, may be noted the increased attention to the conduct of Members, the streamlining of the types of thresholds for procedural requests, the increased transparency surrounding the decision to begin negotiations during the various stages of the legislative procedure, the abolition of written declarations and the modification of the maximum number of questions for written answer allowed. These and further modifications required to adapt to the 2016 Interinstititional Agreement on Better Law-making were introduced to bring clarity, incorporate existing practices and correct redundancies or inconsistencies.

O controlo orçamental

01-05-2018

O controlo do orçamento europeu é efetuado em cada instituição europeia e ao nível dos Estados-Membros. O Tribunal de Contas e o Parlamento asseguram um importante trabalho de controlo a diversos níveis. Todos os anos, o Parlamento examina a execução do orçamento, com vista a dar quitação à Comissão Europeia, às outras instituições europeias e às agências da União.

O controlo do orçamento europeu é efetuado em cada instituição europeia e ao nível dos Estados-Membros. O Tribunal de Contas e o Parlamento asseguram um importante trabalho de controlo a diversos níveis. Todos os anos, o Parlamento examina a execução do orçamento, com vista a dar quitação à Comissão Europeia, às outras instituições europeias e às agências da União.

O processo orçamental

01-05-2018

O papel do Parlamento Europeu no processo orçamental tem vindo a ser progressivamente reforçado desde os tratados de 1970 e 1975. O Tratado de Lisboa conferiu ao Parlamento e ao Conselho igualdade de poderes no que respeita à globalidade do orçamento da UE.

O papel do Parlamento Europeu no processo orçamental tem vindo a ser progressivamente reforçado desde os tratados de 1970 e 1975. O Tratado de Lisboa conferiu ao Parlamento e ao Conselho igualdade de poderes no que respeita à globalidade do orçamento da UE.

Saúde e segurança no trabalho

01-05-2018

Desde a década de 1980 que a melhoria da segurança e da saúde no trabalho é uma questão importante para a UE. Com a introdução de legislação a nível europeu, foram fixadas normas mínimas de proteção dos trabalhadores, sem que os Estados-Membros fossem impedidos de manter ou introduzir medidas mais rigorosas. Quando o Tratado de Lisboa entrou em vigor, a Carta dos Direitos Fundamentais tornou-se juridicamente vinculativa, conferindo ao domínio da saúde e da segurança uma relevância ainda maior no ...

Desde a década de 1980 que a melhoria da segurança e da saúde no trabalho é uma questão importante para a UE. Com a introdução de legislação a nível europeu, foram fixadas normas mínimas de proteção dos trabalhadores, sem que os Estados-Membros fossem impedidos de manter ou introduzir medidas mais rigorosas. Quando o Tratado de Lisboa entrou em vigor, a Carta dos Direitos Fundamentais tornou-se juridicamente vinculativa, conferindo ao domínio da saúde e da segurança uma relevância ainda maior no contexto da legislação da União Europeia.

O Parlamento Europeu: contexto histórico

01-03-2018

As origens do Parlamento Europeu remontam à Assembleia Comum da Comunidade Europeia do Carvão e do Aço (CECA), que se tornou a assembleia comum das três comunidades europeias supranacionais existentes à data. Posteriormente, a assembleia passou a designar-se «Parlamento Europeu». Ao longo dos anos, a instituição, cujos membros são eleitos diretamente desde 1979, sofreu profundas transformações, passando de assembleia composta por membros nomeados a parlamento eleito, com reconhecida importância na ...

As origens do Parlamento Europeu remontam à Assembleia Comum da Comunidade Europeia do Carvão e do Aço (CECA), que se tornou a assembleia comum das três comunidades europeias supranacionais existentes à data. Posteriormente, a assembleia passou a designar-se «Parlamento Europeu». Ao longo dos anos, a instituição, cujos membros são eleitos diretamente desde 1979, sofreu profundas transformações, passando de assembleia composta por membros nomeados a parlamento eleito, com reconhecida importância na definição da agenda política da União Europeia.

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25-06-2019
Meeting EU energy and climate goals: Energy storage for grids and low-carbon mobility
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