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Towards food security in Africa: Are international private-public initiatives paving the way?

16-10-2017

The rise in global hunger in recent years undermines the perspective of 'zero hunger by 2030' set out in the United Nations Agenda 2030. Africa is particularly affected, with more than a quarter of its population living in a situation of severe food insecurity, and its agriculture suffering from major hindrances to production. Launched in 2012, the New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition (NAFSN) is one of the international initiatives that have both raised high expectations and opened up controversy ...

The rise in global hunger in recent years undermines the perspective of 'zero hunger by 2030' set out in the United Nations Agenda 2030. Africa is particularly affected, with more than a quarter of its population living in a situation of severe food insecurity, and its agriculture suffering from major hindrances to production. Launched in 2012, the New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition (NAFSN) is one of the international initiatives that have both raised high expectations and opened up controversy. Bringing together governments from both the North and the South, multinational firms and international agencies, it aims to boost investment in African agriculture so as to increase food security. Improved commercial seeds, use of inorganic fertilisers, infrastructure development and land-administration reforms are among the key elements of the project, underpinned by the use of public-private partnerships. After its first years of implementation, NAFSN proponents praise its market-oriented reforms and investments in the African countries involved. By contrast, its critics say that while paying lip service to smallholders, it serves the interests of corporate farming with no proven impact on food security. In 2016, the European Parliament voiced its concerns, pointing at a number of negative repercussions mainly on small-holders, and calling for a deep revamp of the NAFSN and the European Union (EU) support for agro-ecology based on small-scale farming. This briefing is a follow-up of an EP Library Briefing from October 2013.

United States humanitarian aid policy

17-05-2016

The USA is the biggest state provider of humanitarian assistance in the world. It has a complex governmental structure for the provision of this aid that delivers a vast array of measures, ranging from grants for international and non-governmental relief organisations, to direct food aid, healthcare, help for refugees, and assistance with building disaster resilience. At international level, the US supports reform of the humanitarian system in order to improve the response to crises.

The USA is the biggest state provider of humanitarian assistance in the world. It has a complex governmental structure for the provision of this aid that delivers a vast array of measures, ranging from grants for international and non-governmental relief organisations, to direct food aid, healthcare, help for refugees, and assistance with building disaster resilience. At international level, the US supports reform of the humanitarian system in order to improve the response to crises.

Brazil's humanitarian policy

17-05-2016

Brazil has been referred to as an emerging player in humanitarian policy, shaping its action largely on the basis of its own domestic social policies, particularly in the area of food and health. Yet the recent economic crisis raises doubts as to its ability to sustain its contributions.

Brazil has been referred to as an emerging player in humanitarian policy, shaping its action largely on the basis of its own domestic social policies, particularly in the area of food and health. Yet the recent economic crisis raises doubts as to its ability to sustain its contributions.

Russia's humanitarian aid policy

17-05-2016

Since the mid-2000s, Russia has emerged – or rather, re-emerged – as a donor of humanitarian aid. However, its contributions remain modest compared to those of more established donors, and some Russian aid appears to serve geopolitical rather than humanitarian objectives.

Since the mid-2000s, Russia has emerged – or rather, re-emerged – as a donor of humanitarian aid. However, its contributions remain modest compared to those of more established donors, and some Russian aid appears to serve geopolitical rather than humanitarian objectives.

The European Year for Development: Food Security

01-10-2015

Food security is a multilayered concept, covering availability, access, use and stability. It is recognised as a global public good. To be free from hunger and malnutrition is also a human right. Following the 2007/2008 food crisis, the international community committed to investing more in agriculture and to better governance. The MDG target to halve the proportion of hungry people was nearly achieved, but 795 million people remain undernourished. The Sustainable Development Goals include an ambitious ...

Food security is a multilayered concept, covering availability, access, use and stability. It is recognised as a global public good. To be free from hunger and malnutrition is also a human right. Following the 2007/2008 food crisis, the international community committed to investing more in agriculture and to better governance. The MDG target to halve the proportion of hungry people was nearly achieved, but 795 million people remain undernourished. The Sustainable Development Goals include an ambitious zero hunger target and address the structural causes of food insecurity. Helping small farmers to enhance sustainable production is one important way to address food insecurity in developing countries. The EU has made food and nutrition security a focal area of development cooperation. The EU and its Member States committed to reducing the number of stunted children by 7 million before 2025. Parliament has supported a human rights-based approach to addressing food security and has expressed strong concerns over land grabbing.

Fund for European Aid to the Most Deprived (FEAD)

25-02-2015

Launched in 2014, the FEAD helps support Europe's most vulnerable citizens. Worth a total of €3.5 billion for the 2014-20 period, this assistance includes food, clothing and essential goods along with activities promoting social inclusion.

Launched in 2014, the FEAD helps support Europe's most vulnerable citizens. Worth a total of €3.5 billion for the 2014-20 period, this assistance includes food, clothing and essential goods along with activities promoting social inclusion.

Millennium Development Goals beyond 2015

06-06-2013

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are a set of indicators for development cooperation in the period up to 2015. Their review, which may redefine development cooperation, has started.

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are a set of indicators for development cooperation in the period up to 2015. Their review, which may redefine development cooperation, has started.

Syrian refugees in neighbouring countries

16-05-2013

In the wake of the protracted internal armed conflict in Syria, growing numbers of refugees, predominantly women and children, have sought refuge in Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey, Iraq and Egypt. Reception conditions vary considerably, and the unabated influx of refugees is putting tremendous strain on the socio-economic and political stability of Syria’s neighbouring countries.

In the wake of the protracted internal armed conflict in Syria, growing numbers of refugees, predominantly women and children, have sought refuge in Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey, Iraq and Egypt. Reception conditions vary considerably, and the unabated influx of refugees is putting tremendous strain on the socio-economic and political stability of Syria’s neighbouring countries.

Monitoring the impacts on developing countries of the EU's Common Agricultural Policy (CAP): An overview of stakeholders' proposals

20-01-2012

A number of stakeholders have seized the opportunity of the upcoming reform of the CAP to propose the setting up of mechanisms through which parties in developing countries negatively affected by the CAP could report on their situation, and obtain remedies.

A number of stakeholders have seized the opportunity of the upcoming reform of the CAP to propose the setting up of mechanisms through which parties in developing countries negatively affected by the CAP could report on their situation, and obtain remedies.

Food aid to North Korea

05-05-2011

The chronic crisis which has affected one of the most isolated and authoritarian countries in the world for at least two decades poses a dilemma to the international community. The renewed famine facing the Korean population is largely "state-caused", even if recent climatic problems have worsened the situation.

The chronic crisis which has affected one of the most isolated and authoritarian countries in the world for at least two decades poses a dilemma to the international community. The renewed famine facing the Korean population is largely "state-caused", even if recent climatic problems have worsened the situation.

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