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Politica în domeniul audiovizualului și al mass-mediei

01-04-2018

Politica UE în domeniul audiovizualului este reglementată de articolele 167 și 173 din Tratatul privind funcționarea Uniunii Europene (TFUE). Principalul act legislativ din acest domeniu este Directiva serviciilor mass-media audiovizuale, care a fost revizuită în 2018. Principalul instrument al UE în sprijinul acestui sector (în special al industriei cinematografice) este subprogramul MEDIA al programului „Europa creativăˮ. Carta drepturilor fundamentale a Uniunii Europene cere să se respecte „libertatea ...

Politica UE în domeniul audiovizualului este reglementată de articolele 167 și 173 din Tratatul privind funcționarea Uniunii Europene (TFUE). Principalul act legislativ din acest domeniu este Directiva serviciilor mass-media audiovizuale, care a fost revizuită în 2018. Principalul instrument al UE în sprijinul acestui sector (în special al industriei cinematografice) este subprogramul MEDIA al programului „Europa creativăˮ. Carta drepturilor fundamentale a Uniunii Europene cere să se respecte „libertatea și pluralismul mijloacelor de informare în masă”.

Liability of Online Service Providers for Copyrighted Content – Regulatory Action Needed?

21-12-2017

This paper looks at liability of online providers for copyright infringements. The liability privileges in Articles 12 to 15 E-Commerce Directive can remain unchanged; they seem to be sufficiently flexible to adopt to new business models, which also make them in general future proof. These privileges do not, however, establish liability. With regard to injunction claims, Article 8(3) Copyright Directive provides for a satisfactory solution. EU rules establishing liability beyond injunction (e.g ...

This paper looks at liability of online providers for copyright infringements. The liability privileges in Articles 12 to 15 E-Commerce Directive can remain unchanged; they seem to be sufficiently flexible to adopt to new business models, which also make them in general future proof. These privileges do not, however, establish liability. With regard to injunction claims, Article 8(3) Copyright Directive provides for a satisfactory solution. EU rules establishing liability beyond injunction (e.g. damages) should be harmonised following the requirements (1) sufficient intervention by the internet provider and (2) breach of an adequate duty of care by the internet provider.

Politica în domeniul audiovizualului și al mass-mediei

01-11-2017

Politica UE în domeniul audiovizualului este reglementată de articolele 167 și 173 din Tratatul privind funcționarea Uniunii Europene (TFUE). Principalul act legislativ din acest domeniu este Directiva serviciilor mass-media audiovizuale, care este în prezent (2017) în curs de revizuire. Principalul instrument al UE în sprijinul acestui sector (în special al industriei cinematografice) este subprogramul MEDIA al programului „Europa creativăˮ. Carta drepturilor fundamentale a Uniunii Europene cere ...

Politica UE în domeniul audiovizualului este reglementată de articolele 167 și 173 din Tratatul privind funcționarea Uniunii Europene (TFUE). Principalul act legislativ din acest domeniu este Directiva serviciilor mass-media audiovizuale, care este în prezent (2017) în curs de revizuire. Principalul instrument al UE în sprijinul acestui sector (în special al industriei cinematografice) este subprogramul MEDIA al programului „Europa creativăˮ. Carta drepturilor fundamentale a Uniunii Europene cere să se respecte „libertatea și pluralismul mijloacelor de informare în masă”.

Cross-border portability of online content services

25-04-2017

In February 2017, negotiators from the European Parliament, the Council and Commission reached a compromise on the proposal for a regulation on cross-border portability of online content services. The EP must now formally approve the new rules, enabling consumers to access their online subscriptions for content services when they travel across the EU and are temporarily outside their Member State of residence. The compromise text amends the Commission’s proposal in various ways. It clarifies that ...

In February 2017, negotiators from the European Parliament, the Council and Commission reached a compromise on the proposal for a regulation on cross-border portability of online content services. The EP must now formally approve the new rules, enabling consumers to access their online subscriptions for content services when they travel across the EU and are temporarily outside their Member State of residence. The compromise text amends the Commission’s proposal in various ways. It clarifies that providers of free-of-charge online content services can also offer portability services to their subscribers. The notion of temporary presence in other Member States has been tightened and refers to a limited period of time. The concept of Member State of residence and its verification mechanism are also more explicitly defined. At the EP’s request, some safeguards have been added to ensure data protection and privacy are respected (especially for IP address checks), and a waiver clause has been introduced which allows content providers to avoid verifying the residence of their customers when all the holders of copyright, related rights, or other rights in the content agree.

EYE 2016 – Patents, pirates and fair play

28-04-2016

Today the internet is at the heart of the new digital society. It is a communication tool but it can also be used to offer and to access online a vast range of commercial and cultural services or content. Policy-makers are trying to clarify the respective rights and obligations of consumers, creators of content and intermediaries who interact on the internet, and to make sure that innovation and fair competition can flourish. This note has been prepared for the European Youth Event, taking place ...

Today the internet is at the heart of the new digital society. It is a communication tool but it can also be used to offer and to access online a vast range of commercial and cultural services or content. Policy-makers are trying to clarify the respective rights and obligations of consumers, creators of content and intermediaries who interact on the internet, and to make sure that innovation and fair competition can flourish. This note has been prepared for the European Youth Event, taking place in Strasbourg in May 2016. Please click here for the full publication in PDF format

Review of the EU copyright Framework: European Implementation Assessment

13-10-2015

This European Implementation Assessment aims to provide briefing for the Committee on Legal Affairs (JURI) ahead of the publication of the Commission's legislative proposals concerning the modernisation of the EU copyright framework, which are expected towards the end of 2015. The specific objective is to help JURI Members achieve a better understanding of the actual gaps and weaknesses in the existing EU copyright framework.This European Implementation Assessment is divided into: an introduction ...

This European Implementation Assessment aims to provide briefing for the Committee on Legal Affairs (JURI) ahead of the publication of the Commission's legislative proposals concerning the modernisation of the EU copyright framework, which are expected towards the end of 2015. The specific objective is to help JURI Members achieve a better understanding of the actual gaps and weaknesses in the existing EU copyright framework.This European Implementation Assessment is divided into: an introduction presenting an overall analysis and summary of findings, an Ex-Post Impact Assessment study, and three EU Added Value briefing papers, which are included as annexes.

Autor extern

Input was received from three independent external contractors: 1) A consortium led by the Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS) with Economisti Associati as consortium partner; 2) Milieu Ltd; and, 3) Valdani Vicari & Associati (VVA) with the involvement of KEA European Affairs as a subcontractor.

EU copyright reform: Revisiting the principle of territoriality

28-09-2015

Copyright protection is territorial since rights are normally acquired and enforced on a country-by-country basis, and exceptions and limitations to copyright protection vary from one Member State to another. However, the new digital environment increasingly characterised by the use of the internet to deliver content across borders has an impact on both users and the creative industries, and represents a challenge to the implementation of coherent copyright legislation throughout the EU. The European ...

Copyright protection is territorial since rights are normally acquired and enforced on a country-by-country basis, and exceptions and limitations to copyright protection vary from one Member State to another. However, the new digital environment increasingly characterised by the use of the internet to deliver content across borders has an impact on both users and the creative industries, and represents a challenge to the implementation of coherent copyright legislation throughout the EU. The European Commission has announced it will put forward plans for reform before the end of 2015. Parliament adopted a resolution in July 2015 on the harmonisation of certain aspects of copyright and related rights to steer the debate on the forthcoming reform. A key issue for policy-makers to address is how to mitigate the hindrance to the internal market caused by territorial protection of copyright. Several approaches have been discussed in this respect. One approach is to foster cross-border online access and the portability of content across borders and to prohibit some specific territorial restrictions (for instance, the unjustified practice of geo-blocking). Clarifying copyright rules applicable to online transmissions on the model of the Satellite and Cable Directive has also been proposed. Further harmonising throughout the EU the exceptions and limitations which allow the limited use of copyrighted works for certain purposes without the authorisation of the author or of other rights-holders has also been discussed. Finally, the introduction of a unified legal framework for EU copyright law has been proposed, and requires a comprehensive, evidence-based assessment of the cost and benefits involved.

European film in the digital era

20-04-2015

The fast pace of technological change is creating both challenges and opportunities for the film industry, notably in terms of distribution via new release channels (video on demand, downloading, streaming) and release windows (release chronology), and resulting changes in audience behaviour. New business models also raise questions over copyright for access to content.

The fast pace of technological change is creating both challenges and opportunities for the film industry, notably in terms of distribution via new release channels (video on demand, downloading, streaming) and release windows (release chronology), and resulting changes in audience behaviour. New business models also raise questions over copyright for access to content.

An overview of Europe's film industry

16-12-2014

In spite of the fact that Europe pioneered both technological and content innovation in cinema, at present the EU film landscape is characterised by the strong presence of Hollywood productions. In 2013, they held a share of nearly 70% of the EU market, while European productions represented only 26%. What makes the major US companies so powerful is the fact that they are vertically integrated, with activities spanning production and distribution, allowing them to spread risks over several films, ...

In spite of the fact that Europe pioneered both technological and content innovation in cinema, at present the EU film landscape is characterised by the strong presence of Hollywood productions. In 2013, they held a share of nearly 70% of the EU market, while European productions represented only 26%. What makes the major US companies so powerful is the fact that they are vertically integrated, with activities spanning production and distribution, allowing them to spread risks over several films, and reinvest profits in new projects. To offset the financing challenges facing EU film companies, different types of film-support schemes have been set up, accounting in 2009 for an estimated €2.1 billion (excluding tax incentives and interventions by publicly funded banks and credit institutions). Notwithstanding the ever-increasing presence of Hollywood majors, the European film industry is quite dynamic and encompasses over 75 000 companies, employing more than 370 000 people, and reaping some €60 billion in revenue in 2010. Within the EU, the 'Big Five' – France, Germany, United Kingdom, Italy and Spain – account for around 80% of releases, industry turnover, and persons employed. In its 2014 communication on European film in the digital era, the European Commission identified a number of structural weaknesses which prevent the EU film industry from reaching potential audiences in the EU and globally. Along with the fragmentation of production and issues related to financing, there is greater focus on production, resulting in limited attention to distribution and promotion, and insufficient opportunities for international projects. Helping overcome distribution barriers for European films is also one of the European Parliament's goals through the LUX Prize, awarded annually since 2007. The winner of the prize does not receive a direct grant. Instead, during the LUX Film Days, the three films in competition are subtitled in the 24 official EU languages and are screened in more than 40 cities and at 18 festivals, allowing many Europeans to see them.

Collecting Societies and Cultural Diversity in the Music Sector

15-06-2009

This study investigates how EU policy on music rights licensing, particularly for online services, is affecting cultural diversity. For that purpose, it analyses information on the popularity of different repertoires (Anglo-American, EU and domestic) in recent years in a sample of EU Member States. It finds that current policies are likely to weaken the position of authors and composers, therefore posing a challenge for cultural diversity.

This study investigates how EU policy on music rights licensing, particularly for online services, is affecting cultural diversity. For that purpose, it analyses information on the popularity of different repertoires (Anglo-American, EU and domestic) in recent years in a sample of EU Member States. It finds that current policies are likely to weaken the position of authors and composers, therefore posing a challenge for cultural diversity.

Autor extern

Hellenic Foundation for European and Foreign Policy (as Scientific Coordinator) with the collaboration of Christine Altemark and Thomas Hoeren (University of Muenster, Germany) ; María-José Iglesias and Violaine Dehin (University of Namur, Belgium) ; Giuseppe Mazziotti (University of Copenhagen, Denmark - with the research assistance of Simona Florio, master student at Roma Tre University, Italy) ; Evangelia Psychogiopoulou (University of Leeds, UK) and Eleftherios Zacharias (Athens University of Economics and Business, Greece)

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