Proceedings of the Workshop on "The Situation in Ukraine ahead of the 2012 Parliamentary Elections and the Preparation of these Elections"

31-10-2012

The workshop ‘The situation in Ukraine ahead of the 2012 parliamentary elections and the preparation of these elections’, organised under the patronage of the Foreign Affairs Committee (AFET) and the Delegation for relations with Ukraine, took place on 11 October 2012 in the European Parliament. The workshop aimed at facilitating an exchange of views about the general political context in Ukraine and progress made in terms of democratic reform. Participants discussed issues related both to the overall political background and the preparation of the elections. Over the past two years, the Ukrainian political system has been characterised by a constitutional restoration of the semi-presidential system. In parallel, plurality in the media has decreased and the political atmosphere is further tensed by a selective use of justice. Another issue is the use of administrative resources during electoral processes, which is reported to be widespread by the OSCE. The recent electoral reforms reinstated a mixed system in which half the seats (225) are filled through proportional representation and half (225) in single-member districts with a 5 % threshold. Nonetheless, the new electoral law has been criticised by the Venice Commission and the OSCE. Although adopted with the support of the opposition, electoral legislation is characterised by inconsistencies and lack of clarity, e.g. on the right to challenge the election’s results. Experts and participants also analysed the way in which the campaign is conducted and discussed the possible outcomes of the election. While the current authorities cannot rely upon a strong economic record to boost their electoral performance, the opposition does not have a greater credibility in terms of managing the economy. The Party of Regions has retained a high degree of cohesion and has managed to conduct a very effective campaign, whereas Baktivshchyna (Fatherland) has been weakened by the selective use of justice and its campaign

The workshop ‘The situation in Ukraine ahead of the 2012 parliamentary elections and the preparation of these elections’, organised under the patronage of the Foreign Affairs Committee (AFET) and the Delegation for relations with Ukraine, took place on 11 October 2012 in the European Parliament. The workshop aimed at facilitating an exchange of views about the general political context in Ukraine and progress made in terms of democratic reform. Participants discussed issues related both to the overall political background and the preparation of the elections. Over the past two years, the Ukrainian political system has been characterised by a constitutional restoration of the semi-presidential system. In parallel, plurality in the media has decreased and the political atmosphere is further tensed by a selective use of justice. Another issue is the use of administrative resources during electoral processes, which is reported to be widespread by the OSCE. The recent electoral reforms reinstated a mixed system in which half the seats (225) are filled through proportional representation and half (225) in single-member districts with a 5 % threshold. Nonetheless, the new electoral law has been criticised by the Venice Commission and the OSCE. Although adopted with the support of the opposition, electoral legislation is characterised by inconsistencies and lack of clarity, e.g. on the right to challenge the election’s results. Experts and participants also analysed the way in which the campaign is conducted and discussed the possible outcomes of the election. While the current authorities cannot rely upon a strong economic record to boost their electoral performance, the opposition does not have a greater credibility in terms of managing the economy. The Party of Regions has retained a high degree of cohesion and has managed to conduct a very effective campaign, whereas Baktivshchyna (Fatherland) has been weakened by the selective use of justice and its campaign

Externý autor

Laure DELCOUR (IRIS, France)