Constitutional problems of multi-tier governance in the EU

06-12-2013

Differentiated integration - where some Member States are not yet ready or are unwilling to participate in new developments – is a fact of today's European Union. Nonetheless, the route chosen by the Member States to move forward has a major impact both on the legal certainty around any new instruments and on their democratic oversight. Recent developments in the field of economic and monetary union illustrate very well the difficulties which arise.

Differentiated integration - where some Member States are not yet ready or are unwilling to participate in new developments – is a fact of today's European Union. Nonetheless, the route chosen by the Member States to move forward has a major impact both on the legal certainty around any new instruments and on their democratic oversight. Recent developments in the field of economic and monetary union illustrate very well the difficulties which arise.