ThinkTank logo Dokumenty, ktoré pomáhajú pri vytváraní nových právnych predpisov EÚ
Zverejnené 19-07-2018

Revision of the European Electronic Tolling Service (EETS) Directive

19-07-2018

On 31 May 2017, the Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the interoperability of electronic road toll systems and facilitating cross-border exchange of information on the failure to pay road fees in the Union. It was presented within the context of the Commission's first 'Europe on the Move' package that seeks to modernise mobility and transport. Tying in with the 2015 energy union strategy and the Commission's 2016 European strategy for low emission mobility, and announced in the 2017 ...

On 31 May 2017, the Commission adopted a proposal for a directive on the interoperability of electronic road toll systems and facilitating cross-border exchange of information on the failure to pay road fees in the Union. It was presented within the context of the Commission's first 'Europe on the Move' package that seeks to modernise mobility and transport. Tying in with the 2015 energy union strategy and the Commission's 2016 European strategy for low emission mobility, and announced in the 2017 Commission work programme, the revision of the European Electronic Tolling Service (EETS) was presented together with the revision of the directive on the charging of heavy goods vehicles for the use of certain infrastructures (the Eurovignette Directive). In June 2018, both Parliament and Council adopted their positions on the Commission's proposal, opening the way for interinstitutional (trilogue) negotiations to begin.

The EU-UK relationship beyond Brexit: options for Police Cooperation and Judicial Cooperation in Criminal Matters

17-07-2018

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee, provides expertise on the legal, institutional and technical implications of the UK’s future relationship with the EU after Brexit in the areas of police cooperation and judicial cooperation in criminal matters (Chapters 4 and 5 of Title V TFEU).

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee, provides expertise on the legal, institutional and technical implications of the UK’s future relationship with the EU after Brexit in the areas of police cooperation and judicial cooperation in criminal matters (Chapters 4 and 5 of Title V TFEU).

Externý autor

Mirja GUTHEIL, Optimity Advisors; Quentin LIGER, Optimity Advisors; Aurélie HEETMAN, Optimity Advisors; Max HENLEY, Optimity Advisors; Harry HEYBURN, Optimity Advisors.

Zverejnené 18-07-2018

Women in the Western Balkans: Gender equality in the EU accession process

18-07-2018

Equality between women and men, or gender equality, is a fundamental right and a common value, recognised by the EU. It has been a component of the European integration project from its outset. Enshrined in the EU Treaties, gender equality forms part of the accession conditions with which candidate and potential candidates from the Western Balkans (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo, Montenegro and Serbia) have to comply. Investing in gender equality ...

Equality between women and men, or gender equality, is a fundamental right and a common value, recognised by the EU. It has been a component of the European integration project from its outset. Enshrined in the EU Treaties, gender equality forms part of the accession conditions with which candidate and potential candidates from the Western Balkans (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo, Montenegro and Serbia) have to comply. Investing in gender equality, however, is essential not only as an EU requirement, but for an equal society. Although progress has been noted in these countries as regards gender equality, more work is still required. Equal opportunities would allow EU candidate countries to better tap into the potential and skills of women, and underpin achievements in areas such as economic growth, employment and social cohesion, as well as in peace-building. As part of their preparation for an EU future, the Western Balkan countries have taken steps to advance women's rights in recent years. These include adopting or amending relevant legislation (e.g. criminal and labour laws), elaborating national strategies and action plans, and establishing institutional mechanisms to carry out and monitor relevant policies. Nevertheless, promoting gender equality is often sidelined, and the action taken in this respect is insufficient. Ensuring equality between women and men remains 'unfinished business' in a region where traditional gender roles are deep-rooted and social attitudes and lack of awareness of women's rights are at the core of the problem. This Briefing aims to highlight the EU's efforts to promote gender equality as part of EU enlargement policy, and the way the EU strives to mainstream equality across the board. It also aims to cast light on some major challenges that women face in the Western Balkans, such as their weaker roles in economy and politics, and widespread gender-based violence. This follows up the June 2017 briefing on 'Rights and empowerment of women in the Western Balkans'.

Introducing the definitive VAT system for B2B cross-border trade

18-07-2018

Value added tax (VAT) is an important source of revenue for national governments and the European Union (EU) budget and, from an economic point of view, it is a very efficient consumption tax. However, the existing rules governing intra-Community trade are 25 years old and the current common EU VAT system presents such problems as vulnerability to fraud, high compliance costs for businesses and also a heavy administrative burden for national authorities. The reform of the system is planned in several ...

Value added tax (VAT) is an important source of revenue for national governments and the European Union (EU) budget and, from an economic point of view, it is a very efficient consumption tax. However, the existing rules governing intra-Community trade are 25 years old and the current common EU VAT system presents such problems as vulnerability to fraud, high compliance costs for businesses and also a heavy administrative burden for national authorities. The reform of the system is planned in several consecutive steps, first for goods and then for services, and will take some years. This proposal introduces the basic features of the definite VAT system for business-to-business (B2B) transactions of goods and aims to harmonise and simplify certain rules of the current VAT system, by amending the VAT Directive (Directive 2006/112/EC).

European Regional Development Fund and Cohesion Fund 2021-2027

18-07-2018

In preparation for the upcoming Multiannual Financial Framework for 2021-2027, the European Commission published a proposal for a regulation on the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and the Cohesion Fund (CF) on 29 May 2018. The new single regulation on the ERDF and CF (previously covered by two separate regulations) identifies the specific objectives and scope of support for both funds, including non-eligible activities. In line with evidence regarding impact, investments will focus on activities ...

In preparation for the upcoming Multiannual Financial Framework for 2021-2027, the European Commission published a proposal for a regulation on the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and the Cohesion Fund (CF) on 29 May 2018. The new single regulation on the ERDF and CF (previously covered by two separate regulations) identifies the specific objectives and scope of support for both funds, including non-eligible activities. In line with evidence regarding impact, investments will focus on activities with the highest added value, such as support for SMEs, smart specialisation, the low carbon economy, sustainable urban development and regional cooperation. The ERDF will focus mainly on smart growth and the green economy, and the CF on environmental and transport infrastructure. A special approach is adopted for territories such as urban areas and outermost regions. The indicator framework for monitoring progress will include new common results indicators. At the European Parliament, the file has been allocated to the Committee on Regional Development, with Andrea Cozzolino (S&D, Italy) as rapporteur. The rapporteur's draft report is expected in the autumn.

Seven economic challenges for Russia: Breaking out of stagnation?

18-07-2018

This publication describes the current condition of the Russian economy, which has suffered recently from external shocks, such as a collapse in oil prices and Western sanctions. However, it argues that poor economic performance has more to do with long-term internal problems, including a lack of competitive markets, low levels of investment, an absence of innovation and excessive dependence on natural resources. Finally, it discusses President Putin's promises of economic reforms to tackle such ...

This publication describes the current condition of the Russian economy, which has suffered recently from external shocks, such as a collapse in oil prices and Western sanctions. However, it argues that poor economic performance has more to do with long-term internal problems, including a lack of competitive markets, low levels of investment, an absence of innovation and excessive dependence on natural resources. Finally, it discusses President Putin's promises of economic reforms to tackle such issues, and evaluates the prospects for major change.

Global Trendometer - Essays on medium- and long-term global trends - July 2018

18-07-2018

The EU faces challenges from the outside and the inside. Most of those are the symptoms of big underlying trends, and handling them needs foresight. The Global Trendometer tries to provide foresight for decision makers in the EU by analysing the changes in these long-term trends. This publication does not offer answers or make recommendations. It presents summarised information derived from a range of carefully selected sources. This issue of the Global Trendometer analyses long-term trends on India ...

The EU faces challenges from the outside and the inside. Most of those are the symptoms of big underlying trends, and handling them needs foresight. The Global Trendometer tries to provide foresight for decision makers in the EU by analysing the changes in these long-term trends. This publication does not offer answers or make recommendations. It presents summarised information derived from a range of carefully selected sources. This issue of the Global Trendometer analyses long-term trends on India, the labour-share of income, and democracy and artificial intelligence. It also features two-pagers on geoengineering, remittances, food security in China, economic waves, the US after Trump, public procurement and deep fakes.

Tri susedné krajiny Východného partnerstva: Ukrajina, Moldavsko a Bielorusko

01-01-2018

Politika Východného partnerstva EÚ, ktorá vznikla v roku 2009, zahŕňa šesť krajín bývalého Sovietskeho zväzu: Arménsko, Azerbajdžan, Bielorusko, Gruzínsko, Moldavsko a Ukrajinu. Partnerstvo vzniklo v roku 2009 s cieľom podporovať snahy o politické, sociálne a hospodárske reformy v týchto krajinách zamerané na zvýšenie demokratizácie, dobrej správy vecí verejných, energetickej bezpečnosti, ochrany životného prostredia a hospodárskeho a sociálneho rozvoja. Všetky členské krajiny okrem Bieloruska sú ...

Politika Východného partnerstva EÚ, ktorá vznikla v roku 2009, zahŕňa šesť krajín bývalého Sovietskeho zväzu: Arménsko, Azerbajdžan, Bielorusko, Gruzínsko, Moldavsko a Ukrajinu. Partnerstvo vzniklo v roku 2009 s cieľom podporovať snahy o politické, sociálne a hospodárske reformy v týchto krajinách zamerané na zvýšenie demokratizácie, dobrej správy vecí verejných, energetickej bezpečnosti, ochrany životného prostredia a hospodárskeho a sociálneho rozvoja. Všetky členské krajiny okrem Bieloruska sú súčasťou Parlamentného zhromaždenia Euronest.

Sociálny dialóg

01-02-2018

Sociálny dialóg je základným prvkom európskeho sociálneho modelu, ktorý bol v plnej miere uznaný v zmluve prostredníctvom amsterdamskej reformy. Sociálni partneri (zástupcovia manažmentu a pracovníkov) tak môžu aktívne prispievať k formovaniu európskej sociálnej politiky.

Sociálny dialóg je základným prvkom európskeho sociálneho modelu, ktorý bol v plnej miere uznaný v zmluve prostredníctvom amsterdamskej reformy. Sociálni partneri (zástupcovia manažmentu a pracovníkov) tak môžu aktívne prispievať k formovaniu európskej sociálnej politiky.

Sociálne zabezpečenie v iných členských štátoch EÚ

01-02-2018

Koordinácia systémov sociálneho zabezpečenia zjednodušuje voľný pohyb osôb v rámci EÚ. Zásadná reforma právnych predpisov v tejto oblasti bola vykonaná v máji 2010 a neskôr bola doplnená ďalšími právnymi aktmi, ktorými sa zlepšuje ochranu práv pracovníkov pri uplatňovaní práva na voľný pohyb. V roku 2016 Komisia zahrnula návrhy do balíka opatrení v oblasti mobility pracovných síl s cieľom ešte viac reformovať systém a prispôsobiť ho modernej hospodárskej a sociálnej realite v EÚ.

Koordinácia systémov sociálneho zabezpečenia zjednodušuje voľný pohyb osôb v rámci EÚ. Zásadná reforma právnych predpisov v tejto oblasti bola vykonaná v máji 2010 a neskôr bola doplnená ďalšími právnymi aktmi, ktorými sa zlepšuje ochranu práv pracovníkov pri uplatňovaní práva na voľný pohyb. V roku 2016 Komisia zahrnula návrhy do balíka opatrení v oblasti mobility pracovných síl s cieľom ešte viac reformovať systém a prispôsobiť ho modernej hospodárskej a sociálnej realite v EÚ.

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