ThinkTank logo Dokumenty, ktoré pomáhajú pri vytváraní nových právnych predpisov EÚ
Zverejnené 25-09-2017

Work-life balance for parents and carers

25-09-2017

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission impact assessment (IA) accompanying the above proposal, submitted on 26 April 2017 and referred to Parliament’s Committee on Employment and Social Affairs. The proposal is a follow-up to the withdrawal of the Commission's proposal to revise Council Directive 92/85/EEC (the Maternity Leave Directive). After the withdrawal, the Commission announced its intention to prepare a new initiative with ...

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission impact assessment (IA) accompanying the above proposal, submitted on 26 April 2017 and referred to Parliament’s Committee on Employment and Social Affairs. The proposal is a follow-up to the withdrawal of the Commission's proposal to revise Council Directive 92/85/EEC (the Maternity Leave Directive). After the withdrawal, the Commission announced its intention to prepare a new initiative with a broader approach. The European Parliament has called in its resolutions for a comprehensive proposal from the Commission on work-life balance. In line with the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU), the Commission conducted a two-stage consultation with the social partners on work-life balance. There was no agreement among social partners to enter into direct negotiations to conclude an EU level agreement. A roadmap for the new initiative was published in August 2015 and the initiative was included in the Commission's 2017 work programme within the framework of the European Pillar of Social Rights. The Commission's proposal for a directive is part of a package of measures aiming to address women's underrepresentation in employment by improving conditions to reconcile work and family duties. The proposal builds on existing EU legislation (especially Directive 2010/18/EU on parental leave), policies and best practices of the Member States in the area of work-life balance.

Youth Employment Initiative (YEI) in Croatia

15-09-2017

The paper provides analysis of recent development in youth (un)employment and the implementation of the Youth Employment Initiative (YEI) in Croatia. The analysis covers recent trends in the employment and unemployment indicators, policies adopted to fight youth unemployment and inactivity and the analysis of YEI role in the context of the goal to reduce unemployment. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs of the European ...

The paper provides analysis of recent development in youth (un)employment and the implementation of the Youth Employment Initiative (YEI) in Croatia. The analysis covers recent trends in the employment and unemployment indicators, policies adopted to fight youth unemployment and inactivity and the analysis of YEI role in the context of the goal to reduce unemployment. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs of the European Parliament.

Externý autor

Valerija BOTRIĆ, The Institute of Economics, Zagreb.

The Corporate Sector Purchase Programme (CSPP): Challenges and future prospects

15-09-2017

Large-scale asset purchase programmes are a form of monetary policy in which market interest rates are reduced by different amounts at different maturities – and lower them at the long rates that affect investment and consumption decisions. They are designed to stimulate spending by increasing liquidity, raising asset prices, creating wealth effects, lowering borrowing costs and increasing investment. Corporate bond purchases (CSPP) are complementary to, not an alternative to standard QE policies ...

Large-scale asset purchase programmes are a form of monetary policy in which market interest rates are reduced by different amounts at different maturities – and lower them at the long rates that affect investment and consumption decisions. They are designed to stimulate spending by increasing liquidity, raising asset prices, creating wealth effects, lowering borrowing costs and increasing investment. Corporate bond purchases (CSPP) are complementary to, not an alternative to standard QE policies. They increase the impact of QE policies; widen the pool of (potentially) high quality assets that can be used (itself a risk reducing measure that reduces the pressure on reserves); and make it easier to steer economic performance by reducing risk premia, that is sectoral or regional interest spreads. That not only reduces average borrowing costs; it delivers better economic performance where it matters most. More important perhaps, this technique allows us to bypass the risk aversion and regulatory constraints in the banking system that have limited the transmission of greater liquidity into loans and new investment spending despite lower borrowing costs. The risks to the ECB’s balance sheet appear to be small, and likely to be less than using bonds from highly indebted governments.

Externý autor

Andrew HUGHES HALLETT

The corporate sector purchase programme (CSPP): Challenges and future prospects

15-09-2017

The ECB has adopted a variety of different unconventional monetary policy measures since the Global Financial Crisis. In 2016, the ECB additionally adopted the corporate sector purchase programme (CSPP), during which the ECB buys bonds of the private non-financial sector for the first time. One important reason for the adoption of the CSPP possibly was that business investment has been persistently weak in the euro area after the Global Financial Crisis. In this briefing paper, we provide a first ...

The ECB has adopted a variety of different unconventional monetary policy measures since the Global Financial Crisis. In 2016, the ECB additionally adopted the corporate sector purchase programme (CSPP), during which the ECB buys bonds of the private non-financial sector for the first time. One important reason for the adoption of the CSPP possibly was that business investment has been persistently weak in the euro area after the Global Financial Crisis. In this briefing paper, we provide a first assessment of the CSPP, including a discussion of challenges for and future prospects of the programme.

Externý autor

Salomon FIEDLER, Nils JANNSEN, Matthias RADDANT (Kiel Institute for the World Economy)

Towards a circular economy-Waste management in the EU

25-09-2017

This STOA study explores waste management in the EU. Around one third of EU municipal waste was sent to landfill in 2012. To turn waste into a resource, waste management objectives must be aligned with the goals of a circular economy transition. This report highlights progress and challenges across Member States and in municipalities for (1) reducing waste, and (2) generating high-quality waste streams for re-use and recovery. It focuses on the current policy landscape, trends, and technologies for ...

This STOA study explores waste management in the EU. Around one third of EU municipal waste was sent to landfill in 2012. To turn waste into a resource, waste management objectives must be aligned with the goals of a circular economy transition. This report highlights progress and challenges across Member States and in municipalities for (1) reducing waste, and (2) generating high-quality waste streams for re-use and recovery. It focuses on the current policy landscape, trends, and technologies for the five waste streams identified in the European Commission´s Circular Economy Action Plan. Employment opportunities for the different steps of the waste hierarchy as well as future policy options are identified and discussed.

Externý autor

EPRS, DG

Current and Emerging Trends in Disruptive Technologies: Implications for the Present and Future of EU’s Trade Policy

20-09-2017

Digital technologies, taken as a broad generic category of technological inventions and applications, fall under a rare kind of ‘disruptive technologies’ that can radically change existing economic sectors, enable new modes of work, production and consumption and trigger broader societal transformations. To make apt policy decisions, there is a distinct need to understand what these technologies and their effects actually are and how they may develop over time. This study attends to this need in ...

Digital technologies, taken as a broad generic category of technological inventions and applications, fall under a rare kind of ‘disruptive technologies’ that can radically change existing economic sectors, enable new modes of work, production and consumption and trigger broader societal transformations. To make apt policy decisions, there is a distinct need to understand what these technologies and their effects actually are and how they may develop over time. This study attends to this need in particular with regard to the implications of digital technologies for EU’s external trade policies. It accentuates the critical importance of data and cross-border data flows for the emergent digital economy and underscores the need to appropriately address them with a calibrated and more proactive positioning of the EU in international trade venues.

Externý autor

Mira BURRI, senior lecturer, University of Lucerne, Switzerland

Európska investičná banka

01-06-2017

Európska investičná banka (EIB) podporuje ciele Európskej únie tým, že poskytuje dlhodobé financovanie projektov, záruky a poradenstvo. Podporuje projekty v rámci EÚ, ako aj mimo nej. Jej akcionármi sú členské štáty EÚ. EIB je väčšinovým akcionárom Európskeho investičného fondu (EIF) a spolu s ním tvorí skupinu EIB. V rámci investičného plánu pre Európu, ktorý navrhla Komisia, je skupina EIB súčasťou širšej stratégie, ktorej cieľom je prekonať veľkú medzeru v investíciách oslobodením investorov od ...

Európska investičná banka (EIB) podporuje ciele Európskej únie tým, že poskytuje dlhodobé financovanie projektov, záruky a poradenstvo. Podporuje projekty v rámci EÚ, ako aj mimo nej. Jej akcionármi sú členské štáty EÚ. EIB je väčšinovým akcionárom Európskeho investičného fondu (EIF) a spolu s ním tvorí skupinu EIB. V rámci investičného plánu pre Európu, ktorý navrhla Komisia, je skupina EIB súčasťou širšej stratégie, ktorej cieľom je prekonať veľkú medzeru v investíciách oslobodením investorov od niektorých rizík, ktoré sú spojené s projektmi.

Európsky systém finančného dohľadu (ESFS)

01-06-2017

Európsky systém finančného dohľadu (ESFS) je viacvrstvový systém mikro- a makroprudenciálnych orgánov, ktorý tvoria Európsky výbor pre systémové riziká, tri európske orgány dohľadu a vnútroštátne orgány dohľadu. Cieľom ESFS je zabezpečiť konzistentný a ucelený finančný dohľad v EÚ. Tento systém dohľadu prechádza zmenami v nadväznosti na zavedenie bankovej únie a vystúpenie Spojeného kráľovstva z EÚ.

Európsky systém finančného dohľadu (ESFS) je viacvrstvový systém mikro- a makroprudenciálnych orgánov, ktorý tvoria Európsky výbor pre systémové riziká, tri európske orgány dohľadu a vnútroštátne orgány dohľadu. Cieľom ESFS je zabezpečiť konzistentný a ucelený finančný dohľad v EÚ. Tento systém dohľadu prechádza zmenami v nadväznosti na zavedenie bankovej únie a vystúpenie Spojeného kráľovstva z EÚ.

Nepriame dane

01-06-2017

Za nepriame dane sa považujú daň z pridanej hodnoty a spotrebné dane z alkoholu, tabaku a energií. Spoločný systém DPH je vo všeobecnosti uplatniteľný na tovary a služby, ktoré sa v EÚ kupujú a predávajú na použitie alebo spotrebu. Spotrebná daň sa vzťahuje na predaj alebo používanie konkrétnych výrobkov. Legislatívna činnosť EÚ má za cieľ koordinovať a harmonizovať legislatívu o DPH a harmonizovať spotrebné dane z alkoholu, tabaku a energie, aby sa zabezpečilo správne fungovanie vnútorného trhu. ...

Za nepriame dane sa považujú daň z pridanej hodnoty a spotrebné dane z alkoholu, tabaku a energií. Spoločný systém DPH je vo všeobecnosti uplatniteľný na tovary a služby, ktoré sa v EÚ kupujú a predávajú na použitie alebo spotrebu. Spotrebná daň sa vzťahuje na predaj alebo používanie konkrétnych výrobkov. Legislatívna činnosť EÚ má za cieľ koordinovať a harmonizovať legislatívu o DPH a harmonizovať spotrebné dane z alkoholu, tabaku a energie, aby sa zabezpečilo správne fungovanie vnútorného trhu.

Zverejnené 22-09-2017

Common corporate tax base (CCTB)

22-09-2017

The European Commission has decided to re-launch the common consolidated corporate tax base (CCCTB) project in a two-step approach, with the publication of two new interconnected proposals on a common corporate tax base (CCTB) and a common consolidated corporate tax base (CCCTB). These were published on 25 October 2016, and the 2011 CCCTB proposal (COM(2011) 121) was withdrawn on the same day. The re-launch follows the lack of progress on the 2011 proposal in the Council. The 2016 CCTB provides for ...

The European Commission has decided to re-launch the common consolidated corporate tax base (CCCTB) project in a two-step approach, with the publication of two new interconnected proposals on a common corporate tax base (CCTB) and a common consolidated corporate tax base (CCCTB). These were published on 25 October 2016, and the 2011 CCCTB proposal (COM(2011) 121) was withdrawn on the same day. The re-launch follows the lack of progress on the 2011 proposal in the Council. The 2016 CCTB provides for the determination of a single set of rules for calculation of the corporate tax base. Companies operating across borders in the EU would no longer have to deal with 28 different sets of national rules when calculating their taxable profits. The intention is that the proposed CCTB is a step on the way towards re-establishing the link between taxation and the place where profits are made, via an apportionment formula to be introduced through the new CCCTB proposal. The proposals include a number of anti-tax avoidance measures. The proposal only concerns the corporate tax base and is not intended to harmonise national corporate tax rates. The Member States would retain their sovereign right to set their own tax rates. Please note this document has been designed for on-line viewing.

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