ThinkTank logo Dokumenty, ktoré pomáhajú pri vytváraní nových právnych predpisov EÚ
Zverejnené 23-05-2019

Južní partneri

01-02-2018

Európska susedská politika (ESP) zahŕňa Alžírsko, Egypt, Izrael, Jordánsko, Libanon, Líbyu, Maroko, Palestínu, Sýriu a Tunisko. Spočíva v dvojstranných politikách medzi EÚ a jednotlivými partnerskými krajinami, ktoré dopĺňa rámec regionálnej spolupráce – Únia pre Stredozemie. EÚ v roku 2011 v reakcii na povstania v južných susedských krajinách posilnila podporu demokratickej transformácie v rámci ESP. V roku 2015 uskutočnila ďalšiu revíziu ESP.

Európska susedská politika (ESP) zahŕňa Alžírsko, Egypt, Izrael, Jordánsko, Libanon, Líbyu, Maroko, Palestínu, Sýriu a Tunisko. Spočíva v dvojstranných politikách medzi EÚ a jednotlivými partnerskými krajinami, ktoré dopĺňa rámec regionálnej spolupráce – Únia pre Stredozemie. EÚ v roku 2011 v reakcii na povstania v južných susedských krajinách posilnila podporu demokratickej transformácie v rámci ESP. V roku 2015 uskutočnila ďalšiu revíziu ESP.

Zverejnené 22-05-2019

Contribution to Growth: Consumer Protection - Delivering improved rights for European citizens and businesses

15-05-2019

The following in-depth analysis explores economic benefits of policy achievements related to European Consumer Protection. Theoretical background indicates that measures aimed at improving consumer protection should provide mostly positive wider economic impact. Analysed studies related to EU legislation provide numerous evidence that it is the case indeed, however frequently lack quantification of effects. Some areas open for additional intervention are suggested in the study. This document was ...

The following in-depth analysis explores economic benefits of policy achievements related to European Consumer Protection. Theoretical background indicates that measures aimed at improving consumer protection should provide mostly positive wider economic impact. Analysed studies related to EU legislation provide numerous evidence that it is the case indeed, however frequently lack quantification of effects. Some areas open for additional intervention are suggested in the study. This document was prepared for Policy Department A on request of the Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection.

Externý autor

Dr. M. Buwowski, T. Kaczor

Zverejnené 21-05-2019

Európska únia a Svetová obchodná organizácia

01-05-2018

Svetová obchodná organizácia (WTO) pracuje s cieľom zabezpečiť medzinárodný obchodný systém založený na pravidlách. Napriek bezvýchodiskovej situácii v obchodných rokovaniach sa skúmajú spôsoby modernizácie pravidiel WTO a riešenia globálnych výziev. Nadobudnutie platnosti Dohody o uľahčení obchodu vo februári 2017 prinieslo v oblasti obchodných pravidiel WTO nový vývoj. Podľa Lisabonskej zmluvy je Parlament zákonodarcom spoločne s Radou a má významnú kontrolnú úlohu v oblasti medzinárodnej obchodnej ...

Svetová obchodná organizácia (WTO) pracuje s cieľom zabezpečiť medzinárodný obchodný systém založený na pravidlách. Napriek bezvýchodiskovej situácii v obchodných rokovaniach sa skúmajú spôsoby modernizácie pravidiel WTO a riešenia globálnych výziev. Nadobudnutie platnosti Dohody o uľahčení obchodu vo februári 2017 prinieslo v oblasti obchodných pravidiel WTO nový vývoj. Podľa Lisabonskej zmluvy je Parlament zákonodarcom spoločne s Radou a má významnú kontrolnú úlohu v oblasti medzinárodnej obchodnej politiky.

Rovnosť medzi mužmi a ženami

01-04-2018

Rovnosť medzi ženami a mužmi je jedným z cieľov Európskej únie. Právne predpisy, judikatúra a zmeny zmlúv postupne pomohli upevniť túto zásadu a uplatňovať ju v EÚ. Európsky parlament vždy horlivo zastával zásadu rovnosti medzi mužmi a ženami.

Rovnosť medzi ženami a mužmi je jedným z cieľov Európskej únie. Právne predpisy, judikatúra a zmeny zmlúv postupne pomohli upevniť túto zásadu a uplatňovať ju v EÚ. Európsky parlament vždy horlivo zastával zásadu rovnosti medzi mužmi a ženami.

Politika v oblasti životného prostredia: všeobecné zásady a základný rámec

01-02-2018

Európska politika v oblasti životného prostredia sa opiera o zásady predbežnej opatrnosti, prevencie a odstraňovania znečistenia pri zdroji, ako aj o zásadu „znečisťovateľ platí“. Rámec budúcej činnosti vo všetkých oblastiach politiky životného prostredia stanovuje viacročné akčné programy v oblasti životného prostredia. Sú začlenené do horizontálnych stratégií a zohľadňované v medzinárodných rokovaniach o životnom prostredí. V neposlednom rade zohráva kľúčovú úlohu vykonávanie.

Európska politika v oblasti životného prostredia sa opiera o zásady predbežnej opatrnosti, prevencie a odstraňovania znečistenia pri zdroji, ako aj o zásadu „znečisťovateľ platí“. Rámec budúcej činnosti vo všetkých oblastiach politiky životného prostredia stanovuje viacročné akčné programy v oblasti životného prostredia. Sú začlenené do horizontálnych stratégií a zohľadňované v medzinárodných rokovaniach o životnom prostredí. V neposlednom rade zohráva kľúčovú úlohu vykonávanie.

Zverejnené 20-05-2019

Artificial intelligence, data protection and elections

20-05-2019

The Facebook/Cambridge Analytica case in 2018, revealing alleged misuse of personal data for political advertising, demonstrated how the underlying values of the European data protection rules are essential for democracy. The EU has recently adopted a series of additional initiatives to support free and fair elections, reflected not least in European Parliament (EP) debates and resolutions.

The Facebook/Cambridge Analytica case in 2018, revealing alleged misuse of personal data for political advertising, demonstrated how the underlying values of the European data protection rules are essential for democracy. The EU has recently adopted a series of additional initiatives to support free and fair elections, reflected not least in European Parliament (EP) debates and resolutions.

EU policies – Delivering for citizens: Regional policy

20-05-2019

The principal aim of the EU's regional policy, also known as cohesion policy, is to address the territorial, social and economic imbalances that exist between the different regions of the EU. Regional policy covers all regions and cities of the European Union, helping to support job creation, business competitiveness, economic growth, sustainable development, and to improve citizens' quality of life. To achieve these goals and address the diverse development needs in all EU regions, €351.8 billion ...

The principal aim of the EU's regional policy, also known as cohesion policy, is to address the territorial, social and economic imbalances that exist between the different regions of the EU. Regional policy covers all regions and cities of the European Union, helping to support job creation, business competitiveness, economic growth, sustainable development, and to improve citizens' quality of life. To achieve these goals and address the diverse development needs in all EU regions, €351.8 billion – almost one third of the total EU budget – has been set aside for cohesion policy for the 2014-2020 period. This financial support is distributed through two main funds: the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and the Cohesion Fund (CF). Together with the European Social Fund (ESF), the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) and the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF), they make up the European structural and investment (ESI) funds, which provide support that can make a real difference to the lives of people in the EU's regions. With the current programming period (2014-2020) drawing to a close, work is now under way on planning the cohesion policy priorities for the next programming period (2021-2027). During its 2014-2019 term the European Parliament has been called upon numerous times to adopt new legislative acts, amend older rules and to provide opinions on many topics relating to the EU's regional policy. Within the European Parliament, the Committee on Regional Policy is responsible for the Union's regional development and cohesion policy, as set out in the Treaties. In anticipation of its expected withdrawal from the EU, the UK, until now a net contributor to the EU budget, will no longer contribute to the post-2020 EU budget, which means that the EU will have fewer resources to allocate to its policies in the future, including cohesion policy. The European Parliament has, however, strongly advocated maintaining the level of funding for cohesion policy at its current level or even increasing it.

Judicial cooperation in criminal matters achievements during the legislative term 2014-2019: the role of the European Parliament

13-05-2019

Judicial cooperation in criminal matters is based on the principle of mutual recognition of judgments and judicial decisions, and includes measures to approximate the laws of the Member States in several areas. It includes minimum rules concerning the definition of criminal offences and sanctions in the areas of particularly serious crime with a cross-border dimension: terrorism, trafficking in human beings and sexual exploitation of women and children, illicit drug trafficking, illicit arms trafficking ...

Judicial cooperation in criminal matters is based on the principle of mutual recognition of judgments and judicial decisions, and includes measures to approximate the laws of the Member States in several areas. It includes minimum rules concerning the definition of criminal offences and sanctions in the areas of particularly serious crime with a cross-border dimension: terrorism, trafficking in human beings and sexual exploitation of women and children, illicit drug trafficking, illicit arms trafficking, money laundering, corruption, counterfeiting of means of payment, computer crime and organised crime. Considerable progress was made in developing the judicial cooperation in criminal matters in all these areas during the legislative term 2014-2019. Most importantly, the new Eurojust Regulation will take effect in December 2019 and the European Public Prosecutor’s Office is expected to start operating from late 2020 or early 2021 onwards. In Parliament, the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE Committee) is responsible for measures relating to police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters, including terrorism, and substantive and procedural measures relating to the development of a more coherent Union approach to criminal law, according to Parliament’s Rules of Procedure.

Briefing on the achievements of the FEMM committee in the area of gender equality during the 2014-2019 term (Briefing + Annex)

15-05-2019

Promoting equal economic independence for women, closing the gender pay gap, advancing gender balance in decision-making, ending gender-based violence and promoting gender equality belong to the aims of the European Union. When compared with the rest of the world, the position of women in the EU can serve as a positive example especially because it strives to constantly improve its policies and legislation relating to women’s rights and gender equality. The European Parliament, and its Committee ...

Promoting equal economic independence for women, closing the gender pay gap, advancing gender balance in decision-making, ending gender-based violence and promoting gender equality belong to the aims of the European Union. When compared with the rest of the world, the position of women in the EU can serve as a positive example especially because it strives to constantly improve its policies and legislation relating to women’s rights and gender equality. The European Parliament, and its Committee on Women’s Rights and Gender Equality (FEMM), has played a very active role in promoting those rights. This briefing looks into the past legislative term (2014-2019) and takes stock of FEMM activities aiming to contribute to gender balance in different spheres of life.

Free movement of services and freedom of establishment: European Public Procurement - Delivering improved rights for European citizens and businesses

15-05-2019

This study discusses European legal policy to ensure freedom to provide services and freedom of establishment since 2009, ex-amines the market-opening effects of enacted acts and pro-posals, and identifies legislative challenges that the Union insti-tutions should address in the coming legislative period. It also addresses the specific Brexit-related issues for the freedom to provide services. This document was provided by Policy Department A, in collab-oration with IMCO Secretariat, at the request ...

This study discusses European legal policy to ensure freedom to provide services and freedom of establishment since 2009, ex-amines the market-opening effects of enacted acts and pro-posals, and identifies legislative challenges that the Union insti-tutions should address in the coming legislative period. It also addresses the specific Brexit-related issues for the freedom to provide services. This document was provided by Policy Department A, in collab-oration with IMCO Secretariat, at the request of the IMCO Committee.

Externý autor

Prof. Dr. Friedmann KAINER

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