52

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Fish labelling for consumers

12-10-2017

Since the end of 2014, consumers in the European Union (EU) have had access to better information when buying fishery and aquaculture products. Mandatory labels or markings for retail sale of seafood (including some types of processed seafood) must, in particular, include information on both the commercial and the scientific names of the species, whether it has been fished or farmed, the catch area or country of production, and the fishing gear used.

Since the end of 2014, consumers in the European Union (EU) have had access to better information when buying fishery and aquaculture products. Mandatory labels or markings for retail sale of seafood (including some types of processed seafood) must, in particular, include information on both the commercial and the scientific names of the species, whether it has been fished or farmed, the catch area or country of production, and the fishing gear used.

Aquaculture in the EU

03-10-2017

Aquaculture means the rearing of aquatic animals and the cultivation of aquatic plants and algae. While, at global level, this industry has undergone significant growth for several decades, in the EU, aquaculture production, focused on the farming of fish and shellfish for human consumption, is rather stagnating. Subject to diverse EU policies, such as environmental protection or animal and consumer health, the development of aquaculture largely depends on measures taken by national authorities. ...

Aquaculture means the rearing of aquatic animals and the cultivation of aquatic plants and algae. While, at global level, this industry has undergone significant growth for several decades, in the EU, aquaculture production, focused on the farming of fish and shellfish for human consumption, is rather stagnating. Subject to diverse EU policies, such as environmental protection or animal and consumer health, the development of aquaculture largely depends on measures taken by national authorities. The EU common fisheries policy requests Member States to put in place a strategic plan for sustainable aquaculture, which can be fostered with the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund.

Transposing ICCAT fisheries measures into EU law

27-09-2017

The European Commission has proposed to include a number of binding recommendations of the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT) in EU law, in so far as they are not yet included therein. After interinstitutional negotiations, the EP is now due to vote on a draft regulation on fisheries measures in the ICCAT area, with a view to reaching a first-reading agreement.

The European Commission has proposed to include a number of binding recommendations of the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT) in EU law, in so far as they are not yet included therein. After interinstitutional negotiations, the EP is now due to vote on a draft regulation on fisheries measures in the ICCAT area, with a view to reaching a first-reading agreement.

Transposing international measures for Atlantic tuna fisheries into EU law

26-09-2017

Following the approval, in June 2017, of the outcome of interinstitutional negotiations by the Committee on fisheries, the European Parliament is due to vote on a proposal for a regulation concerning the conservation of tuna and tuna-like species, and the management of fisheries targeting these stocks in the Atlantic Ocean (including adjacent seas such as the Mediterranean), with a view to reaching a first-reading agreement. This legislative proposal aims to transpose into EU law a number of binding ...

Following the approval, in June 2017, of the outcome of interinstitutional negotiations by the Committee on fisheries, the European Parliament is due to vote on a proposal for a regulation concerning the conservation of tuna and tuna-like species, and the management of fisheries targeting these stocks in the Atlantic Ocean (including adjacent seas such as the Mediterranean), with a view to reaching a first-reading agreement. This legislative proposal aims to transpose into EU law a number of binding recommendations adopted by the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT), a regional fisheries management organisation to which the EU is a contracting party. To become applicable, notably to operators such as the masters of fishing vessels, these measures must be enacted in EU law. The European Commission is also proposing that future ICCAT recommendations for some fisheries management measures should become part of EU law through delegated acts. Owing to its purpose (transposition of internationally agreed measures), this legislative proposal is not accompanied by an impact assessment and was not the subject of a public consultation. Third edition. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure. To view earlier editions of this briefing, please see: PE.603.917, May 2017.

Multiannual plan for North Sea demersal fisheries

30-08-2017

The European Parliament is due to decide a position in plenary in advance of interinstitutional negotiations on a legislative proposal for a multiannual plan to manage some fisheries in the North Sea. For its part, the Council adopted its general approach in April 2017. This plan would cover demersal species (i.e. species living close to the sea bottom) in the EU waters in the North Sea and some adjacent maritime areas. These stocks are exploited by various fishing fleets using various fishing gear ...

The European Parliament is due to decide a position in plenary in advance of interinstitutional negotiations on a legislative proposal for a multiannual plan to manage some fisheries in the North Sea. For its part, the Council adopted its general approach in April 2017. This plan would cover demersal species (i.e. species living close to the sea bottom) in the EU waters in the North Sea and some adjacent maritime areas. These stocks are exploited by various fishing fleets using various fishing gear but often catching different species together (mixed fisheries). These demersal fisheries, conducted by several thousand EU vessels, represent over 70% of the EU catches in this area. After the adoption of a plan concerning the Baltic Sea, this multiannual plan for North Sea demersal fisheries is the second management plan proposed by the European Commission since the reform of the Common Fisheries Policy agreed at the end of 2013. Such multiannual tools are essential for the sustainable exploitation of marine resources and offer better predictability on catches allowed to fishermen over time. They also set a framework for improved cooperation between the concerned Member States at sea regional level. Second edition. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure. To view earlier editions of this briefing, please see: PE 589.814, October 2016.

Aquaculture: Overview for the EU

28-08-2017

EU aquaculture essentially consists of the farming of shellfish and fish, in salt and fresh water. Having to meet requirements on environmental protection, animal health and the quality of products for consumers, this sector struggles to hold its own in EU territories. The EU promotes the sustainable development of aquaculture activities, in particular through the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund, the financial instrument dedicated to supporting the Common Fisheries Policy guidelines. This financial ...

EU aquaculture essentially consists of the farming of shellfish and fish, in salt and fresh water. Having to meet requirements on environmental protection, animal health and the quality of products for consumers, this sector struggles to hold its own in EU territories. The EU promotes the sustainable development of aquaculture activities, in particular through the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund, the financial instrument dedicated to supporting the Common Fisheries Policy guidelines. This financial support must form part of the implementation of the multi-annual national strategic plans for aquaculture, which the Member States had to put in place and, for which the optimal outlook will result in 25% growth in total aquaculture production levels by 2020. The European Commission is responsible for facilitating the implementation of the open method of coordination between Member States, a voluntary process between governments to exchange information and best practice with respect to certain challenges facing the aquaculture sector, in particular in terms of administrative burdens and installation authorisations for companies.

European Maritime and Fisheries Fund

15-06-2017

The €6 396.6 million European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF) is the smallest of the European Structural and Investment Funds for the 2014-2020 period, but it is the major financial tool supporting the EU common fisheries policy (CFP). Slightly less than half of the Fund is dedicated to promoting sustainable fisheries and to fostering sustainable aquaculture. Another significant share contributes to proper implementation of the CFP, particularly for data collection and science-based needs, and ...

The €6 396.6 million European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF) is the smallest of the European Structural and Investment Funds for the 2014-2020 period, but it is the major financial tool supporting the EU common fisheries policy (CFP). Slightly less than half of the Fund is dedicated to promoting sustainable fisheries and to fostering sustainable aquaculture. Another significant share contributes to proper implementation of the CFP, particularly for data collection and science-based needs, and control and enforcement of rules. A small part of the EMFF is also aimed at supporting an integrated maritime policy (IMP) for the EU.

Transposing international measures for Atlantic tuna fisheries into EU law

10-05-2017

On 25 April 2017, the European Parliament's Committee on Fisheries adopted its first reading report on a European Commission proposal for a regulation concerning the conservation of tuna and tuna-like species and the management of fisheries targeting these stocks in the Atlantic Ocean (including adjacent seas such as the Mediterranean). The committee also proposed to start negotiations with the Council on this basis. This legislative proposal aims to transpose into EU law a number of binding recommendations ...

On 25 April 2017, the European Parliament's Committee on Fisheries adopted its first reading report on a European Commission proposal for a regulation concerning the conservation of tuna and tuna-like species and the management of fisheries targeting these stocks in the Atlantic Ocean (including adjacent seas such as the Mediterranean). The committee also proposed to start negotiations with the Council on this basis. This legislative proposal aims to transpose into EU law a number of binding recommendations adopted by the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT), a regional fisheries management organisation to which the EU is a contracting party. To become applicable, notably to operators such as the masters of fishing vessels, these measures must be enacted in EU law. The European Commission is also proposing that future ICCAT recommendations for some fisheries management measures should become part of EU law through delegated acts. Owing to its purpose (transposition of internationally agreed measures), this legislative proposal is not accompanied by an impact assessment and was not the subject of a public consultation. Second edition. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure. To view earlier editions of this briefing, please see: PE 593.523, November 2016.

Defining fishing vessels' characteristics

29-03-2017

One dimension of the EU common fisheries policy consists of managing the European fishing fleet and its overall fishing capacity. Rules on the conservation of fisheries resources may vary depending on the features of fishing vessels. During its April I plenary, the Parliament is expected to vote at first reading on a proposal to recast the rules regarding technical characteristics of fishing vessels.

One dimension of the EU common fisheries policy consists of managing the European fishing fleet and its overall fishing capacity. Rules on the conservation of fisheries resources may vary depending on the features of fishing vessels. During its April I plenary, the Parliament is expected to vote at first reading on a proposal to recast the rules regarding technical characteristics of fishing vessels.

Overhauling fisheries technical measures

20-02-2017

Technical measures in fisheries govern the different fishing practices that can be used to catch fish, as well as the areas and seasons for fishing. Aimed at limiting unwanted catches or at reducing the impacts of fishing on nature, EU technical measures in fisheries have, over time, developed into a complex set of prescriptive measures, which do not fully achieve their objectives. The European Commission finalised, on 11 March 2016, a long-awaited proposal to overhaul a number of existing rules ...

Technical measures in fisheries govern the different fishing practices that can be used to catch fish, as well as the areas and seasons for fishing. Aimed at limiting unwanted catches or at reducing the impacts of fishing on nature, EU technical measures in fisheries have, over time, developed into a complex set of prescriptive measures, which do not fully achieve their objectives. The European Commission finalised, on 11 March 2016, a long-awaited proposal to overhaul a number of existing rules and to establish a new legislative framework in this domain. It would provide measures of general application in all seas, and would also set a new approach on governance and delegation of powers for the development of regional approaches. The Commission estimates that this new regulation would contribute to reaching CFP objectives, notably on delivering maximum sustainable yield for fish stocks, with positive socio-economic and environmental impacts. The Parliament's Committee on Fisheries is to vote on its report on the proposed new framework before the summer. Second edition. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure. To view the earlier edition of this briefing, please see: PE 579.102, 18 March 2016.

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