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Európsky parlament: volebné postupy

01-02-2018

Postupy týkajúce sa volieb do Európskeho parlamentu upravujú európske právne predpisy, v ktorých sú stanovené pravidlá spoločné pre všetky členské štáty, a špecifické vnútroštátne ustanovenia, ktoré sa v jednotlivých štátoch líšia. Spoločné ustanovenia stanovujú zásadu pomerného zastúpenia, pravidlá upravujúce prahy a niekoľko prípadov nezlučiteľnosti funkcií s mandátom poslanca Európskeho parlamentu. Vnútroštátne právne predpisy upravujú mnoho ďalších dôležitých otázok, ako je presný volebný systém ...

Postupy týkajúce sa volieb do Európskeho parlamentu upravujú európske právne predpisy, v ktorých sú stanovené pravidlá spoločné pre všetky členské štáty, a špecifické vnútroštátne ustanovenia, ktoré sa v jednotlivých štátoch líšia. Spoločné ustanovenia stanovujú zásadu pomerného zastúpenia, pravidlá upravujúce prahy a niekoľko prípadov nezlučiteľnosti funkcií s mandátom poslanca Európskeho parlamentu. Vnútroštátne právne predpisy upravujú mnoho ďalších dôležitých otázok, ako je presný volebný systém alebo počet volebných obvodov.

Hong Kong's Legislative Council and the rule of law

10-11-2017

Hong Kong 'localists' won six seats in the 2016 Legislative Council elections. Calling for greater autonomy or self-determination for Hong Kong, or even its independence from mainland China, they have challenged the fragile balance of power under the city's 1997 'one country, two systems' regime. The attempts of the now ousted members-elect to cross Beijing's bottom line has prompted mainland China to tighten its grip on the city's executive, legislature and judiciary, adding to concerns over creeping ...

Hong Kong 'localists' won six seats in the 2016 Legislative Council elections. Calling for greater autonomy or self-determination for Hong Kong, or even its independence from mainland China, they have challenged the fragile balance of power under the city's 1997 'one country, two systems' regime. The attempts of the now ousted members-elect to cross Beijing's bottom line has prompted mainland China to tighten its grip on the city's executive, legislature and judiciary, adding to concerns over creeping erosion of the rights and freedoms guaranteed by Hong Kong's Basic Law.

Japan: Shinzō Abe wins a new mandate

25-10-2017

Shinzō Abe won the snap elections he called for the lower house on 22 October 2017. Despite her popularity, Tokyo's governor Yuriko Koike failed to convince the electorate to oust a prime minister in charge since December 2012. The newly created Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan became the main opposition force in the House of Representatives. In coalition with Kōmeitō, Abe's Liberal Democratic Party holds a two-thirds majority enabling it to pass constitutional amendments.

Shinzō Abe won the snap elections he called for the lower house on 22 October 2017. Despite her popularity, Tokyo's governor Yuriko Koike failed to convince the electorate to oust a prime minister in charge since December 2012. The newly created Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan became the main opposition force in the House of Representatives. In coalition with Kōmeitō, Abe's Liberal Democratic Party holds a two-thirds majority enabling it to pass constitutional amendments.

Nicaragua's post-electoral situation

06-12-2016

The landslide victory of Daniel Ortega and his Sandinista National Liberation Front in Nicaragua's 6 November presidential and legislative elections came as no surprise, after the main opposition alliance – whose presidential team had been disqualified by the Supreme Court of Justice – withdrew from the contest. Both the opposition and the international community are worried that the country could drift towards an authoritarian regime.

The landslide victory of Daniel Ortega and his Sandinista National Liberation Front in Nicaragua's 6 November presidential and legislative elections came as no surprise, after the main opposition alliance – whose presidential team had been disqualified by the Supreme Court of Justice – withdrew from the contest. Both the opposition and the international community are worried that the country could drift towards an authoritarian regime.

Review of European and National Election Results. Second update

26-02-2016

This document provides a second update of the Review of European and National Elections, published in November 2014 by the Public Opinion Monitoring Unit of DG Communication.  The Review was dedicated to the results of the European elections of May 2014 and to the history of 35 years of direct elections to the European Parliament since 1979, as well as to the different national elections. This latest edition addresses the changes in the European Parliament since the first update, published in July ...

This document provides a second update of the Review of European and National Elections, published in November 2014 by the Public Opinion Monitoring Unit of DG Communication.  The Review was dedicated to the results of the European elections of May 2014 and to the history of 35 years of direct elections to the European Parliament since 1979, as well as to the different national elections. This latest edition addresses the changes in the European Parliament since the first update, published in July 2015. The reader will also find the results of the elections held in Member States since July 2015: five legislative elections (EL, ES, HR, PL, and PT) and one direct presidential election (PT).

Argentina: A Change of Course

25-11-2015

On 22 November 2015, Mauricio Macri, candidate of a coalition named 'Let's change' (Cambiemos), was elected president of Argentina. He will assume office on 10 December. Macri received 51.4 % of the vote in the second round of the presidential elections. His election ends 12 years of Peronist governments. Macri's victory owes much to the high number of votes he received in urban centres, particularly in the capital Buenos Aires and the second largest city, Córdoba. Despite Macri's final victory in ...

On 22 November 2015, Mauricio Macri, candidate of a coalition named 'Let's change' (Cambiemos), was elected president of Argentina. He will assume office on 10 December. Macri received 51.4 % of the vote in the second round of the presidential elections. His election ends 12 years of Peronist governments. Macri's victory owes much to the high number of votes he received in urban centres, particularly in the capital Buenos Aires and the second largest city, Córdoba. Despite Macri's final victory in the presidential elections, the 25 October parliamentary and provincial polls showed that the Peronist movement remains the principal political force. After the 25 October Congress elections, the Front for Victory (Frente para la Victoria, FpV), currently in government, remains the largest bloc in the new Congress, although it lost its absolute majority in the Chamber of Deputies. Macri faces the challenge of mobilising support in Congress for the new government's legislative proposals. The most likely scenario is that he will try to establish a coalition with the Peronist factions opposed to President Cristina Fernández and the FpV. The new government is likely to take measures to liberalise and open up the economy. The new government will seek strengthened links with the USA and the EU, and may well push for trade liberalisation in Mercosur. Macri has announced that he will ask for Mercosur's 'democratic clause' to be invoked against Venezuela. Macri has stressed the need to advance towards a Mercosur-EU free trade agreement. Overall, the change of government appears an opportunity for renewed relations between the EU and Argentina.

Analysis of Political Parties' and Independent Candidates' Policies for Gender Balance in the European Parliament after the Elections of 2014

03-09-2015

Upon request by the FEMM Committee, this study explores the results of the 2014 European Parliament elections in terms of gender balance of MEPs. The study uses case studies and statistical analyses of the election results to establish the main barriers to women being elected. The factors explored include the type of electoral system used, political parties’ candidate list selection processes and strategies used by women political candidates. The study presents recommendations for improving gender ...

Upon request by the FEMM Committee, this study explores the results of the 2014 European Parliament elections in terms of gender balance of MEPs. The study uses case studies and statistical analyses of the election results to establish the main barriers to women being elected. The factors explored include the type of electoral system used, political parties’ candidate list selection processes and strategies used by women political candidates. The study presents recommendations for improving gender balance in the European Parliament.

Externý autor

Katie McCracken (Opcit Research, London, the UK), Joni Lovenduski (Birkbeck College, University of London, the UK), Sergio Marquez (Opcit Research, London, the UK), Will Parry (Opcit Research, London, the UK), Aleksandra Niżyńska (Gender Equality Observatory, Poland), Réka Várnagy (Corvinus University, Budapest, Hungary), Dalila Ghailani (European Social Observatory, Brussels, Belgium) and Virginija Šidlauskienė (Siauliai University, Lithuania)

Review of European and National Election Results. First update: Changes in the EP since November 2014

13-08-2015

This document provides an update of the Review of European and National Elections, published in November 2014 by the Public Opinion Monitoring Unit of DG Communication. The Review was dedicated to the results of the European elections of May 2014 and to the history of 35 years of direct elections to the European Parliament since 1979, as well as to the different national elections. This update addresses the changes in the European Parliament since the first edition, notably the replacement of 14 ...

This document provides an update of the Review of European and National Elections, published in November 2014 by the Public Opinion Monitoring Unit of DG Communication. The Review was dedicated to the results of the European elections of May 2014 and to the history of 35 years of direct elections to the European Parliament since 1979, as well as to the different national elections. This update addresses the changes in the European Parliament since the first edition, notably the replacement of 14 MEPs and the creation of a new political group. It also takes into account the elections held in Member States since November 2014: five legislative elections (DK, EE, EL, FI and UK) and two direct presidential elections (HR, PL).

Israel's 34th government and the new political landscape of its Parliament

06-07-2015

The Israeli Parliament (Knesset) voted on Thursday 14 May 2015 61-59 in favour of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's cabinet, which has become Israel's 34th government. Prime Minister Netanyahu's fourth government, predominantly made up of right wing and religious parties, faces many different challenges ranging from socioeconomic issues, which topped the election campaign, to the diplomatic stalemate with the Palestinians. Much scepticism has been expressed regarding the government's ability to ...

The Israeli Parliament (Knesset) voted on Thursday 14 May 2015 61-59 in favour of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's cabinet, which has become Israel's 34th government. Prime Minister Netanyahu's fourth government, predominantly made up of right wing and religious parties, faces many different challenges ranging from socioeconomic issues, which topped the election campaign, to the diplomatic stalemate with the Palestinians. Much scepticism has been expressed regarding the government's ability to rule with only a one-seat majority.

Review of European and National Election Results

02-06-2015

First published in May 2008, this latest Review of European and National Election Results, produced by the Public Opinion Monitoring Unit of DG Communications, contains detailed information about the May 2014 European elections, and looks back on 35 years of direct elections to the European Parliament since 1979. The opening chapters are dedicated to historic trends defining changes in the composition of the EP, political groups and gender balance among MEPs since 1979. They chart the Parliament’ ...

First published in May 2008, this latest Review of European and National Election Results, produced by the Public Opinion Monitoring Unit of DG Communications, contains detailed information about the May 2014 European elections, and looks back on 35 years of direct elections to the European Parliament since 1979. The opening chapters are dedicated to historic trends defining changes in the composition of the EP, political groups and gender balance among MEPs since 1979. They chart the Parliament’s progress, following the adoption of Treaties and the accession of new Member States, with the number of MEPs having increased from 410 in 1979 to 751 today. An important section of this Review looks closely at the turnout figures. Although overall turnout in 2014 remained stable, at 42.61% (compared with 42.97% in 2009), individual trends since 2009 vary widely from one country to another - from 26.37 points up in Lithuania to 23.46 points down in Latvia. In the last chapter, the reader will find several tables, for each Member State, detailing the results of the 2014 European elections (national parties represented, MEPs elected, national lists, etc.), as well as the results of the two last national parliamentary elections, and of presidential ones, where direct election applies.

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