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The Creative Europe programme: European Implementation Assessment

15-06-2016

The Creative Europe programme (CE) – in operation since January 2014 – brings together the cultural and media programmes during the 2007-2013 programming period and is designed to support activities in the cultural and audiovisual sectors and to promote cross-sectoral synergies. With the aim of enhancing the competitiveness of the creative and cultural industries, Creative Europe was devised to help the creative and cultural industries and audiovisual sectors to better face the challenges of increasing ...

The Creative Europe programme (CE) – in operation since January 2014 – brings together the cultural and media programmes during the 2007-2013 programming period and is designed to support activities in the cultural and audiovisual sectors and to promote cross-sectoral synergies. With the aim of enhancing the competitiveness of the creative and cultural industries, Creative Europe was devised to help the creative and cultural industries and audiovisual sectors to better face the challenges of increasing digitalisation, market fragmentation, global competition and difficult access to financing. To this effect, Creative Europe desks were created in participating countries to provide prompt information on the different aspects of the programme. Against this background, the European Commission will present the results of the programme's mid-term evaluation by the end of 2017. This implementation assessment takes stock of the developments to date by analysing the main implementation issues vis-à-vis the programme's intended objectives. In order to reveal possible obstacles and address remaining problems, this assessment serves the overall purposes of the Implementation Report requested by the Committee on Culture and Education (CULT) of the European Parliament.

Recognition of Professional Qualifications in Inland Navigation

02-06-2016

The IA clearly identifies and defines the problems, demonstrating that EU action is necessary to address them. The analysis emphasises that, in this case, EU action is further justified by the limited provisions offered by the existing EU legislative framework and potential offered by the IWT sector towards the objectives of the Single Market. Although the legislative proposal is limited to aspects of labour mobility, the analysis presents a wide array of policy measures that can be adopted to tackle ...

The IA clearly identifies and defines the problems, demonstrating that EU action is necessary to address them. The analysis emphasises that, in this case, EU action is further justified by the limited provisions offered by the existing EU legislative framework and potential offered by the IWT sector towards the objectives of the Single Market. Although the legislative proposal is limited to aspects of labour mobility, the analysis presents a wide array of policy measures that can be adopted to tackle the main problem drivers as presented in the impact assessment, and provides an explanation for the measures that were discarded prior to the analysis. Some criticism can be made concerning the weak quantification of impacts. This is recognised through the analysis, and justified on the basis of the high regional diversification of the sector concerned by the EU action, and the difficulties linked to the monitoring and data collection processes.  

Regulation on Mercury Aligning EU legislation with the Minamata Convention: Initial Appraisal of a European Commission Impact Assessment

14-04-2016

This note provides an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's Impact Assessment (IA) accompanying the above proposal which was adopted on 2 February 2016 and has been referred to Parliament's Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety. The IA clearly identifies and defines the problems, demonstrating that EU action is necessary to address them, within the existing regulatory framework. The analysis emphasises that in this case EU action is further ...

This note provides an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's Impact Assessment (IA) accompanying the above proposal which was adopted on 2 February 2016 and has been referred to Parliament's Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety. The IA clearly identifies and defines the problems, demonstrating that EU action is necessary to address them, within the existing regulatory framework. The analysis emphasises that in this case EU action is further justified by the external competence of the EU and its legal right to act in the context of an international agreement. The analysis of options mainly focuses on the alternatives within the 'ratification' scenario, whereas less prominence is given to the assessment of impacts under the hypothesis of 'non EU action', which is an option clearly ruled out from the outset. Stakeholders have been consulted on two main occasions (workshop and public consultation) and the IA reports extensively on the results of that consultation process. However, most of the preferred options identified in the IA – and which feature in the Commission's legislative proposal - differ from the opinion expressed by the relative majority of stakeholders who responded to the questionnaire used for the public consultation.

Review of the EU waste management targets - 'Circular Economy Package': Initial Appraisal of a European Commission Impact Assessment

01-02-2016

The additional analysis accompanying the new 'Circular Economy package' goes a considerable way towards addressing some of the concerns previously voiced with regard to waste targets in the context of the original IA and legislative proposal, especially the criticisms regarding the apparent failure to take sufficient account of the different situations of the Member States and their capacity to perform in the future. It provides further evidence of the possible impacts of new waste targets by considering ...

The additional analysis accompanying the new 'Circular Economy package' goes a considerable way towards addressing some of the concerns previously voiced with regard to waste targets in the context of the original IA and legislative proposal, especially the criticisms regarding the apparent failure to take sufficient account of the different situations of the Member States and their capacity to perform in the future. It provides further evidence of the possible impacts of new waste targets by considering a number of alternatives to one of the original options (option 3), and by presenting the results of an updated application of the model used for the original impact assessment. In particular, costs were updated to 2015 prices, and data on waste was drawn from the latest available Eurostat sources (2012). The use of sensitivity analysis (carried out on the main input parameters used in the model, e.g. efficiency of the collection system, material losses and revenues, etc.) is another welcome indication of the desire to provide a realistic assessment of the likely impacts of the proposed measures. A clearer ranking of the options presented - and of their variants - might nevertheless have allowed for a more thorough appreciation of the potential impact (and benefits) of each of the new alternatives considered, as well as for a better understanding of the coherence between the new proposal and the overall impact assessment analysis. As mentioned, some questions concerning subsidiarity and proportionality - especially as to the issue of landfilling of waste - are left partially unaddressed. Finally, the analysis, though thorough, is clearly intentionally restricted to an exploration of the possible impacts generated by the new sets of waste targets. It does not seek to go further in 'exploring synergies with other policies' - one of the reasons set out in the April 2015 Roadmap, referred to above, for the withdrawal of the original proposal.

EU Emissions Trading System: cost-effective emission reductions and low-carbon investments: Initial Appraisal of a European Commission Impact Assessment

17-09-2015

This note provides an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's Impact Assessment (IA) accompanying the proposal for a Directive to enhance cost-effective emission reductions and low carbon investments, which was adopted on 15 July 2015 and has been referred to the Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety. The EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) is the largest international trading system for greenhouse gas emission allowance. The ETS Directive ...

This note provides an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's Impact Assessment (IA) accompanying the proposal for a Directive to enhance cost-effective emission reductions and low carbon investments, which was adopted on 15 July 2015 and has been referred to the Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety. The EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) is the largest international trading system for greenhouse gas emission allowance. The ETS Directive was adopted in 2003 (and revised in 2009); it took effect in 2005 and now covers all EU Member States plus Iceland, Lichtenstein and Norway. The aim is to cut greenhouse gas emissions by 80 to 95 per cent compared to 1990 by 2050. The ETS works by putting a limit on the overall emissions from sectors included in the scheme and, ideally, these are reduced every year. Within the limits, companies can buy and sell emission allowances when needed (i.e. cap and trade approach). While until 2012 most allowances were given out for free by using the ‘grandfathering’ approach - based on historical Greenhouse Gas Emissions (GHG) -, since 2013, the system has operated through a benchmarking approach based on performance. A detailed overview of the mechanisms governing the ETS and its operation to date can be found in the EPRS Implementation Appraisal ’Climate action. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and the EU Emission Trading System’.

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