9

rezultati

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Politično področje
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Datum

Consumer Protection Cooperation

15-02-2018

The Commission estimates that the detriment to consumers caused by non-compliance with basic EU consumer rules in certain cross-border online markets and also by inefficient cross-border enforcement amounts to €770 million per year. To remedy this, in May 2016 the Commission presented a legislative proposal to review the existing rules on consumer protection cooperation between enforcement authorities as part of its e-commerce package. The aim was to clarify the rules, give more powers to national ...

The Commission estimates that the detriment to consumers caused by non-compliance with basic EU consumer rules in certain cross-border online markets and also by inefficient cross-border enforcement amounts to €770 million per year. To remedy this, in May 2016 the Commission presented a legislative proposal to review the existing rules on consumer protection cooperation between enforcement authorities as part of its e-commerce package. The aim was to clarify the rules, give more powers to national enforcement authorities and improve their coordination, primarily to enable them to address unlawful online practices. Parliament and Council reached agreement on the proposal in June 2017, and formally adopted it in November. The new regulation covers ongoing infringements and those that have already ended, and lays down procedures for cooperation in cases of widespread infringements of consumer rights that affect consumers in multiple Member States. It entered into force on 16 January 2018 and applies from 17 January 2020. Fifth edition, based on an original briefing by Jana Valant. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Legal Perspective of the Regulatory Framework and Challenges for Franchising in the EU

30-09-2016

This paper considers how the regulatory environment of the European Union impacts upon franchising. It suggests that the failure of franchising to fulfil its full potential in the EU is due, at least in part, to the dysfunctionality of the EU’s regulatory environment. It concludes that in order to enable franchising to achieve its full potential it is necessary to re-engineer the EU’s regulatory environment, by way of a franchise focused European Legal Act , in respect of how it impacts upon franchising ...

This paper considers how the regulatory environment of the European Union impacts upon franchising. It suggests that the failure of franchising to fulfil its full potential in the EU is due, at least in part, to the dysfunctionality of the EU’s regulatory environment. It concludes that in order to enable franchising to achieve its full potential it is necessary to re-engineer the EU’s regulatory environment, by way of a franchise focused European Legal Act , in respect of how it impacts upon franchising and makes concrete proposals as to how this should be done.

Research for PECH Committee - Seafood Industry Integration in the EU

15-09-2016

The aim of the study is to provide the Members of the Parliament's Fisheries Committee with a clear description of the corporate structure of the EU seafood industry (fishing, processing and the retail market). It provides a description of both the horizontal and vertical integration in the industry through the use of case studies. The research utilised both quantitative and qualitative research methodologies in order to provide an in-depth and nuanced picture of integration in EU fisheries.

The aim of the study is to provide the Members of the Parliament's Fisheries Committee with a clear description of the corporate structure of the EU seafood industry (fishing, processing and the retail market). It provides a description of both the horizontal and vertical integration in the industry through the use of case studies. The research utilised both quantitative and qualitative research methodologies in order to provide an in-depth and nuanced picture of integration in EU fisheries.

Zunanji avtor

Ward Warmerdam, Alexandra Christopoulou, Mara Werkman and Jan Willem van Gelder (Profundo) ; Robin Davies (Robin Davies Consulting)

Workshop on "Competition in the Food Retail Sector"

16-05-2016

Competition in the food retail sector is of high importance for European citizens in their daily life. Competition rules are enforced jointly by the European Commission but in practice also to a great deal by the national competition authorities. This workshop aims to give an overview on the current state of play, specific trends or developments and most imminent challenges. It will look i.a. at the following questions: Is competition working effectively? How does the market structure look like? ...

Competition in the food retail sector is of high importance for European citizens in their daily life. Competition rules are enforced jointly by the European Commission but in practice also to a great deal by the national competition authorities. This workshop aims to give an overview on the current state of play, specific trends or developments and most imminent challenges. It will look i.a. at the following questions: Is competition working effectively? How does the market structure look like? How do prices develop from the producer to the shop? And, what are the consequences of further concentration by mergers of supermarkets? This workshop and the respective document were prepared by the Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON).

Zunanji avtor

Paul DOBSON, Elena ARGENTESI, Jacques STEENBERGEN and Philippe CHAUVE

Unfair Trading Practices in the Business-to-Business Food Supply Chain

14-08-2015

Unfair trade practices imposed by the stronger party to a contract can have a profound impact on the functioning of the market, increasing costs and reducing revenues of the parties that experience them. This background paper reviews unfair trade practices that can appear on any side of the B2B (Business-to-Business ) transaction, in any sector of the market. Recently unfair trading practices have been of particular interest to the EU in relation to food supply chains. Briefing concludes that any ...

Unfair trade practices imposed by the stronger party to a contract can have a profound impact on the functioning of the market, increasing costs and reducing revenues of the parties that experience them. This background paper reviews unfair trade practices that can appear on any side of the B2B (Business-to-Business ) transaction, in any sector of the market. Recently unfair trading practices have been of particular interest to the EU in relation to food supply chains. Briefing concludes that any consideration concerning possible future action in the area of unfair trading practices must consider a number of issues such as: whether or not legislative action is needed, and if so, what scope and form should it take. However, the key element of any action is to ensure its subsequent effective enforcement.

Zunanji avtor

Aneta Wiewiórowska-Domagalska (Osnabrück University, Germany)

Role of wholesalers and distribution groups in international trade

11-06-2015

In this briefing, we assess the role of intermediaries and wholesalers in international trade based on the existing theory and empirical evidence. In all countries examined, a relevant share of international trade (on average more than 10%) occurs through intermediaries. Especially small and less efficient firms can export thanks to the presence of intermediaries operating on a larger scale and exploiting economies of scale. Intermediaries therefore can increase the amount of exports and the extent ...

In this briefing, we assess the role of intermediaries and wholesalers in international trade based on the existing theory and empirical evidence. In all countries examined, a relevant share of international trade (on average more than 10%) occurs through intermediaries. Especially small and less efficient firms can export thanks to the presence of intermediaries operating on a larger scale and exploiting economies of scale. Intermediaries therefore can increase the amount of exports and the extent of economic integration of a country, especially when there are relevant obstacles to access a foreign market. Many firms in emerging markets have access to foreign markets thanks to the presence of intermediaries. Because of the role played in an increasingly complex global market, wholesalers tend to have a large size and a significant market power. Therefore competition needs to be maintained in this sector, in order for countries to truly benefit from the presence of wholesalers and intermediaries.

Zunanji avtor

Lucia TAJOLI, Chiara TOMAS

Lightweight Plastic Carrier Bags: Initial Appraisal of the Commission's Impact Assessment

15-01-2014

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's Impact Assessment accompanying its proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Directive 94/62/EC on packaging and packaging waste to reduce the consumption of lightweight plastic carrier bags (COM (2013) 761 final, submitted on 4 November 2013. It analyses whether the principal criteria laid down in the Commission’s own Impact Assessment Guidelines, as ...

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's Impact Assessment accompanying its proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Directive 94/62/EC on packaging and packaging waste to reduce the consumption of lightweight plastic carrier bags (COM (2013) 761 final, submitted on 4 November 2013. It analyses whether the principal criteria laid down in the Commission’s own Impact Assessment Guidelines, as well as additional factors identified by the Parliament in its Impact Assessment Handbook, appear to be met by the IA. It does not attempt to deal with the substance of the proposal. It is drafted for informational and background purposes to assist the relevant parliamentary committee and Members more widely in their work.

The EU Fruit and Vegetables Sector : Overview and post-2013 CAP Perspective

15-04-2011

This study provides an overview of recent economic and policy developments of the EU F&V sector, considering ongoing changes in supply chains and market dynamics and current profiles of domestic and trade policies. Findings suggest that current difficulties for EU producers, particularly for small farming, arises mainly from longterm changes at different levels of the global F&V sector: consumers, retail and multinational agribusiness. The preliminary assessment of the 2007 reformed CMO, derived ...

This study provides an overview of recent economic and policy developments of the EU F&V sector, considering ongoing changes in supply chains and market dynamics and current profiles of domestic and trade policies. Findings suggest that current difficulties for EU producers, particularly for small farming, arises mainly from longterm changes at different levels of the global F&V sector: consumers, retail and multinational agribusiness. The preliminary assessment of the 2007 reformed CMO, derived from both National Strategies and a survey targeting POs of Italy, Spain and France, validate the cornerstones of the current EU policy schemes for the F&V sector. However plausible improvements are envisaged for support and trade protection measures in the framework of the CAP after 2013. Main proposals focus a strengthened role of POs, selecting and increasing effectiveness of crises and risk management measures, rebalancing bargaining power of POs in the supply chain, reducing fluctuations in producers’ income, refining trade policy solutions in a context of increased trading openness and further integration with Mediterranean Partner Countries.

Zunanji avtor

Gaetana Petriccione, Crescenzo dell’Aquila, Maria Angela Perito and Roberto Solazzo (INEA - Istituto Nazionale di Economia Agraria, Italy) ; Antonio Cioffi (University of Naples Federico II, Italy) ; José-Maria Garcia-Alvarez-Coque (University of Valencia, Spain)

A single market in financial services: effects on growth, employment and the real economy

01-09-2001

This paper examines the possible effects of current changes in financial markets on job creation and growth potential in the European Community. The first part analyses developments in the wholesale and the retail markets. The second focuses on the creation of a sound risk capital market in order to boost employment in Europe.

This paper examines the possible effects of current changes in financial markets on job creation and growth potential in the European Community. The first part analyses developments in the wholesale and the retail markets. The second focuses on the creation of a sound risk capital market in order to boost employment in Europe.

Prihajajoči dogodki

17-10-2019
What Europe is Thinking: The latest Pew survey of opinion in 14 EU Member States
Drug dogodek -
EPRS
05-11-2019
The Art and Craft of Political Speech-writing: A conversation with Eric Schnure
Drug dogodek -
EPRS
06-11-2019
Where next for Europe’s economy? 2019 IMF Regional Economic Outlook
Drug dogodek -
EPRS

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