32

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EU policies – Delivering for citizens: Industrial policy

28-06-2019

Through its industrial policy, the European Union (EU) has been striving to create conditions conducive to increasing industry growth and competitiveness since 1992. European industry remains a cornerstone of the economy, providing one job out of five, and is responsible for the bulk of EU exports and investment in research and innovation. Today, the aim of EU policy is to enable a successful transition towards digital, knowledge-based, decarbonised and more circular industry in Europe. To achieve ...

Through its industrial policy, the European Union (EU) has been striving to create conditions conducive to increasing industry growth and competitiveness since 1992. European industry remains a cornerstone of the economy, providing one job out of five, and is responsible for the bulk of EU exports and investment in research and innovation. Today, the aim of EU policy is to enable a successful transition towards digital, knowledge-based, decarbonised and more circular industry in Europe. To achieve this goal, the EU supports, coordinates and supplements Member State-level policies and actions, mainly in the areas of research and innovation, SMEs and digital technologies. In a Eurobarometer poll conducted for the European Parliament, more than half of EU citizens expressed support for increased EU action on industrial policy. Despite this, it is still the least understood policy area covered by the poll. Since 2014, efforts have been made in a number of areas, including investment (mainly through the European Fund for Strategic Investment, which supports industrial modernisation); digitalisation (for example setting up a number of research partnerships, or a growing network of digital innovation hubs); financing (making it easier for industry and SMEs to access public markets and attract venture funds); greener industry (for example through the revised 2030 emission targets, or measures on clean mobility); standardisation (bringing together relevant stakeholders to collectively develop and update European standards); and skills (mobilising key stakeholders to close the skills gap and providing an adequate workforce for modern industry). The European Parliament has called for ambitious policies in many of these areas. In the future, EU spending on key areas relevant to industrial policy is expected to rise moderately. The European Commission is proposing to boost the share of EU spending on research, SMEs and key infrastructure, although not as much as Parliament has requested. In the coming years, policies are likely to focus on seeking fairer global competition, stimulating innovation, building digital capacities and increasing the sustainability of European industry. This is an update of an earlier briefing issued in advance of the 2019 European elections.

Creative Europe programme 2021-2027

22-03-2019

Having considered the possibility of merging the Creative Europe programme with other programmes supporting European values, rights and justice, the European Commission has decided to continue the Creative Europe programme as a stand-alone programme and increase its budget by 17 %. The only programme focusing exclusively cultural and creative activities and enterprises, it falls under the 'Cohesion and values' heading of the 2021-2027 multiannual financial framework. The existing programme focuses ...

Having considered the possibility of merging the Creative Europe programme with other programmes supporting European values, rights and justice, the European Commission has decided to continue the Creative Europe programme as a stand-alone programme and increase its budget by 17 %. The only programme focusing exclusively cultural and creative activities and enterprises, it falls under the 'Cohesion and values' heading of the 2021-2027 multiannual financial framework. The existing programme focuses on the economic dimension of the cultural sector and its contribution to job creation and economic growth. Some stakeholders have voiced concern at taking such a strongly economic approach to culture. Under proposed programme, the economic dimension is one axis alongside the social dimension, and culture's contribution to international relations. The proposed framework for cultural policy therefore highlights not only the economic dimension of the cultural and creative sectors, but also the role of culture in social cohesion and its relation to creative and artistic freedom and diversity, and freedom and plurality of media. Second edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Creative Europe Programme (2014 to 2020)

26-10-2018

The study provides an up-to-date evaluation of the implementation of the selected smaller and bigger actions within the Creative Europe programme (2014 to 2020) with focus on the European dimension and European added value of the undertaken actions as well as their visibility.

The study provides an up-to-date evaluation of the implementation of the selected smaller and bigger actions within the Creative Europe programme (2014 to 2020) with focus on the European dimension and European added value of the undertaken actions as well as their visibility.

Research for CULT Committee - Mobility of artists and culture professionals: towards a European policy framework

14-09-2018

Mobility is a social and economic condition of artists and culture professionals and, at the same time, a vector of social and economic development. However, mobility in the cultural and creative sectors is faced with a number of issues that need to be addressed at EU and national levels. The paper provides recommendations for a EU-wide mobility framework which entails both a dedicated mobility scheme and an improved regulatory environment that would facilitate mobility in Europe.

Mobility is a social and economic condition of artists and culture professionals and, at the same time, a vector of social and economic development. However, mobility in the cultural and creative sectors is faced with a number of issues that need to be addressed at EU and national levels. The paper provides recommendations for a EU-wide mobility framework which entails both a dedicated mobility scheme and an improved regulatory environment that would facilitate mobility in Europe.

Zunanji avtor

KEA European Affairs: Clémentine Daubeuf, Teodora Pletosu, Philippe Kern, Arthur Le Gall

Research for CULT Committee - Creative Europe: Towards the Next Programme Generation

12-06-2018

Creative Europe is a unique programme in Europe, tailored to the needs of the cultural and creative sectors. It is the main programme that contributes to the cultural policy objectives of the EU. The programme targets the right priorities, but its modest budget prevents it from making a substantial impact. The report provides recommendations for a more ambitious future programme, reflecting the richness of European cultural diversity.

Creative Europe is a unique programme in Europe, tailored to the needs of the cultural and creative sectors. It is the main programme that contributes to the cultural policy objectives of the EU. The programme targets the right priorities, but its modest budget prevents it from making a substantial impact. The report provides recommendations for a more ambitious future programme, reflecting the richness of European cultural diversity.

Zunanji avtor

KEA: Philippe Kern, Arthur Le Gall, Teodora Pletosu

Creative Europe programme at the halfway point

24-02-2017

Creative Europe is the only European Union programme that directly targets cultural activities. Its mandatory mid-term evaluation by the European Commission is due by the end of 2017. The March I plenary will discuss the European Parliament’s own-initiative report on the programme’s implementation.

Creative Europe is the only European Union programme that directly targets cultural activities. Its mandatory mid-term evaluation by the European Commission is due by the end of 2017. The March I plenary will discuss the European Parliament’s own-initiative report on the programme’s implementation.

Research for CULT Committee - European Strategy for Multilingualism: Benefits and Costs

14-10-2016

This report presents the different results of the research in the economics of languages that deal with the advantages and the disadvantages of multilingualism in the economy, in society and in the institutions of the EU. These results provide a general, albeit admittedly limited, picture of the needs for language policy in the current European multilingual environment. Against this background, we evaluate the relevance of the general goals and the recommendations of the European Strategy for Multilingualism ...

This report presents the different results of the research in the economics of languages that deal with the advantages and the disadvantages of multilingualism in the economy, in society and in the institutions of the EU. These results provide a general, albeit admittedly limited, picture of the needs for language policy in the current European multilingual environment. Against this background, we evaluate the relevance of the general goals and the recommendations of the European Strategy for Multilingualism (ESM). Further, we summarise the available evidence of measures and actions carried out by the Commission to implement the ESM, and, where possible, we present data on their advantages and disadvantages.

Zunanji avtor

Michele Gazzola (Humboldt Universität zu Berlin, Germany and Institute for Ethnic Studies, Ljubljana, Slovenia)

Research for CULT Committee - European Strategy on Multilingualism - Policy and Implementation at the EU Level

15-07-2016

Multilingualism is at the heart of the European Union. The aim of this paper is to review the work done at EU level regarding the European Strategy on Multilingualism, focusing especially on progress made after 2011. The paper presents a number of policy developments and initiatives which have been put in place, and encourages Member States to address the need for improving language learning outcomes by exploiting the wide array of financial and advisory support provided by the European Commission ...

Multilingualism is at the heart of the European Union. The aim of this paper is to review the work done at EU level regarding the European Strategy on Multilingualism, focusing especially on progress made after 2011. The paper presents a number of policy developments and initiatives which have been put in place, and encourages Member States to address the need for improving language learning outcomes by exploiting the wide array of financial and advisory support provided by the European Commission.

Zunanji avtor

Esther Gutierrez Eugenio and Nick Saville (Cambridge English Language Assessment / Association of Language Testers in Europe)

The Creative Europe programme: European Implementation Assessment

15-06-2016

The Creative Europe programme (CE) – in operation since January 2014 – brings together the cultural and media programmes during the 2007-2013 programming period and is designed to support activities in the cultural and audiovisual sectors and to promote cross-sectoral synergies. With the aim of enhancing the competitiveness of the creative and cultural industries, Creative Europe was devised to help the creative and cultural industries and audiovisual sectors to better face the challenges of increasing ...

The Creative Europe programme (CE) – in operation since January 2014 – brings together the cultural and media programmes during the 2007-2013 programming period and is designed to support activities in the cultural and audiovisual sectors and to promote cross-sectoral synergies. With the aim of enhancing the competitiveness of the creative and cultural industries, Creative Europe was devised to help the creative and cultural industries and audiovisual sectors to better face the challenges of increasing digitalisation, market fragmentation, global competition and difficult access to financing. To this effect, Creative Europe desks were created in participating countries to provide prompt information on the different aspects of the programme. Against this background, the European Commission will present the results of the programme's mid-term evaluation by the end of 2017. This implementation assessment takes stock of the developments to date by analysing the main implementation issues vis-à-vis the programme's intended objectives. In order to reveal possible obstacles and address remaining problems, this assessment serves the overall purposes of the Implementation Report requested by the Committee on Culture and Education (CULT) of the European Parliament.

Research for CULT Committee - Creative Europe - Culture Sub-Programme: First Experiences with the Implementation of the New Programme

15-06-2016

The aim of this study is to provide the CULT Committee of the European Parliament with an understanding on the implementation of the CREATIVE EUROPE - CULTURE sub-programme based on Creative Europe national Desks’ first impressions. It covers a large selection of 32 Desks (82.1% of Desks). Overall, the Culture sub-programme is considered to be successfully implemented and cultural operators have a positive opinion of it. Yet it emerges a quite diversified picture in terms of successfully implemented ...

The aim of this study is to provide the CULT Committee of the European Parliament with an understanding on the implementation of the CREATIVE EUROPE - CULTURE sub-programme based on Creative Europe national Desks’ first impressions. It covers a large selection of 32 Desks (82.1% of Desks). Overall, the Culture sub-programme is considered to be successfully implemented and cultural operators have a positive opinion of it. Yet it emerges a quite diversified picture in terms of successfully implemented priorities, schemes, participation and implementation conditions and Programme management. The study ends with a series of recommendations.

Zunanji avtor

Elisabetta Lazzaro (HKU University of the Arts Utrecht, the Netherlands)

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