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Artificial Intelligence and civil law; liability rules for drones

13-12-2018

This study – commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee – analyses existing European and national legislation on the regulation of drones for civil use, discussing how they are defined and classified, whether certification and registration is required, how liability is apportioned between the subjects involved, and if compulsory insurance is provided for. Finally, on the basis of a risk-management ...

This study – commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee – analyses existing European and national legislation on the regulation of drones for civil use, discussing how they are defined and classified, whether certification and registration is required, how liability is apportioned between the subjects involved, and if compulsory insurance is provided for. Finally, on the basis of a risk-management approach, the study elaborates recommendations for future policy formulation.

Zunanji avtor

Andrea Bertolini

New civil aviation safety rules

15-10-2018

Flying remains one of the safest forms of transport, and the EU's accident rate is lower than in the rest of the world. However, it cannot automatically be assumed that such performance will continue, as global air traffic is forecast to double over the next 20 years. New technologies, such as unmanned aircraft (drones), are also appearing in European skies, which require adaption of the current regulatory framework. In December 2015, the European Commission proposed to update aviation safety rules ...

Flying remains one of the safest forms of transport, and the EU's accident rate is lower than in the rest of the world. However, it cannot automatically be assumed that such performance will continue, as global air traffic is forecast to double over the next 20 years. New technologies, such as unmanned aircraft (drones), are also appearing in European skies, which require adaption of the current regulatory framework. In December 2015, the European Commission proposed to update aviation safety rules. Two years later, the European Parliament and the Council reached a provisional agreement on the new rules and the rules have been in force since 11 September 2018. The reform includes the first-ever EU rules for civil drones, extends the EASA's mandate and provides for using existing resources more efficiently. Fourth edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure. To view earlier editions of this briefing, please see: PE 620.199, 28 March 2018.

New civil aviation safety rules

28-03-2018

Flying remains one of the safest forms of transport, and the EU's accident rate is lower than in the rest of the world. However, it cannot automatically be assumed that such performance will continue, as global air traffic is forecast to double over the next 20 years. New technologies, such as unmanned aircraft (drones), are also appearing in European skies, which require adaption of the current regulatory framework. In December 2015, the European Commission proposed to update aviation safety rules ...

Flying remains one of the safest forms of transport, and the EU's accident rate is lower than in the rest of the world. However, it cannot automatically be assumed that such performance will continue, as global air traffic is forecast to double over the next 20 years. New technologies, such as unmanned aircraft (drones), are also appearing in European skies, which require adaption of the current regulatory framework. In December 2015, the European Commission proposed to update aviation safety rules. Two years later, the European Parliament and the Council reached a provisional agreement on the new rules. The reform includes the first-ever EU rules for civil drones, extends the EASA's mandate and provides for using existing resources more efficiently. The provisional agreement now needs to be confirmed by Parliament in plenary. Third edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure. To view earlier editions of this briefing, please see: PE 595.877, 12 January 2017.

Zračni promet: varovanje v civilnem letalstvu

01-02-2018

Namen varovanja v letalstvu, ki ga ne smemo zamenjevati z varnostjo v letalstvu[1], je preprečevanje zlonamernih dejanj zoper zrakoplov ter njegove potnike in posadko. Po grozljivih napadih leta 2001 je EU sprejela niz pravil na področju varovanja za zaščito civilnega letalstva, ki se redno posodabljajo, da bi zajela nova tveganja. Države članice imajo pravico, da uporabijo strožje ukrepe.

Namen varovanja v letalstvu, ki ga ne smemo zamenjevati z varnostjo v letalstvu[1], je preprečevanje zlonamernih dejanj zoper zrakoplov ter njegove potnike in posadko. Po grozljivih napadih leta 2001 je EU sprejela niz pravil na področju varovanja za zaščito civilnega letalstva, ki se redno posodabljajo, da bi zajela nova tveganja. Države članice imajo pravico, da uporabijo strožje ukrepe.

Zračni promet: enotno evropsko nebo

01-02-2018

Namen pobude za enotno evropsko nebo je zmanjšati razdrobljenost evropskega zračnega prostora ter tako povečati učinkovitost upravljanja in navigacijskih služb zračnega prometa. Pobuda, ki je v teku, je po svoji naravi vseevropska in odprta za sosednje države.

Namen pobude za enotno evropsko nebo je zmanjšati razdrobljenost evropskega zračnega prostora ter tako povečati učinkovitost upravljanja in navigacijskih služb zračnega prometa. Pobuda, ki je v teku, je po svoji naravi vseevropska in odprta za sosednje države.

Varnost v letalstvu

01-02-2018

Skupni predpisi, ki so se postopno razširili na celotni sektor zračnega prometa, zagotavljajo enotno in visoko raven varnosti[1] na notranjem trgu zračnega prometa.

Skupni predpisi, ki so se postopno razširili na celotni sektor zračnega prometa, zagotavljajo enotno in visoko raven varnosti[1] na notranjem trgu zračnega prometa.

EU certification of aviation security screening equipment

07-07-2017

On 7 September 2016, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a regulation establishing a certification system for aviation security screening equipment. The proposal seeks 'to contribute to the proper functioning of the EU internal market and to increase the global competitiveness of the EU industry by establishing an EU certification system for aviation security equipment'. This system would be based on EU type-approval and issuance of a certificate of conformity by manufacturers, which would ...

On 7 September 2016, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a regulation establishing a certification system for aviation security screening equipment. The proposal seeks 'to contribute to the proper functioning of the EU internal market and to increase the global competitiveness of the EU industry by establishing an EU certification system for aviation security equipment'. This system would be based on EU type-approval and issuance of a certificate of conformity by manufacturers, which would be valid in all Member States, according to the principle of mutual recognition. The proposal falls under different policy frameworks: the 2012 Commission communication entitled 'Security Industrial Policy Action Plan for an innovative and competitive Security Industry', the European agenda on security adopted by the Commission in April 2015, and the communication 'Delivering the European Agenda on Security to fight against terrorism and pave the way towards an effective and genuine Security Union', adopted in April 2016. Please note this document has been designed for on-line viewing.

New civil aviation safety rules

12-01-2017

Despite some recent high-profile disasters, flying remains one of the safest forms of transport and the EU's accident rate is lower than in the rest of the world. However, it cannot automatically be assumed that such performance will continue, as global air traffic is forecast to double over the next 20 years. In addition, new technologies, such as unmanned aircraft (drones), are also appearing in European skies, which require adaption of the current regulatory framework. In December 2015, the European ...

Despite some recent high-profile disasters, flying remains one of the safest forms of transport and the EU's accident rate is lower than in the rest of the world. However, it cannot automatically be assumed that such performance will continue, as global air traffic is forecast to double over the next 20 years. In addition, new technologies, such as unmanned aircraft (drones), are also appearing in European skies, which require adaption of the current regulatory framework. In December 2015, the European Commission proposed to replace the current Regulation on civil aviation safety and the European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA). The new proposal would introduce risk- and performance-based rules, close some safety gaps and interlinks safety more closely with other domains such as security and the environment. It proposes to strengthen EASA's role and take several measures to use existing resources more efficiently (e.g. sharing aviation inspectors). It also introduces essential requirements for drones. In November 2016, the European Parliament's Committee on Transport and Tourism generally backed the updated rules, in particular the idea of regulating drones at EU level. The report constitutes Parliament’s position for negotiations with the Council, which adopted its general approach for the negotiations with the Parliament on 1 December 2016. This updates an earlier edition, of January 2016: PE 573.933. "A more recent edition of this document is available. Find it by searching by the document title at this address: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/home.html"

Research for TRAN Committee - Airport Slots and Aircraft Size at EU Airports

15-06-2016

Congestion at major EU airports has led to a system of take-off and landings permits called ‘slots’. Airlines are allocated slots according to their previous use, through the ‘Grandfather Rights’ rule. This note shows that while this system impacts negatively on aircraft size, through phenomena known as ‘slot hoarding’ and ‘slot babysitting’, this impact is mitigated by the increase in traffic which brings about operation of larger aircraft.

Congestion at major EU airports has led to a system of take-off and landings permits called ‘slots’. Airlines are allocated slots according to their previous use, through the ‘Grandfather Rights’ rule. This note shows that while this system impacts negatively on aircraft size, through phenomena known as ‘slot hoarding’ and ‘slot babysitting’, this impact is mitigated by the increase in traffic which brings about operation of larger aircraft.

Zunanji avtor

Nathalie Lenoir

The International Civil Aviation Organization

13-05-2016

The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is a specialised agency of the United Nations, established in 1944 to manage the administration and governance of the Convention on International Civil Aviation (the Chicago Convention). Please click here for the full publication in PDF format

The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is a specialised agency of the United Nations, established in 1944 to manage the administration and governance of the Convention on International Civil Aviation (the Chicago Convention). Please click here for the full publication in PDF format

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