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Amending capital requirements: The 'CRD-V package'

15-04-2019

In December 2018, the European Parliament and the Council (the co-legislators) reached a political agreement on the legislative proposals amending the current Capital Requirements Directive and Regulation (the 'CRD-IV package'), which establish the prudential framework for financial institutions operating in the EU. The amendments to the package implement the most recent regulatory standards for banks, set at international level ('Basel III framework'). They also address some regulatory shortcomings ...

In December 2018, the European Parliament and the Council (the co-legislators) reached a political agreement on the legislative proposals amending the current Capital Requirements Directive and Regulation (the 'CRD-IV package'), which establish the prudential framework for financial institutions operating in the EU. The amendments to the package implement the most recent regulatory standards for banks, set at international level ('Basel III framework'). They also address some regulatory shortcomings and aim to contribute to sustainable bank financing of the economy. Parliament is due to vote on adopting the proposals during the April II plenary session.

Macro-Financial Assistance to EU Member States - State of Play, March 2019

21-03-2019

This document provides regularly updated information on EU Member States which receive or received financial assistance from the ESM, EFSF, EFSM, the EU balance of payments assistance facility, other Member States and/or the IMF. Against the background that since August 2018 all financial assistance programmes to EU Member States have been concluded, the document focuses now on the implementation of the enhanced surveillance framework for Greece and post-programme reviews (including IMF Article IV ...

This document provides regularly updated information on EU Member States which receive or received financial assistance from the ESM, EFSF, EFSM, the EU balance of payments assistance facility, other Member States and/or the IMF. Against the background that since August 2018 all financial assistance programmes to EU Member States have been concluded, the document focuses now on the implementation of the enhanced surveillance framework for Greece and post-programme reviews (including IMF Article IV assessments) for Ireland, Portugal, Romania and Spain undertaken by the European Commission (EC) in liaison with the ECB (Post-Programme Surveillance, PPS), the IMF (Post-Programme Monitoring, PPM) and the ESM (Early Warning System, EWS).

Recommendations on the economic policy of the euro area under the European Semester - January 2019

17-01-2019

This note presents information on the Eurogroup’s policy actions in relation to the 2018 euro area recommendations and provides an overview of the recommendations addressed to the euro area as a whole under the European Semester for 2019.

This note presents information on the Eurogroup’s policy actions in relation to the 2018 euro area recommendations and provides an overview of the recommendations addressed to the euro area as a whole under the European Semester for 2019.

Cross-border euro transfers and currency conversions: A step forward in favour of the single market

23-10-2018

Cross-border payments are crucial for the integration of the EU economy, and play an important role in ensuring that citizens and enterprises from all EU Member States enjoy the same rights offered by the single market. Currently, restrictions and excessive costs affecting cross-border payments are an impediment to the completion of this market. Since the introduction of the euro, the EU has launched various initiatives to reduce the cost of cross-border transactions, among them a set of single euro ...

Cross-border payments are crucial for the integration of the EU economy, and play an important role in ensuring that citizens and enterprises from all EU Member States enjoy the same rights offered by the single market. Currently, restrictions and excessive costs affecting cross-border payments are an impediment to the completion of this market. Since the introduction of the euro, the EU has launched various initiatives to reduce the cost of cross-border transactions, among them a set of single euro payments area (SEPA) standards, regulations on cross-border payments, and the Payment Services Directives. Nevertheless, cross-border euro payments made in non-euro-area Member States are still subject to high fees. Furthermore, when paying with a card or making an ATM withdrawal in a country using a currency other than the euro, it is almost impossible to know exactly how much it is going to cost. On 28 March 2018, the European Commission presented a proposal for a regulation amending Regulation (EC) No 924/2009 and aimed at making cross-border payments in euros cheaper across the entire EU, while also bringing more transparency to currency-conversion practices.

Levelling off European cross-border payments in euros

09-07-2018

While the overall argument in favour of cheaper cross-border payments across the euro and non-euro Member States appears sensible, this impact assessment could have been stronger in terms of discussing the specifics of the financial infrastructure in non-euro Member States and the shortcomings of the cross-border payments market related to these specifics. A more detailed comparison of options including the economic impacts (particularly as related to SMEs) would have been helpful, as would be a ...

While the overall argument in favour of cheaper cross-border payments across the euro and non-euro Member States appears sensible, this impact assessment could have been stronger in terms of discussing the specifics of the financial infrastructure in non-euro Member States and the shortcomings of the cross-border payments market related to these specifics. A more detailed comparison of options including the economic impacts (particularly as related to SMEs) would have been helpful, as would be a more substantiated analysis of the feasibility of the envisaged monitoring and evaluation mechanisms.

Competition issues in the area of Financial Technology (FinTech)

09-07-2018

The increasing number of FinTech services provided by newcomer start-ups, traditional financial institutions and big tech companies can bring new competition challenges to the playing field. Some factors can result in anticompetitive behaviours, namely the network effects derived from the use of online platforms, the access to customer data, standardisation, interoperability and the use of algorithms. Combined with a service-by-service analysis, the study provides both, descriptive analysis and normative ...

The increasing number of FinTech services provided by newcomer start-ups, traditional financial institutions and big tech companies can bring new competition challenges to the playing field. Some factors can result in anticompetitive behaviours, namely the network effects derived from the use of online platforms, the access to customer data, standardisation, interoperability and the use of algorithms. Combined with a service-by-service analysis, the study provides both, descriptive analysis and normative tools to anticipate and manage anticompetitive behaviours as they occur. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the ECON Committee.

Zunanji avtor

Alberto FRAILE CARMONA, Iclaves S.L.; Agustín GONZÁLEZ-QUEL LOMBARDO, Iclaves S.L.; Rafael RIVERA PASTOR, Iclaves S.L.; Carlota TARÍN QUIRÓS, Iclaves S.L.; Juan Pablo VILLAR GARCÍA, Iclaves S.L.; David RAMOS MUÑOZ, Universidad Carlos III; Luis CASTEJÓN MARTÍN, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid

Cryptocurrencies and blockchain

05-07-2018

More and more regulators are worrying about criminals who are increasingly using cryptocurrencies for illegitimate activities like money laundering, terrorist financing and tax evasion. The problem is significant: even though the full scale of misuse of virtual currencies is unknown, its market value has been reported to exceed EUR 7 billion worldwide. This paper prepared by Policy Department A elaborates on this phenomenon from a legal perspective, focusing on the use of cryptocurrencies for financial ...

More and more regulators are worrying about criminals who are increasingly using cryptocurrencies for illegitimate activities like money laundering, terrorist financing and tax evasion. The problem is significant: even though the full scale of misuse of virtual currencies is unknown, its market value has been reported to exceed EUR 7 billion worldwide. This paper prepared by Policy Department A elaborates on this phenomenon from a legal perspective, focusing on the use of cryptocurrencies for financial crime, money laundering and tax evasion. It contains policy recommendations for future EU standards.

Zunanji avtor

Prof. Dr. Robby HOUBEN and Alexander SNYERS, University of Antwerp, Research Group Business & Law, Belgium

Delegated Measures in the Banking Field : draft RTS on economic downturn in IRB modelling, Level 2 in CRD V/CRR II proposals, and CRD IV/CRR update 2018

18-06-2018

ECON’s 39th scrutiny slot on 18 June 2018 (17.15 to 18.15) is a follow-up of the ECON scrutiny session on 28 February 2017, and on 26 March 2018. It focuses on forthcoming "Level 2" acts in the Capital Requirements Directive 2013/36/EU (CRD IV) and the Capital Requirements Regulation (EU) 575/2013 (CRR) that, together, constitute the core of the EU banking regulation, and in particular on - the Level 2 measures to be adopted in the near future under the CRD IV/CRR (update of the overview), and - ...

ECON’s 39th scrutiny slot on 18 June 2018 (17.15 to 18.15) is a follow-up of the ECON scrutiny session on 28 February 2017, and on 26 March 2018. It focuses on forthcoming "Level 2" acts in the Capital Requirements Directive 2013/36/EU (CRD IV) and the Capital Requirements Regulation (EU) 575/2013 (CRR) that, together, constitute the core of the EU banking regulation, and in particular on - the Level 2 measures to be adopted in the near future under the CRD IV/CRR (update of the overview), and - in particular, on the ongoing second EBA consultation on RTS on estimation and identification of an economic downturn in IRB modelling, and - a brief factual outlook to the delegated acts (DAs) and Regulatory Technical Standards (RTS) as proposed by the Commission in the CRD V and CRR II proposals. CRD and CRR contain empowerments for the Commission to adopt ‘level 2’ measures (e.g. delegated acts and regulatory technical standards).

Establishing a basis for European crowdfunding service providers

05-06-2018

Crowdfunding, an open call to the wider public for raising money online, can help ensure that both individuals and companies get access to finance, especially in the seed and early growth stages of their projects or business. Member States with a developed crowdfunding market have designed bespoke regulatory regimes that differ from each other with regard to the conditions under which platforms can operate, their scope of permitted activities and the licensing requirements applicable to them. As ...

Crowdfunding, an open call to the wider public for raising money online, can help ensure that both individuals and companies get access to finance, especially in the seed and early growth stages of their projects or business. Member States with a developed crowdfunding market have designed bespoke regulatory regimes that differ from each other with regard to the conditions under which platforms can operate, their scope of permitted activities and the licensing requirements applicable to them. As a result of this diversity, cross-border flows remain limited and crowdfunding service providers face challenges in scaling up their operations. To remedy this, the Commission has proposed a regulation providing for uniform, proportionate and directly applicable requirements for the authorisation and supervision of crowdfunding platforms, together with a single point of supervision, and a directive exempting crowdfunding service providers from the scope of MiFID II. First edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Virtual currencies and terrorist financing: assessing the risks and evaluating responses

04-06-2018

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the TERR Committee, explores the terrorist financing (TF) risks of virtual currencies (VCs), including cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin. It describes the features of VCs that present TF risks, and reviews the open source literature on terrorist use of virtual currencies to understand the current state and likely future manifestation of the risk. It then reviews ...

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the TERR Committee, explores the terrorist financing (TF) risks of virtual currencies (VCs), including cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin. It describes the features of VCs that present TF risks, and reviews the open source literature on terrorist use of virtual currencies to understand the current state and likely future manifestation of the risk. It then reviews the regulatory and law enforcement response in the EU and beyond, assessing the effectiveness of measures taken to date. Finally, it provides recommendations for EU policymakers and other relevant stakeholders for ensuring the TF risks of VCs are adequately mitigated.

Zunanji avtor

Tom KEATINGE, David CARLISLE, Florence KEEN

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