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Publicerat 25-09-2018

Research for TRAN Committee - Transport and Tourism in Poland

14-09-2018

This overview of the transport and tourism sectors in Poland was prepared to provide information for the mission of the Committee on Transport and Tourism to the country in September 2018.

This overview of the transport and tourism sectors in Poland was prepared to provide information for the mission of the Committee on Transport and Tourism to the country in September 2018.

Extern avdelning

Marcin Wołek

The future partnership between the European Union and the United Kingdom: Negotiating a framework for relations after Brexit

25-09-2018

Following the European Council's additional guidelines of March 2018, the European Union (EU) and the United Kingdom (UK) have started discussions on their future relationship after Brexit. The aim is to agree on a political framework for their future partnership by autumn 2018, to be adopted alongside the withdrawal agreement. Conclusion of a treaty or treaties establishing future EU-UK relations will only take place after the UK leaves the Union and becomes a third country. Both parties have expressed ...

Following the European Council's additional guidelines of March 2018, the European Union (EU) and the United Kingdom (UK) have started discussions on their future relationship after Brexit. The aim is to agree on a political framework for their future partnership by autumn 2018, to be adopted alongside the withdrawal agreement. Conclusion of a treaty or treaties establishing future EU-UK relations will only take place after the UK leaves the Union and becomes a third country. Both parties have expressed the desire to remain in a close partnership, which would cover several areas including trade and economic matters, internal security, foreign and security policy, and cooperation on defence. This study looks at the respective aims for, and principles underpinning, the negotiations, as expressed publicly to date by each party, and analyses some of the legal constraints and existing practices or precedents shaping EU cooperation with third-country partners. This allows assessment of the possibilities and limits of any future EU-UK partnership, in light of the stated objectives and 'red lines' officially announced, leading to the conclusion that, notwithstanding several common aims, significant divergences still persist with respect to the means of achieving the stated objectives.

Publicerat 24-09-2018

Abundant Liquidity and Bank Lending Activity: an Assessment of the Risks

14-09-2018

This paper assesses the risks facing the euro area banking system, as it returns to normal financial conditions without ECB support. In the first part we argue that risks to bank lending mainly stem from the transmission of external monetary policy effects that may not be aligned with ECB policies. The second part of the paper therefore offers some ideas on the need to moderate spillover effects from outside monetary policies or events. We also review how far new prudential policies, regulatory measures ...

This paper assesses the risks facing the euro area banking system, as it returns to normal financial conditions without ECB support. In the first part we argue that risks to bank lending mainly stem from the transmission of external monetary policy effects that may not be aligned with ECB policies. The second part of the paper therefore offers some ideas on the need to moderate spillover effects from outside monetary policies or events. We also review how far new prudential policies, regulatory measures and/or policies can be used to mitigate those unfavourable risks. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Economic and Monetary Affairs.

Extern avdelning

Andrew HUGHES HALLETT

Central Bank Communication at Times of Non-Standard Monetary Policies

14-09-2018

Communication is an important monetary policy tool, as central banks can use it to manage the expectations of economic agents. Communication becomes even more important in times of non-standard monetary policies due to increased levels of uncertainty and the introduction of new policy tools. In this paper, we summarise the literature on central bank communication in times of non-standard monetary policies, with a particular focus on forward guidance. This document was provided by Policy Department ...

Communication is an important monetary policy tool, as central banks can use it to manage the expectations of economic agents. Communication becomes even more important in times of non-standard monetary policies due to increased levels of uncertainty and the introduction of new policy tools. In this paper, we summarise the literature on central bank communication in times of non-standard monetary policies, with a particular focus on forward guidance. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Economic and Monetary Affairs Committee.

Extern avdelning

Lukasz JANIKOWSKI, Andrzej RZONCA

Post-crisis Excess Liquidity and Bank Lending

14-09-2018

With the Asset Purchase Program, the European Central Bank has supplied significant amounts of liquidity into the financial system starting from 2015, resulting yet into a new upswing in excess liquidity. The expanded asset purchase programme (APP) program broadly coincided with further cuts in the ECB’s deposit facility rate, which currently stands at -0.4%. Against this background, this note assesses the ECB policy of negative rate on the deposit facility and discusses the associated risks in the ...

With the Asset Purchase Program, the European Central Bank has supplied significant amounts of liquidity into the financial system starting from 2015, resulting yet into a new upswing in excess liquidity. The expanded asset purchase programme (APP) program broadly coincided with further cuts in the ECB’s deposit facility rate, which currently stands at -0.4%. Against this background, this note assesses the ECB policy of negative rate on the deposit facility and discusses the associated risks in the context of an excess liquidity overhang for the euro area, including risk-appetite for banks. This document was requested by the European Parliament's Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs.

Extern avdelning

Corrado MACCHIARELLI

Cyber violence and hate speech online against women

16-08-2018

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee, looks into the phenomenon of cyber violence and hate speech online against women in the European Union. After reviewing existing definitions of the different forms of cyber violence, the study assesses the root causes and impact of online violence on women. It continues by analysing and mapping the prevalence, victims and perpetrators. The document ...

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee, looks into the phenomenon of cyber violence and hate speech online against women in the European Union. After reviewing existing definitions of the different forms of cyber violence, the study assesses the root causes and impact of online violence on women. It continues by analysing and mapping the prevalence, victims and perpetrators. The document ends with an outline of the existing legal framework and recommendations for action within the EU remit.

Extern avdelning

Adriane VAN DER WILK, Monika NATTER, ÖSB Consulting GmbH

An assessment of the Commission’s proposals on electronic evidence

21-09-2018

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee, analyses the added value and the shortcomings of the Commission’s proposals on cross-border access to electronic evidence, with a special focus on the proposals’ implications for territoriality and state sovereignty and fundamental rights of service providers and users.

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee, analyses the added value and the shortcomings of the Commission’s proposals on cross-border access to electronic evidence, with a special focus on the proposals’ implications for territoriality and state sovereignty and fundamental rights of service providers and users.

Extern avdelning

Prof. Martin BÖSE, Professor, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn

Guidelines for submission and evaluation of applications for the approval of active substances in pesticides

21-09-2018

Active substances are an essential element of pesticides. The approval of active substance occurs at EU level, and guidance documents and guidelines for this procedure exist. They aim to clarify, harmonise and standardise the complex approval process. This study examines the guidance and guidelines which exist for active substance approval; the level of harmonisation among them; the connection to the good laboratory practice (GLP) principles; and provides an overview of the studies which are required ...

Active substances are an essential element of pesticides. The approval of active substance occurs at EU level, and guidance documents and guidelines for this procedure exist. They aim to clarify, harmonise and standardise the complex approval process. This study examines the guidance and guidelines which exist for active substance approval; the level of harmonisation among them; the connection to the good laboratory practice (GLP) principles; and provides an overview of the studies which are required for active substance approval.

Extern avdelning

John NGANGA, Michela BISONNI and Maria CHRISTODOULOU, Agra CEAS Consulting IEG

Publicerat 21-09-2018

Sign languages in the EU

21-09-2018

European Languages Day on 26 September is devoted to the variety of languages spoken by EU citizens. However, not all people can speak, or hear others speaking. Some use sign languages, which policy-makers consider in the context of the rights of people with disabilities, or as a linguistic minority right. The United Nations has launched International Day of Sign Languages, to be celebrated for the first time on 23 September 2018.

European Languages Day on 26 September is devoted to the variety of languages spoken by EU citizens. However, not all people can speak, or hear others speaking. Some use sign languages, which policy-makers consider in the context of the rights of people with disabilities, or as a linguistic minority right. The United Nations has launched International Day of Sign Languages, to be celebrated for the first time on 23 September 2018.

Remaining 'united in diversity' thanks to multilingualism

21-09-2018

The diversity underpinning the European project is embodied in the harmonious co-existence of 24 official languages. Following the success of the European Year of Languages (2001), the Council of Europe designated 26 September as the European Day of Languages. The European Parliament has consistently acted to support endangered languages and linguistic diversity in the EU, calling on the EU and the Member States to commit resources to their protection and promotion. In May 2018, the European Commission ...

The diversity underpinning the European project is embodied in the harmonious co-existence of 24 official languages. Following the success of the European Year of Languages (2001), the Council of Europe designated 26 September as the European Day of Languages. The European Parliament has consistently acted to support endangered languages and linguistic diversity in the EU, calling on the EU and the Member States to commit resources to their protection and promotion. In May 2018, the European Commission put forward a proposal aimed at improving the teaching and learning of languages.

Kommande evenemang

25-09-2018
The impact of automation: Identifying jobs at risk
Övrigt -
EPRS
26-09-2018
Third country dimension in the Fight against Tax crimes, Tax Evasion & Tax Avoidance
Utfrågning -
TAX3
27-09-2018
Gender equal workplaces: best practices & use of care services - Hearing
Utfrågning -
FEMM

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