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European Border and Coast Guard system

14-10-2016

In December 2015, the European Commission proposed setting up a European Border and Coast Guard System (EBCGS), building on the European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the EU (Frontex). The proposal would introduce a supervisory role and a 'right to intervene' in situations at the border requiring urgent action; expand Frontex's operational tasks and its prerogatives on processing personal data; and reinforce fundamental rights ...

In December 2015, the European Commission proposed setting up a European Border and Coast Guard System (EBCGS), building on the European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the EU (Frontex). The proposal would introduce a supervisory role and a 'right to intervene' in situations at the border requiring urgent action; expand Frontex's operational tasks and its prerogatives on processing personal data; and reinforce fundamental rights and transparency safeguards. Commentators and stakeholders had raised concerns on respect for fundamental rights, division of competences between the EU and Member States and the adequacy of the suggested individual complaint mechanism. The text agreed by the EP and Council expands the Agency’s prerogatives on return operations, on migration management, the fight against cross-border crimes, and search and rescue operations. Fundamental rights safeguards and the Agency’s accountability vis-à-vis the EP and Council have been strengthened. If a Member State opposes a Council decision to provide assistance, putting the Schengen area at risk, other EU countries may temporarily reintroduce internal border controls. With the regulation signed on 14 September, the new European Border and Coast Guard was launched on 6 October 2016. This updates an earlier edition, of 30 August 2016: PE 586.647.

European Border and Coast Guard system

30-08-2016

In December 2015, the European Commission proposed setting up a European Border and Coast Guard System (EBCGS), building on the European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the EU (Frontex). The proposal would introduce a supervisory role and a 'right to intervene' in situations at the border requiring urgent action; expand Frontex's operational tasks and its prerogatives on processing personal data; and reinforce fundamental rights ...

In December 2015, the European Commission proposed setting up a European Border and Coast Guard System (EBCGS), building on the European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the EU (Frontex). The proposal would introduce a supervisory role and a 'right to intervene' in situations at the border requiring urgent action; expand Frontex's operational tasks and its prerogatives on processing personal data; and reinforce fundamental rights and transparency safeguards. Commentators and stakeholders had raised concerns on respect for fundamental rights, division of competences between the EU and Member States and the adequacy of the suggested individual complaint mechanism. The text agreed by the EP and Council expands the Agency’s prerogatives on return operations, on migration management, the fight against cross-border crimes, and search and rescue operations. Fundamental rights safeguards and the Agency’s accountability vis-à-vis the EP and Council have been strengthened. If a Member State opposes a Council decision to provide assistance, putting the Schengen area at risk, other EU countries may temporarily reintroduce internal border controls. The EP adopted its position at first reading on 6 July 2016, reflecting the compromise agreement reached. The Council is expected to adopt the act by written procedure, enabling it to be signed during the September plenary. A more recent edition of this document is available. Find it by searching by the document title at this address: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/home.html

European Border and Coast Guard Agency

30-06-2016

A proposed regulation establishing a European Border and Coast Guard Agency (the Agency) is expected to be submitted to the European Parliament for a vote at first reading during the July plenary, and subsequently to the Council for adoption. The text agreed in trilogue negotiations between the two institutions expands the Agency’s prerogatives on return operations, on migration management, the fight against cross-border crimes and search and rescue operations. Fundamental rights safeguards and the ...

A proposed regulation establishing a European Border and Coast Guard Agency (the Agency) is expected to be submitted to the European Parliament for a vote at first reading during the July plenary, and subsequently to the Council for adoption. The text agreed in trilogue negotiations between the two institutions expands the Agency’s prerogatives on return operations, on migration management, the fight against cross-border crimes and search and rescue operations. Fundamental rights safeguards and the accountability of the Agency vis-à-vis the EP and the Council have been strengthened. If a Member State opposes a Council decision to provide assistance, putting the Schengen area at risk, the other EU countries may temporarily reintroduce internal border controls.

Public expectations and EU policies - Protection of external borders

30-06-2016

An overwhelming majority of EU citizens expect the EU to intervene more in the protection of external borders than at present. An area without internal frontiers, in which the free movement of persons is ensured with appropriate measures with respect to external border controls is envisaged in the Lisbon Treaty. EU powers regarding border control are shared with the Member States, and based on solidarity between Member States, including financial implications. Steps towards further EU action in this ...

An overwhelming majority of EU citizens expect the EU to intervene more in the protection of external borders than at present. An area without internal frontiers, in which the free movement of persons is ensured with appropriate measures with respect to external border controls is envisaged in the Lisbon Treaty. EU powers regarding border control are shared with the Member States, and based on solidarity between Member States, including financial implications. Steps towards further EU action in this area include: the recent revision of the Schengen Borders Code; the revised proposal for an entry-exit system; a draft regulation setting up a European Border and Coast Guard System with a 'right to intervene' in situations at the border requiring urgent action following a Council decision.

Schengen and EURO 2016

21-06-2016

With an estimated 7 million fans and 1 million foreign visitors, the UEFA European Football Championships, EURO 2016, promises to be one of the largest sports events taking place this year. In order to be better equipped against the threats of terrorism and hooliganism, France has reintroduced controls at its borders under the Schengen Borders Code (SBC). In the past, sporting events, G7 meetings, major international conferences and high profile state visits have also triggered the introduction of ...

With an estimated 7 million fans and 1 million foreign visitors, the UEFA European Football Championships, EURO 2016, promises to be one of the largest sports events taking place this year. In order to be better equipped against the threats of terrorism and hooliganism, France has reintroduced controls at its borders under the Schengen Borders Code (SBC). In the past, sporting events, G7 meetings, major international conferences and high profile state visits have also triggered the introduction of border controls in several Schengen member countries, for limited periods of time. However, strict conditions and procedures are applied to assess the necessity and the proportionality of the measure and its likely impact on the free movement of people within the Schengen area.

European Border and Coast Guard system

09-06-2016

On 15 December 2015, the European Commission put forward a proposal to set up a European Border and Coast Guard System (EBCGS), building on the mandate and experience of the European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the European Union (Frontex). The main new elements are: introduction of a supervisory role and a 'right to intervene' in situations at the border requiring urgent action; expansion of Frontex's operational tasks and ...

On 15 December 2015, the European Commission put forward a proposal to set up a European Border and Coast Guard System (EBCGS), building on the mandate and experience of the European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the European Union (Frontex). The main new elements are: introduction of a supervisory role and a 'right to intervene' in situations at the border requiring urgent action; expansion of Frontex's operational tasks and its prerogatives on processing personal data; and reinforcement of fundamental rights and transparency safeguards. Commentators and stakeholders have raised concerns on respect of national sovereignty and division of competences, the adequacy of the suggested individual complaint mechanism and the accountability of operational activities at the external borders. Many underline that the reinforcement of the Frontex mandate should be accompanied by a change in the current EU Dublin system and an upgrade of Member States' border management capacities. Parliament and Council have now started trilogue discussions, with the aim of reaching a first-reading agreement before summer 2016. A more recent edition of this document is available. Find it by searching by the document title at this address: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/home.html

Challenges to the Schengen area

04-03-2016

The 1985 Schengen Agreement and the 1990 Convention implementing the Schengen Agreement, were formally codified in EU law by the Schengen Protocol of the Treaty of Amsterdam. In addition to providing common rules on people entering the Schengen area, and internal frontier-control free travel, Schengen-related measures provide for enhanced police and judicial cooperation, and complement the single market, through giving tangible reality to the four freedoms that are the cornerstone of European integration ...

The 1985 Schengen Agreement and the 1990 Convention implementing the Schengen Agreement, were formally codified in EU law by the Schengen Protocol of the Treaty of Amsterdam. In addition to providing common rules on people entering the Schengen area, and internal frontier-control free travel, Schengen-related measures provide for enhanced police and judicial cooperation, and complement the single market, through giving tangible reality to the four freedoms that are the cornerstone of European integration. Under the Treaties, Schengen-related measures are subject to parliamentary and judicial scrutiny and are part of the acquis to be adopted by candidate countries.

European Border and Coast Guard System

08-12-2015

On 15 December 2015, the European Commission is expected to put forward a proposal for the setting up of a European Border and Coast Guard System (EBCGS). In line with the Council's conclusions, the future EBCGS will build on the mandate and experience of the European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the European Union (Frontex). Although there is broad consensus on the need for strengthening the protection of the EU's external borders ...

On 15 December 2015, the European Commission is expected to put forward a proposal for the setting up of a European Border and Coast Guard System (EBCGS). In line with the Council's conclusions, the future EBCGS will build on the mandate and experience of the European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the European Union (Frontex). Although there is broad consensus on the need for strengthening the protection of the EU's external borders, there remain big questions on the composition, role and functions of a future EBCGS. Concerns relating to the respect of national sovereignty, budget availability and respect for fundamental rights will have to be taken into account.

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