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The Echelon Affair: The EP and the global interception system 1998 - 2002

04-11-2014

During the second half of the 1990s press and media reports revealed the existence of the Echelon network. This system for intercepting private and economic communications was developed and managed by the states that had signed the UKUSA and was characterised by its powers and the range of communications targeted: surveillance was directed against not only military organisations and installations but also governments, international organisations and companies throughout the world. This study recounts ...

During the second half of the 1990s press and media reports revealed the existence of the Echelon network. This system for intercepting private and economic communications was developed and managed by the states that had signed the UKUSA and was characterised by its powers and the range of communications targeted: surveillance was directed against not only military organisations and installations but also governments, international organisations and companies throughout the world. This study recounts the uncovering of the network, notably through the STOA investigations, questions by MEPs, debates in plenary, the setting up of a temporary committee and the final position adopted by the European Parliament. It also takes account of statements by researchers and journalists on the technical aspects and legal implications of the Echelon network. Finally, it considers the views of the political groups in the European Parliament and of the Commission and Council. Fifteen years after the events, The Echelon Affair draws on the European Parliament’s archives to describe and analyse a worldwide scandal which had an impact on the history of Parliament and which today is echoed in the revelations of Edward Snowden and Julian Assange and in other cases of spying on a grand scale.

Transport and Enlargement (Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Poland, Slovenia)

01-01-2000

This working document examines the transport aspects of EU enlargement and the situation in each of the five applicant countries in the 'first wave' (Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Poland and Slovenia). A special chapter is devoted to the extension of the trans-European networks to the countries of Central and Eastern Europe and the situation regarding infrastructure in the five applicant countries listed above.

This working document examines the transport aspects of EU enlargement and the situation in each of the five applicant countries in the 'first wave' (Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Poland and Slovenia). A special chapter is devoted to the extension of the trans-European networks to the countries of Central and Eastern Europe and the situation regarding infrastructure in the five applicant countries listed above.

European Sea Port Policy

01-04-1999

The European ports which have a future role as inter-modal platforms have over the last decade undergone a significant process of liberalisation and technological development. The growth which has rfesultfged has been accompanied by over-capacity problems.

The European ports which have a future role as inter-modal platforms have over the last decade undergone a significant process of liberalisation and technological development. The growth which has rfesultfged has been accompanied by over-capacity problems.

The Rights of Airline Passengers

01-11-1998

This survey provides an opportunity,inter alia, to examine trends in air transport from the point of view of commercial management, trends which have important repercussions for the economic interests of passengers. After providing an overview of changes in the supply structure of air travel brought about by deregulation the concept of "yield management" , which profoundly affects passengers interests, and computerised reservations systems (CRS) where Community legislation has been a genuine success ...

This survey provides an opportunity,inter alia, to examine trends in air transport from the point of view of commercial management, trends which have important repercussions for the economic interests of passengers. After providing an overview of changes in the supply structure of air travel brought about by deregulation the concept of "yield management" , which profoundly affects passengers interests, and computerised reservations systems (CRS) where Community legislation has been a genuine success. The authors of the survey have also described the legal aspects and their implications at various levels, namely the Warsaw Convention, the IATA rules and Community legislation.

The European Community and Road Safety

01-05-1998

Description of road accidents in terms of the factors involved: drivers (training, respect for highway code, aptitude and health), vehicles (technical and safety aspects) and infrastructures, in particular road signs.

Description of road accidents in terms of the factors involved: drivers (training, respect for highway code, aptitude and health), vehicles (technical and safety aspects) and infrastructures, in particular road signs.

Fiscal Measures in the Transport Sector

01-01-1998

After outlining the theoretical bases of the internalisation of external costs and the Community guidelines on this subject, the working document sets out the measures tgaken or planned on taxes on vehicles, fuel and infrastructures.

After outlining the theoretical bases of the internalisation of external costs and the Community guidelines on this subject, the working document sets out the measures tgaken or planned on taxes on vehicles, fuel and infrastructures.

The Financing of Trans-European Transport Networks

01-05-1997

A study of Community policy on Trans-European networks in general and in particular from the financial point of view; analysis of financial sources also includes the presentation of the Member States' infrastructure policies in recent years and the methods by participation of private investors.

A study of Community policy on Trans-European networks in general and in particular from the financial point of view; analysis of financial sources also includes the presentation of the Member States' infrastructure policies in recent years and the methods by participation of private investors.

The Common Maritime Policy

01-05-1997

Maritime transport and the maritime industries, the sea and navigation, international relations and competition, safety and the environment.

Maritime transport and the maritime industries, the sea and navigation, international relations and competition, safety and the environment.

The Transport of Live Animals

01-07-1995

Contents: interests and public policy, health and economic aspects, the international and Community legal framework.

Contents: interests and public policy, health and economic aspects, the international and Community legal framework.

Kommande evenemang

10-12-2019
EU institutional dynamics: Ten years after the Lisbon Treaty
Övrigt -
EPRS
11-12-2019
Take-aways from 2019 and outlook for 2020: What Think Tanks are Thinking
Övrigt -
EPRS

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