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Den gemensamma jordbrukspolitiken i siffror

01-04-2018

I nedanstående tabeller presenteras grundläggande statistik för flera områden som rör den gemensamma jordbrukspolitiken (GJP): jordbruks- och livsmedelsindustrin i medlemsstaterna (tabell II), införlivande av miljöhänsyn (tabell III), EU:s skogar (tabell IV), budgetramen och utgifter (tabellerna I och V) och handel med jordbruks- och livsmedelsprodukter (tabell VI).

I nedanstående tabeller presenteras grundläggande statistik för flera områden som rör den gemensamma jordbrukspolitiken (GJP): jordbruks- och livsmedelsindustrin i medlemsstaterna (tabell II), införlivande av miljöhänsyn (tabell III), EU:s skogar (tabell IV), budgetramen och utgifter (tabellerna I och V) och handel med jordbruks- och livsmedelsprodukter (tabell VI).

Improving global value chains key for EU trade

13-06-2016

Global value chains, and the related trade in intermediate goods and services, dominate today's interconnected economy. Tragic events, such as the collapse of the Rana Plaza garment factory in 2013, have shed new light on the operation of these chains. Pressure is mounting on the various stakeholders involved at both national and international levels to prevent and mitigate the risks of the adverse effects linked to their functioning. Although a number of promising initiatives have been launched ...

Global value chains, and the related trade in intermediate goods and services, dominate today's interconnected economy. Tragic events, such as the collapse of the Rana Plaza garment factory in 2013, have shed new light on the operation of these chains. Pressure is mounting on the various stakeholders involved at both national and international levels to prevent and mitigate the risks of the adverse effects linked to their functioning. Although a number of promising initiatives have been launched and some improvements have been made, much remains to be done. Promotion of sustainability and responsible management of global value chains figure prominently on the agendas of organisations such as the United Nations (UN), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and the International Labour Organization (ILO). The EU also plays a part. One of the main objectives of the EU is to integrate sustainability, with its various economic, social and environmental dimensions, into all relevant internal policies and external action. Against this backdrop and building on its ongoing initiatives, existing policy frameworks and instruments, the EU is and has been encouraging efforts to promote sustainable value chains. How best to address this challenge is key to the EU's new trade and investment strategy 'Trade for all'. The new European Commission initiatives currently under development, such as the EU Garment Initiative and the EU Action Plan on Responsible Business Conduct, and the Council conclusions of May 2016 on Responsible Global Value Chains are in line with this endeavour.

The Russian ban on agricultural products

21-04-2016

In response to the EU's economic sanctions against Russia in the context of the situation in Ukraine, a Russian ban on certain EU agri-food products has been in place since August 2014. The agricultural sectors most affected by the ban include dairy, fruit and vegetables and meat, reflecting products of which the EU has been an important supplier. Since the ban, the EU has lost more than €5 billion per year of agri-food exports to Russia. This loss has been partially offset by the 6% increase in ...

In response to the EU's economic sanctions against Russia in the context of the situation in Ukraine, a Russian ban on certain EU agri-food products has been in place since August 2014. The agricultural sectors most affected by the ban include dairy, fruit and vegetables and meat, reflecting products of which the EU has been an important supplier. Since the ban, the EU has lost more than €5 billion per year of agri-food exports to Russia. This loss has been partially offset by the 6% increase in the overall value of EU agri-food exports in 2015 in comparison to 2014, with major gains in export values in the USA, China and other key markets. The effects of the ban are not distributed evenly across EU Member States, impacting more on those whose agri-food sector had been more closely connected with the Russian market. In response to the ban, a set of actions have been pursued at EU level, ranging from specific market-support measures, including private storage aid, to actions aimed at promoting EU products either within or outside the EU. The European Commission has also intensified bilateral and regional trade negotiations to create new market opportunities. This includes actions to reduce market barriers in respect of sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures. Member States will decide later this year whether sanctions on Russia are to be renewed.

Trans Fats – Overview of recent developments

14-03-2016

'Trans fats' or 'trans fatty acids' (TFAs) are a type of unsaturated fatty acids that have been widely used in the food industry since the 1950s. There is now broad scientific consensus that high consumption of trans fats significantly increases the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), and may also be associated with increased risk of other cardiovascular diseases, obesity and type 2 diabetes. The main dietary source of industrial trans fats are partially hydrogenated vegetable oils. The World ...

'Trans fats' or 'trans fatty acids' (TFAs) are a type of unsaturated fatty acids that have been widely used in the food industry since the 1950s. There is now broad scientific consensus that high consumption of trans fats significantly increases the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), and may also be associated with increased risk of other cardiovascular diseases, obesity and type 2 diabetes. The main dietary source of industrial trans fats are partially hydrogenated vegetable oils. The World Health Organization argues that the removal of partially hydrogenated vegetable oils from the food supply would result in substantial health benefits. After determining in June 2015 that partially hydrogenated oils (PHOs) were no longer 'generally recognized as safe' for use in human food, the United States Food and Drug Administration requested food manufacturers to remove them from products by June 2018. The European Union does not have legislation regulating the content of trans fats in food products or requiring their labelling. Thus, should a product contain partially hydrogenated oils (and hence, possibly TFAs), its label will indicate this, but it will not indicate the exact amount of trans fats present. Four EU Member States have set legal limits on industrially produced trans fats in foods and there has been growing pressure to establish this as an EU-wide practice. In a report on trans fats published in December 2015, the European Commission concluded that a legal limit for industrial TFA content would be the most effective measure for tackling the problem. Stakeholders have generally welcomed the Commission report, while stressing that thanks to voluntary reformulating efforts by the industry, TFA levels in foods are already quite low.

Food Safety Situation in Ireland and Overview of the European Food and Veterinary Office

15-02-2016

This study was prepared for Policy Department A at the request of the Environmental, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI) Committee, and updates the earlier 2013 briefing. It provides an overview of the food safety situation in Ireland. It outlines the Irish food and drink industry, the structure and organisation of the food safety and control system involved in food safety in Ireland and a description of current food safety issues in Ireland. An overview of the structure and competencies of the ...

This study was prepared for Policy Department A at the request of the Environmental, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI) Committee, and updates the earlier 2013 briefing. It provides an overview of the food safety situation in Ireland. It outlines the Irish food and drink industry, the structure and organisation of the food safety and control system involved in food safety in Ireland and a description of current food safety issues in Ireland. An overview of the structure and competencies of the European Food and Veterinary Office is also provided.

Extern avdelning

Sue Keenan

Research for AGRI Committee - Agriculture and the EU's Common Agricultural Policy in the Netherlands

15-01-2016

This in-depth analysis is intended for MEPs of the European Parliament's Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development visiting the Netherlands in March 2016. The document provides a very concise overview of the country, describes its farming sector and details the implementation of the new EU’s Common Agricultural Policy for the 2014-2020 period. The Netherlands has a high-income, open, knowledge-based economy, which is gradually recovering from a protracted recession. As regards its agricultural ...

This in-depth analysis is intended for MEPs of the European Parliament's Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development visiting the Netherlands in March 2016. The document provides a very concise overview of the country, describes its farming sector and details the implementation of the new EU’s Common Agricultural Policy for the 2014-2020 period. The Netherlands has a high-income, open, knowledge-based economy, which is gradually recovering from a protracted recession. As regards its agricultural sector, the main challenge for the coming years will be to reconcile the continuous growth of agricultural outputs and productivity with the preservation of the environment.

Economic impact on the EU of sanctions over Ukraine conflict

14-10-2015

Russia is the European Union's third biggest trading partner. In 2014, trade volume between the European Union (EU) and Russia decreased, mainly due to the impact of the recession on the Russian economy, as well as the conflict in Ukraine which led to EU sanctions and Russian countermeasures. Beginning in early 2014, the EU introduced and extended a range of diplomatic and economic sanctions against the Russian Federation in protest at Russian involvement in destabilising Ukraine and violation of ...

Russia is the European Union's third biggest trading partner. In 2014, trade volume between the European Union (EU) and Russia decreased, mainly due to the impact of the recession on the Russian economy, as well as the conflict in Ukraine which led to EU sanctions and Russian countermeasures. Beginning in early 2014, the EU introduced and extended a range of diplomatic and economic sanctions against the Russian Federation in protest at Russian involvement in destabilising Ukraine and violation of Ukraine's territorial integrity. Russia has retaliated with an embargo on certain EU agricultural products. Both the EU and Russian measures will be in place until at least June 2016. It is hard to disentangle the effects of these sanctions from those stemming from the deteriorating economic situation in Russia. Although the overall impact on the EU economy has been rather limited, certain sectors and countries are more significantly affected. Estimates of the impact vary, but indicate overall that the European economy is resilient to the adverse effects of falling trade with Russia. Importantly, the EU's financial sector is not considered to be systemically threatened by its exposure. The most visible direct effect is the substantial fall in EU agri-food exports to Russia. The losses are, however, mitigated to a large extent by redirecting exports to alternative markets.

Dispute over milk powder use in cheese-making

25-09-2015

The European Commission has launched an investigation into Italian legislation prohibiting the use of condensed and powdered milk in dairy products, demanding appropriate labelling instead. Since milk powder is commonly used in cheese production elsewhere in the European Union (EU), the Italian law may contradict EU legislation on free movement of goods. Member States are allowed to impose additional food labelling requirements, on condition they are justified.

The European Commission has launched an investigation into Italian legislation prohibiting the use of condensed and powdered milk in dairy products, demanding appropriate labelling instead. Since milk powder is commonly used in cheese production elsewhere in the European Union (EU), the Italian law may contradict EU legislation on free movement of goods. Member States are allowed to impose additional food labelling requirements, on condition they are justified.

Measures to address food waste in the context of the review of EU waste management targets: Initial Appraisal of a European Commission Impact Assessment

27-11-2014

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's Impact Assessment (IA) on measures to address food waste. This IA, dated 23 September 2014, completes the IA on the review of EU waste management targets which accompanied the proposal on waste, on packaging and packaging waste, on the landfill of waste, on end-of-life vehicles, on waste batteries and accumulators, and on waste electrical and electronic equipment, adopted on 2 July 2014. This ...

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's Impact Assessment (IA) on measures to address food waste. This IA, dated 23 September 2014, completes the IA on the review of EU waste management targets which accompanied the proposal on waste, on packaging and packaging waste, on the landfill of waste, on end-of-life vehicles, on waste batteries and accumulators, and on waste electrical and electronic equipment, adopted on 2 July 2014. This note, prepared by the Ex-Ante Impact Assessment Unit for the Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI) of the European Parliament, analyses whether the principal criteria laid down in the Commission’s own Impact Assessment Guidelines, as well as additional factors identified by the Parliament in its Impact Assessment Handbook, appear to be met by the IA. It does not attempt to deal with the substance of the proposal. It is drafted for informational and background purposes to assist the relevant parliamentary committee(s) and Members more widely in their work.

Trends in EU-Third Countries Trade of Milk and Dairy Products

15-09-2014

This document gives an overview of EU-third countries trade of milk and milk products. After outlining EU dairy trade in 2013, it reports salient trends in EU-third countries trade in milk and milk products. Finally, it elaborates on the outlook for 2012-2023 and on the expected increase in consumption in emerging countries.

This document gives an overview of EU-third countries trade of milk and milk products. After outlining EU dairy trade in 2013, it reports salient trends in EU-third countries trade in milk and milk products. Finally, it elaborates on the outlook for 2012-2023 and on the expected increase in consumption in emerging countries.

Kommande evenemang

01-10-2019
Health threats from climate change: Scientific evidence for policy-making
Övrigt -
EPRS

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