10

resultat

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Standard Essential Patents and the Internet of Things

15-01-2019

This in-depth analysis, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee, assesses the European Commission of (EC) Communication of 29 November 2017 on the EU approach to Standard Essential Patents. The report examines the principles identified in the Communication with respect to the Commission’s proposals on (i) increasing transparency on SEPs; (ii) determining valuation of SEPs( Standard Essential Patents ...

This in-depth analysis, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee, assesses the European Commission of (EC) Communication of 29 November 2017 on the EU approach to Standard Essential Patents. The report examines the principles identified in the Communication with respect to the Commission’s proposals on (i) increasing transparency on SEPs; (ii) determining valuation of SEPs( Standard Essential Patents) and FRAND ( Fair, Reasonable, and Non-Discriminatory) terms; and (iii) enforcement. The report evaluates the efficient resolution of licensing disputes over FRAND, including via litigation, arbitration and mediation, licensing pools and collective licensing. The current document also puts forward some policy recommendations to, inter alia, enhance the general environment of FRAND licencing in the context of SEPs.

Extern avdelning

Dr Luke MCDONAGH Dr Enrico BONADIO

Immaterialrätt

01-02-2018

Immaterialrätt omfattar all ensamrätt som beviljas för intellektuella verk. Den består av två delar: dels den industriella äganderätten, som omfattar uppfinningar (patent), varumärken, industriell formgivning och bruksmönster samt ursprungsbeteckningar, dels upphovsrätten, som omfattar konstnärlig och litterär äganderätt. Sedan fördraget om Europeiska unionens funktionssätt trädde i kraft 2009 har EU haft uttryckliga befogenheter när det gäller immateriella rättigheter (artikel 118).

Immaterialrätt omfattar all ensamrätt som beviljas för intellektuella verk. Den består av två delar: dels den industriella äganderätten, som omfattar uppfinningar (patent), varumärken, industriell formgivning och bruksmönster samt ursprungsbeteckningar, dels upphovsrätten, som omfattar konstnärlig och litterär äganderätt. Sedan fördraget om Europeiska unionens funktionssätt trädde i kraft 2009 har EU haft uttryckliga befogenheter när det gäller immateriella rättigheter (artikel 118).

How blockchain technology could change our lives

20-02-2017

Blockchain technology is of increasing interest to citizens, businesses and legislators across the European Union. This report is aimed at providing a point of entry for those curious about blockchain technology, so as to stimulate interest and provoke discussion around its potential impact. A general introduction is followed by a closer look at eight areas in which blockchain has been described as having a substantial potential impact. For each of these, an explanation is given of how the technology ...

Blockchain technology is of increasing interest to citizens, businesses and legislators across the European Union. This report is aimed at providing a point of entry for those curious about blockchain technology, so as to stimulate interest and provoke discussion around its potential impact. A general introduction is followed by a closer look at eight areas in which blockchain has been described as having a substantial potential impact. For each of these, an explanation is given of how the technology could be developed in that particular area, the possible impacts this development might have, and what potential policy issues are to be anticipated.

Perspectives on transatlantic cooperation: Digital Economy

11-07-2016

Digitalisation is transforming our societies – new types of business activity are emerging and consumer habits are rapidly evolving. The internet, broadband networks, mobile applications, IT services and hardware form the basis of the digital economy which has a dynamic that is fundamentally different to that of more traditional sectors: it strengthens cooperation, enables a higher volume of cross-border activity and is a major factor in increasing prosperity and growth overall. In this context, ...

Digitalisation is transforming our societies – new types of business activity are emerging and consumer habits are rapidly evolving. The internet, broadband networks, mobile applications, IT services and hardware form the basis of the digital economy which has a dynamic that is fundamentally different to that of more traditional sectors: it strengthens cooperation, enables a higher volume of cross-border activity and is a major factor in increasing prosperity and growth overall. In this context, regulators and legislators are faced with a dilemma: How to legislate at national or at regional level on issues which are truly global? How to avoid unhealthy regulatory and taxation competition between the US and the EU? How to ensure that the US and the EU join forces regarding the development of a global digital economy? Will a joint approach of leading global economies lead to global impacts? These are just a few of the questions to which the EU and the US must find answers in order to allow the smooth and fair development of the digital economy and digital transatlantic and global markets. This briefing forms part of a broader research project on the perspectives on transatlantic cooperation in the US election year, requested by the Chair of the European Parliament's delegation for relations with the United States.

The challenges of copyright in the EU

30-06-2015

Despite over a century of international harmonisation, copyright law remains essentially national law, even though some fundamental copyright norms are gradually converging. Today, copyright is regulated at international level mainly through the Bern Convention, the Universal Copyright Convention, and a series of other treaties administered by the World Intellectual Property Organization. At present, national copyright laws are grounded in a handful of universal rules and principles. Exclusive rights ...

Despite over a century of international harmonisation, copyright law remains essentially national law, even though some fundamental copyright norms are gradually converging. Today, copyright is regulated at international level mainly through the Bern Convention, the Universal Copyright Convention, and a series of other treaties administered by the World Intellectual Property Organization. At present, national copyright laws are grounded in a handful of universal rules and principles. Exclusive rights are granted to creators for 'original' works which range from art (music, paintings) to information products (maps, databases). The rights conceded under copyright vary with national laws and legal traditions (civil law in continental Europe and common law in Anglo-American countries). However, as a minimum, exclusive rights encompass the rights to reproduce, distribute, rent, lend, or communicate a work to the public. All these rights can be transferred and/or collectively managed by specialist intermediaries (notably for music works). Most national laws also grant moral rights to protect the author's name and reputation. Other provisions – such as the term of copyright protection – differ widely on a global scale. To maintain a fair balance between the interests of users and rights-holders, legislators have foreseen a number of exceptions, allowing for limited free use of certain works. The main European Union instrument providing a legal framework for copyright is the 2001 Copyright Directive. In May 2015, the European Commission unveiled its plans to create a Digital Single Market, aiming in this respect to present legislative proposals reducing the differences between national copyright regimes and allowing for wider online access, including through further harmonisation measures. Reactions from stakeholders were mixed. In this context, the European Parliament's Committee on Legal Affairs undertook the preparation of an own initiative report, which is due to be voted in plenary in July 2015.

Proceedings of the Workshop on "Legal Aspects of Free and Open Source Software"

15-07-2013

Proceedings of the workshop on "Legal Aspects of Free and Open Source Software", held on 9 July 2013 in Brussels.

Proceedings of the workshop on "Legal Aspects of Free and Open Source Software", held on 9 July 2013 in Brussels.

Extern avdelning

Eben Moglen and Ian Sullivan (Columbia Law School) , Patrice-Emmanuel Schmitz (EUPL) , Carlo Piana , Rishab Ghosh (UNU-MERIT) , Philippe Laurent (University of Namur) and Oliver Altehage, Kirsten Böge and Jutta Kreyss

Proceedings of the Workshop on "Proposal for a Regulation on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization (Nagoya Protocol)"

15-04-2013

In the context of the legislative procedure related to the Commission proposal for a Regulation on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization (COM(2012) 576), the European Parliament requested the organisation of a workshop to discuss the Commission’s legislative proposal putting special emphasis on the challenges of implementing the Nagoya protocol both at global and EU level, and on future perspectives.

In the context of the legislative procedure related to the Commission proposal for a Regulation on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization (COM(2012) 576), the European Parliament requested the organisation of a workshop to discuss the Commission’s legislative proposal putting special emphasis on the challenges of implementing the Nagoya protocol both at global and EU level, and on future perspectives.

Extern avdelning

Hugo-Maria Schally (DG Environment, European Commission), Pierre du Plessis (Centre for Research Information Action in Africa), Emile Frison (Bioversity International), Axel Braun (European Federation of Pharmaceutical Industries and Associations), François Meienberg (Berne Declaration), Andreas Drews (ABS Capacity Development Initiative), Cornelia Löhne (Botanic Garden Berlin-Dahlem), Maria Julia Oliva (Union for Ethical Biotrade) and Matthieu Mellul (Collectif pour une alternative à la biopiraterie)

Access to Essential Medicines : Lessons Learned since the Doha Declaration on the Trips Agreement and Public Health, and Policy Options for the European Union

15-06-2007

The study evaluates the impact of the TRIPS agreement on access to medicines in developing countries and analyses the evolving legal framework. Special emphasis is given to the issue of compulsory licensing, including recent cases in Brazil and Thailand. The EU's own implementing regulation is also presented, as well as the considerations for any TRIPS-related provisions in bilateral trade agreements of the EU and the US. The TRIPS agreement and its amendment are discussed in light of the various ...

The study evaluates the impact of the TRIPS agreement on access to medicines in developing countries and analyses the evolving legal framework. Special emphasis is given to the issue of compulsory licensing, including recent cases in Brazil and Thailand. The EU's own implementing regulation is also presented, as well as the considerations for any TRIPS-related provisions in bilateral trade agreements of the EU and the US. The TRIPS agreement and its amendment are discussed in light of the various public health, commercial, legal and economic considerations and interests. The study also sets out conclusions and concrete recommendations to improve the overall framework of the TRIPS agreement and access to medicines.

Extern avdelning

Frederick M. Abbott (Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida, U.S.A.) and Jerome H. Reichman (Duke University School of Law, Durham, North Carolina, U.S.A.)

Implementation of the wto Decision on Compulsory lLcensing for Countries with Insufficient or no Manufacturing Capacity in the Pharmaceutical Sector

06-03-2005

Extern avdelning

Dr. Katharina Gamharter

Assessment of the Proposed eu Regulation on the Compulsory Licensing of Generic drugs for export to developing countries

01-02-2005

The study examines the the draft Regulation establishing a compulsory licensing system for the export of patented drugs to developing countries. The Regulation aims at uniformly implementing, within the European Union, the Decision of the WTO of 30 August 2003 on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health. Following the presentation of the core aspects of the draft Regulation, the paper outlines the possible impacts of the Regulation, including the difficulties faced by importing countries. The paper ...

The study examines the the draft Regulation establishing a compulsory licensing system for the export of patented drugs to developing countries. The Regulation aims at uniformly implementing, within the European Union, the Decision of the WTO of 30 August 2003 on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health. Following the presentation of the core aspects of the draft Regulation, the paper outlines the possible impacts of the Regulation, including the difficulties faced by importing countries. The paper also highlights the differences compared to similar regulations in Canada, Norway and Netherlands and then proposes an extensive list of possible improvements in light of the findings of the analysis. The paper concludes that the draft Regulation does not fully take advantage of the flexibility that is open to the EU to encourage prospective European suppliers to provide pharmaceutical products at affordable prices and improve access to medicines in developing countries and LDCs. The draft regulation also includes a number of unnecessary conditions not stipulated in the WTO Decision

Extern avdelning

Prof. Carlos M.Correa

Kommande evenemang

21-01-2020
Outlook for the MENA Region: What future for stabilisation and reconstruction?
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EPRS

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