9

resultat

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Publikationstyp
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Datum

Urban agriculture in Europe: Patterns, challenges and policies

18-12-2017

It is estimated that by 2050, 67 % of the world's population will live in urban areas. Increasing concerns over food security coupled with concerns over climate change have helped to promote interest in urban agriculture and the role it can play in respect of food security. The present paper aims to provide an overview of urban agriculture by examining it as it relates to issues of food security, the economy, social dimensions and the environment. Using short case studies and drawing on research ...

It is estimated that by 2050, 67 % of the world's population will live in urban areas. Increasing concerns over food security coupled with concerns over climate change have helped to promote interest in urban agriculture and the role it can play in respect of food security. The present paper aims to provide an overview of urban agriculture by examining it as it relates to issues of food security, the economy, social dimensions and the environment. Using short case studies and drawing on research from both Europe and the USA, the paper further explores the potential impact that urban agriculture can have and sets out its policy context. Looking to the future, one of the many challenges facing urban agriculture will be how it will achieve the necessary integration across all relevant EU policy areas.

Europeiskt territoriellt samarbete

01-11-2017

Europeiskt territoriellt samarbete är det instrument inom sammanhållningspolitiken som används för att på ett gränsöverskridande sätt lösa problem och gemensamt utveckla olika geografiska områdens potential. Samarbetsinsatser stöds av Europeiska regionala utvecklingsfonden genom följande tre huvudkomponenter: gränsöverskridande samarbete, transnationellt samarbete och mellanregionalt samarbete.

Europeiskt territoriellt samarbete är det instrument inom sammanhållningspolitiken som används för att på ett gränsöverskridande sätt lösa problem och gemensamt utveckla olika geografiska områdens potential. Samarbetsinsatser stöds av Europeiska regionala utvecklingsfonden genom följande tre huvudkomponenter: gränsöverskridande samarbete, transnationellt samarbete och mellanregionalt samarbete.

Bridging the rural-urban divide: Rural-urban partnerships in the EU

05-01-2016

In today's Europe, the traditional rural-urban dichotomy seems no longer relevant from a territorial development point of view. The boundaries of both rural and urban regions are becoming increasingly blurred, and traditional geographic definitions no longer fully reflect the reality of areas connected by a range of complex socio-economic linkages. At the European level, statistical methods have been refined to better reflect this complexity and provide a clearer view of the European Union's territory ...

In today's Europe, the traditional rural-urban dichotomy seems no longer relevant from a territorial development point of view. The boundaries of both rural and urban regions are becoming increasingly blurred, and traditional geographic definitions no longer fully reflect the reality of areas connected by a range of complex socio-economic linkages. At the European level, statistical methods have been refined to better reflect this complexity and provide a clearer view of the European Union's territory according to a new rural-urban typology. Both types of regions have different assets and resources which can be used in a complementary manner. At the rural/urban interface, however, conflicts can arise in connection to land use, whenever cities spread over what used to be agricultural land. Studies on the nature and extent of urban/rural linkages have identified the key concept of 'functional regions', which are defined by their socio-economic integration rather than by administrative boundaries. In all EU Member States, local and regional authorities have built rural-urban partnerships to better harness the potential of such regions. Over the past two decades, the EU has supported numerous projects and studies to assess the value of these partnerships and the way they can contribute to the objective of greater territorial cohesion. The policy framework for 2014-2020, which reflects the objectives of the EU 2020 strategy and offers better coordination of structural funds as well as new tools fostering integrated strategies, puts even greater emphasis on rural-urban interaction, allowing Member States to invest in mixed areas in a more targeted way. Please click here for the full publication in PDF format

Research for REGI Committee - Tools to support the territorial and urban dimension in cohesion policy: Integrated Territorial Investment (ITI) and Community-Led Local Development (CLLD)

30-10-2015

For the 2014-2020 programming period the regulations encourage the usage of integrated and place-based oriented approaches to foster economic, social and territorial cohesion , at the same time putting a greater weight on urban development actions in order to attain the Europe 2020 Strategy goals. These territorial approaches can be implemented by using tools such as the Integrated Territorial Investment (ITI) and the Community-Led Local Development (CLLD). The Partnership Agreements, between the ...

For the 2014-2020 programming period the regulations encourage the usage of integrated and place-based oriented approaches to foster economic, social and territorial cohesion , at the same time putting a greater weight on urban development actions in order to attain the Europe 2020 Strategy goals. These territorial approaches can be implemented by using tools such as the Integrated Territorial Investment (ITI) and the Community-Led Local Development (CLLD). The Partnership Agreements, between the Member States and the European Commission, should indicate how ITI and CLLD will be used by Member States and the types of areas and challenges that these mechanisms will address.

European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation (EGTC)

02-10-2015

The European integration process has redefined the map of Europe, changing the fortunes of Europe's border regions from peripheral areas to poles of potential growth. Their development has been spurred by European territorial cooperation, with EGTCs playing a leading role in this EU success story. An EGTC enables entities from two or more Member States to work together under a common structure with legal personality. Its objective is to facilitate and promote cross-border, transnational and inter-regional ...

The European integration process has redefined the map of Europe, changing the fortunes of Europe's border regions from peripheral areas to poles of potential growth. Their development has been spurred by European territorial cooperation, with EGTCs playing a leading role in this EU success story. An EGTC enables entities from two or more Member States to work together under a common structure with legal personality. Its objective is to facilitate and promote cross-border, transnational and inter-regional cooperation. Flexible in structure, it is the first EU legal instrument that allows local and regional authorities to cooperate without the need for an agreement ratified at Member State level. To date, a total of 55 EGTCs have been established across 20 Member States covering such areas as operation of cross-border facilities, tourism development and protection of natural heritage. The 2014-20 legislative framework has consolidated the role of EGTCs, with €10 billion available for European territorial cooperation. Numerous challenges remain, however, among them the fact that individual national legal or administrative systems are not always compatible with one another. Discussions on the EGTC are being taken forward by the Luxembourg Presidency of the Council of the EU in the second half of 2015. A public consultation launched by the European Commission in September 2015 will consider the barriers to cross-border cooperation, with a Commission report on the application of the EGTC Regulation due by 1 August 2018.

Territorial Governance and Cohesion Policy

06-07-2015

Territorial governance is a relatively new and complex concept. It brings together the place-based approach and multi-level governance. This analysis supports the understanding of territorial governance, mainly with regard to EU Cohesion Policy. Depending on the institutional and political context, as well as past experience, territorial governance in Cohesion Policy can have different forms. In all cases, stakeholders must have institutional capacity.

Territorial governance is a relatively new and complex concept. It brings together the place-based approach and multi-level governance. This analysis supports the understanding of territorial governance, mainly with regard to EU Cohesion Policy. Depending on the institutional and political context, as well as past experience, territorial governance in Cohesion Policy can have different forms. In all cases, stakeholders must have institutional capacity.

Extern avdelning

Kai Böhme, Sabine Zillmer, Maria Toptsidou and Frank Holstein (Spatial Foresight, Luxembourg)

Community-led local development

12-03-2015

Community-led local development (CLLD) is an approach to territorial development whereby local actors, who are best placed to identify challenges and make the most of local assets, work in partnership to design and implement their own strategies in order to meet development needs in their area. Having supported this approach in rural areas for more than 20 years, the EU is now putting further emphasis on it by extending the scope for funding and introducing more coherence therein.

Community-led local development (CLLD) is an approach to territorial development whereby local actors, who are best placed to identify challenges and make the most of local assets, work in partnership to design and implement their own strategies in order to meet development needs in their area. Having supported this approach in rural areas for more than 20 years, the EU is now putting further emphasis on it by extending the scope for funding and introducing more coherence therein.

The Possibilities for Success of the Sustainable Communities Approach and its Implementation volume I- study

04-02-2007

The context for this study is the Bristol Accord that was agreed at the European Ministerial Informal meeting in Bristol, United Kingdom, on 6th-7th December 2005. The report reviews progress across Europe, identifies a selection of case studies and suggests further work is required to elaborate the European dimension of the Sustainable Communities Agenda. This agenda is being considered in the European Parliament, by the German Presidency of the European Union at the Leipzig Summit in 2007 and in ...

The context for this study is the Bristol Accord that was agreed at the European Ministerial Informal meeting in Bristol, United Kingdom, on 6th-7th December 2005. The report reviews progress across Europe, identifies a selection of case studies and suggests further work is required to elaborate the European dimension of the Sustainable Communities Agenda. This agenda is being considered in the European Parliament, by the German Presidency of the European Union at the Leipzig Summit in 2007 and in the European Commission, who are finalising the 2007-2013 Structural Funds programme. A stronger focus is required for a more coherent European programme of action if the Sustainable Communities approach is to have better chance of success across Europe’s towns and cities.

Extern avdelning

The European Regional and Business and Economic Development Unit (ERBEDU) and the Centre for Urban Development and Environmental Management (CUDEM), Leeds Metropolitan University (United Kingdom)

Regional utvecklingsplanering ur ett Europeiskt perspektiv

15-01-1998

Extern avdelning

Thomas Stumm (Eure Consult, Luxembourg) and Roman Noetzel (Bonn, Germany)

Kommande evenemang

05-11-2019
The Art and Craft of Political Speech-writing: A conversation with Eric Schnure
Övrigt -
EPRS
06-11-2019
Where next for Europe’s economy? The latest IMF European Regional Economic Outlook[.]
Övrigt -
EPRS
06-11-2019
EPRS Annual Lecture: Clash of Cultures: Transnational governance in post-war Europe
Övrigt -
EPRS

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