Treaty on European Union (TEU) / Maastricht Treaty 

The Treaty of the European Union, also known as Treaty of Maastricht and the signatures of the 12 Ministers for Foreign Affairs and for Finance of the Member States around  

The Treaty on European Union was signed in Maastricht in the presence of the President of the European Parliament, Egon Klepsch. In accordance with that Treaty the Union is founded on the European Communities (first pillar), with two additional areas of cooperation (second and third pillars): the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CSFP) and Justice and Home Affairs (JHA).

Upon entry into force of the Treaty on European Union, the EEC becomes the European Community(EC).The EP's legislative and supervisory powers increase with the introduction of the codecision procedure and extension of the cooperation procedure.

Under the new Treaty the European Parliament has the right to invite the Commission to present a legislative proposal on matters which, in its view, call for a Community act to be drawn up. The entire Commission must also now be approved by the EP, which also appoints the European Ombudsman.

  • Signed in: Maastricht (The Netherlands) 7 February 1992
  • Entry into force: 1st November 1993