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Research for AGRI Committee - Agricultural potential in carbon sequestration

29-06-2022 PE 699.656 AGRI
At a Glance
Summary : To reach the climate neutrality envisaged in the Green Deal by 2050, reducing agricultural GHG emissions is not enough, and efforts to implement large scale carbon sequestration in European agricultural soils will be necessary. The renewed CAP includes improvements in environmental conditionality and foresees eco-schemes and agri-environmental measures that can help achieve this goal. Carbon sequestration in soil is cost-effective, but improvements in methodology are still required, as well as the cooperation between the public and private sectors.
Authors : KINGA OSTANSKA, François NEGRE
Linked documents

Research for AGRI Committee: Agricultural potential in carbon sequestration Humus content of land used for agriculture and CO2 storage in soil

28-06-2022 PE 699.655 AGRI
Study
Summary : To reach the climate neutrality envisaged in the Green Deal by 2050, reducing agricultural GHG emissions is not enough, and efforts to implement large scale carbon sequestration in European agricultural soils will be necessary. The renewed CAP includes improvements in environmental conditionality and foresees eco-schemes and agri-environmental measures that can help achieve this goal. Carbon sequestration in soil is cost-effective, but improvements in methodology are still required, as well as the cooperation between the public and private sectors.
Authors : CREAF: Pilar ANDRÉS (CREAF), Enrique DOBLAS-MIRANDA (CREAF), Pere ROVIRA (CTFC), August BONMATÍ (IRTA), Àngela RIBAS (CREAF, UAB), Stefania MATTANA (CREAF), Joan ROMANYÀ (UB).
Linked documents

Policy Departments’ Monthly Highlights - May 2022

At a Glance
Summary : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Research for AGRI Committee - The Future of the European Farming Model: Socio-economic and territorial implications of the decline in the number of farms and farmers in the EU

26-04-2022 PE 699.621 AGRI
At a Glance
Summary : This at-a-glance note is the summary of the study providing an overview of the effect of the decline in the number of farms across the EU on the European farming model (EFM), which is built around the notion of multifunctionality and provision of public goods by agriculture. It concludes that in order to foster sustainability and resilience, the EFM and policy must embrace the emerging diversity of farmer profiles and stimulate socially desirable adaptive strategies that preserve the multifunctionality of farming.
Authors : Jacques LECARTE, François NEGRE

Minimising the risk of deforestation and forest degradation associated with products placed on the EU market and exported from the EU

13-04-2022 PE 730.312 AGRI ENVI
Briefing
Summary : This briefing provides an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's impact assessment (IA) accompanying the proposal for an EU legal framework to halt and reverse EU-driven global deforestation, submitted on 17 November 2021 and referred to the European Parliament's Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI). The proposal was first announced in the 2019 Commission communication on Stepping up EU action to protect and restore the world's forests, and then confirmed in the European Green Deal, the 2030 EU biodiversity strategy and the 'farm to fork' strategy. On 22 October 2020, on the basis of an own-initiative report, the European Parliament adopted a resolution, which was accompanied by a European added value assessment. The resolution calls on the Commission to submit a proposal for an EU legal framework to halt and reverse EU-driven global deforestation. Following up on this request, the Commission included the present proposal in its 2021 work programme and the 2021 joint declaration on legislative priorities.
Authors : Vera VIKOLAINEN

Policy Departments’ Monthly Highlights - April 2022

At a Glance
Summary : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Policy Departments’ Monthly Highlights - March 2022

At a Glance
Summary : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Research for AGRI Committee - The Future of the European Farming Model: Socio-economic and territorial implications of the decline in the number of farms and farmers in the EU

28-02-2022 PE 699.620 AGRI
Study
Summary : This study provides an overview of the effect of the decline in the number of farms across the EU on the European farming model (EFM), which is built around the notion of multifunctionality and provision of public goods by agriculture. It concludes that in order to foster sustainability and resilience, the EFM and policy must embrace the emerging diversity of farmer profiles and stimulate socially desirable adaptive strategies that preserve the multifunctionality of farming.
Authors : Mailin GAUPP-BERGHAUSEN; Bernd SCHUH; Arndt MÜNCH; Manon BADOUIX; Kinga HAT; Sanja BRKANOVIC; Thomas DAX; Ingrid MACHOLD; Karin SCHROLL; Luka JUVANČIČ; Emil ERJAVEC; Ilona RAC; Ana NOVAK

'Fit for 55' package: Revising the Regulation on land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF)

22-02-2022 PE 699.483 AGRI ENVI
Briefing
Summary : This briefing provides an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission’s impact assessment (IA) accompanying the proposal to amend the land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF) Regulation (EU) 2018/841. Despite the effort involved, the IA contains a number of shortcoming that significantly limit its potential to usefully inform policy-making. The impacts of the preferred option, its costs and benefits remain unclear, despite the estimates provided in the IA. Moreover, the baseline used in this IA does not appear to be dynamic or harmonised with the 'fit for 55' package, while one of the options does not appear to be a real alternative. Finally, the proposal does not seem to follow the recommendations of the IA, which suggests that relatively less ambitious LULUCF targets under Option 2 combined with ESR-LULUCF flexibility would be more coherent if the ESR targets are significantly raised (which is the preferred option in the ESR IA and the proposal for ESR revision).
Authors : Vera VIKOLAINEN

'Fit for 55' package: Revision of the Effort-Sharing Regulation

15-12-2021 PE 699.465 AGRI ENVI ITRE TRAN
Briefing
Summary : The IA analyses the nature and scale of the problem, which triggers the revision of the Effort Sharing Regulation. While subsidiarity is suffiicently addressed, the proportionality aspects of the revision are not addressed by the IA. One general and three specific objectives, clearly deriving from the problem, were set up. Three policy options were identified and analysed in detail. The options (and their sub-options) were compared in terms of their potential to achieve the specific objectives, in particular, regarding their scope, environmental integrity, distribution of efforts (in terms of fairness and cost-efficiency) and flexibility offered. The options have been analysed mostly for their environmental, economic and administrative impacts. Stakeholder views are abundently used and transparently referenced throughout the analysis of impact. The IA is based on a solid knowledge base combining the use of qualitative and quantitiave methods.
Authors : Ekaterina KARAMFILOVA

Research for ANIT Committee - Patterns of livestock transport in the EU and to third countries

03-09-2021 PE 690.894 AGRI REGI ANIT
At a Glance
Summary : The in-depth analysis was commissioned by the European Parliament’s Committee of Inquiry on the Protection of Animals during Transport (ANIT). The paper provides an analysis of the main drivers and key features of livestock transport within the EU and to third countries.
Authors : Jacques LECARTE, François NEGRE

Animal welfare on the farm - ex-post evaluation of the EU legislation: Prospects for animal welfare labelling at EU level - European Implementation Assessment

11-06-2021 PE 662.643 AGRI ENVI
Study
Summary : The European Union (EU) has a long history of regulating the welfare of farmed animals. Currently, the 'on-farm' aspects of animal welfare (AW) are regulated by five directives adopted by the Council of the EU. The European Parliament is scrutinising the implementation of the EU legislation through a dedicated report (with the Agriculture and Rural Development Committee (AGRI) taking the lead and the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety Committee (ENVI) giving its opinion). This European Implementation Assessment (EIA), aimed at providing evidence in support of the committees' work on the report, shows that the implementation of the EU acquis has been challenging. Based on a large data collection programme, it presents findings on the implementation of the EU legislation against the standard criteria for ex-post evaluation, namely relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, coherence and EU added value. The EIA also maps and assesses AW labelling systems operating across the EU in terms of their design (including their scientific substantiation), regulatory status and functioning (including their effectiveness, efficiency and transparency). Furthermore, the paper analyses the prospects for a possible introduction of AW labelling at EU level.
Authors : Ekaterina KARAMFILOVA

Research for AGRI Committee: Preliminary impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on European agriculture: a sector-based analysis of food systems and market resilience

04-06-2021 PE 690.879 AGRI
At a Glance
Summary : This study provides a preliminary quantitative and qualitative analysis of the impact of COVID-19 on European agriculture and the agri-food supply chain in light of the responses deployed by the European Union and its Member States to mitigate its effects.
Authors : Francesco Montanari, Inês Ferreira, Filippa Lofstrom, Cesare Varallo, Simone Volpe, Elta Smith, Maria Kirova, Axel Wion, Una Kubota, José Diogo Albuquerque.

Research for AGRI Committee: Preliminary impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on European agriculture: a sector-based analysis of food systems and market resilience

28-05-2021 PE 690.864 AGRI
Study
Summary : This study provides a preliminary quantitative and qualitative analysis of the impact of COVID-19 on European agriculture and the agri-food supply chain in light of the responses deployed by the European Union and its Member States to mitigate its effects.
Authors : Francesco Montanari, Inês Ferreira, Filippa Lofstrom, Cesare Varallo, Simone Volpe, Elta Smith, Maria Kirova, Axel Wion, Una Kubota, José Diogo Albuquerque.
Document type

Policy Departments’ Monthly Highlights - April 2021

At a Glance
Summary : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Statistics on agricultural inputs and outputs (SAIO): Updated rules

12-02-2021 PE 662.607 AGRI
Briefing
Summary : In the context of modernising the European agricultural statistics system (EASS), updated rules have been published by the European Commission on statistics for EU farming, including the organic sector, covering both inputs and outputs for crops and animals, pesticides, nutrients, agricultural prices, etc. The new legislative proposal is the outcome of an evaluation process underlying that existing legal and methodological structure of agricultural statistics does not take into account future needs and does not function in an efficient way.
Authors : Alina Ileana DINU

Research for AGRI Committee - The challenge of land abandonment after 2020 and options for mitigating measures

31-01-2021 PE 652.241 AGRI
At a Glance
Summary : This study examines the phenomenon of land abandonment, its consequences and mitigation options. Using quantitative data, it provides an overview of the possible future evolution of land abandonment in the EU by 2030, its historical evolution and current state of play. Based on desk research and case studies, this research project carries out an analysis of the drivers and effects of the phenomenon, considers mitigating actions to be implemented through EU policies, notably the CAP and outlines different scenarios about land use changes, using as variables climate change, the globalisation of markets and a major health crisis.
Authors : François NEGRE

Research for AGRI Committee - The challenge of land abandonment after 2020 and options for mitigating measures

21-12-2020 PE 652.238 AGRI
Study
Summary : This study examines the phenomenon of land abandonment, its consequences and mitigation options. Using quantitative data, it provides an overview of the possible future evolution of land abandonment in the EU by 2030, its historical evolution and current state of play. Based on desk research and case studies, this research project carries out an analysis of the drivers and effects of the phenomenon, considers mitigating actions to be implemented through EU policies, notably the CAP and outlines different scenarios about land use changes, using as variables climate change, the globalisation of markets and a major health crisis.
Authors : François NEGRE
Document type

Research for the AGRI Committee - The Green Deal and the CAP: policy implications to adapt farming practices and to preserve the EU’s natural resources

24-11-2020 PE 652.230 AGRI
At a Glance
Summary : This document is the final report of the study developed by INRAE and AgroParisTech for the European Parliament: “The Green Deal and the CAP: policy implications to adapt farming practices and to preserve the EU’s natural resources’’ (IP/B/AGRI/IC/2020-036).
Authors : Albert MASSOT MARTI

Research for the AGRI Committee - The Green Deal and the CAP: policy implications to adapt farming practices and to preserve the EU’s natural resources

23-11-2020 PE 629.214 AGRI
Study
Summary : This document is the final report of the study developed by INRAE and AgroParisTech for the European Parliament: “The Green Deal and the CAP: policy implications to adapt farming practices and to preserve the EU’s natural resources’’ (IP/B/AGRI/IC/2020-036).
Authors : Hervé GUYOMARD; Jean-Christophe BUREAU; Vincent CHATELLIER; Cécile DETANG-DESSENDRE; Pierre DUPRAZ; Florence JACQUET; Xavier REBOUD; Vincent REQUILLART; Louis-Georges SOLER; Margot TYSEBAERT
Document type

Commitments made at the hearings of the Commissioners-designate - von der Leyen Commission 2019-2024

At a Glance
Summary : This document provides links to all Briefings produced by the Policy Departments of the Directorate-General for Internal Policies and of the Directorate-General for External Policies of the European Parliament, with salient points and essential commitments made by the Vice-Presidents and Commissioners-designates at their respective hearings before the European Parliament, in September-November 2019 and in October 2020. For an exhaustive list of all commitments made and positions taken by the candidates, the full verbatim report of each public hearing is available on the dedicated hearings website of the European Parliament, as are the written questions and answers.

Research for AGRI Committee -The upcoming Commission's Communication on the long-term vision for rural areas

30-09-2020 PE 652.214 AGRI
In-Depth Analysis
Summary : This in-depth analysis provides a preliminary analysis of the upcoming Commission’s communication on a long term vision for rural areas. It presents the key features of the communication and its implications for the CAP, takes stock of the current and future EU policy tools to support rural areas and provides background material on the economic, demographic, social and spatial challenges they are faced with.
Authors : Albert MASSOT MARTI, François NEGRE

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - July 2020

At a Glance
Summary : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

The EU 2030 Biodiversity Strategy

15-05-2020 PE 652.207 AGRI
Briefing
Summary : Following the presentation of the Communication on the EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030 - Bringing nature back into our lives (COM (2020) 380 of 20 May 2020), this briefing note (1) provides background elements on the EU Biodiversity policy, (2) presents the key features of its new strategy and (3) analyses its potential effects on the CAP and the upcoming national strategic plans.
Authors : François NEGRE

Research for the AGRI Committee - The Farm to Fork Strategy implications for agriculture and the CAP

15-05-2020 PE 652.206 AGRI
In-Depth Analysis
Summary : The aim of this In-Depth Analysis prepared by the Policy Department for Structural and Cohesion Policies is to explore the possible implications of the Farm to Fork Strategy (F2F) for agriculture and the CAP and, as a result, on the legislative works of the AGRI Committee over the 2020 - 2023 period. The analysis is based on the following sources: the Communication on the European Green Deal (COM (2019) 640 of 11 December 2019); the EC roadmap and key actions of the European Green Deal (11 December 2019); the EC F2F Strategy roadmap (17 February 2020); the Communication ‘A Farm to Fork Strategy for a fair, healthy and environmentally-friendly food system’ (COM (2020) 381 of 20 May 2020); the Draft Action Plan of the Farm to Fork Strategy (Annex of the EC Communication of 20 May 2020); the Commission staff working document ‘Analysis of links between CAP reform and Green Deal’ (SWD (2020) of 20 May 2020); and others background documents accompanying the F2F Communication of 20 May 2020.
Authors : Albert MASSOT MARTI

Information package on ‘Innovation in Agriculture’ Public Hearing of 18 February 2020

18-02-2020 PE 629.215 AGRI
Briefing
Summary : This information package is prepared by the Policy Department for Structural and Cohesion Policies for the hearing of 18 February 2020 organised by the European Parliament’s Agricultural and Rural Development Committee (AGRI Committee). The main purpose of the paper is to facilitate the legislative work of MEPs related to the agri-food research & innovation issues.
Authors : Albert MASSOT MARTI, François NEGRE

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - January 2020

At a Glance
Summary : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - December 2019

At a Glance
Summary : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Information package on the post 2020 CAP reform

28-11-2019 PE 629.211 AGRI
In-Depth Analysis
Summary : This information package is prepared by the Policy Department for Structural and Cohesion Policies for the hearing of 4 December 2019 organised by the European Parliament’s Agricultural and Rural Development Committee (AGRI Committee). The main purpose of the paper is to facilitate the legislative work of MEPs relating to the on-going CAP reform.

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - November 2019

At a Glance
Summary : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.
Summary : This document is a compilation of all Briefings produced by the Policy Departments of the Directorate-General for Internal Policies and of the Directorate-General for External Policies of the European Parliament, with salient points and essential commitments made by the Vice-Presidents and Commissioners-designates at their respective hearings before the European Parliament, in September-November 2019 and in October 2020. For an exhaustive list of all commitments made and positions taken by the candidates, the full verbatim report of each public hearing is available on the dedicated hearings website of the European Parliament, as are the written questions and answers.

Commitments made at the hearing of Janusz WOJCIECHOWSKI, Commissioner-designate - Agriculture

22-11-2019 PE 629.206 AGRI
Briefing
Summary : The Commissioner-designate, Janusz Wojciechowski, appeared before the European Parliament on 1 and 8 October 2019 to answer questions put by MEPs from the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development. During the hearings, he made a number of commitments which are highlighted in this document. These commitments refer to his portfolio, as described in the mission letter sent to him by Ursula von der Leyen, President-elect of the European Commission. His future task will be focused on building a modern and sustainable agriculture, including: - Concluding negotiations on a simplifed Common Agricultural Policy post 2020 and ensuring that its future Strategic Plans strike a balance between EU-wide objectives and national priorities; - Contributing to the EU “Farm to Fork strategy” looking at how the agri-food sector can improve the sustainability accross the agri-food supply chain, including through organic production; - Ensuring that agri-food production contributes to EU climate, environmental and biodiversity goals; - Strengthening the system of geographical indications and developing a new long-term vision for rural areas under the Strategic Plans post 2020; - Promoting Europe’s high-quality food standards worlwide.
Authors : Albert MASSOT MARTI, François NEGRE

Research for AGRI committee - The EU farming employment: current challenges and future prospects (Study + Annex)

15-10-2019 PE 629.209 AGRI
Study
Summary : This study outlines the current trends and patterns of farming employment in the EU and discusses possible development paths for the European agricultural labour force. In particular, this study investigates the drivers of and structural changes within agricultural labour markets at regional, national and EU level, building on a range of quantitative and qualitative analysis methods.
Authors : Albert MASSOT MARTI
Document type

ANN01

Megatrends in the agri-food sector: global overview and possible policy response from an EU perspective

16-09-2019 PE 629.205 AGRI
Study
Summary : This study provides an analysis of the megatrends that influence the way the world produces, distributes and consumes food. It provides an outlook of the global production needed to sustain human populations until 2050, gives a state of play of the global forces affecting the future of the food chain, suggests possible scenarios and presents policy and recommendation options.
Authors : Ines Ferreira, Maria Kirova, Francesco Montanari, Consuelo Montfort, Juan Moroni, Rik Neirynck, Monica Pesce