Subject files

European Union and United Nations flags

On September 19th 2016, the UN General Assembly hosted a High-level summit in New York City to address the topic of large movements of refugees and migrants. The Summit adopted a proposal for a better international response on these matters, called the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants.

MEPs condemn the Member States' inability to act and give their backing to the Commission's scheme to relocate a further 120,000 asylum seekers across the EU.

This subject file seeks to inform Members, groups and other stakeholders about the state of play of the different but highly interconnected legislative files by providing direct links to the fact sheets in the Legislative Observatory and relevant background information.

Fundamental rights

The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union sets out the basic rights that must be respected both by the European Union and the Member States when implementing EU law. The Charter was solemnly proclaimed by Parliament, the Council and the Commission in Nice in 2000. After being amended, it was proclaimed again in 2007.

Burden-sharing and good integration policies are key, UN Special Adviser Karen AbuZayd told MEPs ahead of a global summit on refugee and migrant flows.

This subject file seeks to provide Members, political groups and other stakeholders with an easy access to the relevant documents of the European institutions and UN organisations as well as in-house summaries and analyses.


In its Resolution ((2014/2097)(RSP)) of 17 December 2014, the European Parliament instructed the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs to assess the various policies at stake in the areas of migration, asylum and border management, develop a set of recommendations and to report to Plenary in the form of a strategic initiative report. The Committee works on this strategic own-initiative report (co-Rapporteurs: Roberta METSOLA (EPP) and Kashetu KYENGE (S&D))

Compass with European Flag pointing to Security

On 26 July 2017, the European Commission adopted the " Comprehensive Security Assessment " accompanying the "Ninth progress report towards an effective and genuine Security Union". This comprehensive assessment reviews the Union's action in the area of internal security.


The security situation in Europe has changed dramatically lately, owing to recent terrorist attacks on European soil, new conflicts and upheavals in the EU’s immediate neighbourhood, the rapid development and use of new technologies, and growing radicalisation that is leading to violence and terrorism. While threats have become more varied, international, multiple and asymmetrical, closer cross-border and inter-agency cooperation becomes more pertinent.


A multidimensional topic, statelessness touches upon nationality, citizenship, migration – all matters that fall within the remits of the LIBE committee but also raise concerns that EU citizens have wished to relay through petitions to the European Parliament. The status refers to matters of national sovereignty however with implications at EU level and existing multilateral rules at global level.

Rule of law

Different mechanisms and processes exist at EU level to promote, protect and safeguard EU values laid down in Article 2 TEU, in particular, democracy, the rule of law and fundamental rights. These include legally binding mechanisms such as Article 7 TEU, which allows relevant EU institutions to act in situations where there is ‘a clear risk of a serious breach’ of EU values by a Member State or where there is a serious and persistent breach of EU values laid down in Article 2 TEU.

The fight against cybercrime

The own-initiative report prepared by the LIBE Committee will focus on questions which fall within the remit of the committee, namely the serious threats posed by cybersecurity risks and cybercrime to the fundamental rights of individuals, the rule of law in cyberspace, and their implications for the internal security of the Union as a whole.

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