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What if policy anticipated advances in science and technology? EN

26-06-2019 PE 634.442 CULT EMPL ENVI JURI LIBE TRAN ITRE IMCO AGRI
En bref
Résumé : What if blockchain revolutionised voting? What if your emotions were tracked to spy on you? And what if we genetically engineered an entire species? Science and policy are intricately connected. Via monthly 'What if' publications, the Scientific Foresight Unit (STOA; part of the European Parliamentary Research Service) draws Members of the European Parliament's attention to new scientific and technological developments relevant for policy-making. The unit also provides administrative support to the Panel for the Future of Science and Technology (STOA), which brings together 25 Members from nine different parliamentary committees who share a strong interest in science and technology in the context of policy-making.
Auteurs : Lieve VAN WOENSEL
Résumé : Le département thématique A fournit une expertise de qualité, une analyse actualisée et une recherche indépendante aux commissions qui bénéficient de son soutien: ECON, EMPL, ENVI, ITRE et IMCO. Cette brochure porte sur les services que le département thématique propose à la commission ENVI.
Auteurs : Tina OHLIGER

The importance of evaluation of outcomes in healthcare and hospital experiences EN

14-06-2019 PE 638.408 ENVI
Briefing
Résumé : The meeting on the role and importance of outcome in healthcare had the aim to propose the topic of the evaluation of effectiveness of medical and surgical treatments as a real indicator of healthcare quality.
Auteurs : Giuseppe BANFI, Lukasz SLAWOMIRSKI

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - April 2019 EN

15-04-2019 PE 629.835 BUDG CULT ENVI LIBE DROI
En bref
Résumé : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Study in focus: Sampling points for air quality EN

02-04-2019 PE 631.058 ENVI
En bref
Résumé : Air quality monitoring at fixed sites is a major instrument provided for in the Ambient Air Quality Directive to check compliance with limit or target values, which have been set for the protection of human health. This study analyses the criteria for the location of monitoring sites in five Member States to identify ambiguous provisions that might lead to different assessments of air pollution exposure.
Auteurs : Tina OHLIGER

What if a simple DNA test could predict your future? EN

22-03-2019 PE 634.428 ENVI
En bref
Résumé : What if new-born babies were given a DNA report card that predicted their intelligence, their odds of getting a PhD, their chances of becoming a chain smoker or suffering depression, a heart attack or cancer? Thanks to ongoing genetic studies, a large amount of genetic data is available today involving millions of people. The wealth of information available to researchers allows them to create a polygenic risk score based on the DNA test of a person. This can be used to predict a person's chances of getting a disease, his or her traits and behaviour, and many other things about their future. Are these predictions flawless? Who would benefit from them? What are their implications for a person's life in general?
Auteurs : Lieve VAN WOENSEL

Sampling points for air quality - Representativeness and comparability of measurement in accordance with Directive 2008/50/EC on ambient air quality and cleaner air for Europe EN

18-03-2019 PE 631.055 ENVI
Étude
Résumé : Air quality monitoring at fixed sites is a major instrument provided for in the Ambient Air Quality Directive to check compliance with limit or target values, which have been set for the protection of human health. This study analyses the criteria for the location of monitoring sites in five Member States to identify ambiguous provisions that might lead to different assessments of air pollution exposure. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety of the European Parliament.
Auteurs : Christian NAGL, Wolfgang SPANGL, Iris BUXBAUM

Robots in healthcare: a solution or a problem? EN

15-03-2019 PE 638.391 ENVI
Analyse approfondie
Résumé : This report summarises the presentations and discussions of a workshop on the use of robots and AI in healthcare, held at the European Parliament in Brussels on Tuesday 19 February 2019. The aim of the workshop was to provide background information and advice for Members of the ENVI Committee on the status and prospects of applying robotic and artificial intelligence (AI) based technologies in healthcare. The first part of the workshop focused on the practical application of AI and robots in healthcare, while the second part examined the ethical implications and responsibilities of AI and robotic based technologies in healthcare.
Auteurs : Zrinjka DOLIC, Milieu Consulting Rosa CASTRO, Milieu Consulting Andrei MOARCAS, Milieu Consulting

European policies on climate and energy towards 2020, 2030 and 2050 EN

05-02-2019 PE 631.047 ENVI
Briefing
Résumé : The European Union (EU) has committed itself to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by at least 20% below 1990 levels by 2020 and aims to reduce GHG emissions by at least 40% below 1990 levels by 2030. In order to achieve these targets, a large number of legislative actions were approved at EU level. This document, prepared by Policy Department A, gives an overview of European policies on climate and energy towards 2020, 2030 and 2050.
Auteurs : Georgios AMANATIDIS

Brain: New approach to brain diseases EN

15-01-2019 PE 631.045 ENVI
Analyse approfondie
Résumé : This report summarises the presentations and discussion of the Workshop on “The Brain – A New Approach to Brain Diseases” held on 21 November, 2018 at the European Parliament. The purpose of the workshop was to highlight current and new approaches to the treatment of brain diseases, including diagnosis and rehabilitation. The panel of expert speakers addressed both clinical and policy issues and highlighted the need for dialogue and co-operation between scientists, industry and society.
Auteurs : Richard Twyman