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Transparency, integrity and accountability in the EU institutions EN

26-03-2019 PE 608.873 PETI
Briefing
Kopsavilkums : This briefing provides an overview of the main tools on transparency, integrity and accountability implemented in the EU institutions and the reforms thereof.
Autori : Roberta PANIZZA

Food Labelling for Consumers – EU Law, Regulation and Policy Options EN

15-03-2019 PE 608.871 PETI
Pētījums
Kopsavilkums : This study, commissioned by the PETI Committee of the European Parliament, provides a brief overview of the relevant EU labelling legislation Member States have to comply with, with regard to labelling of food, including organic products, for consumers, with emphasis on the requirements of Regulation (EU) No 1169/2011. It critically assesses these laws and discusses progress - or lack thereof -, in particular with regard to aspects such as safety, health effects, effects for disabled people, etc. It explores and elaborates on the question of whether the current labelling requirements actually result in clearer information to help citizens to better understand the composition and health effects of food. The study also provides brief analyses/assessments of several petitions provided by the PETI Committee. Where possible, this study makes (policy) recommendations for EU institutions and/or Member States, taking into account their respective remits.
Autori : Dr. Kai P. Purnhagen, Wageningen University and Erasmus University of Rotterdam; Dr. Hanna Schebesta, Wageningen University

Cross-border nuclear safety, liability and cooperation in the European Union EN

11-02-2019 PE 608.860 PETI
Pētījums
Kopsavilkums : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the PETI Committee, aims at gaining deeper insights into the legal aspects of cross border nuclear safety and cooperation in the European Union. It analyses the legal framework of nuclear safety as well as the liability and insurance schemes for nuclear accidents. The study examines the current liability and insurance framework and formulates possibilities for a further involvement of the EU in the liability regime. Specific attention is paid to citizen and NGO involvement in decision-making concerning nuclear power plants. The study analyses the case law in that respect and formulates various recommendations to improve the regime concerning cross-border nuclear safety, liability and corporation in the EU.
Autori : Prof.Dr. Michael G. FAURE, Dr. Kévine KINDJI

Endocrine Disruptors: From Scientific Evidence to Human Health Protection EN

15-01-2019 PE 608.866 PETI
Pētījums
Kopsavilkums : This study, commissioned by the PETI Committee of the European Parliament, presents the scientific knowledge regarding the health effects of endocrine disruptors, a class of hazards recognized in EU regulation since 1999. This report reviews the scientific evidence regarding the concept of endocrine disruption, the extent of exposure, associated health effects and costs. The existing relevant EU regulations are discussed and recommendations made to better protect human health.
Autori : Barbara DEMENEIX, PhD, UMR 7221 CNRS/MNHN, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France. Rémy SLAMA, PhD, Senior Investigator, INSERM (National Institute of Health and Medical Research), IAB Research Center, Team of Environmental Epidemiology, Grenoble, France.

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - January 2019 EN

14-01-2019 PE 629.830 CONT ECON TRAN PETI INTA
Pārskats
Kopsavilkums : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Fit for purpose? The Facilitation Directive and the criminalisation of humanitarian assistance to irregular migrants: 2018 update EN

21-12-2018 PE 608.838 PETI
Pētījums
Kopsavilkums : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the PETI Committee, aims to update the 2016 study “Fit for purpose? The Facilitation Directive and the criminalisation of humanitarian assistance to irregular migrants”. It takes stock of and examines the latest developments that have taken place since 2016, specifically the legislative and policy changes, along with various forms and cases of criminalisation of humanitarian actors, migrants’ family members and basic service providers. The study uses the notion of ‘policing humanitarianism’ to describe not only cases of formal prosecution and sentencing in criminal justice procedures, but also wider dynamics of suspicion, intimidation, harassment and disciplining in five selected Member States – Belgium, France, Greece, Hungary and Italy. Policing humanitarianism negatively affects EU citizens’ rights – such as the freedom of assembly, freedom of speech and freedom of conscience. When civil society is effectively (self-)silenced and its accountability role undermined, policies to combat migrant smuggling may be overused and give rise to serious breaches of the EU’s founding values, notably the rule of law, democracy and fundamental rights. Moreover, policing humanitarianism negatively affects wider societal trust and diverts the limited resources of law enforcement from investigating more serious crimes.
Autori : Sergio CARRERA (scientific coordinator), CEPS and the Migration Policy Centre – European University Institute Lina VOSYLIUTE, CEPS Stephanie SMIALOWSKI, CEPS Dr Jennifer ALLSOPP, Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Migration Leadership Team, London International Development Centre, SOAS University of London Gabriella SANCHEZ, Migration Policy Centre – European University Institute

Fact Finding visit to Italy ( Valledora-Piemonte) 17-18 December EN

17-12-2018 PE 608.849 PETI
Briefing
Kopsavilkums : The aim of this briefing is to provide summarized information for the delegation of the Committee on Petitions which is to visit the above-mentioned Valledora area in the Piedmont Region of Italy from 17 to 18 December 2018.
Autori : Giorgio Mussa

Quality Differences in Consumer Products In the EU Legislation EN

30-11-2018 PE 608.840 PETI
Pētījums
Kopsavilkums : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the PETI Committee, deals with so called dual quality products, that is goods (food products, detergents, cosmetics, toiletries and products intended for babies, etc.) marketed on the Single Market under the same brand or trademark but with differences in content, composition or quality in individual EU Member States. The issue of dual quality products is one of the recent issues that the EU has only begun to focus on in recent years. Initially, it was rather an individual initiative of the individual MEPs, subsequently the European Parliament as a whole and the European Commission began to deal with it. The European Commission issued several legal standards that initially interpreted the existing legal regulation, later directly identified dual quality as an unfair commercial practice.
Autori : Martina SCHONARD

The role of ombudsmen and petitions committees in detecting breaches of EU law EN

26-11-2018 PE 608.842 PETI
Briefing
Kopsavilkums : Over the last decades, national and EU political institutions have sought ways to get closer to citizens, who are showing an increasing dissatisfaction with the performance of democratic institutions. The right to petition and the right to submit complaints to ombudsmen (the twin rights) can be considered two privileged instruments for strengthening this relationship, since they are two of the most accessible ways for citizens to address political institutions, notably to react to the application of EU law and policy. Pioneering efforts have been made to enhance the relationship with the citizens, notably through the use of new technologies. These technologies facilitate the exercise of the twin rights, they democratise access to information or facilitate communication between institutions and citizens. One of the major shortcomings in the petitions/complaints process is the lack of knowledge of the profile of those who make use of their right to petition or to complain. This briefing provides some recommendations on how to empower parliaments and enforce citizens’ rights through the petitions and complaints process.
Autori : JOHANNES HEEZEN

Case analysis: the transposition and implementation of Regulation 261/2004 on air passenger rights EN

26-11-2018 PE 608.843 PETI
Briefing
Kopsavilkums : This briefing draws on the latest available data to analyse the implementation and application of Regulation 261/2004 which introduces common rules on assistance and compensation to air passengers when their travel is disrupted. The briefing explains why the European Union enacted air passenger rights and the current state of play in terms of their enjoyment. It further sets out the current legal framework before exploring its shortcomings. Finally, it gives examples of best practice and presents some recommendations for national parliaments and EU institutions to improve the enforcement of citizens’ rights.
Autori : JOHANNES HEEZEN