Procedure : 2011/0002(COD)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : A7-0282/2011

Texts tabled :

A7-0282/2011

Debates :

Votes :

PV 25/10/2011 - 8.7
Explanations of votes
Explanations of votes

Texts adopted :

P7_TA(2011)0451

REPORT     ***I
PDF 261kWORD 201k
19.7.2011
PE 465.028v02-00 A7-0282/2011

on the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Directive 2000/25/EC as regards the application of emission stages for narrow-track tractors

(COM(2011)0001 – C7‑0018/2011 – 2011/0002(COD))

Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety

Rapporteur: Salvatore Tatarella

AMENDMENTS
DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION
 EXPLANATORY STATEMENT
 PROCEDURE

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION

on the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Directive 2000/25/EC as regards the application of emission stages for narrow-track tractors

(COM(2011)0001 – C7‑0018/2011 – 2011/0002(COD))

(Ordinary legislative procedure: first reading)

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to the Commission proposal to Parliament and the Council (COM(2011)0001),

–   having regard to Article 294(2) and Article 114 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, pursuant to which the Commission submitted the proposal to Parliament (C7‑0018/2011),

–   having regard to Article 294(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

–   having regard to the opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee of 16 March 2011(1),

–   having regard to Rule 55 of its Rules of Procedure,

–   having regard to the report of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (A7-0282/2011),

1.  Adopts its position at first reading hereinafter set out;

2.  Calls on the Commission to refer the matter to Parliament again if it intends to amend its proposal substantially or replace it with another text;

3.  Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council, the Commission and the national parliaments.

Amendment  1

Proposal for a directive

Recital 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(1) Directive 2000/25/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 May 2000 on action to be taken against the emission of gaseous and particulate pollutants by engines intended to power agricultural or forestry tractors and amending Council Directive 74/150/EEC regulates exhaust emissions from engines installed in agricultural and forestry tractors. The stage of emission limits currently applicable for type approval of the majority of compression ignition engines is referred to as Stage IIIA. The Directive provides that those limits will be replaced by the more stringent Stage IIIB limits, entering into force progressively as of 1st January 2010 as regards the type approval and as of 1st January 2011 with regard to the placing on the market of those engines.

(Does not affect English version)

Amendment  2

Proposal for a directive

Recital 4 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(4a) The Commission should report each year to the European Parliament and Council on progress in the development of technical solutions for Stage IV-compliant technology.

Amendment  3

Proposal for a directive– amending act

Article 1 – point -1(new)

Directive 2000/25/EC

Article 2 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Directive 2000/25/EC is hereby amended as follows:

 

-1. The following Article is inserted:

"Article 2a

The Commission shall, by 31 December 2014, consider what technology capable of meeting Stage IV requirements and compatible with the T2, C2 and T4.1 needs is available and submit, where appropriate, proposals to the European Parliament and the Council."

Justification

The date proposed is sufficient to take into account the possible developments in after-treatment technologies that will be available for Stage IV and Euro VI. The study will be able to confirm the feasibility of Stage IV or, alternatively, propose a further transition period.

Amendment  4

Proposal for a directive

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Member States shall adopt and publish, by [6 months minus 1day as from entry into force] at the latest, the laws, regulations and administrative provisions necessary to comply with this Directive. They shall forthwith communicate to the Commission the text of those provisions.

Member States shall adopt and publish, by [6 months minus 1day as from entry into force] at the latest, the laws necessary to ensure the implementation of this Directive. They shall forthwith communicate to the Commission the text of those provisions.

Amendment  5

Proposal for a directive

Article 2 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. Member States shall communicate to the Commission the text of the main provisions of national law which they adopt in the field covered by this Directive.

2. Member States shall forthwith communicate to the Commission the text of the main provisions of national law which they adopt in the field covered by this Directive.

(1)

OJ C 132, 3.5.2011, p. 53.


EXPLANATORY STATEMENT

Background

Directive 2000/25/EC concerns compression ignition engines with a power range between 18kW and 560 kW intended for installation on agricultural or forestry tractors. The directive sets limits for emissions of carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, hydrocarbons and particulates. The directive lays down progressively lower limit values for the successive stages corresponding to the various dates set for the adaptation of maximum emission levels for exhaust gases and particulates. The next stages laid down are Stage IIIB (beginning on 1 January 2011) and Stage IV (beginning on 1 January 2014).

The exhaust emission limits for agricultural and forestry tractors gases were changed in 2005. When that change was introduced, the requirements laid down for non-road mobile machinery (NRMM) engines (referred to in Directive 97/68/EC, as amended by Directive 2004/26/EC) were applied in full to agricultural tractor engines without any specific impact assessment concerning the technical feasibility of doing so. However, Article 4(8) of the directive imposes an obligation to carry out a feasibility study before making Stage IIIB and Stage IV requirements binding. In Europe, specialised tractors have been developed over the last 40 years to carry out automated cultivation procedures for specific crops on terrain which presents certain distinctive features, such as orchards, vineyards, etc, particularly in Central and Southern Europe. Since the operational requirements concerned apply solely to crops cultivated in Europe, these special-purpose tractors are manufactured solely for the European market. Under the framework Directive 2003/37/EC on agricultural and forestry tractors, tractors used for the cultivation of crops of this kind are classified as category T2, C2 and T4.1 under the generic name of ‘narrow-track tractors’.

The stringent requirements laid down for Stages IIIB and IV include the installation in the engine compartment of after-treatment systems which occupy a large amount of space in comparison to the size of the engine itself. Furthermore, the possibility of installing such systems is seriously restricted by the engine’s operational requirements. For, while the same kind of engines are used for narrow-track tractors as for other tractors, there is one major difference: the small size of the engine compartment, and the restricted space around it. Tractor manufacturers cannot install engines equipped with after-treatment systems while at the same time ensuring the vehicles meet the operational requirements, in terms of size and manoeuvrability, which are the essential elements of such vehicles’ design.

Such were also the conclusions reached in various studies commissioned by the Commission, which recommended either that narrow-track tractors should be completely exempted from the obligation to comply with Stage IIIB and Stage IV requirements, or that the obligation to comply be postponed for at least five years.

The Commission proposal

The proposal to amend Directive 2000/25/EC would postpone for three years the obligation to comply with Stage IIIB and Stage IV requirements for tractors in categories T2, C2 and T4.1.

Rapporteur’s comments

The rapporteur fully endorses the EU’s policy of reducing emissions and supports Directive 2000/25/EC. However, independent studies and the data compiled by the Commission show that more time is required to enable manufacturers to develop Stage IIIB-compliant systems.

The rapporteur welcomes, therefore, the Commission’s proposal to postpone by three years the date of the introduction of Stage IIIB and Stage IV for tractors in categories T2, T4.1, C2.

Moreover, it is important to note that the studies which preceded the drawing up of this proposal do not indicate with the requisite certainty that narrow-track tractors are capable of fulfilling, in due course, the requirements specified for Stage IV. That being so, the rapporteur considers that it is necessary for sufficient time to be allowed to conduct a more thorough assessment of the feasibility of Stage IV after the technology has made sufficient progress in that area and, where appropriate, to propose further changes to the requirements or timetable laid down for Stage IV.

Given that Stage IIIB becomes effective on 1 January 2012, the rapporteur considers that there is a very urgent need to adopt the proposal to ensure it can be transposed and implemented by the Member States as soon as possible.


PROCEDURE

Title

Amendment of Directive 2000/25/EC as regards the application of emission stages to narrow-track tractors

References

COM(2011)0001 – C7-0018/2011 – 2011/0002(COD)

Date submitted to Parliament

13.1.2011

 

 

 

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

ENVI

20.1.2011

 

 

 

Rapporteur(s)

       Date appointed

Salvatore Tatarella

8.2.2011

 

 

 

Discussed in committee

14.6.2011

 

 

 

Date adopted

13.7.2011

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

55

0

0

Members present for the final vote

Kriton Arsenis, Sophie Auconie, Pilar Ayuso, Paolo Bartolozzi, Sandrine Bélier, Nessa Childers, Bairbre de Brún, Esther de Lange, Anne Delvaux, Bas Eickhout, Edite Estrela, Karl-Heinz Florenz, Elisabetta Gardini, Gerben-Jan Gerbrandy, Julie Girling, Françoise Grossetête, Cristina Gutiérrez-Cortines, Satu Hassi, Jolanta Emilia Hibner, Dan Jørgensen, Karin Kadenbach, Christa Klaß, Holger Krahmer, Jo Leinen, Corinne Lepage, Peter Liese, Linda McAvan, Miroslav Ouzký, Vladko Todorov Panayotov, Antonyia Parvanova, Andres Perello Rodriguez, Sirpa Pietikäinen, Mario Pirillo, Pavel Poc, Vittorio Prodi, Frédérique Ries, Anna Rosbach, Dagmar Roth-Behrendt, Richard Seeber, Salvatore Tatarella, Åsa Westlund, Glenis Willmott, Sabine Wils, Marina Yannakoudakis

Substitute(s) present for the final vote

Matthias Groote, Romana Jordan Cizelj, Riikka Manner, Miroslav Mikolášik, Alojz Peterle, Michèle Rivasi, Crescenzio Rivellini, Giommaria Uggias, Anna Záborská

Substitute(s) under Rule 187(2) present for the final vote

José Bové, Lorenzo Fontana

Date tabled

19.7.2011

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