Procedure : 2011/0372(COD)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : A7-0191/2012

Texts tabled :

A7-0191/2012

Debates :

PV 11/03/2013 - 23
CRE 11/03/2013 - 23

Votes :

PV 12/03/2013 - 8.4
Explanations of votes
Explanations of votes

Texts adopted :

P7_TA(2013)0064

REPORT     ***I
PDF 713kWORD 541k
6.6.2012
PE 483.710v02-00 A7-0191/2012

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on a mechanism for monitoring and reporting greenhouse gas emissions and for reporting other information at national and Union level relevant to climate change

(COM(2011)0789 – C7‑0433/2011 – 2011/0372(COD))

Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety

Rapporteur: Bas Eickhout

AMENDMENTS
DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION
 EXPLANATORY STATEMENT
 OPINION of the Committee on Development
 OPINION of the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy
 PROCEDURE

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on a mechanism for monitoring and reporting greenhouse gas emissions and for reporting other information at national and Union level relevant to climate change

(COM(2011)0789 – C7‑0433/2011 – 2011/0372(COD))

(Ordinary legislative procedure: first reading)

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to the Commission proposal to Parliament and the Council (COM(2011)0789),

–   having regard to Article 294(2) and Article 192(1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, pursuant to which the Commission submitted the proposal to Parliament (C7‑0433/2011),

–   having regard to Article 294(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

–   having regard to the opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee of 28 March 2012(1),

–   having regard to the opinion of the Committee of the Regions of ...(2),

–   having regard to Rule 55 of its Rules of Procedure,

–   having regard to the report of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety and the opinions of the Committee on Development and the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (A7-0191/2012),

1.  Adopts its position at first reading hereinafter set out;

2.  Calls on the Commission to refer the matter to Parliament again if it intends to amend its proposal substantially or replace it with another text;

3.  Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council, the Commission and the national parliaments.

Amendment  1

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(4) Decision 1/CP.15 of the Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC ('Decision 1/CP.15' or the 'Copenhagen Accord') and Decision 1/CP.16 of the Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC ('Decision 1/CP.16' or the 'Cancun Agreements') contributed significantly to progress in addressing the challenges raised by climate change in a balanced manner. Those decisions introduced new monitoring and reporting requirements that apply to the implementation of ambitious emission reductions to which the Union and its Member States have committed, and provided support to developing countries. Those decisions also recognised the importance of addressing adaptation with the same priority as mitigation. Decision 1/CP.16 also requires that developed countries elaborate low-carbon development strategies or plans. Such strategies or plans are expected to contribute towards building a low-carbon society and ensure continued high growth and sustainable development. This Regulation should facilitate, through its delegated acts, the implementation of these and future monitoring and reporting requirements arising from further decisions or the approval of an international agreement under the UNFCCC.

(4) Decision 1/CP.15 of the Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC ('Decision 1/CP.15' or the 'Copenhagen Accord') and Decision 1/CP.16 of the Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC ('Decision 1/CP.16' or the 'Cancun Agreements') contributed significantly to progress in addressing the challenges raised by climate change in a balanced manner. Those decisions introduced new monitoring and reporting requirements that apply to the implementation of ambitious emission reductions to which the Union and its Member States have committed, and provided support to developing countries. Those decisions also recognised the importance of addressing adaptation with the same priority as mitigation. Decision 1/CP.16 also requires that developed countries elaborate low-carbon development strategies or plans. Such strategies or plans are expected to contribute towards building a low-carbon society and ensure continued high growth and sustainable development, and should be spatially resolved/specified as well as consistent with a cost-efficient trajectory towards the long-term climate target, i.e. domestic emission reductions of at least 40 % by 2030 and 60 % by 2040 compared to 1990 levels. This Regulation should facilitate, through its delegated acts, the implementation of these and future monitoring and reporting requirements arising from further decisions or the approval of an international agreement under the UNFCCC.

Amendment  2

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(5) The Climate and Energy package adopted in 2009, in particular Decision No 406/2009/EC of 23 April 2009 on the efforts of Member States to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions to meet the Community’s greenhouse gas emission reduction commitments up to 2020 and Directive 2009/29/EC of 23 April 2009 amending Directive 2003/87/EC to improve and extend the greenhouse gas emission allowance trading scheme of the Community , marks another firm commitment by the Union and the Member States to significantly reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. The Union's system for monitoring and reporting emissions also should be updated in the light of new requirements under that legislation.

(5) The Climate and Energy package adopted in 2009, in particular Decision No 406/2009/EC of 23 April 2009 on the efforts of Member States to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions to meet the Community’s greenhouse gas emission reduction commitments up to 2020, Directive 2009/29/EC of 23 April 2009 amending Directive 2003/87/EC to improve and extend the greenhouse gas emission allowance trading scheme of the Community, marks another firm commitment by the Union and the Member States to significantly reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. The Union's system for monitoring and reporting emissions also should be updated in the light of new requirements under that legislation. The reporting under this Regulation should also draw from information received from Member States based on the implementation of Directive 2009/28/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources1 and the Directive 2012/.../EU of the European Parliament and of the Council [on energy efficiency]2.

 

______________

 

1 OJ L 140, 5.6.2009, p. 16.

 

2 OJ L ...

Amendment  3

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 7 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(7a) Cyprus and Malta are included under Annex I of the Kyoto Protocol under Decision CP.17 of the Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC (effective from 1 January 2013 or a later date) and Decision 3/CP15 of the Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC (effective from 26 October 2010) respectively.

Amendment  4

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 10 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(10a) In order to ensure the effectiveness of arrangements for monitoring and reporting greenhouse gas emissions, it is necessary to avoid further adding to the financial and administrative burden already being borne by the Member States.

Amendment  5

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 12

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(12) The Union and the Member States should strive to provide the most up-to-date information on their greenhouse gas emissions, in particular under the framework of the Europe 2020 strategy and its specified timelines. This Regulation should enable such estimates to be prepared in the shortest timeframes possible by using statistical and other information.

(12) The Union and the Member States should strive to provide the most up-to-date information on their greenhouse gas emissions, in particular under the framework of the Europe 2020 strategy and its specified timelines and in the framework of the European space policy and strategy, which addresses important challenges such as natural disasters, resources and climate monitoring, for the benefit of Union citizens. In that respect, space-based data should be considered as key monitoring tools for the Union and the Member States due to their capacity to improve the overall picture of CO2 and CH4 emissions, as well as LULUCF. To that end, the Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES) programme and other satellite systems should be used to the maximum extent to provide timely emission reporting (global daily measurement of CO2 and CH4 man-made and rural emissions as well as of CO2 sinks) and independent verifications of the calculated emission reports. This Regulation should enable such estimates to be prepared in the shortest timeframes possible by using statistical and other information.

Amendment              6

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 13

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(13) Requirements for the monitoring and reporting of emissions from maritime transport by Member States should be adopted in a manner which is complementary and consistent with any requirements agreed at the UNFCCC or, to the extent possible, with requirements applied to vessels as determined in the context of the International Maritime Organisation ('IMO') or through a Union measure addressing GHG emissions from maritime transport. Such monitoring and reporting would allow for an improved understanding of these emissions and would support effective policy implementation.

(13) In order to improve data on pollution from ships and to overcome inefficiencies resulting from lack of transparency of information, requirements for the monitoring and reporting by ship owners and operators of climate-relevant information relating to maritime transport should be adopted in a manner which is complementary and consistent with any requirements agreed at the UNFCCC or, to the extent possible, with requirements applied to vessels as determined in the context of the International Maritime Organisation ('IMO') or through a Union measure addressing GHG emissions from maritime transport. Such monitoring and reporting would allow for an improved understanding of these emissions and would support effective policy implementation.

Amendment  7

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 14 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(14a) Member States are required, under Article 6 of the Kyoto Protocol, to ensure that the use of the Kyoto flexible mechanisms is supplemental to domestic action, with a view to narrowing per capita differences in emissions between developed and developing countries. At least half of the absolute reductions below historical baseline emissions should be made within the Union. Union law also contains specific provisions regarding certain types of Clean Development Mechanism project credits which should be specifically identified in the Member States' registries and reporting.

Amendment  8

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 16 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(16a) It is important also to report on private sources of climate financing in developing countries, which is distinct from financing of projects under flexible mechanisms where credits are used for compliance with greenhouse gas reduction obligations in industrialised countries.

Amendment  9

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 16 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(16b) The Union contribution to international climate financing in developing countries should increasingly be channelled through the Union budget. Any revenues from measures to include international transport emissions within Union climate targets should be collected centrally and allocated to international climate financing via the Global Climate and Biodiversity Fund proposed by the Commission.

Amendment  10

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 17 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(17a) The Commission should assess in any forthcoming revision of Directive 2003/87/EC the implementation of the provisions regarding use and reporting of auction revenues and consider assigning part of those revenues to the Global Climate and Biodiversity Fund and to climate action within the Union.

Amendment  11

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 20 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(20a) The current UNFCCC greenhouse gas reporting guidelines recommend reporting methane emissions over a 100-year time horizon. Given its high GWP and relatively short atmospheric lifetime, the Commission should analyse the implications for policies and measures of adopting a 20-year time horizon for methane in respect of the Union's medium-term and long-term climate objectives.

Amendment  12

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 22

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(22) Aviation has an impact on the global climate through releases of carbon dioxide (CO2) but also through other emissions and mechanisms, including nitrogen oxides emissions and cirrus cloud enhancement. In the light of the rapidly developing scientific understanding of these impacts, an updated assessment of the non-CO2 impacts of aviation on the global climate should be performed regularly in the context of this Regulation.

(22) Aviation has an impact on the global climate through releases of carbon dioxide (CO2) but also through other emissions and mechanisms, including nitrogen oxides emissions and cirrus cloud enhancement. In the light of the rapidly developing scientific understanding of these impacts, an updated assessment of the non-CO2 impacts of aviation on the global climate should be performed regularly in the context of this Regulation, and recommendations made as to feasible policy options for addressing them.

Amendment  13

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 25

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(25) In order to ensure uniform conditions for the implementation of Article 20(5) of this Regulation, implementing powers should be conferred on the Commission. In order to establish harmonised reporting requirements to monitor greenhouse gas emissions and other information relevant to climate change policy, the power to adopt acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union should be delegated to the Commission in respect of the revision of Annex I of this Regulation, Member States' reporting on LULUCF and maritime transport, Member States' national systems, the expert review of Member States' inventory data, the detailed requirements on the content, structure, format and submission processes of Member States' reporting as well as the repeal and amendment of certain obligations pursuant to this Regulation. It is of particular importance that the Commission carry out consultations during its preparatory work, including at expert level. The Commission, when preparing and drawing-up delegated acts, should ensure a simultaneous, timely and appropriate transmission of relevant documents to the European Parliament and the Council.

(25) In order to ensure uniform conditions for the implementation of Article 20(5) of this Regulation, implementing powers should be conferred on the Commission. Those powers should be exercised in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 February 2011 laying down the rules and general principles concerning mechanisms for control by Member States of the Commission's exercise of implementing powers1.

 

(25a) In order to establish harmonised reporting requirements to monitor greenhouse gas emissions and other information relevant to climate change policy, the power to adopt acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union should be delegated to the Commission in respect of the revision of Annex I of this Regulation, Member States' reporting on LULUCF and maritime transport, Member States' national systems, the expert review of Member States' inventory data, the detailed requirements on the content, structure, format and submission processes of Member States' reporting as well as the repeal and amendment of certain obligations pursuant to this Regulation. It is of particular importance that the Commission carry out consultations during its preparatory work, including at expert level. The Commission, when preparing and drawing up delegated acts, should ensure a simultaneous, timely and appropriate transmission of relevant documents to the European Parliament and the Council.

 

__________________

 

1 OJ L 55, 28.2.2011, p. 13.

Amendment  14

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point d a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(da) monitoring and reporting of black carbon emissions, taking into account the European Parliament resolution of 14 September 2011 on a comprehensive approach to non-CO2 climate-relevant anthropogenic emissions1;

 

__________________

 

1 P7_TA(2011)0384.

Amendment  15

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point e

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(e) reporting CO2 emissions from maritime transport;

(e) Reporting greenhouse gas emissions from maritime transport;

Amendment  16

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point g

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(g) monitoring and reporting on the actions taken by Member States to adapt to the inevitable consequences of climate change;

(g) monitoring and reporting on the actions taken by Member States to adapt to the inevitable consequences of climate change in a cost-effective manner;

Amendment  17

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 − point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) the Union's and its Member States' low-carbon development strategies and any updates thereof in accordance with Decision 1/CP.16;

(a) the Union's and its Member States' quantified economy-wide emission reduction targets, low-carbon development strategies and any updates thereof in accordance with Decision 1/CP.16;

Amendment  18

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 − point d

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(d) greenhouse gas emissions from marine vessels calling at Member States’ seaports;

(d) climate-relevant information relating to marine vessels calling at Member States’ seaports;

Amendment  19

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point e a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ea) the Union’s and Member States´ actions to reduce non-CO2 climate-relevant anthropogenic emissions, taking into account the European Parliament resolution of 14 September 2011 on a comprehensive approach to non-CO2 climate-relevant anthropogenic emissions1;

 

__________________

 

1 P7_TA(2011)0384.

Amendment  20

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. Member States, and the Commission on behalf of the Union, shall each devise and implement a low-carbon development strategy to contribute to:

1. Member States, and the Commission on behalf of the Union, shall each devise and implement a low-carbon development strategy in accordance with any reporting provisions agreed internationally in the context of the UNFCCC process to contribute to:

(a) the transparent and accurate monitoring of the actual and projected progress made by Member States, including the contribution made by Union measures, in fulfilling the Union’s and the Member States’ commitments under the UNFCCC to limit or reduce anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions;

(a) the transparent and accurate monitoring of the actual and projected progress made by Member States, including the contribution made by Union measures, in fulfilling the Union’s and the Member States’ commitments under the UNFCCC to limit or reduce anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions;

(b) meeting the greenhouse gas emission reduction commitments of Member States under Decision No 406/2009/EC and achieving long-term emission reductions and enhancements of removals by sinks in all sectors in line with the Union’s objective to reduce emissions by 80 to 95% by 2050 compared to 1990 levels, in the context of necessary reductions, according to the IPCC, by developed countries as a group.

(b) meeting the greenhouse gas emission reduction commitments of Member States under Decision No 406/2009/EC and achieving long-term emission reductions and enhancements of removals by sinks in all sectors in line with the Union's objective to reduce emissions by 80 to 95% by 2050 compared to 1990 levels and with a cost-efficient trajectory including the milestones for domestic reductions for 2030 and 2040, in the context of necessary reductions, according to the IPCC, by developed countries as a group.

2. Member States shall submit to the Commission their low-carbon development strategy one year after the entry into force of this Regulation or in accordance with any timetable agreed internationally in the context of the UNFCCC process.

2. Member States shall submit to the Commission their spatially resolved low-carbon development strategy 18 months after the entry into force of this Regulation or in accordance with any timetable agreed internationally in the context of the UNFCCC process.

 

2a. Member States, and the Commission on behalf of the Union, shall review and update their respective low-carbon development strategies, as appropriate, at least every five years.

Amendment  21

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. Member States shall establish, operate and seek to continuously improve national inventory systems to estimate anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of greenhouse gases listed in Annex I to this Regulation and to ensure the timeliness, transparency, accuracy, consistency, comparability and completeness of their greenhouse gas inventories.

1. Member States shall establish, operate and seek to continuously improve national inventory systems in accordance with UNFCCC requirements relating to national systems to estimate anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of greenhouse gases listed in Annex I to this Regulation and to ensure the timeliness, transparency, accuracy, consistency, comparability and completeness of their greenhouse gas inventories.

Amendment  22

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 3 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) make use of the reporting systems established under Article 6(4) of Regulation (EC) No 842/2006 to improve the estimation of fluorinated gases in the greenhouse gas inventories;

(a) make use of the reporting systems established under Article 6(4) of Regulation (EC) No 842/2006 to improve the estimation of fluorinated gases in the greenhouse gas inventories, where relevant;

Amendment  23

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – point n

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(n) a description of any changes to their national inventory system;

(n) a description of changes to their national inventory system;

Amendment  24

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – point o

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(o) a description of any changes to the national registry;

(o) a description of changes to the national registry;

Amendment  25

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3. Member States shall submit to the UNFCCC Secretariat each year by 15 April national inventories containing information identical to that submitted to the Commission in accordance with paragraph 2 of this Article.

3. Member States shall submit to the UNFCCC Secretariat each year by 15 April national inventories containing information submitted to the Commission in accordance with paragraph 2 of this Article.

Amendment   26

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7 − paragraph 5 − point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) add or delete substances to or from the list of greenhouse gases in Annex I to this Regulation;

(a) add or delete substances to or from the list of greenhouse gases in Annex I to this Regulation, based on decisions adopted under the UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol, or based on the significance of the greenhouse gases in question;

Amendment              27

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7 − paragraph 5 − point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b) set out monitoring and reporting requirements on LULUCF, in accordance with any new international agreement or a legislative act adopted in accordance with Article 9 of Decision No 406/2009/EC.

(b) set out monitoring and reporting requirements on LULUCF , in accordance with any new international agreement or a legislative act adopted in accordance with Article 9 of Decision No 406/2009/EC with a view to ensuring the environmental integrity of the sector's contribution to emission reductions in the Union;

Amendment  28

Proposal for a regulation

Article 9 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. The Commission shall perform an initial check of the data submitted by Member States under Article 7(1) of this Regulation for completeness and potential problems. It shall send the results to Member States within 6 weeks from the submission deadline. Member States shall respond to any questions raised by the initial check by 15 March, together with the final inventory submission for the year X-2.

1. The Commission shall perform an initial check of the data submitted by Member States under Article 7(1) of this Regulation for completeness and potential problems. It shall send the results to Member States within 6 weeks from the submission deadline. Member States shall respond to any relevant questions raised by the initial check by 15 March, together with the final inventory submission for the year X-2.

Amendment  29

Proposal for a regulation

Article 9 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. Where a Member State does not respond to the questions raised by the Commission or does not submit complete inventory estimates required to compile the Union inventory by 15 March, the Commission shall prepare estimates to be used instead of the relevant estimates in the Member State's inventory. The Commission shall use, for this purpose, methods consistent with the guidelines applicable for drafting the national greenhouse gas inventories.

2. Where a Member State does not submit complete inventory estimates required to compile the Union inventory by 15 March, the Commission shall prepare estimates to be used instead of the relevant estimates in the Member State's inventory in close cooperation with the Member State concerned. The Commission shall use, for this purpose, methods consistent with the guidelines applicable for drafting the national greenhouse gas inventories.

Amendment   30

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Reporting CO2 emissions from maritime transport

Reporting climate-relevant information relating to maritime transport

1. The Commission shall be empowered to adopt a delegated act in accordance with Article 29 of this Regulation to specify the requirements for the monitoring and reporting of CO2 emissions from maritime transport relating to marine vessels calling at Member States' seaports. The monitoring and reporting requirements adopted shall be consistent with requirements agreed at the UNFCCC and, to the extent possible, with requirements applied to vessels in the context of the IMO or through Union legislation addressing GHG emissions from maritime transport. To the extent possible, monitoring and reporting requirements shall minimise Member States' workload including through the use of centralised data collection and maintenance.

1. The Commission shall adopt a delegated act in accordance with Article 29 of this Regulation by the date mentioned in Recital 3 of Directive 2009/29/EC of the European Parliament and the Council of 23 April 2009 amending Directive 2003/87/EC so as to improve and extend the greenhouse gas emission allowance trading scheme of the Community1 to specify requirements for the monitoring and reporting of climate-relevant information relating to maritime transport relating to marine vessels calling at Member States' seaports. The monitoring and reporting requirements adopted shall be consistent with methodologies agreed at the UNFCCC and with methodologies applied to vessels in the context of the IMO or requirements through Union legislation addressing GHG emissions from maritime transport. To the extent possible, monitoring and reporting requirements shall minimise Member States' workload including through the use of centralised data collection, maintenance and publication.

 

The requirements shall cover ships responsible for significant emissions, including at least tankers, bulker, general cargo and container ships, subject to appropriate de minimis size and traffic thresholds.

2. Where an act has been adopted pursuant to paragraph 1, Member States shall determine and report to the Commission by 15 January each year ('year X') for the year X-2, the CO2 emissions from maritime transport pursuant to that act.

2. Following the adoption of a delegated act pursuant to paragraph 1, Member States shall determine and gather to the Commission and the European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA), by 15 January each year ('year X') for the year X-2, the climate-relevant information relating to maritime transport, and shall make that information available to the public. That information shall be made available in a manner that is useful to the charterers or users of such ships.

 

2a. The EMSA shall provide analysis inter alia of maritime transport's overall impact on the global climate, based on the information provided pursuant to paragraph 2, including on non-CO2 impacts such as from black carbon, and effects of aerosols, and establish forecasts including through modelling and traffic data where relevant. The EMSA shall regularly review the modelling by reference to scientific advances.

 

The EMSA shall also present options for establishing performance labelling.

 

_______

 

1 OJ L140, 5.6.2009, p. 63.

Amendment  31

Proposal for a regulation

Article 13 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. They shall aim to ensure the timeliness, transparency, accuracy, consistency, comparability and completeness of the information reported on policies and measures and projections of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions by sources and removals by sinks, as referred to in Articles 14 and 15 of this Regulation, including the use and application of data, methods and models, and the implementation of quality assurance and quality control activities and sensitivity analysis.

2. They shall aim to ensure the timeliness, transparency, accuracy, consistency, comparability and completeness of the information reported on policies and measures and projections of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions by sources and removals by sinks, as referred to in Articles 14 and 15 of this Regulation, including, where relevant, the use and application of data, methods and models, and the implementation of quality assurance and quality control activities and sensitivity analysis.

Amendment  32

Proposal for a regulation

Article 14 − paragraph 1 − point c − introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c) information on national policies and measures, and on implementation of Union policies and measures that limit or reduce greenhouse gas emissions by sources or enhance removals by sinks, presented on a sectoral basis for each greenhouse gas referred to in Annex I to this Regulation. This information shall make cross references with applicable national or Union policies, particularly those on air quality, and shall include:

(c) information on national policies and measures, and on implementation of Union policies and measures that limit or reduce greenhouse gas emissions by sources, enhance removals by sinks, increase the share of energy from renewable sources, or reduce the gross final consumption of energy, presented on a sectoral basis for each greenhouse gas referred to in Annex I to this Regulation. This information shall make cross references with applicable national or Union policies, particularly those on air quality, and shall include:

Amendment  33

Proposal for a regulation

Article 14 − paragraph 1− point c − point vi

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(vi) estimates of the projected costs of policies and measures, as well as estimates, as appropriate, of the realised costs of policies and measures;

(vi) estimates of the projected costs and benefits of policies and measures, as well as estimates, as appropriate, of the realised costs and benefits of policies and measures;

Amendment  34

Proposal for a regulation

Article 14 − paragraph 1 − point f a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(fa) information on the extent to which the Member State's action is consistent with a cost-effective trajectory towards the Union's long-term climate target.

Amendment  35

Proposal for a regulation

Article 14 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. Member States shall make available to the public, in electronic form, any assessment of the costs and effects of national policies and measures, and any information on the implementation of Union policies and measures that limit or reduce greenhouse gas emissions by sources or enhance removals by sinks along with any technical reports that underpin these assessments. These should include descriptions of the models and methodological approaches used, definitions and underlying assumptions.

2. Member States shall make available to the public, in electronic form, any assessment of the costs and effects of national policies and measures, where available, and any information on the implementation of Union policies and measures that limit or reduce greenhouse gas emissions by sources or enhance removals by sinks along with any existing technical reports that underpin these assessments. These should include descriptions of the models and methodological approaches used, definitions and underlying assumptions.

Amendment  36

Proposal for a regulation

Article 15 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. Where a Member State does not submit complete projection estimates by 15 March each year, the Commission may prepare estimates as required to compile Union projections.

2. Member States shall report the most up-to-date projections available. Where a Member State does not submit complete projection estimates or where the projections are not in line with paragraph 1 by 15 March each year, the Commission may prepare estimates as required to compile Union projections.

Amendment  37

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Member States shall report to the Commission by 15 March each year, information on their implemented or planned actions to adapt to climate change, in particular, on national or regional adaptation strategies and on adaptation measures. This information shall include the budget allocation by policy sector and, for each adaptation measure, the main objective, the type of instrument, the status of implementation and the climate-change impact category (such as flooding, sea level rise, extreme temperatures, droughts, and extreme weather events).

Member States shall report to the Commission, by 15 March every two years, information on their implemented or planned actions to adapt to climate change, in particular, on national or regional adaptation strategies and on adaptation measures. This information shall include the budget allocation by policy sector and, for each adaptation measure, the main objective, the type of instrument, the status of implementation and the climate-change impact category (such as flooding, sea level rise, extreme temperatures, droughts, storms, hurricanes, and other extreme weather events).

Consolidated Amendment              38

Proposal for a regulation

Article 17

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Member States shall, based on the best data available, report to the Commission by 15 March each year ('year X'):

Member States shall, based on the best data available and using a common format, preferably agreed under the UNFCCC, report to the Commission by 15 March each year ('year X'):

(a) information on financial support committed and disbursed to developing countries under the UNFCCC for the year X-1, on financial support committed for the year X and on the planned provision of support. The information reported shall include:

(a) information on financial support committed and disbursed to developing countries under the UNFCCC for the year X-1, on financial support committed for the year X and on the planned provision of support. The information reported shall include:

(i) whether the financial resources that the Member State has provided to developing countries are new and additional in the context of the UNFCCC and how this was calculated;

(i) whether the financial resources that the Member State has provided to developing countries are new and additional to the target of raising Official Development Assistance to 0,7 % of Gross National Income, in accordance with the UNFCCC, and how this was calculated;

(ii) information on any financial resources allocated by the Member State related to the implementation of the UNFCCC by type of channel such as bilateral, regional or other multilateral channels;

(ii) information on any financial resources allocated by the Member State, in accordance with the UNFCCC, by type of financial instrument and channel such as bilateral, regional or other multilateral channels;

(iii) quantitative information on financial flows based on the so-called "Rio markers for climate change mitigation-related aid and climate change adaptation-related aid" (the 'Rio markers') introduced by the OECD Development Assistance Group and methodological information concerning the implementation of the climate change Rio markers methodology;

(iii) quantitative information on financial flows, either through project or budget support, based on the so-called "Rio markers for climate change mitigation-related aid and climate change adaptation-related aid" (the 'Rio markers') introduced by the OECD Development Assistance Group and methodological information concerning the implementation of the climate change Rio markers methodology, distinguishing financing for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation-plus (REDD+) activities from other financial flows;

(iv) detailed information on assistance provided by both the public and private sectors, as appropriate, to developing countries that are particularly vulnerable to the effects of climate change in adapting to those climate change effects;

(iv) detailed information on assistance provided by both the public and private sectors, as appropriate, to developing countries that are particularly vulnerable to the effects of climate change in adapting to those climate change effects, specifying recipient country, sector and type of activity;

(v) detailed information on assistance provided by both the public and private sectors, as appropriate, to developing countries to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions;

(v) detailed information on assistance provided by both the public and private sectors, as appropriate, to developing countries to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions, specifying recipient country, sector and type of activity;

 

(va) detailed information on new and additional private financial flows leveraged by bilateral climate finance towards mitigation and adaptation activities in developing countries and on policies and measures that promote the scaling up of private investment in mitigation and adaptation activities in developing countries that are Parties to the UNFCCC, including information on amounts, use of such finance for adaptation, mitigation or REDD+, recipient country, sector and type of activity and the type of finance or instruments to mobilise or leverage such finance;

(b) information on activities by the Member State related to technology transfer to developing countries under the UNFCCC and on technologies transferred for the year X-1, information on planned activities related to technology transfer to developing countries under the UNFCCC and on technologies to be transferred for the year X and subsequent years. It should include information on whether the technology transferred was used for mitigating or adapting to the effects of climate change, recipient country, amount of support provided, and type of technology transferred.

(b) information on activities by the Member State related to technology transfer to developing countries in accordance with the UNFCCC and on technologies transferred for the year X-1, information on planned activities related to technology transfer to developing countries and on technologies to be transferred for the year X and subsequent years. It should include information on whether the technology transferred was used for mitigating or adapting to the effects of climate change, recipient country, amount of support provided, source of funding from the public or private sectors, sector and type of technology transferred, and distinguish between activities undertaken by the public and private sectors.

Amendment  39

Proposal for a regulation

Article 17 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 17a

 

Commission reporting on financial support and technology transfer to developing countries

 

The Commission shall determine guidelines and adopt a common template in a tabular format, in accordance with reporting requirements set out in the framework of the UNFCCC, in order to ensure comparability of the reporting under this Article.

 

The Commission shall report to the European Parliament and to the Council by 15 March each year ('year X'), using the common template, on financial support and technology transfer to developing countries through the Union budget, instruments and funds, in particular the Climate and Biodiversity Fund.

 

To ensure transparency of aggregate Union financing commitment the Commission shall make available by 15 June of each year to the public aggregate Union information for the year X-1 on a common internet platform.

Amendment  40

Proposal for a regulation

Article 18 − paragraph 1− point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) a detailed justification as mentioned in Article 6(2) of Decision No 406/2009/EC;

(a) the amount of credits used in accordance with and a detailed justification as required by Article 6(2) of Decision No 406/2009/EC;

Amendment  41

Proposal for a regulation

Article 18 − paragraph 1− point d

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(d) information referred to in point (b) of Article 6(1) of Decision No 406/2009/EC and information on how their purchasing policy enhances the achievement of an international agreement on climate change.

(d) information referred to in point (b) of Article 6(1) of Decision No 406/2009/EC and evidence of compliance with Article 11b(6) of 2003/87/EC as regards hydroelectric power production project activities with a generating capacity exceeding 20 MW and information on how their purchasing policy enhances the achievement of an international agreement on climate change;

Amendment  42

Proposal for a regulation

Article 18 − paragraph 1− point d a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(da) information on how the use of credits is supplemental to domestic reduction efforts below historical baseline emissions.

Amendment  43

Proposal for a regulation

Article 18 − paragraph 1− subparagraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

The Commission shall adopt common templates for the reporting under points (b), (c) and (d) of the first subparagraph, in order to ensure full transparency and comparability of the reporting.

Amendment  44

Proposal for a regulation

Article 18 − paragraph 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4. Member States shall make available to the public the reports submitted to the Commission pursuant to this Article.

4. Member States shall make available to the public the reports submitted to the Commission pursuant to this Article. The Commission shall make aggregate Union information available to the public in an easily accessible form.

Amendment  45

Proposal for a regulation

Article 20 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. Starting with the data reported for the year 2013, the Commission shall conduct an annual expert review of national inventory data submitted by Member States pursuant to Article 7(2) of this Regulation with a view to monitoring Member States' achievement of their greenhouse gas emission reduction or limitation pursuant to Article 3 of Decision No 406/2009/EC, and any other greenhouse gas emission reduction or limitation targets set out in Union legislation.

2. Starting with the data reported for the year 2013, the Commission shall conduct an annual expert review of national inventory data submitted by Member States pursuant to Article 7(2) of this Regulation with a view to monitoring Member States' achievement of their greenhouse gas emission reduction or limitation pursuant to Article 3 of Decision No 406/2009/EC, and any other greenhouse gas emission reduction or limitation targets set out in Union legislation. Member States shall participate fully in that process.

Amendment  46

Proposal for a regulation

Article 20 – paragraph 3 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c) where appropriate, calculating the resulting technical corrections necessary.

(c) where appropriate, calculating the resulting necessary technical corrections in consultation with Member States.

Amendment  47

Proposal for a regulation

Article 20 − paragraph 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5. The Commission shall adopt an implementing act to determine the total sum of emissions for the relevant year arising from the corrected inventory data for each Member State upon completion of the relevant annual review.

5. The Commission shall adopt implementing acts to determine the total sum of emissions for the relevant year arising from the corrected inventory data for each Member State upon completion of the relevant annual review. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 30(2).

Amendment  48

Proposal for a regulation

Article 22 − paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. The Commission shall annually assess, based on the information reported in Articles 7, 8, 11 and 15 to 18 of this Regulation, and in consultation with the Member States, the progress made by the Union and its Member States to meet the following, with a view to determining whether sufficient progress has been made:

1. The Commission shall annually assess, based on the information reported in Articles 7, 8, 11, 14 and 15 to 18 of this Regulation, and in consultation with the Member States, the progress made by the Union and its Member States to meet the following, with a view to determining whether sufficient progress has been made:

Amendment  49

Proposal for a regulation

Article 22 − paragraph 1 −point b a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ba) the long-term climate target and a cost-efficient trajectory of domestic emission reductions including the milestones for 2030 and 2040.

Amendment  50

Proposal for a regulation

Article 22 − paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. The Commission shall biennially assess aviation's overall impact on the global climate including through non-CO2 emissions, such as from nitrogen oxides, and effects, such as cirrus cloud enhancement, based on the emission data provided by Member States pursuant to Article 7 of this Regulation, and improve this quantification by reference to scientific advancements and air traffic data, as appropriate.

2. The Commission shall biennially assess aviation's overall impact on the global climate including through non-CO2 emissions, such as from nitrogen oxides, and effects, such as cirrus cloud enhancement, based on the emission data provided by Member States pursuant to Article 7 of this Regulation, and improve this quantification through modelling and air traffic data. The Commission shall regularly adapt the modelling, notably by reference to scientific progress.

Amendment  51

Proposal for a regulation

Article 22 − paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3. The Commission shall submit a report summarising the conclusions of the assessments provided for in paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article to the European Parliament and the Council by 31 October of every year.

3. The Commission shall submit a report summarising the conclusions of the assessments provided for in paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article to the European Parliament and the Council by 31 October of every year. In the first report, and in subsequent reports as appropriate, the Commission shall analyse the implications for policies and measures of adopting a 20-year time horizon for methane in respect of the Union medium-term and long-term climate objectives.

Amendment  52

Proposal for a regulation

Article 28

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Article 28

deleted

Repeal or amendment of obligations

 

The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 29 of this Regulation to repeal Articles 4 to 7, 10 to 12, 14, 15, 17 and 19 of this Regulation, or any part thereof, or to amend those same Articles, should it conclude that international or other developments give rise to a situation where the obligations pursuant to those Articles are no longer necessary, not proportionate to the corresponding benefits or not consistent with or duplicative of reporting requirements under the UNFCCC. Any act adopted pursuant to this Article shall not make Union and international reporting obligations, as a whole, more onerous for Member States.

 

Amendment  53

Proposal for a regulation

Article 30 − paragraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1a. Where reference is made to this paragraph, Article 5 of Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 shall apply.

Amendment  54

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 1 – heading 7 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Black Carbon emissions

(1)

             Not yet published in the Official Journal.....

(2)

             OJ....


EXPLANATORY STATEMENT

Timely, reliable and accurate data on greenhouse gas emissions is vital to know whether the EU and its Member States are on track to meet their targets and for developing robust new policies to address the climate challenge. The regulation on a mechanism for monitoring and reporting greenhouse gas emissions (MMR) replaces the monitoring mechanism established under Decision No. 280/2004/EC. While most of the provisions in the MMR are similar to the requirements under Decision 280/2004/EC, the Commission has proposed some improvements. The Commission proposal has set the reporting requirements at the national level and does not require any additional data collection from SMEs or industry.

Aims of the proposed revision are amongst others:

- to assist Member States in implementing the climate and energy package;

- to improve the timeliness, transparency and comparability of the data reported;

- to ensure that the Union and its Member States comply with international monitoring and reporting obligations, including the reporting on support provided to developing countries;

- to facilitate the development of new Union climate change instruments.

Your Rapporteur fully supports the proposed improvements to streamline and enhance the EU rules for reporting and monitoring greenhouse gas emissions and to increase EU´s credibility vis-à-vis developing countries by providing transparent and comprehensive information on the type and amount of support provided.

Your Rapporteur proposes to strengthen the Commission's proposal in several areas:

- In order to ensure coherence between the different objectives of the Climate and Energy package, the reporting and monitoring provisions are extended to include also the share of energy from renewable sources and the gross final consumption of energy.

- The Cancun Agreements (Decision 1/CP.16) require that developed countries elaborate low-carbon development strategies (LCDSs). This has been included in the Commission's proposal which demands that Member States devise and implement such strategies in order to achieve our long term climate target. These strategies should be consistent with a cost-efficient trajectory towards the long term climate target as mentioned in the EU´s Low-Carbon Roadmap, i.e. 25% domestic reductions by 2020, 40% by 2030 and 60% by 2040 compared to 1990 levels.

- Maritime transport is an area of great significance in terms of GHG emissions globally. Legislators have committed themselves to introducing the sector to EU reduction targets in the absence of international measures, but the currently collected data is insufficient to provide clear understanding of the sector's climate impact.

In line with the earlier positions of the European Parliament regarding the use of auction revenues from ETS, your Rapporteur proposes to keep a close scrutiny of the current provisions regarding earmarking.


OPINION of the Committee on Development (24.4.2012)

for the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on a mechanism for monitoring and reporting greenhouse gas emissions and for reporting other information at national and Union level relevant to climate change

(COM(2011)0789 – C7‑0433/2011 – 2011/0372(COD))

Rapporteur: Åsa Westlund

SHORT JUSTIFICATION

The way financial additionality is defined by donor governments needs focused attention to ensure that sufficient finance is channelled towards climate change needs while simultaneously avoiding diversion from development commitments. Once financial additionality is secured, it will eliminate the need to rely on ODA as a major funding source. In light of this, it is important that Member states specify if the new and additional resources come on the top of the 0,7% GINI/ODA target, thus indicating the financial source of the resources. In addition, programmatic financial support may make tracking of climate finance flows more difficult since resources go directly to the recipient country’s national financing system. This is why a new and additional source of finance for climate change which can easily be tracked and channelled together with programmatic development finance flows is important. This will also make tracking of how recipient governments allocate their spending all the more important.

AMENDMENTS

The Committee on Development calls on the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety, as the committee responsible, to incorporate the following amendments in its report:

Amendment  1

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 16

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(16) Under Decision 1/CP.15, the Union and the Member States committed to providing substantial climate financing to support adaptation and mitigation actions in developing countries. In accordance with paragraph 40 of Decision 1/CP.16, each developed country Party to the UNFCCC must enhance reporting on the provision of financial, technological and capacity-building support to developing country Parties. Enhanced reporting is essential to recognise Union and Member State efforts to meet their commitments. Decision 1/CP.16 also established a new Technology Mechanism to enhance international technology transfer. This Regulation should ensure that robust up-to-date information on technology transfer activities to developing countries is made available.

(16) Under Decision 1/CP.15, the Union and the Member States committed to providing substantial climate financing to support adaptation and mitigation actions in developing countries. In accordance with paragraph 40 of Decision 1/CP.16, each developed country Party to the UNFCCC must enhance reporting on the provision of financial, technological and capacity-building support to developing country Parties. Enhanced reporting is essential to recognise Union and Member State efforts to meet their commitments, in particular their commitments towards policy coherence for development in accordance with Article 208 TFEU. Decision 1/CP.16 also established a new Technology Mechanism to enhance international technology transfer. This Regulation should ensure that robust up-to-date information on technology transfer activities to developing countries is made available.

Amendment  2

Proposal for a regulation

Article 17 – point a – point i

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(i) whether the financial resources that the Member State has provided to developing countries are new and additional in the context of the UNFCCC and how this was calculated;

(i) whether the financial resources that the Member State has provided to developing countries are new and additional to the target of raising Official Development Assistance to 0,7 % of Gross National Income in the context of the UNFCCC and how this was calculated;

Justification

The reference to 0,7% ODA/GINI is needed to ensure that financial commitments for climate change are met and secured in such a way that international public funds are not diverted away from long-term commitments to support development in poor countries.

Amendment  3

Proposal for a regulation

Article 17 – point a – point ii

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(ii) information on any financial resources allocated by the Member State related to the implementation of the UNFCCC by type of channel such as bilateral, regional or other multilateral channels;

(ii) information on any financial resources allocated by the Member State related to the implementation of the UNFCCC by type of financial instrument and channel such as bilateral, regional or other multilateral channels;

Justification

The reference to the additionality to the 0,7% GINI/ODA is reinforced by the request to provide information on the type of financial instrument through which aid will be channelled. This will allow for a better identification of the source of funding, whether is development budget or not.

Amendment  4

Proposal for a regulation

Article 17 – point a – point iii

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(iii) quantitative information on financial flows based on the so-called "Rio markers for climate change mitigation-related aid and climate change adaptation-related aid" (the 'Rio markers') introduced by the OECD Development Assistance Group and methodological information concerning the implementation of the climate change Rio markers methodology;

(iii) quantitative information on financial flows, either through project or budget support, based on the so-called "Rio markers for climate change mitigation-related aid and climate change adaptation-related aid" (the 'Rio markers') introduced by the OECD Development Assistance Group and methodological information concerning the implementation of the climate change Rio markers methodology;

Justification

The international public financial support to developing countries is moving towards ‘programmatic’ forms of financial delivery, involving shifts towards budgetary support and away from project-based aid. The OECD/Development Assistance Committee only allows project or sectoral tracking of climate change related flows; such flows cannot be tracked via general budget support. This may become more prominent in the future as climate-related development support continues to move towards programmatic forms.

Amendment  5

Proposal for a regulation

Article 17 – point a – point iv

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(iv) detailed information on assistance provided by both the public and private sectors, as appropriate, to developing countries that are particularly vulnerable to the effects of climate change in adapting to those climate change effects;

(iv) detailed information on assistance provided by both the public and private sectors, as appropriate, to developing countries that are particularly vulnerable to the effects of climate change in adapting to those climate change effects, specifying recipient country, sector and type of activity;

Amendment  6

Proposal for a regulation

Article 17 – point a – point v

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(v) detailed information on assistance provided by both the public and private sectors, as appropriate, to developing countries to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions;

(v) detailed information on assistance provided by both the public and private sectors, as appropriate, to developing countries to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions, specifying recipient country, sector and type of activity;

Amendment  7

Proposal for a regulation

Article 17 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b) information on activities by the Member State related to technology transfer to developing countries under the UNFCCC and on technologies transferred for the year X-1, information on planned activities related to technology transfer to developing countries under the UNFCCC and on technologies to be transferred for the year X and subsequent years. It should include information on whether the technology transferred was used for mitigating or adapting to the effects of climate change, recipient country, amount of support provided, and type of technology transferred.

(b) information on activities by the Member State related to technology transfer to developing countries under the UNFCCC and on technologies transferred for the year X-1, information on planned activities related to technology transfer to developing countries under the UNFCCC and on technologies to be transferred for the year X and subsequent years. It should include information on whether the technology transferred was used for mitigating or adapting to the effects of climate change, recipient country, amount of support provided, source of funding, and type of technology transferred.

Justification

This will again permit to identify if the source of money comes from ODA budget.

Amendment  8

Proposal for a regulation

Article 18 – paragraph 1 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b) information on the use of revenues during the year X-1 generated by the Member State by auctioning allowances pursuant to Article 10(1) of Directive 2003/87/EC. This information shall also include specific and detailed information on the use of 50 % of the revenues, and resulting action taken, specifying the category of such actions taken in accordance with Article 10(3) of Directive 2003/87/EC and indicating the relevant beneficiary country or region;

(b) information on the use of revenues during the year X-1 generated by the Member State by auctioning allowances pursuant to Article 10(1) of Directive 2003/87/EC. This information shall also include specific and detailed information on the use of 50 % of the revenues, and resulting action taken, specifying the category and additionality of such actions taken in accordance with Article 10(3) of Directive 2003/87/EC and indicating the relevant beneficiary country or region;

Amendment  9

Proposal for a regulation

Article 18 – paragraph 1 – point d

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(d) information referred to in point (b) of Article 6(1) of Decision No 406/2009/EC and information on how their purchasing policy enhances the achievement of an international agreement on climate change.

(d) information referred to in point (b) of Article 6(1) of Decision No 406/2009/EC and information on how their purchasing policy enhances the achievement of an international agreement on climate change. In the case of hydroelectric power production project activities with a generating capacity exceeding 20MW, Member States shall, when approving such project activities, ensure that relevant international criteria and guidelines, in particular the Hydropower Sustainability Assessment Protocol published by the International Hydropower Association in November 2010, are respected during the development of such project activities.

PROCEDURE

Title

Mechanism for monitoring and reporting greenhouse gas emissions and for reporting other information at national and Union level relevant to climate change

References

COM(2011)0789 – C7-0433/2011 – 2011/0372(COD)

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

ENVI

30.11.2011

 

 

 

Committee(s) asked for opinion(s)

       Date announced in plenary

DEVE

19.1.2012

 

 

 

Rapporteur(s)

       Date appointed

Åsa Westlund

5.12.2011

 

 

 

Discussed in committee

27.3.2012

 

 

 

Date adopted

24.4.2012

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

24

0

0

Members present for the final vote

Thijs Berman, Michael Cashman, Ricardo Cortés Lastra, Véronique De Keyser, Leonidas Donskis, Charles Goerens, Catherine Grèze, Filip Kaczmarek, Gay Mitchell, Bill Newton Dunn, Maurice Ponga, Birgit Schnieber-Jastram, Michèle Striffler, Alf Svensson, Eleni Theocharous, Ivo Vajgl, Anna Záborská

Substitute(s) present for the final vote

Agustín Díaz de Mera García Consuegra, Santiago Fisas Ayxela, Judith Sargentini

Substitute(s) under Rule 187(2) present for the final vote

Sergio Gutiérrez Prieto, Emilio Menéndez del Valle, Katarína Neveďalová, Claudiu Ciprian Tănăsescu


OPINION of the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (9.5.2012)

for the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on a mechanism for monitoring and reporting greenhouse gas emissions and for reporting other information at national and Union level relevant to climate change

(COM(2011)0789 – C7‑0433/2011 – 2011/0372(COD))

Rapporteur: Takis Hadjigeorgiou

SHORT JUSTIFICATION

1.        Points out that the Commission proposal to replace Decision 280/2004/ΕC with a regulation might facilitate implementation of its provisions by improving existing monitoring and implementation procedures. Experience has shown the need for improvement in EU procedures for the monitoring, reporting and verification of emissions.

2.        Under the UNFCCC, the EU and its Member States are required to draw up, periodically update, publish and report to the Conference of the Parties national inventories of anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of all greenhouse gases not controlled under the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, using comparable methodologies agreed on by the Conference of Parties.

3.        Points out that the ultimate objective of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which was approved on behalf of the European Community under Council Decision 94/69/EC, is to stabilise greenhouse concentrations in the atmosphere at a level which would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system. In order to meet that objective the overall global annual mean surface temperature increase should not exceed 2% above pre-industrial levels. This implies stepping up efforts by the Community, the rapid involvement of the industrialised countries and measures to encourage the participation of developing countries in the emission reduction process.

AMENDMENTS

The Committee on Industry, Research and Energy calls on the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety, as the committee responsible, to incorporate the following amendments in its report:

Amendment  1

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(4) Decision 1/CP.15 of the Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC ('Decision 1/CP.15' or the 'Copenhagen Accord') and Decision 1/CP.16 of the Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC ('Decision 1/CP.16' or the 'Cancun Agreements') contributed significantly to progress in addressing the challenges raised by climate change in a balanced manner. Those decisions introduced new monitoring and reporting requirements that apply to the implementation of ambitious emission reductions to which the Union and its Member States have committed, and provided support to developing countries. Those decisions also recognised the importance of addressing adaptation with the same priority as mitigation. Decision 1/CP.16 also requires that developed countries elaborate low-carbon development strategies or plans. Such strategies or plans are expected to contribute towards building a low-carbon society and ensure continued high growth and sustainable development. This Regulation should facilitate, through its delegated acts, the implementation of these and future monitoring and reporting requirements arising from further decisions or the approval of an international agreement under the UNFCCC.

(4) Decision 1/CP.15 of the Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC (‘Decision 1/CP.15’ or the ‘Copenhagen Accord’) and Decision 1/CP.16 of the Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC (‘Decision 1/CP.16’ or the ‘Cancun Agreements’) contributed significantly to progress in addressing the challenges raised by climate change in a balanced manner. Those decisions introduced new monitoring and reporting requirements that apply to the implementation of ambitious emission reductions to which the Union and its Member States have committed, and provided support to developing countries. Those decisions also recognised the importance of addressing adaptation with the same priority as mitigation. Decision 1/CP.16 also requires that developed countries elaborate low-carbon development strategies or plans. Such strategies or plans are expected to contribute towards building a low-carbon society and ensure continued high growth and sustainable development in a cost-effective manner. According to the Commission Communication of 8 March 2011 entitled 'A roadmap for moving to a competitive low carbon economy in 2050', domestic emission reductions of the order of 40 % and 60 % below 1990 levels would be a cost-effective pathway by 2030 and 2040. This Regulation should facilitate, through its delegated acts, the implementation of these and future monitoring and reporting requirements arising from further decisions or the approval of an international agreement under the UNFCCC.

Amendment  2

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(5) The Climate and Energy package adopted in 2009, in particular Decision No 406/2009/EC of 23 April 2009 on the efforts of Member States to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions to meet the Community's greenhouse gas emission reduction commitments up to 2020 and Directive 2009/29/EC of 23 April 2009 amending Directive 2003/87/EC to improve and extend the greenhouse gas emission allowance trading scheme of the Community, marks another firm commitment by the Union and the Member States to significantly reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. The Union's system for monitoring and reporting emissions also should be updated in the light of new requirements under that legislation.

(5) The Climate and Energy package adopted in 2009, in particular Decision No 406/2009/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the efforts of Member States to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions to meet the Community's greenhouse gas emission reduction commitments up to 2020, Directive 2009/29/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 amending Directive 2003/87/EC so as to improve and extend the greenhouse gas emission allowance trading scheme of the Community, and Directive 2009/28/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources1, marks another firm commitment by the Union and the Member States to significantly reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. The Union's system for monitoring and reporting emissions also should be updated in the light of new requirements under that legislation.

 

_____________

 

1 OJ L 140, 5.6.2009, p. 16.

Amendment  3

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 7 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(7a) Cyprus and Malta are included under Annex I of the Kyoto Protocol under Decision CP.17 (effective from 1 January 2013 or a subsequent date) and Decision 3/CP15 (effective from 26 October 2010) respectively.

Amendment  4

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 10 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(10a) In order to ensure the effectiveness of arrangements for monitoring and reporting greenhouse gas emissions, it is necessary to avoid further adding to the financial and administrative burden already being borne by the Member States.

Amendment  5

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 12

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(12) The Union and the Member States should strive to provide the most up-to-date information on their greenhouse gas emissions, in particular under the framework of the Europe 2020 strategy and its specified timelines. This Regulation should enable such estimates to be prepared in the shortest timeframes possible by using statistical and other information.

(12) The Union and the Member States should strive to provide the most up-to-date information on their greenhouse gas emissions, in particular under the framework of the Europe 2020 strategy and its specified timelines, and in the framework of the European space policy and strategy, which addresses important challenges such as natural disasters, resources and climate monitoring, for the benefit of Union citizens. In that respect, space-based data should be considered as essential monitoring tools for the Union and the Member States due to their capacity to improve the overall picture of CO2 and CH4 emissions, as well as LULUCF. To that end, the Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES) programme and other satellite systems should be used to the maximum extent to provide timely emission reporting (global daily measurement of CO2 and CH4 man-made and rural emissions as well as CO2 sinks) and independent verifications of the calculated emission reports. This Regulation should enable such estimates to be prepared in the shortest timeframes possible by using statistical and other information.

Amendment  6

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 25 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(25a) The Commission’s powers to adopt delegated acts in order to add or remove substances contained in the list of greenhouse gases laid down in Annex I of this Regulation should be in compliance with all new international agreements.

Amendment  7

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 ‑ paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. Member States, and the Commission on behalf of the Union, shall each devise and implement a low-carbon development strategy to contribute to:

1. Member States, and the Commission on behalf of the Union, shall each devise and implement a low-carbon development strategy to contribute to:

(a) the transparent and accurate monitoring of the actual and projected progress made by Member States, including the contribution made by Union measures, in fulfilling the Union’s and the Member States’ commitments under the UNFCCC to limit or reduce anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions;

(a) the transparent and accurate monitoring of the actual and projected progress made by Member States, including the contribution made by Union measures, in fulfilling the Union’s and the Member States’ commitments under the UNFCCC to limit or reduce anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions;

(b) meeting the greenhouse gas emission reduction commitments of Member States under Decision No 406/2009/EC and achieving long-term emission reductions and enhancements of removals by sinks in all sectors in line with the Union’s objective to reduce emissions by 80 to 95% by 2050 compared to 1990 levels, in the context of necessary reductions, according to the IPCC, by developed countries as a group.

(b) meeting the greenhouse gas emission reduction commitments of Member States under Decision No 406/2009/EC and achieving long-term emission reductions and enhancements of removals by sinks in all sectors in line with the Union's objective to reduce emissions by 80 to 95% by 2050 compared to 1990 levels and with a cost-effective trajectory, including milestones for domestic reductions for 2030 and 2040, in the context of necessary reductions, according to the IPCC, by developed countries as a group.

Amendment  8

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. Member States shall submit to the Commission their low-carbon development strategy one year after the entry into force of this Regulation or in accordance with any timetable agreed internationally in the context of the UNFCCC process.

2. Member States shall submit to the Commission their low-carbon development strategy two years after the entry into force of this Regulation or in accordance with any timetable agreed internationally in the context of the UNFCCC process.

Amendment  9

Proposal for a regulation

Article 12 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. Member States shall, following the completion of the review of their national inventories under the Kyoto Protocol for each year of the first commitment period under the Kyoto Protocol, including the resolution of any implementation issues, retire from the registry AAUs, RMUs, ERUs and CERs equivalent to their net emissions during that year.

1. Member States shall, following the completion of the review of their national inventories under the Kyoto Protocol for each year of the first commitment period under the Kyoto Protocol, including the resolution of any implementation issues, retire from the registry utilised AAUs, RMUs, ERUs and CERs equivalent to their net emissions during that year.

Amendment  10

Proposal for a regulation

Article 12 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. In respect of the last year of the commitment period under the Kyoto Protocol, Member States shall retire units from the registry prior to the end of the additional period for fulfilling commitments set out in Decision 11/CMP.1 of the Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol.

2. In respect of the last year of the commitment period under the Kyoto Protocol, Member States shall retire utilised units from the registry prior to the end of the additional period for fulfilling commitments set out in Decision 11/CMP.1 of the Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol.

Amendment  11

Proposal for a regulation

Article 14 – paragraph 1 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. Member States shall provide the Commission by 15 March each year (‘year X’) with:

1. Member States may provide the Commission by 15 March each year (‘year X’) with:

Amendment  12

Proposal for a regulation

Article 15 – paragraph 1 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. Member States shall report to the Commission by 15 March each year (‘year X’) national projections of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions by sources and removals by sinks, organised by gas and by sector. Those projections shall include quantitative estimates for a sequence of 4 future years ending with 0 or 5 immediately following year X. National projections shall take into consideration any policies and measures adopted at Union level and include:

1. Member States shall report once every two years to the Commission by 15 March of the relevant year (‘year X’) national projections of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions by sources and removals by sinks, organised by gas and by sector. Those projections shall include quantitative estimates for a sequence of 4 future years ending with 0 or 5 immediately following year X. National projections shall take into consideration any policies and measures adopted at Union level and include:

Amendment  13

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Member States shall report to the Commission by 15 March each year, information on their implemented or planned actions to adapt to climate change, in particular, on national or regional adaptation strategies and on adaptation measures. This information shall include the budget allocation by policy sector and, for each adaptation measure, the main objective, the type of instrument, the status of implementation and the climate-change impact category (such as flooding, sea level rise, extreme temperatures, droughts, and extreme weather events).

Member States shall report once every two years to the Commission by 15 March of the relevant year information on their implemented or planned actions to adapt to climate change, in particular, on national or regional adaptation strategies and on adaptation measures. This information shall include the budget allocation by policy sector and, for each adaptation measure, the main objective, the type of instrument, the status of implementation and the climate-change impact category (such as flooding, sea level rise, extreme temperatures, droughts, and extreme weather events).

Amendment  14

Proposal for a regulation

Article 17 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Member States shall, based on the best data available, report to the Commission by 15 March each year (‘year X’):

Member States shall, based on the best data available, once every two years report to the Commission by 15 March of the relevant year (‘year X’):

Amendment  15

Proposal for a regulation

Article 17 – point a – point iv

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(iv) detailed information on assistance provided by both the public and private sectors, as appropriate, to developing countries that are particularly vulnerable to the effects of climate change in adapting to those climate change effects;

(iv) detailed information on assistance provided by both the public and private sectors, as appropriate, to developing countries that are particularly vulnerable to the effects of climate change in adapting to those climate change effects, specifying recipient country, sector and type of activity;

Amendment  16

Proposal for a regulation

Article 17 – point a – point v

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(v) detailed information on assistance provided by both the public and private sectors, as appropriate, to developing countries to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions;

(v) detailed information on assistance provided by both the public and private sectors, as appropriate, to developing countries to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions, specifying recipient country, sector and type of activity;

Amendment  17

Proposal for a regulation

Article 18 – paragraph 1 – point d

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(d) information referred to in point (b) of Article 6(1) of Decision No 406/2009/EC and information on how their purchasing policy enhances the achievement of an international agreement on climate change.

(d) information referred to in point (b) of Article 6(1) of Decision No 406/2009/EC and information on how their purchasing policy enhances the achievement of an international agreement on climate change. In the case of hydroelectric power production project activities with a generating capacity exceeding 20MW, Member States shall provide information on how they, when approving such project activities, have ensured that relevant international criteria and guidelines, in particular the Hydropower Sustainability Assessment Protocol 2010, will be respected during the development of such project activities.

Amendment  18

Proposal for a regulation

Article 22 – paragraph 1 – point b a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ba) the long-term climate target and a cost-effective trajectory, including milestones for domestic emission reductions for 2030 and 2040;

PROCEDURE

Title

Mechanism for monitoring and reporting greenhouse gas emissions and for reporting other information at national and Union level relevant to climate change

References

COM(2011)0789 – C7-0433/2011 – 2011/0372(COD)

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

ENVI

30.11.2011

 

 

 

Committee(s) asked for opinion(s)

       Date announced in plenary

ITRE

30.11.2011

 

 

 

Rapporteur(s)

       Date appointed

Takis Hadjigeorgiou

15.2.2012

 

 

 

Date adopted

8.5.2012

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

52

3

4

Members present for the final vote

Amelia Andersdotter, Josefa Andrés Barea, Jean-Pierre Audy, Zigmantas Balčytis, Ivo Belet, Bendt Bendtsen, Jan Březina, Maria Da Graça Carvalho, Giles Chichester, Jürgen Creutzmann, Pilar del Castillo Vera, Dimitrios Droutsas, Vicky Ford, Adam Gierek, Norbert Glante, Robert Goebbels, András Gyürk, Fiona Hall, Edit Herczog, Kent Johansson, Romana Jordan, Krišjānis Kariņš, Lena Kolarska-Bobińska, Béla Kovács, Philippe Lamberts, Judith A. Merkies, Angelika Niebler, Jaroslav Paška, Aldo Patriciello, Vittorio Prodi, Miloslav Ransdorf, Herbert Reul, Michèle Rivasi, Paul Rübig, Salvador Sedó i Alabart, Francisco Sosa Wagner, Konrad Szymański, Britta Thomsen, Evžen Tošenovský, Ioannis A. Tsoukalas, Claude Turmes, Marita Ulvskog, Vladimir Urutchev, Kathleen Van Brempt, Alejo Vidal-Quadras, Henri Weber

Substitute(s) present for the final vote

Ioan Enciu, Françoise Grossetête, Takis Hadjigeorgiou, Roger Helmer, Jolanta Emilia Hibner, Bernd Lange, Werner Langen, Zofija Mazej Kukovič, Silvia-Adriana Ţicău, Inês Cristina Zuber

Substitute(s) under Rule 187(2) present for the final vote

Anne E. Jensen, Nicole Kiil-Nielsen, Norica Nicolai


PROCEDURE

Title

Mechanism for monitoring and reporting greenhouse gas emissions and for reporting other information at national and Union level relevant to climate change

References

COM(2011)0789 – C7-0433/2011 – 2011/0372(COD)

Date submitted to Parliament

23.11.2011

 

 

 

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

ENVI

30.11.2011

 

 

 

Committee(s) asked for opinion(s)

       Date announced in plenary

DEVE

19.1.2012

ITRE

30.11.2011

TRAN

30.11.2011

 

Not delivering opinions

       Date of decision

TRAN

19.12.2011

 

 

 

Rapporteur(s)

       Date appointed

Bas Eickhout

25.1.2012

 

 

 

Discussed in committee

22.3.2012

25.4.2012

 

 

Date adopted

30.5.2012

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

48

1

4

Members present for the final vote

Kriton Arsenis, Sophie Auconie, Pilar Ayuso, Sergio Berlato, Lajos Bokros, Martin Callanan, Chris Davies, Esther de Lange, Anne Delvaux, Bas Eickhout, Edite Estrela, Jill Evans, Elisabetta Gardini, Matthias Groote, Cristina Gutiérrez-Cortines, Satu Hassi, Jolanta Emilia Hibner, Karin Kadenbach, Christa Klaß, Corinne Lepage, Peter Liese, Kartika Tamara Liotard, Zofija Mazej Kukovič, Linda McAvan, Radvilė Morkūnaitė-Mikulėnienė, Vladko Todorov Panayotov, Andres Perello Rodriguez, Mario Pirillo, Pavel Poc, Anna Rosbach, Oreste Rossi, Dagmar Roth-Behrendt, Kārlis Šadurskis, Carl Schlyter, Richard Seeber, Theodoros Skylakakis, Bogusław Sonik, Salvatore Tatarella, Anja Weisgerber, Åsa Westlund, Glenis Willmott, Sabine Wils

Substitute(s) present for the final vote

Inés Ayala Sender, Gaston Franco, James Nicholson, Eva Ortiz Vilella, Vittorio Prodi, Britta Reimers, Michèle Rivasi, Alda Sousa, Bart Staes, Marita Ulvskog, Andrea Zanoni

Date tabled

6.6.2012

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